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Title: History, Gazetteer, and Directory of Shropshire [1851]

Author: Samuel Bagshaw

Release date: May 27, 2020 [eBook #62250]

Language: English

*** START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK HISTORY, GAZETTEER, AND DIRECTORY OF SHROPSHIRE [1851] ***

Transcribed from the 1851 Samuel Harrison edition by David Price, email ccx074@pgaf.org

Book cover

HISTORY,
GAZETTEER, AND DIRECTORY
OF
SHROPSHIRE;

COMPRISING
A GENERAL SURVEY OF THE COUNTY,
WITH A VARIETY OF
HISTORICAL, STATISTICAL, TOPOGRAPHICAL, COMMERCIAL,
AND AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION:

SHEWING
THE SITUATION, EXTENT, AND POPULATION OF ALL
THE TOWNS, PARISHES, CHAPELRIES, TOWNSHIPS, VILLAGES,
HAMLETS, AND EXTRA-PAROCHIAL LIBERTIES;

THEIR AGRICULTURAL AND MINERAL PRODUCTIONS;

THE LORDS OF THE MANORS AND OWNERS OF THE SOIL;
THEIR PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS, CHARITIES, ANTIQUITIES, & HISTORICAL EVENTS;

WITH A LIST OF

MAGISTRATES, PUBLIC OFFICERS, & CORPORATE BODIES;
AND
THE SEATS OF THE NOBILITY AND GENTRY:

IN ONE VOLUME,

WITH A LARGE COLOURED SHEET MAP OF THE COUNTY:

BY SAMUEL BAGSHAW,

Author of similar Works for Derbyshire, Kent, Cheshire, &c.

 

SHEFFIELD:

PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR BY SAMUEL HARRISON, 5, HIGH-STREET,
AND SOLD BY SAMUEL BAGSHAW, WENTWORTH TERRACE, SHEFFIELD
Price to Subscribers, 14s. 6d.

1851

p. iPREFACE.

In presenting the Public with a popular History and Topography of the County of Salop, with a Directory of its Inhabitants, the author has to acknowledge his great obligations to the literary and official gentlemen of the county, who have so freely furnished his agents with valuable information, as well as to those who have honoured the publisher with immediate communications; and also to the numerous subscribers who have so liberally patronised the work.  As authenticity is the grand desideratum of Topography, all possible care has been taken to avoid errors.  Every Parish, Township, Village, and Hamlet, with all the principal Residences and Farm Houses in the county have been visited for the addresses, and to authenticate the necessary information.  It is, therefore, hoped that the great variety of subjects compressed within its pages will be found complete and satisfactory to its numerous patrons, and that the volume will be found an acquisition either to the library or the office.

The Plan of the Work embraces a General History and Description of Shropshire, containing the spirit of all that has been previously written on the subject, extracted from ancient and modern authors, and from the voluminous Parliamentary Reports of Public Charities, Population, &c., &c., together with a variety of Agricultural, Commercial, Statistical, Biographical, and Topographical Information; and comprehending a Survey of Antiquities, Roads, Rivers, Railroads, Minerals, Public Buildings, Charities; together with a Chronology of Remarkable Events, from the earliest period to the present time.

The Topography of the County commences at page 132, with an Alphabetical Arrangement of the Parishes in their respective Hundreds, and of the Towns, Townships, and Villages, under their respective Parishes; shewing the Situation, Extent, and Population of each Parish, Township, Chapelry, and Extra-Parochial Liberty; the Owners of the Soil and the Lords of the Manors; the Nature and Value of the Church p. iiLivings, with their Patrons and Incumbents; the Places of Worship, Public Buildings, Public Charities, and Institutions; Trade and Commerce; Local Occurrences, and Objects of Interest and Curiosity, &c.  Each Township is followed by the Addresses of the Gentry, and other principal Residents, with a Classification of Trades and Professions.  The Directories of Shrewsbury, Oswestry, and other principal places, in addition to a Classification of Trades and Professions, are accompanied by an Alphabetical List of Persons, so that the address and occupation of any individual may be instantly referred to.  The Seats of the Nobility and Gentry are appended to the General History of the County; and the whole is preceded by a copious Index of Places, Persons, and Subjects, affording an easy reference to the page at which every Parish, Township, and Hamlet is to be found; thus giving to the Volume all the advantages of an Alphabetical Gazetteer.

The extracts from the voluminous Parliamentary Reports of Public Charities, we trust will be found a useful and valuable portion of the publication.  The standard works of Owen and Blakeway, and Phillips, Histories of Shrewsbury, Duke’s Antiquities, Hulbert’s History and Gregory’s Gazetteer of the County, as well as various Local Histories and Guides to the more interesting parts of Shropshire, have been frequently referred to in the compilation of the historical notices.  The Work is accompanied with a large Coloured Sheet Map of the County, engraved expressly for this Publication. [ii]

SAMUEL BAGSHAW.

Sheffield, October 25th, 1851.

p. 1GENERAL INDEX.

Abbeys, Monasteries, and Priories, 24

— Alberbury, 671

— Buildwas, 371

— Bromfield, 520

— Chirbury, 688

— Haughmond, 137

— Lilleshall, 395

— Malinslee, 376

— Shrewsbury, 72

— Wenlock, 583

— Wombridge, 440

Abcott, 700

Abdon, 517

Abertannat, 153

Ackleton, 494

Acton, 702

— Burnell, 498

— Castle, 498

— Pigott, 499

— Reynald, 310

— Round, 610

— Scott, 547

Adcott Hall, 217

Acton-on-the-Hill, 517

Adderley, 256

Adeney, 381

Adston, 706

Alderton, 143

Admaston, 445

— Spa, 445

Agricultural Improvements, 23

— Produce, 22

Alberbury, 670

— Abbey, 671

Albrighton, 452

— (St. Mary’s), 138

— Division, 132

Albright Hussey, 133

Albrightlee, 131

Albynes, 614

Alcaston, 519

Aldenham, 649

Alderton, 144

— (Great Ness), 241

Aldon, 553

Alkington, 355

Alkmere, 499

Allscott, 495

All Stretton, 530

Alveley, 611

Amaston, 671

Ancient Britons, 9, 12, 34, 213, 535, 449, 702

— Land Measures, 16

Antiquities, 157, 450, 568, 678

Apley, 436

— Castle, 436

— Park, 484

Argoed, 148

Arleston, 436

Arscott, 680

Asbaston, 389

Ashfield, 590

Ashford Bowdler, 519

— Carbonell, 519

— Hall, 519

Ash Magna, 355

— Parva, 356

Asterley, 680

Asterton, 704

Astley, 329

— (St. Mary’s), 139

— Abbots, 613

Aston (Chetwynd), 382

— Church, 382

— Hall, 476

— (Hopesay), 701

— (Munslow), 541

— (Wellington), 436

— (Wem), 329

— (Claverley), 467

— Botterel, 614

— (Oswestry), 190

— (Shiffnal), 476

— Eyre, 649

— Pigott, 693

— Rogers, 693

Asylum, 674

Atcham, 364

Atterley, 588

Attingham, 364

Bach and Norton, 532

Bach Mill, 541

Badger, 456

Bagginswood, 657

Bagley, 244

Balasley, 671

Balderton, 251

Balswardyne Hall, 505

Bannister Ralph, 332

Bardley, 659

Barkers Green, 329

Barlow, 701

Barnsley, 494

Barnwell George, 519

Barrow, 554

— Hall, 554

Baschurch, 212

Batchcott, 544

Battlefield, 133

Battle of Shrewsbury, 36

Bausley, 671

Baxter Richard, 390

Bayston Hill, 501

Beachfield, 693

Beach Mill, 541

Bearston, 297

Beckbury, 457

Beckjay, 700

Bedstone, 696

Bellaport House, 300

Belmont, 210

Bentley, 494

Bennett’s End, 635

Benthall, 555

— (Alberbury), 671

Bentley, 494

Beobridge, 467

Berghill, 209

Berrington, 499

Berwick, 140

— House, 140

— Mavaston, 366

Besford, 311

Betchcott, 514

Betchley, 296

Betton & Alkmere, 499

— (Berrington), 500

— (Drayton) 277

— Little, 499

Bettws-y-crwyn, 712

Bicton, 674

— (Clun) 709

Billingsley, 615

Birch, 215

Birch and Lythe, 231

Birches, 559

Bishop Heber, 282

Bishop’s Castle, 696

Bitterley, 664

Black Mere, 357

Black Park, 357

Blodwell, 154

Blore Heath, (Battle) 298

Bobbington, 458

Bolas Great, 368

— Parva, 285

Bomere Heath, 145

Boninghall, 458

— Albrighton Kennels, 458

Booley, 316

Boreatton, 215

Boraston, 667

Boreton, 503

Boscobel, 459

— White Ladies, 463

Boscobel, King Chas.’s Retreat, 460

— Royal Oak, 463

Botvylle, 524

Bouldon, 538

Bowdler, 519

Bowley, 316

Boycott, 680

Brace Meole, 511

Bradley, 494, 588

Bradney, 494

Bratton, 215, 446

British Encampments, 393, 212

Bridgnorth, 615

Brimstree Hundred, 452

Broadstone, 542

Broadward, 700

Brockton, (Worthen), 693

— (Longford), 400

— (Long Stanton) 550

— (Lydbury), 703

Bromfield, 520

— Priory, 520

Bromley, 594

Bromlow, 693

Brompton, (Berrington) 500

— Little, 701

Brompton-with-Rhiston, 691

Broncroft, 534

Bronygarth, 162

Brookhampton, 538

Broom, (Cardington), 523

Broom & Rowton, 701

Broomfield, 446

Broseley, 556

— Tobacco Pipes, 556

Broughall, 357

Broughton, (Bishop’s Castle), 698

— (Albrighton), 134

— (Claverley), 467

— (Shrewsbury), 134

Brown Clee Hill, 589

Brunslow, 701

Bryna Castle, 210

Bryngwyla, 159

Brynn, 155

Bryntanat Hall, 155

Buckingham, Duke of, 332

Bucknell, 699

Buildwas, 370

p. 2Buildwas Abbey, 371

Bulthey, 671

Buntingsdale Hall, 278

Burcot, (Worfield), 494

— (Wrockwardine) 446

Burford, 666

Burley, 532

Burlington, 476

Burlton, 247

Burncote, 494

Burton, 588

Burwarton, 634

Bury Ditches, 702

Butterey, 381

Button Oak, 660

Bynweston, 693

Caer Caradoc, 525

— Battle at, 10

Cainham, 635

Calcott, 674

Calloughton, 588

Calverhall, 305

— Hall, 305

Calvington, 381

Canals, 20

Cantlop, 500

Caractacus, 10

Cardiston, 676

Cardington, 521

Careswell Exhibitions, 478

Carwood, 701

Castle Pulverbach, 507

Castles, Acton Burnell, 498

— Bishop’s, 697

— Bridgnorth, 617

— Cause, 684

— Charlton, 447

— Church Stretton, 525

— Chirbury, 687

— Clun, 708

— Ellesmere, 219

— Knockin, 153

— Ludlow, 594

— Middle, 249

— Moreton Corbet, 294

— Oswestry, 167

— Quatford, 652

— Rowton, 672

— Sibdon, 705

— Shrawardine, 254

— Shrewsbury, 75

— Sundorne, 138

— Tong, 487

— Stoke St. Milborough, 552

—Wattlesborough, 672

— Whittington, 207

Catstree, 495

Cause, 684

Causton, 700

Caynton, 381

Caynton House, 381

Chantries, 24

Chapel Lawn, 710

Charlton, 447

Chatford, 503

Chatwall, 523

Chelmarsh, 635

Chelmick, 539

Cheney Longville, 707

Cherrington, 381

Chesterton, 494

— Roman Encampment, 494

Cheswardine, 259

Chetton, 636

Chetwynd, 372

— Aston, 382

Childs Ercall, 278

Chilton, 366

China Works, 569

Chinnel, 358

Chipnall, 261

Chirbury, 687

— Hundred, 687

Chorley, 659

Choulton, 703

Church Aston, 312

Church Preen, 506

Chrch. Pulverbatch, 506

Church Stretton, 524

Civil Wars, 38

Claverley, 464

Clee Downton, 551

Clee Hill, 551

Clee St. Margaret, 531

Clee Stanton, 551

Cleeton, 665

Cleobury Mortimer, 638

Cleobury Foreign, 641

Cleobury North, 643

— Hall, 644

Clewilsey, 713

Clive, 140

— Hall, 141

— Sansaw Hall, 141

Climate, 22

Clotley, 446

Cloverley, 305

Cluddley, 446

Clun, 707

Clunbury, 699

Clungunford, 700

Clunton, 700

Clurton, 506

Coad-y-Gaer Tower, 193

Coed-y-Rallt, 234

Coalbrookdale, 569

— Company, 374

— Ironworks, 569

Coalmoor, 566

Coalport, 569

— China Works, 569

Cold Hatton, 387

Cold Weston, 531

Colebatch, 698

Colemere, 232

Collieries, 374, 375, 398, 418, 439, 441

Comley, 524

Condover, 501

— Hall, 501

— Hundred, 498

Coppice Green, 476

Copthorne House, 675

Coptiviney, 239

Coreley, 644

Corfton, 533

Corve Dale, 532

Cothercutt, 507

Coton, (Alveley), 611

Cotton, (Ruyton), 198

— (Wem), 329

Cotwall, 388

Cound, 504

Court of Hill, 667

Coxheadford, 531

Crackley Bank, 476

Cranmere Heath, 494

Creamore House, 331

Cressage, 505

Crickett, 232

Crickheath, 190

Criggion, 672

Cronkhill, 366

Crosemere, 231

Cross Green, 446

Crow Meol, 675

Cruckmeole, 680

Cruckton, 680

Crudgington, 388

Culmington, 531

Cynynion, 190

Dalicott, 467

Darliston, 306

Davenport House, 492

Dawley Magna, 374

— Green, 375

— Parva, 375

Daywell, 210

Deckerhill, 476

Delbury Hall, 533

Derwen, The, 200

Deuxhill, 644

Diddlebury, 532

Dinmore, 704

Dinthill, 684

Ditches, 333

Ditton Priors, 589

Dodington, 358

— Liberty, 640

Donington, 398

— Wood, 398

— (Wroxeter), 451

— Shiffnal, 470

— House, 471

Doomsday Book, 16

Dorrington, (Muckleston), 298

— (Condover), 503

Dothill, 436

Dovaston, 149

Dowles, 644

Downton, (Stanton Lacy), 549

— (Upton Magna), 420

Drayton-in-Hales, 262

Druids, The, 9

Dryton, 451

Dudleston, 233

Dudston 688

Duddlewick, 659

Dudmaston Hall, 655

Dunvall House, 614

Dyffryd House, 151

Eardington, 654

Eardiston, 198

Earnastry Park, 534

Earthenware Manufactories, 555, 556, 557

East Foreign Liberty, 641

East Hamlet, 549

Easthope, 535

Eastwall, 537

— (Rushbury), 546

Eastwick, 235

Eaton-under-Haywood, 536

Eaton and Choulton, 703

Eaton Constantine, 378

Eaton by Stoke, 313

Eaton Mascott, 500

Ecclesiastical Revenues, 25

Ebnall, 210

Eddicliff, 709

Edge, 681

Edenhope, 714

Edgbold, 512

Edgebolton, 311

Edgeley, 361

— Moss, 361

Edgerley, 150

Edgmond, 379

— Hall, 380

Edgton, Brunslow and Horderley, 701

Edstaston, 330

Ellerdine, 388

— Oak House, 388

Ellerton, 261

— Hall, 261

Ellesmere, 219

— Castle, 219

— Chapels, 222

— Charities, 223

— Church, 220

p. 3— Court Leet, 222

— Fairs, 219

— Mechanics’ Institute, 222

— Savings’ Bank, 222

— Union House, 223

Elson & Greenhill, 235

Eminent Men, 136, 141, 205, 237, 282, 301, 315, 323, 330, 343, 344, 390, 464, 468, 475, 601, 669, 687

Emstrey, 366

Enchmarsh, 524

Ensdon, 252

— House, 253

Ercall Magna, 384

— Hall, 385

— Park, 385

— Lodge, 385

— Sherlow, 385

Ercall Childs, 278

Erway The, 233

Espley, 289

Eudon Burnell, 637

— Gorge, 637

Ewdness, 495

Evelith, 476

Eyton, (Alberbury), 672

Eyton & Plowden, 703

Eyton-on-the Wild-Moors, 392

— Hall, 393

— (Baschurch), 215

Eyton-on-Severn, 451

Exeter, Marquis of, 369

Faintree, 637

Farley, 681, 588

Farlow, 664

Farmcott, 468

Fauls, 306

Felhampton, 707

Felton Butler, 241

Fenn Gate, 495

Fennemere, 216

Fernhill, 211

Field Aston, 382

Finger Lane, 375

Fires, 405

First Fruits & Tenths, 25

Fitz, 135

— Hall, 136

Fletcher, Rev. Jno., 570

Ford, 676

— Hundred, 670

Forester, Lord, 591

Forton, 253

Frankton (English) 235

Frankfort (Welsh), 211

Friars, 24

Frodesley, 508

— Hall, 508

Funnanvair, 713

Gabowen, 210

Garmstone, 394

Gatacre, 468

General History of County, 7

Gentlemen’s Seats, 27

Glaseley, 645

Giant’s Grave, 157

Glanyrafon House, 155

Golding, 504

Goldston, 261

Grafton, 136

— Lodge, 136

Gravehanger, 298

Great Ness, 240

Greenhill, 235

Greet, 668, 667

Gretton, 546

Grimmer, 693

Grimpo, 205

Grindley Brook, 361

Grinshill, 136

Grove, 707

Guilden Down, 709

Guilds, 24

Habberley, 677

Habberley Office, 693

Hadley, 436

Hadnall, 142

Halford, 537

Hallon, 495

Halston, 147, 681

Hamlets, The, 514

Hampton Wood, 236

— Welsh, 255

Hanwood Great, 677

— Little, 681

Harcourt, 316

Harcourt, 659

Hardwick, 144, 236, 704

Harley by Wenlock, 589

— (Condover), 509

Harlscott, 132

Harmer Hill, 248, 251

Harnage, 504

Hartleberry, 495

Haston, 144

Hatton Cold, 387

Hatton by Eaton, 537

— Shiffnal, 476

Haughmond, 137

Haughton, 204

— (High Ercall), 389

— (Shiffnal), 477

— Hall, 477

— (Upton Magna), 420

Hawkstone, 285

Hayes, 693

Hayton Lower, 549

Hayton Upper, 549

Heath, 551

— Upper, 694

— Nether, 694

Heathton, 468

Heber Bishop, 281

Hem, 476

Hempton Load, 636

Hencott, 132

Hengoed Upper, 210

Henley, 665

Hentley or Henlle, 211

Henwicks Wood, 237

Herbert Lewd, 392

High Ercall, 384

— Hatton, 316

Highley, 645

Hill Cop Bank, 320

— Lord, 287, 301

— General Lord, 301

Hill-upon-Cott, 664

Hilton, 495

Hindford, 211

Hinnington, 476

Hinstock, 279

Hinton (Pontesbury), 681

— (Stottesden), 660

— (Whitchurch), 361

Hisland, 191

Hoccom, 495

Hockham, 495

Hockleton, 688

Hodnet, 280

Holdgate, 537

Holloway Ville, 542

Hollyhurst, 362

Holt Preen, 524

Holy Cross, 93

Holywell Lane, 375

Home 706

Homer, 589

Hooker Gate, 676

Hope, 694

— Baggot, 646

— Bendrid, 710

— Bowdler, 538

Hopesay, 701

Hopstone, 468

Hopton Castle, 702

— Cangeford, 539

— Court, 646

— and Espley, 289

— (Great Ness), 242

Hopton-in-the-Hole, 539

— Wafers, 646

Horderley, 701

Hordley, 244

Horton (St. Chad’s), 676

— (Wellington), 437

— (Wem), 332

Hospitals, 24

Howle, 374

Hughley, 564

Hundred of Albrighton, 132

— Bradford North, 256

— South, 364

— Brimstree, 452

— Chirbury, 687

— Clun, 707

— Condover, 498

— Ford, 670

— Munslow, 517

— Oswestry, 147

— Overs, 664

— Pimhill, 212

— Purslow, 696

— Stottesden, 610

— Wenlock Franchise, 554

Hungary Hatton, 270

Hungerford, 537

Hunkington, 420

Huntington, 566

Idsall, 476

Ifton Heath, 159

Ightfield, 292

Ingwardine, 660

Inwood, 680

Irelands Cross, 298

Iron Bridge, 568

Ironworks, 375, 438, 411, 654

Isle (The), 674

Isombridge, 389

Jackfield, 557

Jack of Corra, 305

Kemberton, 471

Kempton, 700

Kenley, 509

Kenstone, 289

Kenwick, 236

Kenwicks Wood, 337

Ketley, 438

Kevancalanog, 712

Kilhendre, 233

Kingslow, 495

Kingswood, 660

Kinlet, 647

Kinnerley, 148

Kinnersley 393

Kinnerley Argoed, 148

Kinnerton, 706

Kinton, 242

Knockin, 152

Knuck, 714

Knowbury St. Pauls, 635

Kynaston, 150

Lacon, 333

Lakes, 21

Langley, 499

Lawley, 439

Lawnt, 191

Lawton, 534

p. 4Lea and Oakley, 698

Lea, 681

Leasowes (The), 662

Leaton Knolls, 140

Leaton, 446

— (St. Mary’s) 141

Lee, 237

— Lee Bridge, 293

Leebotwood, 510

Lee Brockhurst, 293

— Gomery, 439

Leigh, 694

Leighton, 393, 694

Lilleshall, 394

— Abbey, 395

— House, 397

— Monument, 395

Lineal, 237

Linley (More), 703

— (Wenlock), 565

Little Betton, 499

— Brompton, 701

— Gane, 495

— Hanwood, 681

— Sutton, 534

— Shrawardine, 671

— Stretton, 530

— Wenlock, 565

Lizard Grange, 476

Llanvair Waterdine, 713

Llanforda, 191

Llanyblodwell, 153

Llanymyneck, 156

Llanytidman, 157

Llynck-lis-pool, 155

Llynclys, 155

Lodge The, 161

Longden, 681

Longden-upon-Tern, 399

Longford, 297, 399

Long Lane, 447

Longner, 134, 510

Longslow, 277

Longville, 537

Longwaist, 417

Loppington, 245

Lossford, 289

Lowe and Ditches, 333

Lowe, 660

Lower Down, 703

— Park, 534

Ludford, 540

Ludlow, 592

Ludstone, 468

Lurkinghope, 705

Lushcott, 537

Lutwyche Hall, 536

Ludbury North, 702

Lydham, 703

Lydley Heys, 524

Lyth, 503

Lythe (The), 231

Madeley, 567

Maesbrook Ucha, 151

— Issa, 150

Maesbury, 192

Magistrates, List of, 27

Mainstone, 714

Malins Lee, 375

Maneythesney, 713

Manufactures, 21

Manutton, 710

Marchamley, 290

Market Drayton, 262

Marrington, 688

Marsh, 685

Marsh Green, 389

Marton (Chirbury), 688

— (Middle), 251

— (Ellesmere), 237

Marton Old, 211

Mawley Manor House, 641

Meadow Town, 694

Medlicott, 706

Meeson, 370

— Hall, 370

Melverley, 162

Meole Brace, 511

Merehouse, 216

Merrington, 145

Messon, 370

Mickley, 306

Middle, 248

Middlehope, 534

Middleton (Alberbury), 672

— (Bitterley), 665

— (Chirbury), 689

— (Oswestry), 192

— Priors, 590

— Scriven, 648

Milford Hall, 217

Millen Heath, 307

Millichope, 537

— (Munslow), 542

Milson, 669

Mines, 21

Minsterley, 678

Minton, 530

Monasteries, see Abbeys

Monastic Institutions, 23

Monk Hopton, 579

Montford, 252

Mooretown, 388

Moore & Batchcot, 544

Moore, 544

Moot Hall, 68

Morton, 192

More, 703

Moreton Corbet, 293

Moreton Say, 295

Moretown, 89

Morewood, 704

Morrey, The, 258

Morville, 649

Moston, 316

Much Wenlock, 579

Muckleton, 312

Mucklewick, 691

Munslow, 541

— Hundred, 517

Muxton, 398

Myndtown, 704

Mytton, 136

Nash, 667

Neen Savage, 650

Neen Solars, 669

Neenton, 651

Nesscliff, 242

Ness Great, 240

— Little, 216

Netley, 515

Newcastle, 710

Newnes, 238

Newnham, 681

New Marton, 237

Newport, 400

Newton & Edgbold, 512

— and Spoonhill, 239

Newton, 142

— (Ellesmere) 239

— (Stottesden), 660

Newton on-the-Hill, 251

— (Worfield), 495

— (Westbury), 685

Newtown (Baschurch), 212

— (Wem), 333

Nobold, 512

Noneley, 248

Norbury, 704

Nordley Regis, 611

North Bradford Hundred, 256

Northwood (Ellesmere) 238

Northwood (Stottesden), 660

— (Wem), 334

Norton (Wroxeter), 451

— (Culmington), 532

Norton in Hales, 299

Nox, 682

Nursery, The, 205

Oaken Gates, 205

Oakes, 682

Oakley Park, 520

Obarris, 710

Obley, 700

Offa’s Dyke, 14, 210

Oldington, 495

Old Marlon, 211

Old Parr, 672

Old Oswestry, 169

Ollerton, 313

Onibury, 542

Onslow, 675

Oreton, 660

Orleton, 444

Osbaston, 151, 389

Oswestry, 163

— Hundred, 147

Oteley, 239

Overton, 545

— (Stottesden), 660

Overs, Hundred of, 664

Overton & Woofferton, 545

Oxen, 687

Palms Hill, 336

Pant, 190

Parish Registers, 26

Parr Old, 672

Patton, 550

Pave Lane, 382

Peaton, 534

Peerlogue, 710

Pentre Coed, 234

— (Edgerley), 150

Pentregaer, 193

Pentrehodrey, 710

Pentre Pant Hall, 200

— Ucha Hall, 151

— Shannel House, 194

Peplow, 290

Perthy Bank, 236

Petton, 253

Picklescott, 514

Pickstock, 383

Pickthorn, 660

Pimhill, 248

— Hundred, 212

Pimley House, 146

Pipegate, 298

Pitchford, 513

Pixley, 280

Plaish, 524

Plas-Yollen, 233

Plas-Warren, 233

Plealey, 682

Plowden, 703

Pontesbury, 679

Pontesford, 682

Population, 23

Porkington, 200

Porthywaen, 156

Posenhall, 556

Poston, 534

Poston Lower, 542

Poynton, 389

Preceptories, 24

Prees, 301

Prees-gwene House, 161

Prescott, 217

— (Stottesden), 660

Presthorpe, 589

Preston Brockhurst, 295

— Gobalds, 145

p. 5Preston-upon-the-Wild Moors, 415

— Montford, 684

— Boats, 420

— Wood, 295

Priestweston, 689

Priors Ditton, 589

Priors Lee, 476

Priories, 24

Providence Grove, 143

Pully, 512

Purslow Hundred, 696

Queen Anne’s Bounty, 25

Quatford, 652

Quatt, 654

— Jarvis, 654

— Malvern, 654

Quinta, The, 161

Ragdon, 539

Railways, 21

Ratlinghope, 704

Redcastle Hill, 288

Rednal, 204

Reilth, 714

Rhiston, 691

Rhos Goch, 694

Rhuddleford, 495

Richards Castle, 543

Ridge Higher, 239

— Lower, 239

Rindleford, 495

Ritton, 706

Rivers, 19

Roads, 21

Rock, 549

Rodington, 417

Roden, 390

Rodney’s Pillar, 672

Roman Invasion, 9

Romsley, 611

Roowood, 336

Rorrington, 689

Rossal, 674

Roughton, 495

Round Acton, 610

Rowley, 495

Rowton, 390

Rowton, 672

— (Stokesay), 553

Royal Oak, 463

Ruckley, 499

Rudge, 656

Rugantine, 712

Rushbury, 545

Roman Stations, 449, 545, 518, 654, 671, 694

Rushton, 451

Rushmore, 446

Ruthall, 590

Ruyton-of-the-Eleven-Towns, 196

Ryton, 472, 503

Sambrook, 261

Sandford, 204

— (Prees), 307

Sascott, 682

Saxon Gods, 14

Scrimage, 531

Selattyn, 199

Selley, 713

Severn, The, 19

Shadwell, 710

Shavington, 258

Shawbury, 309

Sheet, 540

Sheinton, 657

Shelbrook, 234

Shelderton, 700

Shelton & Oxon, 686

Shelve, 691

Shelvock, 198

Sheriff Hales, 397

Sherlowe, 385

Shiffnal, 473

Shineton, 657

Shipley, 469

Shipton, 547

Shotton, 144

Shooters Hill, 141

Shotatton, 199

Shrawardine, 254

— Little, 671

Shrewsbury, from 33 to 132

— Abbey, 49 and 72

— Abbots of, 74

— Almshouses, 85

— Annals, 79

— Anct. Mansions, 78

— Antiquarian and Nat. His. Society, 64

— Aquatic Excur., 72

— Assembly Rooms, 72

— Asylum, 66

— Barons of, 36

— Battle of, 36 & 133

— Baths Royal, 66

— Billiard Rooms, 72

— Bridges, 68

— Canal, 65

— Cattle Market, 68

— Chapels Ancient, 55

— Chapels Dissent, 55

— Charities, 82 to 93

— Charters, 44

— Coleham, 93

— Corporation, 42

— Council House, 78

— County Constab., 43

— County and Town Gaol, 63

— County Hall, 62

— Drapers Hall, 70

— Directory, 95

— Dispensary, 62

— Early Gov. of, 41

— Earls of, 35, 73

— Eye & Ear Dispensary, 62

— Frankwell, 93

— Fairs, 68

— Floods, 81

— Gaol, 63

— Gas Works, 67

— Gates & Posterns, 77

— Glass Staining, 71

— Great Parlia., 36

— Holy Cross and St. Giles, 93

— Hospital, St. Giles, 51

— Hill’s Mansion, 79

— House of Indus., 65

— House of Correc., 65

— Infirmary, 61

— Ireland’s Mansion, 79

— Jones’s Mansion, 79

— Kingsland, 72

— Library Subscription, 65

— Lord Hill’s Column, 67

— Markets, 68

— Market Hall, 63

— Market House, 63

— Mechanics’ Institute, 65

— Meole Brace, 93

— Mercer’s Hall, 71

— Monastic Foundation, 72

— Monks of, 73

— Municipal Act, 42

— Music Hall, 64

— Newspapers, 64

— News Room, 65

— Parishes of, 92

— Parliament at, 36

— Population, 34

— Public Buildings, 61

— Quarry The, 71

— Races, 72

— Railway Station, 67

— Savings’ Bank, 66

— Schools, 57 to 61

— Severn River, 33

— Show, 71

— — Cakes, 71

— — Brawn, 71

— Simnell Cake, 71

— Streets, 94

— Subscrip. Library, 65

— Tailors’ Hall, 71

— Theatre, 64

— Town Hall, 62

— Town Walls, 77

— Trade, 69

— Trade Directy., 115

— Water Works, 66

— St. Alkmund’s Parish, 92

— St. Chad’s Parish, 93

— St. Julian’s Parish, 93

— St. Mary’s Parish, 93

Shropshire Giant, 240

Siberscott, 682

Sibdon Carwood, 705

— Castle, 705

Sidbury, 657

Siefton, 532

Silvington, 670

Skeletons, 157

Skyborry, 714

Sleap, (Ercall), 388

Sleap, (Wem), 335

Smethcott, 144

Smethcott, 513

Snailbeach Mine, 678

Snedshill, 477

— Ironworks and Collieries, 477

Snitton, 665

Sodylt Hall, 234

Soil and Produce, 22

Sowdley Great, 262

Soulton, 335

South Bradford Hundred, 364

Spoad, 710

Spoonhill, 239

Spoonley, 258

Spray Hill, 384

Stableford, 495

St. Almund’s, 92

St. Chad’s, 93

St. Paul’s, Knowbury, 635

Stanford, 672

Stanmore, 495

Stanton-upon-Hine Heath, 314

— Lacy, 548

— Long, 550

— Shiffnal, 476

Stanwardine-in-the-Fields, 217

— in-the Woods, 217

Stanway, 547

Stapleton, 515

Steele, 307

Stiperstone Hill, 507

Stirchley, 418

— Hall, 418

— Ironworks, 418

St. Julian’s, 93

St. Martin’s, 158

p. 6St. Bryngwyla School, 159

St. Mary’s, 93

St. Winefred’s Well, 206

Stitt and Gatten, 705

Stocks and Coptiviney, 239

Stockett, 236

Stockton, 484

— Park, 485

Stockton-by-Newport, 400

Stockton-by-Chirbury, 689

Stoke-by-Burford, 667

Stoke-upon-Terne, 312

Stoke, St. Milborough, 550

Stoke, Say, 552

Stone Acton, 547

Stottesden, 657

— Hundred, 610

Stowe, 705

Strefford, 707

Stretton, 685

— All, 530

— Church, 524

— Little, 530

Styche & Woodlands, 297

Sundorne Castle, 138

Sugdon, 407

Sutherland, 1st Duke of, 394

Sutton, (Claverley) 469

— (Drayton), 278

Sutton-by-Chelmarsh, 636

Sutton-by-Shrewsbury, 515

— Spa, 516

Sutton-by-West Felton, 204

— Maddock, 486

— Little, 534

— Great, 535

— Court, 534

Swancote, 495

Swerney, 193

— Hall, 194

Sychtyn, 201

Sylattin, 199

Tan-coed-y-gaer, 193

Talbot John, 338 & 357

Tasley, 662

Tedsmere, 205

Tern, 392

— House, 392

Tetchill, 239

Thanes, 521

Thoughlands, 542

Ticklerton, 537

Tibberton, 384

Tilley, 336

— Green, 336

Tilsop, 667

Tilstock, 362

Timberth, 689

Tir-y-coed, 152

Tobacco Pipes Manufactory, 556

Tonge, 486

— Castle, 487

Totterton, 703

Trebert, 714

Trebrodier, 712

Trefarclawdd, 194

Treflach, 194

Trefnant, 672

Trefonnen, 195

Trelystan, 694

Trench, 240

Trench-by-Wem, 336

— Lane, 448

Treprenal, 157

Treverward, 710

Triptych, 666

Tugford, 553

Twyford, 205

Tylsoer Dr., 343

Tyn-y-rhos, 162

Uckington, 367

Uffington, 145

Uppington, 418

Uppington, 672

Upton Cresset, 662

— Magna, 419

— Parva, or Waters Upton, 421

Vennington, 685

Wackley Lodge, 232

Walcot-by-Chirbury, 689

Walcot-by-Wellington, 439

Walcot Hall, 702

Walford, 218

Walker’s Lowe, 661

Wallop, 685

Wall-under-Haywood, 547

Walton-by-Ercall, 392

Walton-by-Onibury, 543

Walton-by-Wenlock, 588

Walton-by-Worthen, 695

Walton-by-Stottesden, 661

Wappenshall, 439

Wars, 9

Waters Upton, 421

Watling Street, 426

Watts Dyke, 210

Wattlesborough, 672

Wellington, 421

— Fairs, 422

— Gas Works, 424

— History, 422 to 425

— Horticultural Society, 425

— Market Hall, 423

— News Room, 424

— Old Hall, 425

— Schools, 423

— Streets, 427

Welsh Frankton, 211

— Hampton, 255

Wem, 317

Wenlock Much, 579

— Edge, 589

— Franchise, 554

— Little, 565

Wentnor, 705

Westbury, 684

West Felton, 202

— Foreign Libty., 641

— Hamlet, 549

Westhope, 535

Westley, 503

Westley, 685

Weston-by-Clun, 709

Weston-by-Burford, 667

Weston Cotton, 195

Weston-by-Hopton, 579

Weston Lullingfield, 218

—Rhyn, 161

— Coalworks, 161

— Under Red Castle, 290

— Stowe, 705

Wettleton, 553

Whattall, 236

Wheathill, 663

Wheathall, 503

Wheel Green, 496

Whetmore, 667

Whitchurch, 337

Whitcott & Hardwick, 704

Whitcott Evan, 710

Whitcott Keysett, 711

White Ladies, 463

Whitley, 676

Whittington, 207

Whitton-by-Westbury, 685

Whitton-by-Burford, 667

Wicherley Hall, 218

Whixall, 307

Whigmore, 685

Whigwig, 589

Wikey, 199

Wilcott, 244

Wilderhope, 547

Wilderley, 508

Willaston, 308

Willey, 591

Wilmington, 689

Willstone, 524

Winnington, 672

Winsbury, 689

Winscote, 496

Winsley, 685

Wirswall, 364

Wistanstow, 706

Wistanswick, 373

Withington, 440

Wittingslow, 707

Wixhall, 291

Wollascott, 142

Wollaston, 672

Wollerton, 291

Wolf’s Head, 242

Wolverley, 336

Wombridge, 440

— Priory, 441

Woodbatch, 698

Woodcote, 442

Woodcote-by-St. Chad’s, 676

Woodhall, 681

Woodhouse, 477

Woodhouse, 204

Woodhouses New, 363

Woodhouses Old, 363

Woodlands, 297

Woodseaves, 278

Woodside, 477

Woofferton, 545

Woolstaston, 516

Woolston, 206

Woolston, 707

Woore, 298

Wooton, 196

Wootton, 549

Worfield, 491

Worthen, 692

Wotherton, 689

Woundale, 469

Wrentnall, 508

Wrickton, 661

Wrockwardine, 443

— Wood, 447

Wroxeter, 448

Wycherley The Poet, 141

Wyke, 476

Wyke-by-Wenlock, 558

Wyken, 496

Wykey, 199

Wytheford Magna, 312

Wytheford Parva, 312

Yeaton, 219

Yockleton, 685

Yorton, 134

p. 7GENERAL HISTORY AND DESCRIPTION OF SHROPSHIRE.

SHROPSHIRE is an inland county on the borders of Wales, bounded on the north by Denbighshire, Cheshire, and a detached part of Flintshire: on the east by Staffordshire: on the south by Worcestershire, Herefordshire, and Radnorshire: and on the west by Montgomery and Denbighshire.  In length, from north to south, it is about forty-five miles, and its extreme breadth thirty-five.  Its circumference is computed at 200 miles; and it comprises an area of 1,343 square statute miles, and, consequently, 859,520 acres.  The county, in Saxon annals, is called Scrobbesbyrig and Scrobbescire, and by Latin authors, Comitates Salopiensis.  It is one of the shires, which, in the time of the Romans, was inhabited by the Cornavii, whose province comprehended the counties of Cheshire, Salop, Stafford, Warwickshire, and Worcestershire.  At the census of 1801, the county embraced a population of 167,639 souls: 1831, 222,800: 1841, 239,048, of whom 119,355 were males, and 119,693 females.  At the same period, there were 47,208 inhabited houses, 2,086 uninhabited, and 293 houses building.  The number of persons born in the county in these returns was 203,689: in other counties, 3,240: in Scotland, 391: in Ireland, 1,199: in the British colonies, 14: foreigners in the county, 161: not specified where born, 1,144.  Of the total population, 55,645 males, and 54,624 females, were under 20 years of age: 12,189 were between sixty and seventy years of age: 6,006 between seventy and eighty: 1,905 between eighty and ninety: 139 between ninety and one hundred: and the age of 5 persons exceeded one hundred years.  The total population of the fifteen unions, into which the county of Shropshire is divided, at the census of 1851, are returned as containing 245,019 inhabitants, of whom 122,122 were males, and 122,997 females.

Shropshire is divided into the hundreds of Albrighton, Bradford, Brimstree, Chirbury, Clun, Condover, Ford, Munslow, Oswestry, Overs, Pimhill, Purslow, Stottesden, and Wenlock franchise, and contains 224 parishes, and 5 extra-parochial places.  By the recent Reform and Division of Counties’ Acts, this county is divided into the northern and southern divisions, each of which returns two members to Parliament.  The boroughs of Shrewsbury, Bridgnorth, Ludlow, and Wenlock also return two members each.  The expenditure of the county for the year ending December, 1850, was £12,156. 17s. 4¼d., of which p. 8£3,587. 10s. 2d. was expended on the Gaol and House of Correction; £2,257. 10s. 7d. in prosecutions; £605. 17s. 5d. on bridges and roads; £562. 13s. 4d. on the Lunatic Asylum; coroners, £501. 1s. 2d., and Clerk of the Peace, £436. 4s. 9d.  Judge Blackstone says:—England was first divided into counties, hundreds, and tithings by Alfred the Great, for the protection of property and the execution of justice.  Tithings were so called because ten freeholders formed one.  Ten of these tithings were supposed to form a hundred or wapentake, from an ancient ceremony, in which the governor of a hundred met all the aldermen of his district, and holding up his spear, they all touched it with theirs, in token of subjection and union to one common interest.  An indifferent number of these wapentakes, or hundreds, form a county or shire, for the civil government of which a shire-reeve or sheriff is elected annually.  The magistrate above the hundredry was called the trithingman or lathgrieve, presided over three, four, or more, hundreds, formed into what was called a trithing, in some places a lathe, and in others a rape; hence the lathes of Kent, the rapes of Sussex, the parts of Lincoln, and trithings or ridings of Yorkshire.  The kingdom was divided into parishes soon after the introduction of Christianity, by Honorius, Archbishop of Canterbury, in the year 636, and the boundaries of them, as marked in Doomsday book, agree very nearly with the present division.  The custom, which still continues, of making the hundreds responsible for the excesses of a lawless mob, is an appendage of the Saxon system of tithing.  As the extreme ignorance of the age made deeds and writings very rare, the County or Hundred Court was the place where the most remarkable civil transactions, were finished, and, in order to preserve a memorial of them, and prevent all future disputes, here testaments were promulgated, slaves manumitted, bargains of sale concluded, and, sometimes, for greater security, the most considerable of these deeds were inserted in the blank leaves of the parish Bible, which thus became a kind of register, too sacred to be falsified.  It was not unusual to add to the deed an imprecation on all such as should be guilty of that crime.  In the County Court or shiremotes, all the freeholders were assembled twice a year, and received appeals from the other inferior courts.  They there decided all causes, ecclesiastical as well as civil, and the Bishop, together with the Alderman or Earl, presided over them.  All affairs were determined without much pleading, formality, or delay, by a majority of voices, and the Bishop or Alderman had no further authority than to order among the freeholders.  Where justice was denied during three sessions by the Hundred, and then by the County Court, there lay an appeal to the King’s Court; but this was not practised on slight occasions.  Two-thirds of the fines levied in these Courts went to the King, and made no contemptible share of the public revenue.

Historians all agree that the Aborigines of Britain were a tribe of Gauls, who emigrated from the continent, probably a thousand years before the Christian era.  Previous to the Roman conquest, the ancient Britons inhabiting the southern parts of the island had made some little progress towards civilization, but those in the north were wild and uncultivated, and subsisted chiefly by hunting and the spontaneous productions of the earth, wearing for their clothing the skins of animals killed in the chase, and dwelling in habitations formed of the interwoven branches of the forest.  They were divided into small nations or tribes.  Each state was divided into factions within itself, and was agitated with emulation towards the neighbouring states; and while the arts of peace were yet unknown, wars were their chief occupation, and formed the principal object of ambition among the people.  Their religion was Druidical, but its origin is not known.  Some assert that the Druids accompanied the Gauls in early ages, and others that Druidism was first introduced into England by the Phœnicians, who were the first merchants that traded to this island, and for a considerable time monopolized a profitable trade in tin and other useful metals.  Their government, (according to Diodorus Siculus, the ancient historian,) though monarchical, was free, and their religion, which formed one part of their government, was Druidical.  Justice was dispensed, not under any written code of p. 9laws, but on equitable principles; and on difference of opinion in the assembled congress, appeal was made to the Arch-Druid, whose decision was final.  Their religious ceremonies were performed in high places and in deep groves, and consisted in worshipping the God of nature, and rendering him praise on the yearly accession of the seasons.  The priests possessed great authority among them, besides ministering at the altar, and directing all religious duties; they enjoyed an immunity from wars and taxes; they possessed both the civil and criminal jurisdiction; they decided all controversies among estates, as well as among private persons, and whoever refused to submit to their decree, was exposed to the most severe penalties; the sentence of excommunication was denounced against him; he was forbidden access to the sacrifices of public worship; he was debarred all intercourse with his tribe, even in the common affairs of life; he was refused the protection of law, and death itself became an acceptable relief from the misery and infamy to which he was exposed.

The means by which religion was supported was by voluntary offerings and tithes, and in this respect we find a similarity with all nations of antiquity.  Despite the corruptions and philosophical atheism in which the Druidical religion became involved, candour demands of us that the Druids were in possession of learning as extensive and more useful than some of their Christian posterity, who, from the eighth century to the Reformation, were almost wholly employed in scholastic divinity, metaphysical or chronological disputes, legends, miracles, and martyrologies, and Dr. Kennedy informs us that in St. Patrick’s time no fewer than 300 volumes of their books were burnt, and no doubt the same was practised so long as a volume could be found.  By this destruction a wide chasm has been made in the historical details of this country.  Julius Cæsar, in his “Commentarii de Bello Gallico,” informs us that the Druids inculcated the doctrine of the immortality and transmigration of the soul, and discoursed with the “Youth about the heavenly bodies, their motion, the size of the heavens and the earth, the nature of things, and the influence and power of the immortal Gods.”  The misletoe was their chief specific in medicine, and nothing was held so sacred as the misletoe of the oak, which, being scarce, was gathered with great ceremony on a certain day appointed for their general festival.  In the civil government of this ancient people capital offenders were sentenced to death, and sacrificed in the most solemn manner.  The spoils of war were often devoted to their divinities on the altars of their temples.  At the time of the Roman invasion the British Druids exerted their utmost zeal in opposing the usurpation of that foreign power.  The invaders on the other hand fired with equal resentment, endeavoured to establish their security by the extermination of the Druidic order, and its priests were sacrificed to this barbarous policy; many fled to the island of Anglesey, and afterwards perished in the flames by the orders of Seutonius, and great numbers were cut off in an unsuccessful revolt of the Britons, under Queen Boadicea, after which the power and splendour of the Druids rapidly declined.  No species of superstition was ever more terrible than that of the Druids; no idolatrous worship ever attained such an ascendant over mankind; and the Romans after their conquest finding it impossible to reconcile those notions to the laws and institutions of their masters, while it maintained its authority, were at last obliged to abolish it by penal statutes—a violence which had never in any other instance been practised by these tolerating conquerors.

The Britons had long remained in a rude and independent state, when Cæsar, having overrun all Gaul by his victories, first cast his eye on this island, and being ambitious of carrying his arms into a new world then mostly unknown, he took advantage of a short interval in his continental wars, and made an invasion in Britain fifty-five years before the birth of Christ.  In his first expedition the Kentish Britons immediately opposed him, and compelled him to fight in the vicinity of Dover, combating even amongst the waves with singular courage; and, although Cæsar, observing his troops to be dispirited by the attacks of the enemy, ordered up his vessels with his artillery, and poured from p. 10their sides stones, arrows, and missiles; yet the natives sustained these unusual discharges with unshaken intrepidity, and the invaders made no impression until the standard bearer of the 10th legion rushed forward, exclaiming, “Follow me, unless you mean to betray your standard to your enemies.”  Upon which the Roman legions were incited to that desperate and close battle, which at length forced back the Britons and secured a landing.  The inhabitants of the neighbourhood then sent a message of peace, but four days afterwards a tempest dispersing the enemy’s fleet they attacked the Romans afresh.  Cæsar’s invasion in the ensuing summer was more formidable: it was made with five well appointed legions, and two thousand cavalry, amounting in the whole to thirty thousand of the best disciplined troops then known, and under the ablest commanders.  Terrified at the menacing approach of such a force, the inhabitants retired among the hills, and Cæsar having effected a landing without opposition, and chosen a proper place for the security of his fleet, (supposed to be where the town of Deal, in Kent, now stands), hastened on to the scene of conflict, and found the Britons had assembled in great numbers from all parts, who continued an unequal contest with the Roman legions for several days, but were at length utterly routed, and great numbers of them slain, nor did the Britons ever after this engage the Romans with their united forces.  Cæsar then led his army to the river Thames, towards the territories of Cassivellaunus, the principal leader of the defeated Britons, on the submission of whom, and having imposed an annual tribute on the vanquished, and received the hostages which he demanded, marched back to the sea shore, and shortly after took his final leave of Britain.  The civil wars which ensued, and which ended in the establishment of an absolute monarchy at Rome, saved the Britons from that yoke which was about to be imposed on them, the conquerors having little force to spare for the preservation of distant conquests; the Britons were therefore left to themselves, and for nearly a century after the invasion of Cæsar, enjoyed unmolested their own civil and religious institutions.  In the interval between the first and second invasion of Britain by the Romans, the founder of the Christian religion had accomplished his divine mission, in a province of the Roman empire, but almost without observation at Rome.  In the reign of Claudius the Romans began to think seriously of reducing the Britons under their dominion, and Plautius, an able general, sent over A.D. 43, gained some victories, and made considerable progress in subduing the inhabitants.  Claudius himself finding matters sufficiently prepared for his reception, made a journey into Britain, and received the submission of several British states, among which were the Cantic, Antrebates, Regni, and Trinobantes, who inhabited the south-east part of the island.  The other Britons under the command of Caractacus still maintained an obstinate resistance, and the Romans made little progress against them till Ostorious Scapula was sent over, in the year 50, to command the armies.  This general rapidly advanced the Roman conquests over the Britons, pierced into the country of the Silures—a warlike tribe who inhabited the banks of the Severn, and fought a great battle with Caractaeus upon the hill called Caer Caradoc, not far from Clun, on which are the remains of an ancient fortification still to be seen.  In this battle the British leader artfully availed himself of his knowledge of the country, and posted himself on a spot, the approaches and retreats of which were as advantageous to his own party as they were perplexing to the enemy.  Caractacus running from one part of the camp to another, animated them by the valorous deeds of their ancestors, and told them that the work of that day would be the beginning of new liberty or of eternal slavery.  The people received these animated harangues with loud acclamations, and engaged according to the solemn rites of their religion, never to yield to weapons or wounds.  Their resolution astonished the Roman general, and the river which flows at the foot of the hill, together with the ramparts and steeps, presented to the assailants a formidable and resolute appearance.  The Britons, who had no armour or helmets to shelter them, were at length thrown into confusion, and great numbers of them perished by the broad swords and javelins of the p. 11legionaries, who obtained an illustrious victory.  The wife and daughter of Caractacus were taken prisoners, and his brother submitted to the conqueror.  Caractacus threw himself upon the protection of the Queen of Brigantes, and was treacherously delivered up to the Romans shortly after.  The fame of Caractacus had reached Rome, and the people were assembled as to some great sight when the British prisoners arrived there.  First in the procession we are informed came the king’s dependants and retinue, and the trappings and collars and trophies which he had won in war; next his brothers, his wife and daughter, and last himself was presented to public view; his body was mostly naked and painted with figures of beasts; he wore a chain of iron about his neck, and another about his middle; the hair on his head hanging down in curled locks covered his back and shoulders.  Caractacus neither by his looks nor language pleaded for mercy, and when he came before the Emperor’s seat expressed himself in these terms:—“Had I made that prudent use of my prosperity, which my rank and fortune would have enabled me to make, I had come hither rather as a friend, than as a prisoner; nor would you have disdained the alliance of one descended from illustrious ancestors, and sovereign over many nations.  My present condition, disgraceful as it is to myself, reflects glory on you.  Possessed as I once was of horses, men, arms, and wealth, what wonder is it if I parted from them with reluctance.  Had I sooner been betrayed, I had neither been distinguished by misfortune nor you by glory.  But if you now save my life I shall be an eternal monument of your clemency.”  The Emperor generously granted the pardon of Caractacus, his wife, and brothers, who remained at Rome in the highest esteem.  At this time Christianity was preached in the imperial city, and Brennus with others of his family became Christians.  At the expiration of seven years they were permitted to return, and were thus furnished with a favourable opportunity of introducing the Gospel into their own country, and were instrumental in reclaiming many of the Britons from their ancient superstitions.  It does not appear that Caractacus was converted to Christianity at Rome, but his son Cyllin, and his daughter Eigen, are both ranked among the British saints.  Eigen bestowed her hand on a British chieftain, and Claudia, one of her sisters, is supposed to have become the wife of Pudens, a Roman senator.

Notwithstanding the misfortunes that befel Caractacus, the Britons were not subdued; and this island was regarded by the ambitious Romans as a field in which military honor might still be acquired.  During the reign of Nero, Suetonius Paulinus was invested with the command, and prepared to signalise his name by victories over these barbarians.  Finding that the island of Mona, (now Anglesey), was the chief seat of the Druids, he resolved to attack it, and to subject a place which was the centre of superstition, and which afforded protection to all their baffled forces.  The Britons endeavoured to obstruct his landing on this sacred island, both by the force of arms and the terrors of their religion.  The women and priests were intermingled with the soldiers upon the shore, and running about with flaming torches in their hands, and tossing their dishevelled hair; they struck greater terror into the astonished Romans by their howlings, cries, and execrations, than the real danger from the armed forces.  But Suetonius exhorting his troops to contemn a superstition which they despised, impelled them to the attack, drove the Britons off the field, burned the Druids in the same fires which they had prepared for their captive enemies, destroyed all the consecrated groves and altars, and, having thus triumphed over the religion of the Britons, he thought his future progress would be easy in reducing the people to subjection.

The Britons, taking advantage of the absence of Suetonius, were shortly after in arms, headed by Boadicea, the Queen of the Iceni, who had been treated in the most ignominious manner by the Roman tribunes, and had already attacked with success several settlements of their insulting conquerors; the Romans, and all strangers, to the number of 70,000, resident in London, are said to have been massacred: thus determined were the British to cut off all hopes of peace or compromise with the enemy.  But this cruelty was revenged by p. 12Suetonius, in a great and decisive battle, where 80,000 Britons perished, and Boadicea herself, rather than fall into the hands of the enraged victor, put an end to her own life by poison.  But the dominion of the Romans was not finally established till A.D. 80, when the Roman legions were placed under the command of Julius Agricola.  This celebrated commander formed a regular plan of subduing Britain, and rendering the acquisition useful to the conquerors.  He carried his victorious arms northward, defeated the Britons in every encounter, pierced into the forests and mountains of Caledonia, reduced everything to subjection in the southern parts of the island and chased before him all the men of fiercer and more intractable spirits, who deemed war and death itself less tolerable than servitude under the victors.  Agricola endeavoured to secure his conquest by erecting a chain of forts across the isthmus between the Frith of Forth and the Clyde, and in the year 84 he extended a chain of stations from Solway Frith to Tynemouth.  He introduced laws and civilization among the Britons, taught them to desire and raise all the conveniences of life, reconciled them to the Roman language and manners, instructed them in letters and science, and employed every expedient to render those chains which he had forged both easy and agreeable to them.  The inhabitants having experienced how unequal their own force was to resist that of the Romans, acquiesced in the dominion of their masters, and were gradually incorporated as a part of that mighty empire.  The chain of stations erected by Agricola was afterwards connected by an earthen rampart, raised by the Emperor Adrian as an obstruction to the Caledonians, who frequently descended and committed the most dreadful ravages in the Roman territories.

The early commerce of the ancient Britons was carried on by barter, without the aid of money, but about the commencement of the Christian era a mint master was invited over to Britain from the continent.  A mint was erected at Colchester, and money of gold, silver and copper was coined in that city; about forty different specimens have reached our times.  Mines both of silver and gold were worked in the island during the reigns of Augustus and Trajan.  The Romans drew their revenues from various sources; commerce, mines, legacies, houses, and lands all contributed to supply their exactions; and as they had suggested to the natives the mode of making money, they did not fail to supply the exhausted treasury of Rome from the industry of Britain.  A succession of ages had almost identified the Britains with the Roman conquerors; and when the Emperors, pressed by difficulties at home, and weakened by their possessions abroad, began to withdraw their legions from this island, the inhabitants importuned them to remain, to protect them from the incursions of the Picts and Scots.  The wall of Severus was no longer a barrier to these semi-barbarians.  During the residence of the Romans in this island, comprehending a period of 400 years, many great public works were accomplished, and they left behind them numerous monuments of their skill and industry.  The conquered country was divided into six provinces, each of them governed by a prætor and præstor, the former charged with the general administration of government, and the latter with the management of finances.

In the year 450, two years after the last Roman legion had quitted England, Hengist and Horsa, two brothers, reputed descendants in the fourth generation from Wodin, one of the principal gods of the Saxons, embarked their army, to the number of 1,600, on board three vessels, and landing in the Isle of Thanet, immediately marched to the defence of the Britons, who had invited them over to protect them against their northern invaders.  Having expelled the enemy, the fertility and richness of the country presented a temptation too strong to be resisted by the ambition of these newly acquired friends, who soon began to aspire to the possession of the island.  The Saxons of Germany soon after reinforced Hengist and Horsa with 5,000 men, who came over in seventeen vessels.  Roused by this display of treachery, the native inhabitants flew to arms, and fought many battles under Vortimer with their enemies; the victories, however, in these actions are disputed by the British and Saxon annalist, but the progress made by the Saxons proves p. 13that the advantage was commonly on their side.  It was about the year 455 the Hengists aiming at an independent sovereignty in Britain, began the conquest of the territory, and a series of battles ensued between Hengist and Horsa on the one side, and Vortimer and Catigern, two sons of Vortigern, on the other.  The battle of Aylesford is memorable for the death of Horsa on the side of the Saxons, and of Catigern on that of the Britons.  But Hengist, continually reinforced by fresh numbers from Germany, carried devastation into the most remote corners of Britain; and being chiefly anxious to spread the terrors of his arms, he spared neither age, sex, nor condition, wherever he marched with his victorious forces.  The private and public edifices of the Britons were reduced to ashes, the priests were slaughtered on the altars; others deserted their native country and took shelter in Armorica, where, being charitably received by a people of the same language and manners, they settled in great numbers, and gave the country the name of Brittany.

King Arthur, in the year 518, almost expelled the Saxons from the island; but after the death of this monarch, the Saxons again prevailed under various leaders, and the island was divided into seven kingdoms.  Thus was established the Heptarchy, Shropshire being included in the kingdom of Mercia, which reached from London to the Mersey.  In the kingdoms of the Heptarchy, an exact rule of succession was either unknown or not strictly observed, and thence the reigning prince was continually agitated with jealousy against all the princes of the blood, whom he still considered as rivals, and whose death alone could give him entire security in his possession of the throne.  From this fatal cause, together with the admiration of the monastic life, and the opinion of merit attending the preservation of chastity, even in a married state, the royal families had been entirely extinguished in all the kingdoms except that of Wessex; and Egbert was the sole descendant of those first conquerors who subdued Britain, and who enhanced their authority by claiming a pedigree from Woden, the supreme divinity of their ancestors.  The Mercians, before the accession of Egbert, had very nearly attained the absolute sovereignty over the Heptarchy.  He had reduced the East Angles under subjection, and established tributary princes in the kingdoms of Kent and Essex.  Northumberland was involved in anarchy, and no state of any consequence remained but that of Wessex, which, being much inferior in extent to Mercia, was supported by the great qualities alone of its sovereign.  Egbert led his army against the invaders, obtained a complete victory, and, by the slaughter executed on them in their flight, gave a mortal blow to the power of the Mercians.  Egbert, however, allowed Mercia, East Anglia, and Northumberland the power of electing a King, who paid him tribute, and was dependent on him.  Thus were united all the kingdoms of the Heptarchy, in the year 823, in one great state, near 400 years after the first arrival of the Saxons in Britain.  The fortunate arms and prudent policy of Egbert at last effected what had been so often attempted in vain, by other princes.  Union in the government gave the people hopes of settled tranquillity, but these fair expectations were speedily blasted by the re-appearance of the Danes, who for some ages had kept the Anglo-Saxons in a state of perpetual alarm.  For upwards of forty years, and through five successive reigns, the Danes continued the struggle, and, at the death of Etheldred, his brother Alfred, the successor to the throne, was obliged to abandon the field, and seek an asylum as a swine-herd.  Emerging afterwards from his retreat, he expelled the invaders, and contributed essentially to lay the foundations of those institutions on which the glorious superstructure of English liberty, was finally erected.  Alfred soon perceived that an army without a maritime force, must ever be at the mercy of every piratical plunderer, determined to store his ports with shipping; and vessels larger than those in use in the surrounding nations were built, many of which carried sixty oars.  The unremitting attention of this illustrious prince to the navy, contributed to increase the blessings of his reign, and has obtained for him the title of “Father of the British Navy.”

p. 14Of the Saxon system of government it may be observed, that it had in it the germ of freedom, if it did not always exhibit the fruit.  In religion they were idolators, and their idols, altars, and temples, soon overspread the country.  They had a god for every day of the week.  Thor, the God of thunder, represented Thursday; Woden, the God of battle, represented Wednesday; Friga, the God of love, presided over Friday; Seater, the God of Saturday, had influence over the fruits of the earth; Tuyse, the God of the Dutch, conferred his name on Tuesday; they also worshipped the sun and the moon, each conferring a name on one of the days of the week; Sunnan, on Sunday; and Monan, on Monday.  The merit of eradicating this baneful superstition, by the introduction of Christianity, was reserved for a Roman Pontiff.  Gregory, surnamed the Great, who, in the year 597, sent Augustine, a monk, into the south, and Paulinus into the north of England, by whose preaching the Christian religion made such rapid progress, that it soon became the prevailing faith, and Augustine was elevated to the Archbishopric of Canterbury, and Paulinus was made Archbishop of York.  He was the first to preach Christianity in Mercia, where he followed the victorious arms of Edwin, King of Northumbria.

The greater part of this country was inhabited by the Cornavii and Ordovices, the first of which occupied the eastern side of the Severn, whose capital was Uriconium, now Wroxeter, and the latter were confined to the western side of the Severn.  Though the troops of the Cornavii were registered in the declension of the empire, it is supposed that they submitted to the Roman yoke upon easier terms than their neighbours, who held out some time ere their liberty was wrested from them.  The Romans allotted one side of the Severn, eastward, to Britannia Prima, and the western side to Britannia Secunda.  The Saxons made Watling street, that runs through the middle of the county, the boundary between them and the Danes, but when the compact with the Danes was broken, it returned to the former division of England and Wales.  After the Romans had abandoned the Island, part of Shropshire was included in the kingdom of Powis, which comprised portions of the counties of Chester, Flint, Denbigh, Radnor, and Brecon, and the whole of Montgomeryshire, of which Pengwern (Shrewsbury) was the capital.  For near two centuries this section of Powisland was the theatre of frequent and sanguinary contests between the Britons and the Saxons; it was finally subdued and incorporated with Mercia, the most powerful of the seven kingdoms forming the Saxon Heptarchy.  When the Danes invaded this island, and, by their formidable incursions, seemed to threaten its total subjection, this part of the kingdom of Mercia, though it suffered less than others, came in for a share of the general calamity, and its chief city, Uriconium, was destroyed.  About the year 777, the seat of the Prince of Powis was removed from Pengwern to Mantraval, in Montgomeryshire.  The Britons, who had made incursions into Mercia, were forced not only to abandon all their conquests there, but also that part of their country which lay between the Severn and Offa’s Dyke, which that King threw up as a new boundary between them and Mercia, instead of Severn, their former boundary.  The Britons had made their incursions into Offa’s territories, while he was employed in subduing the Saxon kings, and having no opposition, they were very successful, till at length Offa, being obliged to conclude a peace with the English, that he might dispossess them of their new acquisitions, in which he proved so successful as to force their retreat, and to prevent their ever returning, threw up the before-mentioned ditch.  This ditch extended from the river Wye along the counties of Hereford and Radnor, to Montgomeryshire, and thence near the road between Bishop’s Castle and Newtown.  It then passed by Mellington Hall, where there is an encampment, and on to Leighton Hall, not far from which it is lost for upwards of five miles, the channel of the Severn probably serving for that space, as a continuation of the boundary.  It is again seen at Llandysilio and Llanymynech, from whence it runs to Tref-y-clawdd, and below the race course, at Oswestry.  It then passes above Selattyn, whence it descends to the Ceriog, and goes by Chirk p. 15Castle, and crosses the Dee and Rhuabon road, near Plas Madoc, and being continued through Flintshire, ends a little below Holywell.  Offa, after having carried his arms over most parts of Flintshire, and vainly imagined that his labours would restrain the Cambrian inroads, and prevent incursions beyond the limits which he had decreed to be the boundaries of his conquests.  It is observable, says Pennant, that in all parts the ditch is on the Welsh side, and that there are numbers of small artificial mounds, the sites of small forts along its course.  These were garrisoned, and seem intended for the same purpose as the towers in the famous Chinese wall, to watch the motions of their neighbours, and to repel hostile incursions.  The folly of this great work appeared on the death of Offa, for the Welsh, with irresistible fury, carried their ravages far and wide in the English marshes.  Harold made an ordinance that all Welshmen found beyond Offa’s Dyke, within the English pale, with a weapon about him, was to have his right hand cut off by the King’s officers.

In the year 1013, Seneyn, King of Denmark, landed with an army in this country to revenge a cruel massacre of the Danes, which had taken place a short time before; having brought his fleet up the Trent to Gainsborough, and landed his forces, it created such a terror that the whole kingdom was soon brought under his yoke; he, however, did not long enjoy his success, for he died the following year, and was succeeded by his son Canute, between whom and Edmund, the Saxon, several sanguinary engagements took place, and the kingdom was for a short time divided.  In 1041, Edward the Confessor was by the unanimous voice of the people raised to the throne; having reigned twenty-five years he died, and with him ended both the Saxon and Danish rule in this kingdom.  Harold, the son of Godwin, was the next to take possession of the throne, but he was opposed by his brother Tosti, who formed a confederacy with Harfrager, King of Norway; he entered the Humber with a considerable force, and landed his troops in Yorkshire, where, in a deadly conflict, they were completely overthrown by Harold, who left his brother and Harfrager among the slain.  Harold having retired to York to rejoice over his victory, received information that William Duke of Normandy had landed with a numerous and warlike army at Ravensey, in Sussex, to meet this unexpected foe.  Harold immediately marched his forces to Hastings, where in an unsuccessful battle he lost his life.  William the Conqueror had no sooner taken possession of the throne, than he set up various claims to his new possessions, but his principal right was that of conquest, and if his sword had not been stronger than his titles, so many English estates would not have been placed at his disposal.  William brought in his train a large body of Norman adventurers, and the roll of Battle Abbey, given by Ralph Holinshead, contains the names of 629 Normans, who all became claimants upon the fair territory of Britain, and the Saxon lords were forced to resign their possessions.  The landed property in this county was chiefly given to Roger de Montgomery, his kinsman, whom he created Earl of Shrewsbury, and of him, it was mostly held by knights’ service; to William Pantulf he granted 29 lordships, of which Wem was the principal, and he therefore made it the head of his barony.  Ralph de Mortimer had fifty manors, of which nineteen were held under Roger de Montgomery; Roger Lacy had 23 manors: Roger Fitz Corbet 24 manors; Osborne Fitz Richard nine; and Guarine de Meez one manor.

After so great an agitation as that produced by the conquest, some years were necessary to restore a calm.  A violent struggle was made to expel the Normans, and York was the rallying point of the patriot army.  To suppress this formidable insurrection, William the Conqueror repaired in person into the north at the head of a powerful army, swearing by the “splendour of God,” his usual oath, that not a soul of his enemies should be left alive.  According to William of Malmesbury, confirmed by others, the whole of the country was laid waste from the Humber to the Tees, and for nine years neither spade nor plough was put in the ground, which was the reason why vasta so often occurs in Doomsday book.  Knowing the detestation in which he was held, the p. 16Norman Bastard, as historians designate him, entertained a constant jealousy of the English, and he obliged them every night at eight o’clock to extinguish their fires and candles at the toll of a bell which obtained the name of “Curfew.”  Having by these sanguinary atrocities reduced the country to repose, the Conqueror, in 1080, caused a survey to be taken of all the lands in the kingdom, on the model of the book at Winchester, compiled by order of Alfred the Great.  This survey was registered in the national record called the Doomsday Book, in which is the extent of the land in each district, the state it was in, whether meadow, pasture, wood, or arable, the name of the proprietor, the tenure by which it was held, and the value at which it was estimated, were all duly entered.  In order to make this document complete, and its authority perpetual, commissioners were appointed to superintend the survey, and the returns were made under the sanction of juries of all orders of freemen in each district.  After a labour of six years the business was accomplished, and this important document, the best memorial of the Conqueror, written in Roman, with a mixture of Saxon, is still preserved in the Chapter House, Westminster.  For many years Doomsday Book remained unprinted, but in the 40th of the reign of George III. his Majesty, by the recommendation of Parliament, and with a proper regard to public interest, directed that it should be printed for the use of the Members of Parliament, and also be deposited in all the public libraries in the kingdom.  The counties of Northumberland, Cumberland, Westmoreland, and Durham, are not described in Doomsday Book, probably owing to the desolation in which they were at that time involved.  Through all ages this “book of judicial verdict” will be held in estimation, not only for its antiquity, but also for its intrinsic value.  At the time it was completed, it afforded the king an exact knowledge of his own land and revenue; while the rights of his subjects in all disputed cases were settled by it; and to the present day, it serves to show what manor is, and what is not ancient demesne.

As the various parish histories of this county contains frequent extracts from this document, it may be necessary to explain the land measures and other obsolete feudal terms used at the time to which it refers.  A perch, five yards and a half; an acre, 160 square perches; an ox gauge, or bovate, as much as an ox can till, or 28 acres; a virgate or yard of land, 40 acres; a carucate, carve, or plough land, generally eight ox gangs; a hide, as much as one plough would cultivate in one year; a knight’s fee, five hides, or 200 acres of land; berewicks are manors within manors; merchet, or maiden’s rent, a fine anciently paid by inferior tenants for the liberty to dispose of their daughters in marriage; a heriot, a fine paid to the lord on the death of a landholder; tol, a tribute for liberty to buy and sell; theane, a liberty to a lord of a manor for judging bondmen and villeins in his own court; infangtheof, a privilege of certain lords of manors to pass judgment of theft, committed by the servants within their district; thelonia, a writ lying for one who has the king’s demesne in fee-farm to recover reasonable toll; sockmen, tenants who hold by servile tenure; borderers, cottagers; villein, a member belonging to a manor.  In the time of the Conqueror Earls began to be feudal, hereditary and patrimonial; and these, as appear by Doomsday, were styled simple Earls, as Earl Hugh, Earl Roger, &c.  Afterwards Earls were created with an addition of the name of the place over which they had jurisdiction, or of the principal seat where they resided; and they had, as had been customary, the third penny from the county where they resided for their support.  Soon after the conquest they began to be created by charter, without any ceremony further than the delivery of it.  King John is the first mentioned who used the girding of the sword, by which they were said to be invested with this honour.  Thereupon the Sheriff had command to make livery unto them the third penny of the plea of the county, after which the Earl had a certain sum only allowed him out of the profits of his county, as expressed in the patent for his better support and dignity, and sometimes great possessions were given in lands for the same purpose.

In the reign of William III., Hugh de Montgomery, second son of Earl Roger, and who p. 17succeeded him in the Earldom of Shrewsbury, with the Earl of Chester and Owen, a Welsh Lord, made an unexpected attack upon Wales, and committed great atrocities upon the inhabitants.  Many of the Welsh fled into Ireland, and left their country to the mercy of the English.  Their flight gave their enemies an opportunity of continuing their march, and they penetrated into Anglesey, where they destroyed all before them with fire and sword.  While they were thus exercising their cruelties, Magnus, King of Norway, who had lately made himself master of the Isle of Man, advanced as far as Anglesey.  On the English endeavouring to hinder him, the Earl of Shrewsbury was slain in the skirmish.  His death was looked upon as a just judgment for the cruelties committed by him in that isle.  The Earl’s death caused some disorder among the English troops, and constrained them to abandon the shore; when Magnus landed, and finding the English had left nothing to plunder, he shortly after re-embarked.  Earl Roger, who succeeded his brother Hugh in the Earldom of Shrewsbury, being of a rash and discontented spirit, was among those who favoured the claims of Duke Robert, in place of Henry I.  On the accession of Henry I. he rebelled, and fortified his castles in Shropshire, and at Shrewsbury built and fortified a flank wall from each side of the castle, across the isthmus, down to the Severn side; hereupon the king declared him a traitor, and marched with a considerable force against him.  The earl perceiving that he had no forces to withstand the attack of the king, confessed his treason, and was shortly after banished to Normandy; but again appearing in arms, he was taken prisoner, and ended a miserable life in close confinement at Wareham.  About this period the king sent several of his council to Shrewsbury, among whom were Richard de Belmarsh, bishop of London, warden of the Marches, and governor of the county of Salop, and others, to meet there Jorweth ap Blithyn, on pretence of consulting with him about the king’s affairs; but when he came there, contrary to all equity, he was condemned for treason and committed to prison.  The Marches of Wales are supposed to have been settled by the Saxons, to prevent the incursions of the Welsh.  The Lords of the Marches claimed to provide silver spears, and support the canopy of purple silk at the coronation of Queen Eleanor, consort of King Henry III.  The court of the Lord’s Marches was held at Ludlow, and the jurisdiction extended from Chester to Bristol.  All the country between Offa’s Dyke and England was called the Marches, the Lords of which had the power of life and death in their respective courts.  In every frontier manor a gallows was erected, and if any Welshmen came over the boundary they were taken up and hanged; and if any Englishman was caught on the Welsh side, he suffered the same fate.  The houses were frequently moated round, and palisades set round the edge of the moat, into which place the inhabitants every night drove their cattle for better security.  If a Welshman got a cow or a horse over the bar he cried out “my own,” and any person pursuing them further would be at the risk of his life.  After the death of the Earl of Macclesfield, the last lord president, the court was dissolved.  Shropshire being the frontier between England and Wales, had more castles in it than any other county in England; on the west side they stood so thick, says Dr. Fuller, “that it might seem divided from Wales with a wall of continued castles.”  Speed tells us, “that besides several towns strongly walled, there were two and thirty castles in this shire.”

In the year 1233, Richard, Earl of Pembroke, and several other noblemen, being disgusted with the conduct of the King, broke out into open rebellion, and taking advantage of the animosities subsisting between the English and the Welsh, fled into Wales and joined Llewellyn, Prince of Wales.  Having collected an army, they laid waste all the Marches between Wales and Shrewsbury, which town they plundered and put the inhabitants to the sword.  The King being then at Gloucester, called a council there, when it was determined that the Archbishop of Canterbury, and the Bishops of Chester and Rochester, should be sent into Wales with offers of pardon for all past injuries, and proposals of peace if they would return to their obedience, which being accepted, peace was restored; notwithstanding, soon after this the Earl was treacherously drawn away into Ireland, and p. 18there killed, being stabbed in the back with a dagger.  The peace with the Welsh had but a short continuance, for in the year 1241 the King marched with his army from Gloucester to Shrewsbury, designing from thence to have proceeded into Wales against David ap Llewellyn, but during his residence here, a submission being made by David, he stopped his march.  In 1267, Henry again appeared in Shrewsbury at the head of his army, designing to march against Llewellyn, whose restless temper created new disturbances; but by the mediation of the Pope’s Legate, and upon Llewellyn’s submission, a peace was concluded.  In the reign of Edward I. we find the disturbances of the Welsh still continued; upon which account the courts of exchequer and king’s bench were removed to Shrewsbury, that the Welsh might be awed into submission.  The situation of the inhabitants of Shropshire at this period was peculiarly distressing: they were continually subject to the depredations and incursions of the Welsh, their hostile and unmerciful neighbours; and the wolves inhabiting the desolate mountains of that country, frequently came down in herds, and ravaged whole districts.  A commission was given to Peter Corbet to destroy all he could find; and by offering a sum of money to those who killed a certain number, and brought their heads to Shrewsbury, they were in a short time considerably reduced.

Bishop Burnell was Chancellor in the year 1283, and the Lords and Commons assembled at his seat at Acton Burnell, the Lords sitting in the castle, and the Commons in a barn belonging to the monastery of Shrewsbury.  On this occasion, the famous statute of Acton Burnell was made, called the statute merchant, by which act debtors in London, York, and Bristol were obliged to appear before the different mayors, and agree upon a certain day for payment, otherwise an execution was issued against their goods, for imprisonment for debt did not take place till some hundred years after this time.  The Parliament was again summoned to meet at Shrewsbury, on the morrow after Michaelmas day, to consult what course should be taken with David, Prince of Wales, whom the King declares he had received in his banishment, had nursed while an orphan, and enriched out of his possessions.  David, having fled from his brother Llewellyn, Prince of Wales, who had imprisoned his two brothers, Owen and Roderick, the King received him into his service, created him Earl of Denbigh, and gave him land to the yearly value of a thousand marks, in lieu of those possessions he ought to have had in Anglesey, and, to attach him to the interests of England, gave him to wife a rich English heiress; David, however, never ceased to excite his brother Llewellyn, to free himself from the English yoke, because, as his brother had no children, he was his presumptive successor.  Llewellyn took up arms, and penetrated into the territories of the English, where he defeated two of their armies.  Edward, in hopes of being more fortunate, marched, at the head of a numerous army, when Llewellyn retired to Snowdon Hill, where he could not be attacked, but at length, regardless of the inequalities of his forces, he descended into the plain, to fight the English.  The English proved victorious, Llewellyn was slain on the spot, and his army entirely routed, and David, his brother, after some time roving about the country, was taken by the English, and, with his wife, two sons, and seven daughters, sent to Rhyddlan Castle, where the King then was.  As he was the last of the race of the Welsh Princes, Edward was inclined to secure his late conquest by his death; accordingly, after having been for some time kept prisoner, he was brought to Shrewsbury, where he was tried by the Parliament, and, by their advice, on the 30th September, 1283, he was condemned to die.  Thus the last of the ancient British princes was ignominously drawn at a horse’s tail about the town, then hanged, afterwards beheaded, his body quartered, and his bowels burnt; his head was fixed near that of his brother, on the tower of London, and his four quarters were sent to York, Bristol, Northampton, and Winchester.  This barbarous execution is said to have been the first of the kind, and it was afterwards usually inflicted upon traitors.  An account of the Great Parliament, held in Shrewsbury, in the time of Richard II., and of the famous battle of Shrewsbury, will be found noticed at a subsequent page.

p. 19Rivers.—The Severn is the principal river in the county.  This magnificent stream ranks next to the Thames in point of celebrity, for the extent of its course, the distance for which it is navigable, and the commerce it sustains.  It has its rise on the mountain of Plynlimmon, on the verge of Montgomeryshire, and enters Shropshire, near Melverley, and at Cymmeran Ferry receives the waters of the river Vernieu.  Between Montford Bridge and Fitz, the river Perry falls into the Severn, which here makes a great bend, and encloses a fine estate, of five miles in circuit, called the Isle, the property of the Rev. H. Sandford.  It then passes Berwick House, and speedily arrives at Shrewsbury, from whence it takes a circuitous route to the rural village of Uffington, and passes by Longnor Hall, to Atcham, where it is crossed by a noble stone bridge, not far from which it receives the waters of the Tern.  Winding its devious way, the Severn skirts the village of Cound, and near the ruins of Buildwas Abbey, is crossed by a neat iron bridge.  It shortly after passes by Coalbrook dale, near to which it is crossed by a second iron bridge, which gives name to the populous district surrounding it.  Two miles below is Coalport, celebrated for the extensive porcelain manufactures.  The river, having passed here, proceeds to Apley Castle, and shortly after reaches the town of Bridgnorth, and is here crossed by a magnificent stone bridge.  Thence proceeding to the south-east, it passes by Quatt, and leaves this county by the parish of Alveley, passing through a narrow slip of the county of Stafford, it arrives at Bewdley, in Worcestershire.  From its source in Plynlimmon Hill to the sea, the Severn runs about 220 miles.  It is navigable to Shrewsbury, but few vessels, however, proceed further than Ironbridge, the navigation being interrupted by shallows, and the great irregularities of the water.  By means of numerous canals the navigation is extended into every part of the kingdom, being united with the Thames on the east, and with the Trent, the Humber, and the Mersey, towards the north; thus forming the grand outlet and channel for the commerce of the kingdom on the south east.  The river takes its name from Sabi and Sabrin, sandy; in Latin Sabrina; in Welsh, Haurian, signifying the queen or chief of rivers.  By the statute of 23rd of Henry VIII., it is enacted, that no person shall ask or demand any toll for going on the path, by the side of the said river, upon pain to forfeit forty shillings.  These statutes were to supersede all patents and commissions granted to particular persons by the prerogative of the Crown.  Excellent fish are caught in this river, particularly salmon, trout, pike, shad, flounders, and carp.

Among the waters which contribute to swell the current of the Severn, in addition to the Vernieu and Perry, already noticed, is the Meole-brook, a considerable stream, which enters the river at Coleham.  The Meole is increased by the Rea, before it joins the Meole, the former receiving upwards of a dozen smaller streams, before it has its confluence with the Meole.  The Tern has its rise from a large pool in Staffordshire.  At Willow Bridge, it first takes the name of Tern, and, from this place to within a short distance of Drayton, divides the counties of Salop and Stafford.  A little below Ternhill, it crosses the turnpike road, where there is a stone bridge, called Tern Bridge; it then proceeds by Stoke, Bolas, Upton Waters, and has its junction with the Severn a little below Atcham Bridge.  This river has a course of about thirty miles, and receives the Cherrington brook, the Strine, the Roden, and several other nameless streams, on its route.  Between Cound and Bridgnorth the Severn receives five or six small brooks, which flow from the western part of the county, and two small streams join it from the east.  Below Bridgnorth the river Worfe and several small brooks, add their influence to swell the current of the majestic Severn.

The streams that irrigate Shropshire, north of the Severn, and do not fall into it, are the Morles, which rises in Sellatyn, and runs into the Ceiriog, which joins the Dee near Chirk.  Shel-brook runs into the Dee from near Welsh Hampton.  Elf-brook, near Whitchurch, and the Weever, with three contributary streams, become a considerable river through Cheshire.  South of the Severn, and not far from the course of the Camlet, we p. 20meet with the Clun, which joins the Teme, near Leintwardine, in Herefordshire.  Kemp brook, and four others, fall into the Clun.  The Ony joins the Teme near Oakley Park.  This river, for some distance, runs parallel with the Camlet, which, in its course, has a fall of about 300 feet.  Stadbrook, and another small stream, having joined the Ony, have their confluence with the Teme, and at Ludlow the Teme is augmented by the Corve, which flows for many miles through a valley, to which it gives name.  The Corve is augmented by two brooks, one of which is a junction of three small streams.  Ledwick brook, with three contributary streams, and the Rea, with five, joins the Teme, which, having formed the boundary of the county, finally leaves it near Tenbury, in Worcestershire, and falls into the Severn below the capital of that county.  The Rodon is formed by the confluence of three streams, which, in very dry summers, lose their currents.  The first of these rises on Whixall Moss; the second, on Bettesfield Heath, in Flintshire; and the third proceeds from the White Meer, in the township of Lee.  The three rivulets meet on Wolverly meadows, and passing by Loppington, runs on to Wem, and thence by Shawbury, to Roddington, and has its confluence with the Tern not far from Withington.

Canals.—The first canal in Shropshire was formed by William Reynolds, Esq., in 1788, for the purpose of conveying ironstone and coal from the Oaken Gates to Ketley.  Shortly after an act of parliament was obtained for the Shropshire Canal, which was finished in 1792.  It commences at Donington Wood, and proceeds about one hundred yards on a level; it then descends one hundred and twenty feet, by an inclined plane of three hundred and twenty yards from the top of this inclined plane, which is the highest level of the canal; it proceeds by Wrockwardine and Snedshill, and near to Oaken Gates, where it is joined by the Ketley canal.  From this junction it is continued to Southall Bank, where a branch strikes off to the right, and terminates at Brierly Hill.  The main line, turning to the Southall Bank, goes on to the Windmill farm, and passes to the east of Madeley, until it reaches the banks of the Severn; here it descends 207 feet by an inclined plane, which is 350 yards in length, from whence it proceeds parallel with the river to Coalport, where it terminates.  Immediately after the completion of this, the Shropshire Canal was projected.  The Company, having purchased about a mile of the north end of the canal cut by Mr. Reynolds, erected an inclined plane of 233 yards in length, and 75 feet of fall.  From the termination of this plane the canal passes on by Eyton Mill, to Long lane, where it traverses a valley of considerable length, and crosses the river Tern, 16 feet above the surface of the Meadow, by means of an aqueduct and an embankment.  Near this place it crosses the turnpike road from Shrewsbury to Wellington, then passing on to Rodington, and over the river Roden, through Wellington, to Atcham, it enters a tunnel of 970 yards in length.  Thence it passes at the base of Haughmond Hill, and along the banks of the Severn, it terminates in a large basin, near the Castle Foregate, at Shrewsbury.

The Ellesmere navigation, or the Shropshire Union railway and canal company may be called a system of canals extending through the large and fertile tract of country which lies between the banks of the Severn and those of the Mersey, and between the confines of North Wales on the west and the borders of Staffordshire on the east—a space of fifty miles in length, and more than twenty in breadth, exclusive of the valleys which open into North Wales.  Its grand object is to unite the Severn, the Dee, and the Mersey, and by that means to open a communication from the above mentioned districts to the ports of Liverpool and Bristol.  There is a short canal formed by the Marquis of Stafford, which commences at Donington Wood and proceeds to Pave-lane, near Newport, a distance of nearly seven miles, with a branch to his lordship’s lime works at Lilleshall, This canal was made for conveying coal to the latter place from the works at Donington, now held on lease by the Lilleshall company.  The Montgomeryshire canal, a branch of Ellesmere, also passes through a portion of this county.

p. 21Lakes of Shropshire.—The lakes of this county are neither numerous nor extensive.  At Marton, near Baschurch, is the Marton and Fennymere pool, covering 96a. 2r. 15p.  At Marton, near Chirbury, is a pool covering 40a. 2r. 37p., from which issue three streams running in different directions.  At Ellesmere is a magnificent sheet of water covering 116 acres; Colemere 87 acres; Crosemere 44 acres; Whitemere 62 acres; Blackmere and Newtonmere are in the same neighbourhood.  A fine sheet of water at Shrawardine covers 40 acres.  South of the Severn are a few small lakes, but not of any considerable extent.  Thus the part of the country which abounds most in running water has the fewest pools.  At Walcot and Hawkstone are lakes of considerable extent, the latter stretches two miles in length.  Sundorne, Halston, and Tong, have embellishments of the same kind.

Roads and Railways.—The principal line of road crossing this county is the London and Holyhead parliamentary mail road, which between Wolverhampton and Shiffnal, runs through Shrewsbury and enters Denbighshire, near Chirk.  The traffic on this road has been much diminished since the opening of the railways between London and Liverpool.  The Chester, Shrewsbury, and Bristol road enters near Whitchurch, and runs southward by Shrewsbury, Church Stretton, and Ludlow, into Herefordshire.  A branch leads from Ludlow to Bishop’s Castle and Montgomery.  Mail and other roads run between Shrewsbury and Bridgnorth, Ludlow, and Birmingham, across the Clee Hills, Ludlow, Wenlock, and Coalbrook-dale, and Ludlow and Bridgnorth.  There are also various other communications between Newport, Drayton, and Wellington, &c.  The principal railroads are the Shrewsbury and Chester, the Shrewsbury and Birmingham, and the Shropshire Union.  The former on leaving the station at Shrewsbury crosses the Castle Foregate by a cast iron bridge, and proceeding by Leaton Heath, Baschurch, and Whittington, passes on to Gabowen, where there is a short branch to Oswestry, having ten trains running daily.  The trunk line then proceeds to Preesgwene, where there is a station, and shortly after passes into the county of Denbigh, and on to Chester.  The Shrewsbury and Birmingham and the Stafford branch of the Shropshire union railways have a line formed by the joint companies, extending from Shrewsbury to a little beyond Wellington, where one branches off to Shiffnal and Wolverhampton, and the other to Newport, and from thence to Stafford.  An act of parliament has been obtained for a railway from Shrewsbury to Hereford, which will open a communication with the southern parts of the county of Shropshire.  The works between Shrewsbury and Ludlow are in a rapid state of progress, and the line to the latter place is expected to be open for traffic in December, 1851.  The length of this railway will be fifty miles, and the estimated cost £354,822.  The line from Ludlow to Hereford is expected to be completed in 1852.  It is to Shropshire, and some of its intelligent and enterprising natives that the all absorbing system of railways, which now intersect Great Britain, and cover its surface like net-work, owes its discovery and establishment.  It was adopted in the year 1767, by that celebrated firm of iron masters, the Coalbrook-dale Company, who hit upon the expedient of laying the pig iron upon the wood rails throughout their extensive works, bearing in mind that in the event of a rise in the price of iron, the rails could easily be taken up and vended as pig iron.  Thus, to this somewhat accidental appropriation of iron, and the facilities it rendered to the easy and safe carriage of heavy materials, coupled with the important discovery of steam power, and the general improvement in engineering incident to railroad travelling, this important discovery and attainment of modern times may justly be ascribed.

Mines and Manufactures.—The minerals of this county are of great importance.  Its rich coal formations, and the limestone and ironstone associated with them, afford employment to thousands.  There are coal pits in many parts of the county, but more particularly in the east, at the several places of Lilleshall, Stirchley, Dawley, and the neighbourhood.  An immense quantity of the coal is consumed in the iron furnaces, the p. 22principal of which are at Coalbrook-dale, Horse-hay, Old-park, Ketley, Snedshill, and Oakengates.  About seven per cent. of the iron manufactured in the whole kingdom is raised from the mines in this district.  Lead is got in considerable quantities on the western verge of the county, but is chiefly confined to the hundred of Ford.  The Snailbeach, Gravels, and Bathole mines, are the most productive; the lead ore got is usually of very superior quality.  Calamine is also met with, and the rock at Pimhill is strongly tinctured with copper.  Symptoms of both copper and lead appear in the Cardington hills, and at Pitchford a mineral pitch exudes from the red sandstone.  Freestone, slate, and pipe-clay are found.  At Ashford, on the banks of the Tern below Ludlow, is the Salt-moor Spring, where salt was made at the period of the Norman Conquest.

China, of great excellence and exquisite workmanship, is made at Coalport; earthenware is also manufactured, particularly Wedgewood-ware, at Coalport and Broseley.  Carpets are extensively made at Bridgnorth, and there are three establishments for the manufacture of hair seating at Market Drayton.  There is an extensive factory at Shrewsbury where linen thread is made, and woollens of a coarse texture are made at Church Stretton.  Nails are made in several places.  At the Coalbrook-dale Company all kinds of castings and almost every article in which iron is used is there manufactured.  Paper is made at two or three places in the county.  The chief manufacture of the county is that of iron.  The beautiful art of glass staining has been brought to great perfection by Mr. David Evans, of Shrewsbury.

Agricultural Produce.—The whole country is in general well cultivated, yielding good crops of all kinds of grain, turnips, peas, and potatoes.  There are many fine orchards scattered throughout the county, particularly in the southern division, and hops are cultivated on a small scale on the southern border.  The meadows near the Severn are extremely fertile, being frequently enriched by the overflowing of that river; but the grass land receives less attention from the farmer than the arable.  The northern part of the county is remarkable for its dairy produce, the cheese being equal to the most celebrated dairies of the adjoining county of Chester.  The sizes of the farms are various, but large farms of from 400 to 800 acres are much more numerous than in the adjoining counties.  In many parts of the county five or six small holdings have been taken from the humbler class of farmers and let to one tenant.  In one township visited by our agent the land held by fourteen different tenants, within memory of man, is now held by three farmers.  Barley and wheat in many parts are grown to a considerable extent.  The arable and pasture lands are found in about equal proportions.  The cattle are mostly of a fine breed, many of the farmers being noted for the superiority of their stock, but there does not appear any peculiar breed which can be affirmed as exclusively belonging to this county.  In the northern division of the county and on the western borders large flocks of sheep are kept, in some parts the old Shropshire breed may frequently be observed; they are distinguished by their black mottled faces and legs, and are in size nearly as large as the south-down.  About half a century ago a breed of neat cattle prevailed very much, resembling the Lancashire long-horns.  The old Shropshire ox was remarkable for a large dewlap.  This county was formerly famous for a breed of pigs which is now almost extinct.

Climate, Soil, and Aspect.  The climate of this county is in general very salubrious; but, from the irregularity of its soil and surface, it varies in dryness and geniality.  On the east, where the land is warm and flat, the harvest is frequently ripe sooner than in the middle of the county, where the vales are extensive, but the surface light, and the bottom often clayey.  But hay and grain are both gathered earlier in the middle of the county than on the western side, where the vales are narrow, and the high lands frequent and extensive, although the ground in general is not so stiff, and lies for the most part on the rock.  The easterly winds prevail in spring, and westerly in autumn.  Few counties are possessed of a greater variety of soil than this, as will be seen on reference to the respective p. 23parishes.  Divided into nearly two equal parts by the Severn, its southern portion assumes the mountainous character peculiar to the counties of Montgomery and Denbigh, whilst the north half approaches more nearly to a level, agreeably relieved by bold swells, and romantic valleys finely wooded.  The landscape possesses every variety of natural charms, the bold and lofty mountain, the woody and secluded valley, the fertile and widely cultured plain, the majestic river, and the sequestered lake; and is no less rich in those remains of ancient times which awaken a thousand enthusiastic reflections by engaging us in the contemplation of the memorable events of our history.

Agricultural Improvements.  Great improvements by draining, enclosure, and superior management have been progressing for the last half century in most parts of the county.  This has been accomplished on many estates by the united efforts of the landlords and tenants; the former finding tiles and materials, and the latter performing all the draught work at their own expense.  The farms in Shropshire were formerly much smaller than they now are, which was found a great obstacle to improvement.  They did not invite men of capital, and to manage a farm successfully, like any other occupation or business, it is necessary that the occupant should possess sufficient capital; for without it, it is useless to expect improvement or profitable cultivation.  The want of it is unfortunately too common among farmers.  Wanting it in the onset, they have not been able to acquire any, and thus have gone on from year to year with difficulty, perhaps deteriorating the soil, and reducing the little capital they possessed.  The farmers’ clubs, established for the discussion of practical husbandry, have had a tendency to develop many hidden facts, and to dispel deep-rooted prejudices by friendly argument and interchange of thought.  Farmers seldom meet to exchange ideas but at these associations, which may be considered in the character of Normal schools, where the old and young may impart and receive information on many things connected with their occupation.  On the whole Shropshire is before many other counties in agricultural improvements.  The judicious application of capital, superintended by men of true practical science, will make it one of the finest agricultural counties in England.  The farm houses are mostly composed of brick, and have been greatly improved within the last thirty years, particular attention having been paid to the conveniency of the outbuildings and farm yards, which in many instances are of great extent and admirably contrived.

The following returns of the population of the fifteen Unions into which the county of Shropshire is divided, are copied from the Parliamentary reports of the census taken March 31st, 1851; viz:—Atcham Union, 19,318 inhabitants, 3,767 inhabited houses, and 125 uninhabited; Bridgnorth, 15,590 inhabitants, 3,164 inhabited houses, and 248 uninhabited; Church Stretton, 6,160 inhabitants, 1,192 inhabited houses, and 43 uninhabited; Cleobury Mortimer, 8,632 inhabitants, 1,771 inhabited houses, and 131 uninhabited; Clun, 10,118 inhabitants, 2,054 inhabited houses, and 125 uninhabited; Ellesmere 15,667 inhabitants, 3,148 inhabited houses, and 125 uninhabited; Ludlow, 17,045 inhabitants, 3,420 inhabited houses, and 172 uninhabited; Madeley, 27,626 inhabitants, 5,545 inhabited houses, and 154 uninhabited; Market Drayton, 14,160 inhabitants, 2,774 inhabited houses, and 131 uninhabited; Newport, 15,623 inhabitants, 3,018 inhabited houses, and 69 uninhabited; Oswestry, 22,795 inhabitants, 4,618 inhabited houses, and 228 uninhabited; Shiffnal, 11,482 inhabitants, 2,239 inhabited houses, and 99 uninhabited; Shrewsbury, 23,095 inhabitants, 4,574 inhabited houses, and 252 uninhabited; Wellington, 20,760 inhabitants, 4,089 inhabited houses, and 156 uninhabited; Wem, 16,948 inhabitants, 3,469 inhabited houses, and 146 uninhabited.  At the same period there were 112 houses building in the various Unions throughout the county.

Monastic Institutions.  The following is a list of the religious houses and monastic institutions which formerly existed in Shropshire, with their annual value as returned at their suppression.  The Benedictine monks had a great Abbey at Shrewsbury, returned as of the annual value of £132. 4s. 10d.  Haughmond Abbey, £259. 13s. 7¼d.  Buildwas Abbey, £110. 19s. 3d.  Wombridge Priory, £65. 7s. 4d.  Battlefield College, £54. 1s. 10d.  p. 24Tong College, £22. 8s. 1d.  Lilleshall Abbey, £229. 3s. l½d.  Bridgnorth Hospital, £4.  Ludlow Hospital, £17. 13s. 3d.  Wenlock Priory, £401. 0s. 7¼d.  St. Chad’s College, Shrewsbury, £14. 14s. 4d.  St. Mary’s College, £13. 1s. 8d.  According to Speed there was also a Monastery of Black Monks at Bromfield, a Priory at Chirbury, with various cells and chantries, which will be found noticed in the several parishes in which they were respectively situated.  It was one of the singular characteristics of the Roman Catholic Church, that it gave scope to partial reformation.  What among Protestants would be called a new sect, became in that church merely a new order.  From time to time, men arose to recall attention to some doctrine or practice, which had fallen into disuse, and for a revival of which a necessity was felt.  The church gave scope to their zeal, and benefited by their efforts till they, in turn, became rich and corrupt, and other reformers were needed.  About the year 1120, the rule of St. Augustine was reformed by St. Norbet.  He professed that the Virgin Mary had pointed out the site on which he was to found a new church, and that she had prescribed the white habits the monks were to wear.

Abbeys.—In a society of religious persons, whether male or female, where an abbot or abbess presided, it was styled an abbey.  The governor had the sole power over the convent, could appoint or discharge any officer at pleasure, and prescribe what rules the monks or nuns should be obliged to observe.  The abbots have enjoyed the privilege of conferring the lower orders of priesthood, but in the essential points of jurisdiction they were everywhere subject to the diocesan bishop.  The consequence of the abbots grew with the wealth of their monasteries, several received episcopal titles and privileges, all held rank next to that of a bishop, and had a vote in the ecclesiastical councils.  Equal privileges and rights appertained to the abbesses, as the superior of the nunneries, except that they were not allowed to vote at synods.  When the society of religious persons consisted of men, it was called a monastery.  There is reason to believe that there were monasteries in Britain before the end of the 4th century.  In the course of the 7th century many monasteries were founded in all parts of England.  These monasteries were designed in some places for the seats of the bishops and their clergy; in others, for their secular priests, who preached and administered the sacraments over the neighbouring country, and in most instances, they were seminaries of learning for the education of youth.  If a monastery or nunnery was subject to another, it was called a CELL.  The great English abbeys had many such cells in distant places.

Priories.—When the chief person in a Monastery bore the name of Prior, it was styled a Priory.  These religious houses were of two sorts—either they were such whose prior was independent, or they were such as depended upon some great abbey, from which they received their Prior, and to which they were often obliged to pay a small pension or annual acknowledgment.  Whenever the Convent to which they belonged was beyond the seas, then it was styled an alien Priory.  These last transmitted their revenues to their foreign superior, for which reason their estates were generally seized to carry on the wars between England and France.

Preceptories.—Whenever the Knights Templars, or Hospitallers, had any considerable manors or farms, they erected a church for the service of God, and built a convenient house of habitation, to which they sent out their fraternity, under the command of a Preceptor.  Chantries were chapels erected and endowed for the singing of masses for the souls of the deceased.  Chantry rents are still paid to the Crown by the purchaser of their lands.  Hospitals were small convents, occupied by a few monks, for the entertainment of all who went any pilgrimage on religious pretence.  Guilds were societies of lay brethren, who lived together like monks, but were of no professed order.  The Grey Friars were at first called Franciscans, from the name of their founder, St. Francis: they were likewise called Minorites, from their being the lowest and most humble of all orders; and Observants, from their great strictness to the rules of their order.  They were styled mendicants, from their professing wilful poverty, subsisting chiefly upon alms, which they p. 25used to ask from door to door, by which they were distinguished from monks, who kept at home within their convents, and lived in common upon their substance.  Their habit was a long grey coat down to their heels, with a cowl or hood, and a cord about their loins, instead of a girdle.  Many privileges were granted them, and many of high degree were ambitious of living, dying, and being interred in the habit of these Franciscans.  The Black Friars, so called from their habit, a black cope and cowl over a white coat, were likewise called Dominicans, from their having been founded by St. Dominick; and black preaching friars, because they were the only preachers of all the friars.  These monks obtained extensive grants of land, and had many persons of note within their convents.  The White Friars took their name from the dress they wore.  They came into England in 1325, and first settled at Canterbury.

Ecclesiastical Revenues.—The Ecclesiastical Commissioners were appointed under an act passed in the 6th and 7th of William IV., for the general improvement and equalization of the dioceses, for the dividing of extensive parishes, and augmenting small livings, and the adopting such other measures as may conduce to the efficiency of the Established Church.  The Archbishop of Canterbury, the Archbishop of York, the Bishop of London, the Bishop of Lincoln, the Bishop of Gloucester, the Lord High Chancellor, the President of the Council, the Lord High Treasurer, and the Chancellor of the Exchequer, with others, form a body politic and corporate, by the name of the “Ecclesiastical Commissioners of England,” for the purpose of the said act.  The Commissioners reported, in 1835, that the total amount of the gross annual revenues of the several Archiepiscopal and Episcopal Sees of England and Wales was £181,631.  The total amount of the net annual revenues of the several cathedral and collegiate churches in England and Wales was £284,241; and the total amount of the net revenues of the same, £208,209.  The total amount of the gross annual separate revenues of the several dignitaries and other spiritual persons, members of the cathedrals and other collegiate churches, in England and Wales, was £75,854.  The total number of benefices, with and without cure of souls, the incumbents whereof have made enquiries to the returns of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, omitting those which are permanently or occasionally annexed to superior preferments, are 10,540; the gross annual revenue of these benefices is £3,197,225; giving an average income of £303.  The total number of benefices, with and without cure of souls, in England and Wales, including those not returned, but exclusive of those annexed to other preferments, (about 24 in number) is 10,718; the total gross income of which, calculated upon the average of those returned, amounts to £3,251,159; and the net income thereof, £3,055,451.  The number of curates returned, as employed by resident incumbents, was 1000, whose annual stipends or payments in money amounted to £87,075; affording an average of £86, Those employed by non-residents were 4,124; the amount of their stipends, £337,620; average, £79: and the average of the whole of the curates’ stipends, £81.  In concluding their report, the commissioners state that the archbishops and bishops in possession of their preferments, are subject to heavy expenses, and that the charges for first fruits and fees generally exceed the amount of their receipts for the first two or three years, after entering office.

Queen Anne’s Bounty; First Fruits and Tenths.—From the earliest periods every bishop and clergyman has been required to pay the amount of his first year’s incumbency into a fund, and every succeeding year one tenth.  These first fruits and tenths were formerly collected at their full value, and applied to the use of the pope, as early as the time of Pope Nicholas (A.D. 1200).  For this purpose a valuation was made of all the livings in England, which is still preserved in the Remembrancer’s office, and designated, “Valor of Pope Nicholas IV.”  At the time of the Reformation, King Henry VIII. passed a law, with the sanction of Parliament, declaring that the first fruits and tenths should be appropriated to the use of the state; and he caused an accurate and full valuation to be made of all the ecclesiastical livings in England and Wales, which were accordingly paid into p. 26the public exchequer, till the reign of Queen Anne, with the exception of a short period in the reign of Philip and Mary.  Queen Anne, deploring the wretched condition in which many of the clergy were placed, owing to the insufficiency of their livings, came to the determination that the first fruits and tenths should be paid into a fund, called Queen Anne’s Bounty, and that the amount should be appropriated to the livings of the poor clergy.  No fresh valuation has been made since 1535, and registered in what is now called the King’s Book, till that made by order of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, in 1835, on which the payments are now regulated.  That the payments might not operate oppressively, the first year’s income was to be paid in four annual instalments; and livings of small value were entirely exempt, and hence, called “Discharged livings.”  During the time of Popery, a large portion of the tithes had been alienated from the parishes, for the endowment of religious houses, or for chantries, to say masses for the dead.  These endowments, at the Reformation, being seized by Henry VIII., left the greater part of the parochial livings very poor.  The governors of Queen Anne’s Bounty, sometimes aided by benefactions, and at others by Parliamentary grants, for the endowment of churches, have been able to augment many of the poorest livings, and now the resources at the command of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, by various reductions in cathedral and collegiate churches, will cause the church livings, in a few years, to be considerably equalized: The receipts for the year 1846, amounted to £206,502.

Charities.—The parochial accounts of the posthumous charities are given from the voluminous reports of the commissioners deputed by parliament to enquire into the state and appropriation of public charities in England.  This commission commenced in 1817, and was not finished till the year 1839.  The charities bequeathed by numerous individuals for the education and relief of the poor of this county, produce collectively the large sum of £21,578. 6s. 4d.  In addition to this a very large amount is subscribed by the benevolent inhabitants, for the support of the various charitable institutions, among which are free schools, hospitals, dispensaries, lunatic asylums, and various societies for relieving the poor, &c.  The summary of the reports of the Commissioners of Inquiry into charities show that in England there are 442,915 acres, or about 690 square miles, belonging to charities, which is little less than the area of Worcestershire.  The rent of these lands is £874,313 per annum.  The amount of rent charge is near £80,000 per annum, a great part of which is made up of very small sums.  The interest of the money (above £6,000,000) which belongs to charities is £255,151 per annum; the whole income of the charity property inquired into by the commissioners is £1,209,395 per annum.  Now all this is not derived from one plain single source, but from all the counties of England; from numerous rent charges, money in the funds, mortgages, personal and turnpike securities, &c.  Further, this only includes the charities inquired into by the commissioners.  We believe that the commissioners have here and there missed a few charities.  New charities are daily increasing, and those not included in the inquiry are very numerous.

Parish Registers.—The earliest of the parish registers date from the establishment of the Church of England, injunctions to this effect having been issued by Cromwell, Henry’s vicegerent in ecclesiastical matters in 1538.  The canons now in force date their authority from the beginning of the reign of James I., A.D. 1603.  One of these prescribes minutely the manner entries are to be made in the parish registers, and contains a respective clause, appointing that the ancient registers, as far as they could be procured, should be copied in a parchment book.  This new regulation appears to have been carried into effect, so that the only parish registers now extant are transcripts commencing with Queen Elizabeth’s reign.  The parish register act of 1812 obviated some of the previous sources of error, and insured the further usefulness of the registers of that period.  But a satisfactory system of registration was not established until the year 1837, when the act for registering births, deaths, and marriages came into operation in England and Wales.  The registration of births is considerably more complete than the old parochial registers of baptism, and the register of deaths is believed to be very complete.

p. 27A LIST OF THE PRINCIPAL
SEATS & RESIDENCES OF THE NOBILITY, GENTRY, & CLERGY,
IN THE COUNTY OF SHROPSHIRE.

*** To avoid increasing this List, the Villa Residences in the suburbs of the Towns are not inserted, but will be found in the Directories of the respective Parishes in which they are situated.

 

THOSE WITH * AFFIXED ARE ACTING MAGISTRATES.

Abertannat Hall, 1½ mile S.E. of Blodwell, John Edwards, Esq.

Acton Burnell Hall, 8 miles N.E. of Shrewsbury, * Sir Edward Joseph Smythe, Bart.

Acton Reynald, 7 miles N.E. by N. of Shrewsbury, * Sir Andrew Vincent Corbet, Bart.

Adderley Hall, 4 miles N.W. of Drayton, * Richard Corbet, Esq.

Admaston Hall, 1½ mile N.W. of Wellington, The Hon. Charles Noel Hill; Philip Buchannan, Esq.

Albrighton, 4½ miles S.E. of Shiffnal, Rev. George Woodhouse, The Vicarage; Thomas Plowden Presland, Esq.

Aldenham Hall, 4 miles N.W. of Bridgnorth, Sir John E. D. Acton, Bart.

Apley Castle, 1¼ mile N. of Wellington, * St. John Chiverton Charlton, Esq.

Apley Park, 4 miles N. of Bridgnorth, * Thomas Charlton Whitmore, Esq., M.P.

Argoed Hall, 7 miles S.E. of Oswestry, Edward Downes, Esq.

Ash Magna, 2 miles S.E. of Whitchurch, The Rev. William Bryans.

Ashford Hall, 3 miles S.W. by S. of Ludlow, * Major General Russell, C.B.

Astley House, 5 miles N.N. by E. of Shrewsbury, John Bishton Minor, Esq.

Aston Hall, 1 mile N.E. of Shiffnal, * Uvedale Corbet, Esq.

Aston, 2 Miles S.E. of Oswestry, * Edward Harvey Lloyd, Esq., The Hall; Mrs. Lloyd.

Aston, 9 miles N. of Ludlow, * Francis Marston, Esq.

Atcham, 3 miles S.E. by E. of Shrewsbury, * Rev. Henry Burton.

Attingham Hall, 4 miles S.E. of Shrewsbury, The Right Honourable Lord Berwick.

Badger, 5 miles S.E. by S. of Shiffnal, * Robert Henry Cheney, Esq., The Hall; The Rev. Thomas T. Boddington, The Rectory.

Balswardyne Hall, 8½ miles S.E. of Shrewsbury, Sir George Harnage, Bart.

Baschurch, 8 miles N.W. of Shrewsbury, Edward Birch, Esq.; Rev. William Jones.

Beckbury, 4 miles S.E. by S. of Shiffnal, Walter Stubbs, Esq.; Rev. Walter Ralph Smythe.

Bellaport House, 4 miles N.E. of Drayton, Rev. Hugh Ker Cockburne.

Belleview, 1½ mile S.W. by S. of Oswestry, William Banning, Esq.

Belmont, near Oswestry, * Joseph Venables Lovett, Esq.

Berrington, 4½ miles S.E. by S. of Shrewsbury, The Hon. and Rev. T. H. Noel Hill; Charles Arthur Williams, Esq., Eaton Mascott.

Berwick Upper House, 2½ miles N.W. of Shrewsbury, The Hon. Henry Wentworth Powys.

Berwick House, 2 miles N.W. of Shrewsbury, * Thomas Henry Hope, Esq.

Besford, 3 miles S.E. of Wem, Joseph Taylor Reynolds, Esq.

Betton Hall, 2 miles N.E. of Drayton, William Church Norcop, Esq.

Bewdley, 8 miles E. of Cleobury Mortimer, * William Lacon Childe, Esq., Jun.; * Slade Baker, Esq.; * Arthur Lyttleton Annesley, Esq., Arley Castle.

Birch Hall, 1 mile S.E. of Ellesmere, * Richard George Jebb, Esq.

Bishop’s Castle, 20 miles S.W. of Shrewsbury, * Rev. John Bright, Totterton; * Rev. John Rogers, The Home.

p. 28Bitterley, 4 miles N.E. of Ludlow, * Rev. Charles Walcot; Sir Charles Cuyler.

Blodwell, 6 miles S.S. by W. of Oswestry, Rev. John Parker; William Lyons, Esq.

Bobbington, 8½ miles S.W. of Wolverhampton, Rev. Henry Pennant Cooke.

Boningale Hall, 5 miles S.E. by S. of Shiffnal, George Taylor, Esq.

Boreatton Park, 9½ miles N.W. by N. of Shrewsbury, Rowland Hunt, Esq.

Bridgnorth, 8 miles S.E. of Much Wenlock, Rev. George Bellett, St. Leonards; Rev. Wm. K. Marshall, St. Mary’s Rectory; J. Baker, Esq., Walsbatch.  (See also p. 626.)

Broadway, near Shrewsbury, * John Owen, Esq.

Bromfield, 2 miles N.W. of Ludlow, The Hon. Robert Henry Clive, Oakeley Park.

Broseley, 4 miles E. of Wenlock, The Hon. and Rev. O. W. W. Forester, The Rectory; * George Pritchard, Esq.; John Pritchard, Esq.; John Onions, Esq., White Hall; * Richard Thursfield, Esq.

Bryn Harford near Oswestry, Charles Scarlett Andrews, Esq.

Brynn, 1½ mile N.W. of Blodwell, John Hamor, Esq.

Bryntanat Hall, 2¼ miles W. of Blodwell, William Henry Perry, Esq.

Buildwas Park, 4½ miles N.E. of Much Wenlock, Walter Moseley, Esq.

Buntingsdale Hall, near Drayton, John Tayleur, Esq.

Burcott, near Wellington, Charles Emery, Esq., The Hall; John Stanier, Esq., Leaton Hall.

Burford, near Tenbury, * George Rushout, Esq., M.P., The Hall; * Rev. James Wayland Joyce, The Rectory; Rev. Herbert MacLaughlin, Boraston Rectory; Rev. Caleb Whiteford, Whitton Rectory.

Burleigh Villa, 7 miles W. by N. of Wellington, Thomas Taylor, Esq.

Burlton, 5 miles S.W. of Wem, Robert Chambre Vaughan, Esq., The Hall; Edward Goldsborough Chambre Vaughan, Esq., Wood Gate.

Burwarton, 9 miles S.W. of Bridgnorth, The Hon. G. F. H. Russell, The Hall.

Calverhall, 3 miles N.E. of Prees, John Whitehall Dod, Esq., Jun., Rev. Edw. Mainwaring.

Cheswardine, near Market Drayton, Thomas Hudson, Esq., The Hall; Rev. Charles Miller.

Cheshire Coppice, 3 miles N. of Wellington, William Henry Dickinson, Esq.

Chetwynd, near Newport, * John Charles Burton Boroughs, Esq.; Thomas Collier, Esq., Beech Hill; Robert Fisher, Esq., The Lodge; William Washbourne, Esq.; Rev. Thomas Whately, The Rectory.

Childs Ercall, 6½ miles N.W. of Newport, Rev. B. E. Johnson.

Chirbury, 2½ miles E. of Montgomery, Rev. James Wilding, The Vicarage; Edward Humphries, Esq., Walcot.

Chorley, near Stottesden, Thomas Crump, Esq., The Hall.

Church Aston, near Newport, Ralph Ormsby Gore, Esq., The Hall.

Church Preen, 5½ miles W. by S. of Wenlock, Frederick Thomas Webster, Esq.

Church Stretton, 13 miles S.W. by S. of Shrewsbury, Duppa Duppa, Esq., Kington; Rev. Hugh Owen Wilson, The Rectory.

Citadel (The), near Hodnet, Reverend John Hill.

Claverley, 6 miles E. of Bridgnorth, Rev. George Hilder Betterton Gabert, The Vicarage: William Wilson, Esq., Beobridge; * Farmer Taylor, Esq., Chykenell.

Cleobury North, 8 miles S.W. of Bridgnorth, Henry George Mytton, Esq., The Hall; The Misses Mytton.

Clive Hall, 3½ miles S. of Wem, George Harding, Esq.

Cloverley Hall, 6 miles S.E. of Whitchurch, * John Whitehall Dod, Esq., M.P.

Clungunford, 8 miles S.E. of Bishop’s Castle, John Rocke, Esq., The House.

Copthorne House, 2 miles W. from Shrewsbury, Thomas Brocas, Esq.

Condover, 4¾ miles S. of Shrewsbury, * Edward William Smythe Owen, Esq., The Hall; Rev. J. W. Harden, John Loxdale, Esq., The Lyth; Robert Steward, Esq., Ryton Grove.

Coreley, 4½ miles N.N.E. of Tenbury, Rev. Walter Haliburton, The Rectory.

Coton, 3 miles N. of Wem, * George Bowen, Esq.

Cotsbrook House, near Bridgnorth, Orlando Jack Bridgman, Esq.

Cound, 6 miles S.E. of Shrewsbury, Rev. Henry Thursby, The Hall.

Court of Hill, near Tenbury, * Major Arthur Charles Lowe.

Creamore House, near Wem, John Unsworth, Esq.

Cruck Meole, 4½ miles S.W. of Shrewsbury, * Henry Diggory Warter, Esq.

Cruckton Hall, 4 miles S.W. by W. of Shrewsbury, * Francis Harries, Esq.

Dalicott House, near Claverley, George Mackenzie Kettle, Esq.

Davenport House, near Bridgnorth, * William Sharington Davenport, Esq.

Daywell, near Oswestry, * Joseph Venables Lovett, Esq.

Diddlebury, 8 miles N. of Ludlow, Henry Wood, Esq., The Hall.

p. 29Dodington, near Whitchurch, George Brookes, Esq.; William Lee Brookes, Esq.; George Harper, Esq., Mossfield House; John Faulkner Wood, Esq.

Donington, 5 miles S.E. of Shiffnal, The Rev. Henry John Howard, The Rectory; George Jones, Esq., Shakerley.

Dorrington, 6½ miles N. of Church Stretton, John Thomas Hope, Esq., Netley House.

Drayton in Hales, 18 miles N.E. of Shrewsbury, Rev. John Lee; John Edward Wilson, Esq., The Grove; Thomas Whitfield, Esq.

Dudleston, 4½ miles N.W. of Ellesmere, George Bennett, Esq., Sodylt Hall; Edward Morrall, Esq., Plas Warren; Robert Morrall, Esq., Plas Yollen; Richard Ellerton, Esq., The Erway.

Dudmaston Hall, near Bridgnorth, * William Wolryche Whitmore, Esq.

Eardington, near Bridgnorth, John Henry Cooper, Esq., The Knowle Sands; Mr. Thomas Austin Jackson, The Forge; Rev. George Leigh Wasey, The Knowle Sands.

Easthope, 5 miles S.W. of Much Wenlock, Moses George Benson, Esq., Lutwyche Hall; Rev. Robert Armitage, The Rectory

Edgeley House, near Whitchurch, John Lowe, Esq.

Edgmond, near Newport, Captain Clement Hill; Rev. John Dryden Pigott.

Edstaston, near Wem, Daniel Boote, Esq., The Hall; Rev. John Stewart, The Rectory.

Ellerton Hall, 4½ miles N.W. by N. of Newport, Robert Masefield, Esq.

Ellesmere, 16 miles N.N.W. of Shrewsbury, William Aldrick Cotton, Esq.; Rev. John David Day, The Vicarage.

Elm Lodge, near Ludlow, James Davies, Esq.

Ensden House, 5½ miles N.W. of Shrewsbury, Evan Bowen, Esq.

Ercall High, 8 miles N.E. of Shrewsbury, Rev. Robert Townsend Forester, The Vicarage; George Townsend Forester, Esq., Sherlowe; William Holt Midgley, Esq., The Park; Edward Blakeway Steedman, Esq., The Hall.

Eyton on the Wildmoors, near Wellington, Thomas Eyton, Esq., The Hall.

Faintree, 5 miles S.W. of Bridgnorth, Thomas Pardoe Purton, Esq., The Hall.

Fern Hill, near Whittington, * Thomas Lovett, Esq., The Hall.

Fitz, 5¾ miles N.W. of Shrewsbury, R. Middleton, Esq., The Hall; * Rev. Daniel Nihill.

Frodsley, 9 miles S. of Shrewsbury, Rev. Peter Downward, Longnor Green; Rev. T. L. Gleadow, The Rectory.

Gatacre Hall, 5 miles S.E. of Bridgnorth, * Edward Lloyd Gatacre, Esq.

Gatacre Park, 5½ miles S.E. from Bridgnorth, * Edward Farrer Acton, Esq.

Grafton Lodge, 5½ miles N.W. of Shrewsbury, John Henry Denston, Esq.

Great Ness, near Baschurch, George Edwards, Esq., The Hall; Rev. Mr. Kenyon, The Vicarage; Thomas Justice Bather, Esq.

Gredington Park, near Whitchurch, * The Right Hon. Lord Kenyon.

Greet, 5 miles S.E. of Ludlow, Rev. Joseph C. Bradney, The Rectory.

Grinshill, 7 miles N. of Shrewsbury, Rev. John Wood, The Rectory; William Embrey Wood, Esq., The Vineyard.

Hadley, near Wellington, Mrs. Thorneycroft, The Hall; Matthew Webb, Esq.

Halston, near Whittington, Edmund Wright, Esq., The Hall.

Hardwick Grange, 6 miles N. of Shrewsbury, The Misses Hill.

Hardwick Hall, 2 miles W. of Ellesmere, * Sir John Roger Kynaston, Bart.

Hawkstone, 4 miles N.E. of Wem, * The Right Honourable Viscount Lord Hill.

Highley, 7 miles S.S.E. of Bridgnorth, William Jordin, Esq.; Rev. Samuel Dupre.

Hinstock, 5 miles S.E. by S. of Market Drayton, * Henry Justice, Esq.

Hodnet, 6 miles E. of Wem, * Algernon Charles Heber Percy, The Hall; Rev. Samuel Herrick Macauley, The Rectory.

Hopesay, 6 miles S. by E. of Bishop’s Castle, Rev. Philip B. Adams, The Rectory.

Hopton Wafers, nr Cleobury Mortimer, Mrs. Lucy Botfield, The Court; Rev. S. Woodward

Hopton Castle, 9 miles S. of Bishop’s Castle, Rev. George D. Pardoe.

Hurst, near Ludlow, * Philip Morris, Esq.

Ightfield, 4 miles S.E. of Whitchurch, Rev. John Justice.

Isle The, near Shrewsbury, Rev. Humphrey Sandford.

Kemberton, 2 miles S.W. by S. of Shiffnal, Rev. George Whitmore, The Rectory.

Ketley, 2 miles E. of Wellington, Rev. Thompson Stoneham; John Williams, Esq.; George Bradbury, Esq., The Grove.

Kilhendre, near Dudleston, Captain Johnson.

Kingsland, near Shrewsbury, * Richard Frederick Hill, Esq.

Kinlet Hall, 5 miles N.E. of Cleobury Mortimer, * William Lacon Childe, Esq.

p. 30Kinnerley, 7 miles S.E. of Oswestry, Rev. Edmund W. O. Bridgman.

Kinnerley, 4 miles N.E. by N. of Wellington, Rev. Andrew Burn.

Knockin Hall, 6½ miles S.S.E. of Oswestry, The Hon. Captain Charles Orlando Bridgman.

Leaton Knolls, 4½ miles W.W. by N. of Shrewsbury, * Jonathan Arthur Lloyd, Esq.

Leegomery House, near Wellington, William Shakeshaft Lawley, Esq.

Leighton Park, 3½ miles N. of Much Wenlock, Sir George Harnage, Bart

Leighton, 1½ mile S.E. by S. of Welshpool, John Naylor, Esq.

Leighton, 9 miles S.E. of Shrewsbury, * Robert Gardner, Esq., The Hall.

Lilleshall House, 4 miles S.W. of Newport, * The Marquis of Stafford.

Lilleshall, 3 miles S.W. of Newport, Rev. Henry George Bunsen, vicar, The Old Hall.

Linley Hall, 5 miles N. of Bishop’s Castle, R. B. More, Esq.

Llwyny-groes Hall, 6¼ miles S. of Oswestry, R. N. Broughton, Esq.

Longford, near Newport, * Ralph Merrick Leeke, Esq., The Hall; Rev. John K. Charlton.

Longford Hall, near Shrewsbury, Rev. Waties Corbet.

Longnor Hall, 3½ miles E. of Shrewsbury, * Robert Burton, Esq.

Longnor Hall, 5 miles N. of Church Stretton, * Panton Corbet, Esq.

Longnor Hall, near Shrewsbury, * Edward Corbett, Esq.

Loppington House, 3 miles W. of Wem, * Thomas Dickin, Esq.

Loton Park, 8 miles W. of Shrewsbury, * Sir Baldwin Leighton, Bart.

Ludford House, near Ludlow, Francis Lechmere Charlton, Esq.

Ludlow, * Rev. George Dansey Pardoe; * Richard Betton, Esq., Overton House; James Baxter, Esq., (see also Directory, page 605.)

Lydham, 2 miles N.E. of Bishop’s Castle, Rev. Arthur Oakeley, The Rectory.

Marnwood, near Ironbridge, Rev. John Bartlett.

Marsh Hall, near Shrewsbury, John Wood, Esq.

Marton, near Middle, David Francis Atcherley, Esq., The Hall.

Mawley Hall, near Cleobury Mortimer, Sir Edward Blount, Bart.

Melverley, 9 miles S.E. by S. of Oswestry, Rev. Henry Rogers, The Rectory.

Middle, 7 miles N.W. by N. of Shrewsbury, Rev. George Henry Egerton, The Rectory; Sir John Majorbanks, Bart.

Middleton Scriven, 5 miles S.W. of Bridgnorth, Rev. Thomas Rowley, D.D., The Rectory.

Millichope Park, near Munslow, Charles Orlando Childe Pemberton, Esq.

Milson, 3 miles S.W. of Cleobury Mortimer, Rev. Thomas Hardwicke, D.D., The Rectory.

Moreton Corbet, 4½ miles S.E. of Wem, Rev. Robert F. Wood, The Rectory.

Moreton Say, 3 miles N.W. by W. of Drayton, Rev. Robert Upton.

Munslow, 6 miles S. of Church Stretton, Rev. Thomas C. Powell; John Downes, Esq.

Nash Court, 6 miles S.E. of Ludlow, * George Pardoe, Esq.

Neachley, near Donington, * George Holyoake, Esq.

Neen Savage, near Cleobury Mortimer, * Rev. Charles R. Somers Cocks.

Netley Hall, 6½ miles S.W. by W. of Shrewsbury, * John Thomas Hope Esq.

Newport, 18 miles N.E. of Shrewsbury, (see Directory, page 409.)

Norbury, 4 miles N.E. of Ludlow, * Rev. William Henry Cynric Lloyd.

Norton-in-Hales, 3½ miles N.E. by N. of Drayton, Rev. Frederick Silver, The Rectory.

Nursery The, 4½ miles S. of Oswestry, John F. M. Dovaston, Esq.

Oakley House, two miles E. of Bishop’s Castle, William Oakeley, Esq.

Oakley Park, 2 miles N.W. of Ludlow, * The Right Hon. Robert Henry Clive, M.P.

Oldbury, 1 mile S.S.W. of Bridgnorth, Mrs. Margaret Wynne Jones, The Lodge.

Onslow Hall, 4 miles W. from Shrewsbury, Colonel Wingfield.

Osbaston House, 5½ miles S. of Oswestry, Captain Thomas Evans, R.N.

Oswestry, 17½ miles N.W. from Shrewsbury, Richard Jones Croxon, Esq.; Rev. Thomas Salway, The Vicarage; Thomas Longueville Longueville, Esq.

Oteley Park, near Ellesmere, * Charles Kynaston Mainwaring, Esq.

Oxon, near Shrewsbury, * Edward Morris, Esq.

Park Hall, near Oswestry, * Richard Henry Kinchant, Esq.

Peatswood, near Market Drayton, * Thomas Twemlow, Esq.

Pell Wall, near Market Drayton, * Purney Sillitoe, Esq.

Pentra Ucha Hall, 2½ miles W. of Kinnerley, Frederick Alexander Payne, Esq.

Peplow, 7½ miles N.W. of Newport, * George Staveley Hill, Esq.; Captain George Hill, The Hall.

Petton Hall, 6 miles S.E. of Ellesmere, * William Sparling, Esq.

Pitchford, 7 miles S. of Shrewsbury, * The Right Hon. Earl of Liverpool; Rev. Charles Powell Peters, The Rectory.

p. 31Pontesbury, 7½ miles S.W. of Shrewsbury, * Rev. Charles Drury; Rev. William Harrison; Rev. William Vaughan; Frederick Jones, Esq., The Hall.

Porkington, near Oswestry, William Ormsby Gore, Esq., M.P.

Powis Castle, near Welshpool, * The Right Hon. Earl Powis.

Pradoe, 5 miles S.E. of Oswestry, * The Hon. Thomas Kenyon.

Prees, 5 miles S. of Whitchurch, * Sir Robert Chambre Hill, K.C.B., The Hall; The Ven. Archdeacon Allen, The Vicarage.

Prees Gwene House, 2½ miles from St. Martins, Richard Powell, Esq.

Preston Gubbals, 4½ miles N. of Shrewsbury, Rev. William Stevens.

Preston Montford, 4 miles N.W. of Shrewsbury, Miss Wingfield, The Cottage; Mrs. Wingfield, The Hall.

Priors Lee Hall, near Shiffnal, John Horton, Esq.

Quatt, 4½ miles S.E. of Bridgnorth, * Rev. Edmund Carr, The Rectory.

Quatford, 1½ mile S. of Bridgnorth, John Smalman, Esq., The Castle; John Clayton, Esq., The House; John Sing, Esq., The Hall; Stephen Wolryche, Esq., The Villa.

Quarry Place, near Shrewsbury, * John Thomas Smitheman Edwards, Esq.

Quinta, 3 miles W. of Saint Martins, Rowland Jones Venables, Esq.

Rednal, near West Felton, William Mostyn Owen, Esq.

Reilth, near Mainstone, Richard Sankey, Esq.

Rossal, 3 miles N.W. of Shrewsbury, Dowager Countess Fielding.

Rowton Castle, 7 miles W. of Shrewsbury, Henry Lyster, Esq.

Rudge Hall, 8 miles S.W. by S. of Bridgnorth, Thomas Boycott, Esq., The Hall; Rev. W. G. Greenstreet, The Vicarage.

Ruyton, 10 miles N.W. of Shrewsbury, Rev. George Evans; Rev. Leonard Slater.

Ryton, 3½ miles S.E. by S. of Shiffnal, Rev. Robert William Eyton, The Rectory.

Saint Martins, 5 miles N.E. of Oswestry, Rev. William Hurst, The Vicarage.

Sandford, 5½ miles N.E. of Wem, * Thomas Hugh Sandford, Esq.

Sansaw Hall, 4 miles S.E. of Wem, Captain Martin.

Selattyn, 3 miles N.N.W. of Oswestry, Rev. Gerald Carew, Pentre Pant Hall; Rev. Albany Rosendale Lloyd, The Rectory; William Williams Edward Wynne, Esq., Sion House.

Shavington Hall, 4 miles N.W. of Drayton, The Right Hon. Earl of Kilmorey.

Shawbury, 6 miles S.S.E. of Wem, Rev. W. S. Marvin, The Vicarage.

Shineton, 2¾ miles N.N.W. of Much Wenlock, Rev. Henry Bagnall, The Rectory.

Shipton Hall, 7 miles S.W. of Much Wenlock, * Thomas Mytton, Esq.

Sibdon Castle, 8 miles S.S.E. of Bishop’s Castle, James Baxter, Esq.

Sion, near Oswestry, William Williams Edward Wynne, Esq.

Shiffnal, 7½ miles S. of Newport, Mrs. Botfield, Decker Hill Hall; Rev. John Brooke, Haughton Hall; Rev. Townshend Brooke, Idsal Vicarage; William Cope, Esq., Park House; John Eyke Esq., Stanton House; Michael Goodall, Esq., Evileth; Rev. T. O. Durant, Evileth Hall; William Henry Slaney, Esq., Hatton Grange.

Smethcott, 5½ miles N. of Shrewsbury, Rev. Robert Joseph Buddicom, The Rectory.

Stanage Park, near Ludlow, * Edward Rogers, Esq.

Stanton-upon-Hine-Heath, 5 miles S.E. of Wem, Rev. James Thomas Holloway, D.D., The Vicarage; Thomas Faulkner Wood, Esq., The Woodlands.

Stapleton, 5½ miles S.W. by S. of Shrewsbury, The Hon. and Rev. E. R. B. Fielding.

Stirchley, 5 miles S.E. of Wellington, Rev. Hugo Moreton Phillips, The Rectory.

Stockton, 4½ miles N. of Bridgnorth, Rev. Charles Blaney Cavendish Whitmore; Wm. Hazledine Austin, Esq., South Lodge; Richard S. Darby, Esq., Crow Greaves.

Stoke Hall, 4 miles N.W. of Burford, Philip Henry Williams, Esq.

Stoke-upon-Tern, 4½ miles S.W. of Drayton, Rev. John Gladstone, The Rectory.

Stottesden, 8 miles S.W. by S. of Bridgnorth, Rev. Charles John Maddison, The Vicarage.

Styche, 2½ miles N.W. of Market Drayton, Henry B. Clive, Esq., M.P., The Hall.

Sundorne Castle, 3 miles N.E. of Shrewsbury, * Andrew William Corbet, Esq.

Sutton Hall, 4½ miles S.E. of Oswestry, Geo. Dawes Brittain, Esq.; Jas. Hargreaves, Esq.

Sutton, 5 miles N.E. by N. of Ludlow, Charles Powell, Esq.

Sweeney Hall, 2 miles S. of Oswestry, * Rev. John Parker; Mrs. Parker.

Tedsmere Hall, near West Felton, Thomas B. B. Owen, Esq.

Tern House, 2 miles S.E. of High Ercall, Thomas Jukes, Esq.

Terrick Hall, near Whitchurch, William Halstead Poole, Esq.

Tilstock, 2½ miles S. of Whitchurch, Rev. Wm. Renton, Rectory; Danl. Kempster, Ivy House.

Tong Castle, 3 miles E. of Shiffnal, G. C. S. Durant, Esq., Rev. G. S. Harding, The Rectory.

Trefarclawdd House, 2½ miles S.W. by S. of Oswestry, John Croxon, Esq.

p. 32Trefonen, 4 miles S.W. of Oswestry, Rev. Daniel Lloyd.

Tunstall Hall, near Market Drayton, * Peter Broughton, Esq.

Tyn-y-Rhos, 4 miles W.W. by N. of St. Martin’s, Rev. John Crozon Phillips.

Uffington, 3 miles N.E. by E. of Shrewsbury, * Rev. John Oliver Hopkins.

Uppington, 7 miles S.E. by E. of Shrewsbury, S. H. Ashdown, Esq.; Chas. Stanier, Esq.

Upton Magna, 4 miles E. of Shrewsbury, Miss Arabella Pigott, The Cottage.

Vineyard The, near Wellington, Thomas Campbell Eyton, Esq.

Walcott Hall, 4 miles S. of Bishop’s Castle, The Right Honourable Earl of Powis.

Walford Manor, 6½ miles N.W. of Shrewsbury, * Robert Aglionby Slaney, Esq.

Wallop Hall, near Westbury, * John Michael Severne, Esq.

Westbury, 9 miles S.W. by S. of Shrewsbury, Joseph Dickinson, Esq.; Rev. Wm. Cureton.

Welsh Hampton, 2¾ miles N.E. by E. of Ellesmere, Rev. George S. Master, The Rectory.

Wellington, 8 miles S.W. of Newport, Rev. Benjamin Banning, The Vicarage; Rev. Charles Campe; William Wyley, Esq., Dothill Park.  (See also directory).

Wem, 11 miles N. of Shrewsbury.  John Henry Barker, Esq.; Thomas Dickin Brown, Esq.; Roger Spencer Dickin, Esq.; Rev. J. W. D. Merest, The Rectory; Sir John Beckerton Williams, Knt., The Hall; Charles Oldham, Esq.; J. H. Walford, Esq.

West Felton, 13 miles N.W. of Shrewsbury, Rev. Thomas Hunt; Rev. Peter Geo. Bentley.

Whitchurch, 20 miles N. of Shrewsbury, Thomas Burgess, Esq.; Rev. William Henry Egerton, The Rectory; Sir John Hanmer, Bart., Bettisfield Hall; Richard Parry Jones, Esq.; Robert Darwin Vaughan, Esq.

Whittington, 2½ miles N.E. by E. of Oswestry, Rev. Charles Arthur Albany Lloyd, The Rectory; Richard Henry Kinchant, Esq., Park Hall.

Whitton, 9½ miles S.W. by W. of Shrewsbury, * Rev. Charles Leicester.

Whixall, 4 miles N. of Wem, Rev. John Evans, The Rectory.

Willey Park, 3 miles E. of Much Wenlock, the Right Honourable Lord Forester.

Winsley Hall, near Westbury, John Phillips, Esq.

Withington, 5½ miles E. of Shrewsbury, Rev. Corbet Browne, The Rectory; Rann Dolphin Edwards, Esq.

Woodcote, 3 miles S.E. by S. of Newport, * John Cotes, Esq.

Wood Hill, 4 miles S.W. by W. of Shrewsbury, Lazarus Jones Venables, Esq.

Woodhouses, 2½ miles S.E. of Whitchurch, James Goulbourn Etches, Esq.

Woodlands, 3 miles S.S.W. of Bridgnorth, Thomas Whitmore Wylde Browne, Esq.

Worfield, 3½ miles N.E. by E. of Bridgnorth, Rev. Cornelius Broadbent, The Rectory; Captain Brazier, Bradney; John Bach, Esq., Chesterton; George Smith Dorset, Esq., Hilton House; Thomas Wilson, Esq., Stanlow; Joseph Parkes, Esq., Wyken.

Worthen, 9 miles N.E. of Montgomery, * Rev. Charles Awdry.

Wrockwardine, 2½ miles W. of Wellington, Miss Anne Maria Cludde, The Hall; Mrs. Cludde, Orleton Hall; Rev. George L. Yate, The Vicarage.

Wroxeter, 5¾ miles S.E. by S. of Shrewsbury, Rev. Edward Egremont, The Vicarage; Wm. Henry Oatley, Esq.; Edward Stanier, Esq., The Hall.

Yockleton, 2 miles N.E. of Westbury, Thomas Nicholls, Esq., The Hall.

Yorton Villa, near Broughton, Rev. William Jeudwine.

ERRATA. [32]

Page 145, fourth line from top, for R. R. Slaney, Esq., M.P., read R. A. Slaney, Esq., M.P.

Page 172, sixteen lines from bottom, for two trains read ten trains.

Page 251, eleventh line from top, for Maxton read Marton.

Page 329, seventeenth line from top, for excelent read excellent.

Page 337, sixth line from top, for in the year 1804 read 1404.

Page 346, tenth line from top, for Breveton read Brereton.

Page 365, twenty-ninth line from top, for Buxton read Burton.

Page 372, fourth line from top, for exort read extort.

Page 445, fifth line from bottom, for Nowell read Noel.

Page 491, twenty-fourth line from top, for Kingleford read Ringleford.

Page 500, sixteenth line from top, for Burner read Burnel.

p. 33HISTORY OF SHREWSBURY.

SHREWSBURY is a market town, and borough corporate and parliamentary, situate 153 miles N.W. of London, 40 miles S. from Chester, 40 miles W. from Lichfield, 44 miles W.N.W. from Birmingham, 53 miles N. from Hereford, 58 miles S. from Liverpool, 109 miles N. from Bristol, and 108 miles S.E. from Holyhead.  The town stands nearly in the centre of the county of which it is the capital, and occupies two hills of gentle ascent, which gradually rise from the bed of the river Severn, whose stream gracefully bends its course around three sides of the town; thus forming a peninsula, having a narrow isthmus, not more than three hundred yards across, to the north east.  Shrewsbury covers nearly the whole peninsula, excepting a narrow margin of meadow and garden grounds, which runs between the walls and the river.  It has gradually extended beyond the boundaries of the river, forming the populous suburbs of Abbey Foregate and Coleham on the east, Frankwell on the west, and Castle Foregate, beyond the neck of the isthmus, stretching towards the north.  The bold situation of the town, rising amidst a vast plain, backed with mountains—the frowning castle—the elegant towers and tapering spires of the churches—the noble bridges, and picturesque buildings, produce, altogether, a scene of singular beauty and grandeur.  The delightful prospects from every side of the town, over a rich and finely wooded country, adorned by the meanderings of the Severn, are surpassed by none, and equalled but by few other towns of our island.

The streets, in common with those of almost all our old towns, are irregularly disposed, some of them steep and narrow, and indifferently paved.  In this respect, however, considerable improvements have been made in some of the principal thoroughfares.  Many of the houses have the characteristics of high antiquity impressed upon them; and the domestic architecture of former days, with projecting gables, is often intermixed with that of modern erection, and of elegant appearance.  The close wooden-built alley, called a “shutt” in the provincial dialect of the place, is everywhere seen connecting the principal streets with each other.  Although the gravelly banks on which the town stands afford a fall in every direction, by which it might easily be kept from filth and damp, yet the peculiarly pleasant situation was for a long period but little regarded.  Many important alterations have, however, been made under the provisions of an Act of Parliament obtained in 1821, for removing obstructions, watching, lighting, and the general improvement of the town; the powers of which are vested in trustees, who must be persons occupying property rated at £50 per annum, or worth £2,000.  The streets are now lighted with gas, and the town is supplied with an abundance of excellent water.  Its elevated situation, the natural dryness of the soil, and its pure water, contribute, doubtless, to the salubrity for which it is so remarkable.  Speed quaintly observes:—“Wholsom is the aire, delectable and goode, yeelding the springe, and the autumne, seed time and harveste, in a temperate condition, and affoordeth health to the inhabitants in all seasons of the yeere.”  The p. 34ancient Britons gave the place the name of Pengwern, the Saxons, Scrobbes-byrig; both of which imply a fenced eminence planted with shrubs.  The poet and antiquary, Leland, thus beautifully accounts for its name:—

Built on a hill, fair Salop greets the eye,
While Severn forms a crescent gliding by;
Two bridges cross the navigable stream,
And British alders gave the town a name.

At the census in 1801, the borough of Shrewsbury contained a population of 14,739 souls.  In 1841 there were 18,285 souls; of whom 8,444 were males, and 9,841 females.  Of the former, 3,589, and of the latter, 3,803 were under the age of twenty years.  Of the entire population, 14,341 persons were born in this county, and 3,944 elsewhere.  At the same period, there were 3,727 inhabited houses, 342 uninhabited, and 23 building.

Shrewsbury is supposed to have been built by the Britons, between the years 520 and 594, as a refuge from the Saxons, who levelled their ancient fortress of Wroxeter with the ground, and forced them to retreat beyond the Severn; which river then became the boundary of the kingdom of Mercia, the most considerable of all the kingdoms of the Heptarchy.  On this subject, the celebrated historians of Shrewsbury, Messrs. Owen and Blakeway, observe: We conceive that our town was built after the Saxon invasion; but that it owed its foundation to the Britons.  We cannot claim any pretensions to the dignity of a Roman station.  No vestige of that imperial people has ever been discovered within its circuit.  But a few miles lower down the river, at the present village of Wroxeter, was the flourishing town of Uriconium; and here, doubtless, after the Romans had finally withdrawn their forces from the island, the Britons continued to occupy the seats deserted by their ancient masters, until they were driven from them by superior force, to the time of which we may approximate within no very wide range of years.  We are in possession of the valuable poems of Llywarc Hên,—valuable, notwithstanding their great obscurity, for the few rays of light which they scatter over the darkest period of our history.  He was a prince of the Cambrian Britons; who, pressed by the Northumbrian Saxon, retired towards the end of the sixth century to his countrymen in Powis, among whom he is said to have protracted his life to the unusual extent of 145 years, deriving thence the epithet of hen or the old.  His writings contain several proofs of his acquaintance with the district now called Shropshire.  Its streams, Severn, and Morlas, and Tern; its mountains, Digoll, Nescliff, and Digon; its towns, Baschurch, Ercall, Hodnet, all appear in his poems.  And when he speaks also of Pengwern, and when it is known that this was the Welsh name for Shrewsbury, we need not doubt that he designed by that to mark our town, and consequently that it had then arisen.

At the time the Britons abandoned Wroxeter, the situation of Pengwern was one of eminent natural strength.  We must not estimate the degree of protection imparted to the place by the Severn from our ideas by the condition of the river in the present advanced state of cultivation.  Whenever any country is thinly inhabited, trees and shrubs spring up in the uncultivated fields, and, spreading by degrees, form large forests, which, confining the exhalations of the soil and obstructing the course of streams, cause the rivers to overflow and stagnate into lakes and marshes.  The Severn, on the eastern side of Shrewsbury, formerly ran in five channels, and spread into a marshy lake from the foot of Wyle Cop as far as the site of the Abbey.  Thus the fugitives were protected by the deep bed of the river, its sinuous windings, and the morasses of its banks, where they might shroud themselves in the underwood which hid the foot, and the thickets which crowned the summit of the lofty and peninsular knoll now covered by the capital of Shropshire.  How long the fugitives remained in possession of their new seat it is vain to enquire.  But they were followed hither by the Saxons, who reduced the place to ashes, and the elegy of Llywarc calls upon the maidens of Pengwern “To quit their dwellings, and behold the habitation of Cynddylan, the royal palace of Pengwern, wrapped in flames.”

p. 35The importance of the peninsular situation of Pengwern could not long remain without an occupant; and a few years after its destruction under Cynddylan, we find it inhabited by a king of Powis, the capital of his kingdom, and even ranking among the twenty-eight cities of Britain.  The kingdom of Powis at this time comprised the south-western parts of the counties of Cheshire, Flint, and Denbigh, the whole of Montgomeryshire, with portions of the counties of Radnor, Brecon, and the adjoining parts of Shropshire, as far as the river Severn.  Of the state of the town, under its native princes, we possess no information.  The arts of civil life, which the Britons had cultivated under their Roman masters, had totally disappeared in the course of three centuries of uninterrupted warfare.  A ditch, or a rude rampart of unhewn logs, inclosing a few hovels for the residence of the prince and the offices of religion, some wattled huts, with a fold or two for sheep and cattle, probably composed the whole of Pengwern Powis.  On the invasion of the Saxons, the new possessors gave it the appellation of Scrobbes-byrig—a fenced eminence, but overgrown with shrubs.

King Ethelred, in the year 1006, kept his court at Shrewsbury; and in 1016 the inhabitants revolted to the Danish chief, Canute.  They were afterwards compelled to return to their allegiance, and were severely punished for their defection by Prince Edmund, son of Ethelred.  Alphelm, a prince of the blood, having been invited by Edric, duke of Mercia, and son-in-law to Ethelred, to a banquet at Shrewsbury, and afterwards to a hunting party, was treacherously murdered during the chase by one Godwin, a butcher of the town, whom Edric had hired for the purpose.  This circumstance probably gave rise to a custom prevalent during the reign of Edward the Confessor, of twelve of the principal persons keeping guard over the king’s person when he came down to Shrewsbury, and the same number attending him whenever he went out a hunting.  In this reign Shrewsbury had two hundred and fifty-two houses, besides the mint, which was under the direction of three officers, who were compelled to pay into the royal treasury twenty shillings at the end of every fifteen days, while the money was current.  After the Norman conquest, Owen Gwynedd, Prince of Wales, laid siege to Shrewsbury; but William the Conqueror, who had just returned from a visit to his native country, in order to quell the rising tumults which everywhere began to threaten his British dominions, soon raised the siege, and punished the English chiefs, while he took ample vengeance on the Welsh.  In this reign, Roger de Montgomery, the relation and favourite of the Conqueror, was created Earl of Shrewsbury, Arundle, and Chichester, and had a grant of nearly the whole of the county of Shropshire, besides a hundred and fifty manors or lordships in other parts of the kingdom.  In one of the deeds transferring these manorial grants, Roger styles himself Rogerius, Dei gratia, Scrobesburiensis Comes—Roger, by the grace of God, Earl of Shrewsbury.

At the Doomsday survey, 1086, Shrewsbury is styled a city, and the Abbey is said to have been founded where the parish church of the city stood.  This book also contains a summary of several municipal laws, customs, and usages, for the internal regulation of the place, and for increasing the king’s revenues.  The amount of taxes at this period was £20, of which the king had two-thirds and the sheriff one, Hugh de Montgomery, who had succeeded his father Roger in the earldom of Shrewsbury, having been shot by an arrow from the skilful hand of Magnus, King of Norway, was succeeded by his brother, Robert de Belesme.  Earl Robert united with the party who opposed the pretensions of Prince Henry, son of William Rufus, and espoused the claims of Robert, Duke of Normandy.  He afterwards broke out into open rebellion, strengthened his castles in Shropshire, and at Shrewsbury built and fortified a flank wall, from each side of the castle across the isthmus, down to the side of the Severn.  Upon this, the earl was publicly declared a traitor, and King Henry marched against him with a considerable force.  The surrender of Bridgnorth to Henry induced the earl to quit Shrewsbury, and to commit its defence to three generals and eighty soldiers hired expressly for the purpose.  p. 36With the assistance of a few Welsh, with whom he had made peace, he frequently disturbed the royal forces, till, being much harassed, he was compelled to return to Shrewsbury.  Soon afterwards, the town was surrounded with an army of 60,000 men; and Robert de Belesme had scarcely seated himself in the castle, when the king demanded the immediate surrender of the place, threatening, in case of refusal, in three days to besiege the town, and hang every one found in the castle.  The earl, perceiving that he had no forces to withstand the attack of the king, confessed his treason, implored the royal clemency, and sent the keys of the castle by the hands of Ralph, Abbot of Seez, afterwards Archbishop of Canterbury, which the king accepted, and banished the restless earl to Normandy.  The spirit of revenge and ambition, however, rekindled in his breast, and he contrived once more to appear in arms against Henry; but was at length taken prisoner, and ignominously conveyed in chains to England, where he ended a miserable life a close prisoner at Wareham.

In 1139, William Fitz Allan, a powerful baron, was governor of the town and sheriff of the county.  During the wars between Stephen and the Empress Maude, this baron espoused the cause of the empress, and with several noblemen opposed the forces of the king.  He left the castle, which he had strongly fortified, under the command of a deputy governor, whom he compelled to swear never to deliver his trust to the king.  This, however, did not prevent the monarch from taking the castle: after which the king hanged several of the garrison for their contumacy.  In 1260 the English army rendezvoused at Shrewsbury, and shortly after the town and castle fell once more into the hands of the rebels.  They soon after reverted to their former owners, and the government of the town and castle was conferred by the king on his eldest son Edward.  In 1277 the Courts of Exchequer and King’s Bench, during the reign of Edward I., were removed to Shrewsbury, in which place they appear to have been held at least for some months.

David, Prince of Wales, the last of the princes of the ancient Britons, having at length become a prisoner in the hands of Edward, in 1283, was sent in chains to Shrewsbury.  A writ having been issued for assembling the parliament on September 30th at this place, for the express purpose of taking into consideration the measures necessary to be adopted with respect to this rebellious prince.  This is remarkable, as “the first national convention in which the commons had any share by legal authority.”  Twenty cities and towns, Shrewsbury being one, were directed to send two deputies, and every high sheriff to send two knights.  The parliament met in the chapter house, or refectory of the abbey, where David was condemned to be drawn about the town at the tail of a horse, then hanged, afterwards quartered, his bowels burnt, his four quarters sent to York, Bristol, Northampton, and Winchester, and his head fixed near that of his brother Llewelyn, on the Tower of London.  Thus, with the death of the last of the ancient British princes, commenced a mode of execution, usually exercised on traitors, disgraceful to humanity, and barbarous in its example.

In the 20th of Richard II. the parliament was adjourned from Westminster to Shrewsbury.  On the king’s arrival, he gave a sumptuous feast to the peers and commons in the abbey of St. Peter and St. Paul.  The parliament was held in the Chapter House, and so numerous were the members and their retinues that Speed calls this “THE GREAT PARLIAMENT.”  It was certainly an important one.  Chester was on this occasion made a principality, and among the articles of accusation afterwards brought against the king by Henry Bolingbroke were the oppressive laws which it enacted.  The next account on record relative to this place is the memorable Battle of Shrewsbury; the skirmishing of which began under the walls of the castle gates, but the principal scene of action was at Battlefield.  This engagement between Henry IV. and the Earl of Northumberland, fought on the plains and heaths of Battlefield and Albright Hussey, was one of the most important recorded in English history.  The origin of the quarrel was a mandate from the monarch to the earl not to ransom his Scottish prisoners taken at Homedon, which p. 37that nobleman deemed an infringement of his rights.  The jealous policy of Henry in this proceeding, and his ingratitude for the services which raised him to the throne, roused the indignation of Northumberland, and inflamed the high soul of his son, Lord Henry Percy, whose warlike disposition had gained him the characteristic appellation of Hotspur.  Thomas, Earl of Worcester, younger brother to Northumberland, participated in their discontents, entered into their views of revenge, and offered his assistance to overthrow the usurper whom they had united to establish.  Hotspur, who was the life of the conspiracy, released and made a friend of his valiant rival, Douglas, entered into a correspondence with Glyndwr, and reared the standard of rebellion, around which all his vassals and adherents rallied.  He was joined by a powerful army from Scotland, under Earl Douglas and other chiefs, who, impelled by a rooted animosity to the King of England, warmly espoused the cause of the conspirators.  Henry, who was apprised of their movements, placed himself at the head of a body of troops, and hurried into Shropshire, having previously ordered his sons, the Prince of Wales and Lord John of Lancaster, and his steady adherent, the Earl of Westmorland, to meet him with reinforcements at Bridgnorth.  Aware that every thing depended on celerity of movement, he took possession of Shrewsbury, just as the forces of Lord Percy were preparing to assail it.  Owen Glyndwr having mustered a numerous levy of Welshmen at Oswestry, sent off a detachment of 4,000, but, on being apprised of the king’s success, thought proper to suspend the march of his main body.  Had the valour of Hotspur been tempered by discretion, he would have paused until the junction of his ally had given him better assurance of success.  His army consisted of 14,000 chosen men; but the king’s army is said to have been nearly double that number.  Had Glyndwr made good his engagements, the armies would have been about equal.  Percy, however, had confidence in his own prowess, and his experience of that of his compeer, Douglas, banished every doubt of victory from his mind.  His ardour received a momentary check from the following incident, which strikingly exemplifies the universal superstition of the times:—In preparing for the field, he called for his favourite sword, when he was informed that he had left it at the village of Berwick the preceding night.  The name of the place startled him, and heaving a sigh, he exclaimed, “Alas! then, my death is near at hand; for a wizard once told me that I should not live long after I had been at Berwick, which I thought was a town in the north so called.  Yet, I will not be cheaply won.”

The abbot of Shrewsbury and one of the clerks of the privy seal, were sent by the King to offer pardon to Hotspur if he would lay down his arms, but to no purpose.  Percy completed all his military arrangements, and stationed his troops in a field still called the Hateleys—the royal forces occupying ground immediately opposite.  A flourish of trumpets, mingling with the contending shouts of “St. George and victory,” and “Esperance Percy,” was the signal of onset, which was answered by a tremendous discharge of arrows from both sides.  The Scots, who were too impatient to fight at a distance, rushed with great fury upon the centre of the royal army, and threw it into disorder; but the King hastening with fresh succour rallied his broken troops and recovered their ground.  He frequently exposed himself in the thickest of the battle, which indeed he might the more safely do, since he had diminished the chances of personal danger, by investing several of his knights in regal habiliments.  Events soon proved the prudence of the stratagem.  Percy sought him in every part of the field, and Douglas with equal impetuosity slew three of these mock-monarchs with his own hand.  The fight extended from Berwick westward, to the vicinity of Haughmond Abbey in the east, and continued for three hours with various success.  The bravery of the King was nobly seconded by the valour of his son, Prince Henry, who that day performed his noviciate in arms, and gave earnest of the future glory of Agincourt.  The Scottish champion, seconded by Hotspur, made another furious attack on the royal station—slew the standard bearer, and came within a sword’s point of the king, who fled for his life.  In one of these charges Hotspur p. 38was shot through the brain by an arrow, and fell gloriously in the midst of his foes.  Shortly after his army gave way on all sides, and a total rout ensued.  Douglas fled, and being hotly pursued, he was thrown down from his horse while taking a desperate leap on Haughmond-hill, and seized by the enemy.  Phillips, the historian, says, “1,600 royalists were slain, and 3,000 wounded; on the side of Percy 6,000 were killed, among whom were Lord Percy and most of the knights and gentlemen of Cheshire; there fell on that day 2,291 men of note.”  Henry having put a period to the slaughter, halted to return thanks on the field of battle, and decreed the erection of a collegiate church at Battlefield.  The pious gratitude of the victorious monarch but ill accorded with the punishment he subsequently inflicted on the vanquished.  The Earl of Worcester, Sir Theobald Trussel, and Sir Richard Vernon, were executed at the high cross of Shrewsbury, and their heads exposed to public view on London bridge.  Hotspur’s body, which was found among the slain, was placed between two mill stones, in the market place, after which it was quartered, and hung on the gates of Shrewsbury, and other places in the kingdom.  The King released Douglas without ransom, because he feared the Scots would avenge the death of a man so dear to them, and from similar motives he afterwards accepted the submission of Northumberland.

During the contest between the houses of York and Lancaster, which deluged England with blood, almost to the total extinction of her ancient nobility, the town of Shrewsbury espoused the party of the White Rose.  In the records of the corporation is preserved a letter from Richard, Duke of York, requesting the burgesses to assist him with men in the enterprise he meditated of removing his rival, Somerset, from power.  After his defeat and death at Wakefield, his son Edward, Earl of March, went to Shrewsbury, and obtained in its neighbourhood a powerful levy, which enabled him to revenge his father’s cause, in the great victory of Mortimer’s Cross.  He was shortly after proclaimed king.  The attachment of the inhabitants, and the great strength of the town, induced him to choose it as the asylum for his queen during the subsequent vicissitudes of the war.  Whilst she resided here she had two sons, Richard and George Plantagenet; the latter died young, and the former, with his elder brother, Prince Edward, was, according to history, murdered in the Tower, at the instigation of their uncle, the Protector.  On the usurpation of the crown by Richard III. his agent, the Duke of Buckingham, deserted him and fled into Wales, where he took up arms, and endeavoured to excite a general insurrection against the tyrant whom he had formerly served.  Being abandoned by his followers, he fled in disguise into Shropshire, and concealed himself in the house of his steward, who, tempted by the price offered for his apprehension, betrayed him to John Mytton, sheriff of the county.  He was immediately taken to Shrewsbury, where, by the king’s peremptory order, and without trial, he was executed on a scaffold erected before the High Cross.

The despotisms of Richard soon alienated the hearts of his subjects, and disposed them to receive his rival, the Earl of Richmond, with open arms.  That prince, afterwards King Henry VII., landed at Milford Haven in August, 1485, with a force of about 2,000 men.  The Welsh, who regarded him as their countryman, flocked to his standard and gave him every assurance of support.  Having mustered his army he determined to march for Shrewsbury.  On arriving at the Welsh bridge, he found the place in a posture of defence; and on summoning the town he was unexpectedly refused admittance by the head bailiff; a curious conference ensued, of which an account is given in a manuscript belonging to the school library.  “The head-bailey Maister Myttoon, being a stout wyse gentilman, on demand being made of entrance, answered, sayinge that he knew no kynge but only kynge Richard, whose lyffetenants he and his fellows were; and before he should entir there, he should go over his belly, meaning thereby, that he should be slayne to the ground, and that he protested vehemently on the othe he had tacken; but on better advice Maister Myttoon permitted the kynge to pass; but to save hys othe, the sayd Myttoon lay along the ground, and his belly upwards, and soe the said erle stepped over hym and saved p. 39his othe.”  The earl was first proclaimed king on his entrance into Shrewsbury; the inhabitants testifying their joy at his coming, and their vows for his success.  He is said to have lodged in a house in the Wyle Cop, three doors below the Lion Inn.  In 1488, when quietly established on the throne, he paid a visit to Shrewsbury, in testimony of his gratitude for its services to his cause; and in 1490, he, with his Queen and Prince Arthur, were present at a solemn festival, and attended mass in the collegiate church of St. Chad.  Five years after, Henry again visited the town, and was nobly entertained in the castle by the corporation.  The spring of the year 1551 was fatally distinguished by the commencement of a dreadful epidemic in this town called the “sweating sickness.”

In the year 1642, the ill-fated Charles I. came hither from Nottingham, at the head of his army, which was here amply reinforced and provisioned.  The King was joined by Prince Rupert, Prince Charles, and the Duke of York, and many other noblemen and gentlemen of the neighbouring counties.  Charles set up a mint here, at which was coined money for his own use, from the voluntary contributions of plate which were sent by the inhabitants and others.  The corporation about this time filed a bill in Chancery against Richard Gibbons, late mayor, and Thomas Challoner, schoolmaster, who kept the keys of the free school chest, to recover the sum of £600, which they had surreptitiously taken from the funds of the charity, and lent to his Majesty.  It appears the bill was dismissed without any relief, but it took the right honourable the Commissioners of the Great Seal eleven years before they could decide on its rejection.  What, however, of justice was wanting to the plaintiffs in this cause was made up in assurances of thankfulness, and gracious promises by the royal receiver, who had given his note of hand, to refund the money whenever it should be called for.  Some time after the king’s arrival he summoned the gentlemen and freeholders of the county, and addressed them in the following terms, on a plot of land called the Soldiers’ Piece, now converted into a race course:—“It is some benefit to me, from the insolence and misfortunes which have driven me about, that they have brought me to so good a part of my kingdom, and so faithful a part of my people.  I hope neither you nor I shall repent my coming hither; I will do my part that you may not; and of you I was confident before I came.  The residence of an army is not usually pleasant to any place, and mine may carry more fear with it, since it may be thought (being robbed and spoiled of all my own, and such terror used to fright and keep all men from supplying me), I must only live upon the aid and relief of my people.  But be not afraid, I would to God my poor subjects suffered no more by the insolence and violence of that army raised against me (though they have made themselves wanton even with plenty), than you shall do by mine.  And yet I fear I cannot prevent all disorders; I will do my best; and this I promise you, no man shall be a loser by me, if I can help it.  I have sent hither for a mint; I will melt down my own plate, and expose all my land to sale or mortgage, that if it be possible, I may not bring the least pressure upon you.  In the meantime, I have summoned you hither to do that for me and yourselves, for the maintenance of your religion, and the law of the land (by which you enjoy all that you have) which other men do against me.  Do not suffer so good a cause to be lost, for want of supplying me with that, which will be taken from you by those who pursue me with violence.  And whilst these ill men sacrifice their money, plate, and utmost industry to destroy, be you no less liberal to preserve.  Assure yourselves, if it please God to bless me with success, I shall remember the assistance that every particular man here gives me to his advantage.  However, it will hereafter (how furiously soever the minds of men are now possessed) be honour and comfort to you, that with some charge and trouble to yourselves, you did your part to support your king and preserve the kingdom.”  During the king’s residence here he kept his court at the Council House.  The Princes Rupert and Morris were stationed with the army, which exercised in the fields near the Hall.  The king caused the castle gates to be repaired, pulled down many houses near the castle, and brought the water from the Severn up to the gate, by means of a draw bridge.  He also built a strong fort at the upper end of Frankwell, in which he planted cannon.

p. 40Sir Michael Earnley was governor of the castle in 1644, and during the storming of the town by the parliamentary forces had command of the garrison.  At this time, Colonel Mytton, a soldier of great valour, was governor of a small garrison at Wem, and general of Cromwell’s army in this county.  Having made two unsuccessful attempts, on the night of the 3rd of February, he came with his forces consisting of two hundred and fifty foot, and the same number of horse, and marched towards Shrewsbury, where they arrived about three o’clock on Saturday morning.  Eight carpenters went up the river in a little boat, and landed within the enemy’s breast work, under the castle hill on the east side.  The sentinels, after some pause fired upon them, but they very soon sawed down so many of the palasades as gave the men a free passage.

The first that stormed were forty-two troopers dismounted, with their pistols, and about as many firelocks.  They were led on by Mr. Huson, a puritan preacher, Captain Willers, and Lieutenant Benbow; then followed some other musqueteers along the side of the Severn, under the Castle Hill, and entered the town at the Water-lane Gate; after these marched three hundred and fifty infantry, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Rinking.  Having entered the streets of the town they marched to the market place, surprised the guard, and put the captain to death; the rest marched to the castle Foregate, which was also soon gained; the guard having basely deserted it.  The town being in possession of the parliamentary forces, they let down the draw bridge, near the castle, and the horse immediately entered under the command of Colonel Mytton and Bowyer.  It was now about break of day, and the inhabitants were filled with consternation and surprise at beholding the enemy in the very heart of the town, which, on retiring to rest the preceding night, they thought the most secure in the island.  About twelve o’clock the castle after a feeble resistance surrendered, on condition that the English part of it should march to Ludlow, but the Irish were delivered up to the conquerors.  At the time of the assault the governor, Sir Michael Earnley, was confined by sickness to his bed; but waked by the noise of the tumult, he sprang up at the moment the enemy were rushing into his chamber, and with great courage refused to submit to the conquerors, rejecting all quarter, he wantonly perished, covered more with wounds than with glory.  The loss in killed and wounded was inconsiderable; but the prisoners and property seized by the victors was of great importance, for here were taken eight knights and baronets, forty colonels, majors, captains, and others of quality, besides the common soldiers, also fifteen pieces of ordnance, several hundred stand of arms and powder, &c.  For these important services the general received the thanks of parliament, and was made governor of the castle.  The late lieutenant governor was tried by a court martial at Gloucester, and afterwards hanged, for negligence and cowardice, in suffering the place to be surprised without his having made a suitable resistance.  Prince Maurice made his escape before the castle surrendered, but the whole of his magazine fell into the hands of the victors.

In the contest between the king and the parliament, Colonel John Benbow, uncle to the celebrated Admiral Benbow, united with the parliament forces; but afterwards deserted his principles, and espoused the cause of the monarch.  He distinguished himself by opposing his former associates at the taking of Shrewsbury, for which vacillating conduct he was condemned by the parliament, and shot on the green before the castle, October 15th, 1651.  At the same time the parliament in order to strike terror into those who favoured royalty, adjudged the Earl of Derby to suffer at Bolton.  Several other gentlemen of the first families in England were also sentenced to death at the same period.  An attempt was made to reduce the town to loyal obedience, after the death of the protector Cromwell, but the governor of the castle secured the place in the interest of parliament.

At the restoration, notwithstanding the joy which was diffused through the kingdom, it is probable there were some in every county who still sighed for the Commonwealth.  The municipal bodies of the realm, terrified by the example of London, made haste to surrender the charters they had received from former monarchs into the hands of the sovereign.  The p. 41corporation, however, of Shrewsbury stood out for a twelvemonth.  At length, on the 13th of June, 1684, it was agreed unanimously, that the charter of the town should be surrendered and yielded up to his majesty, when his pleasure should require it.  On the 20th of August, it was “Ordered that the mayor and committee attend the Lord Chief Justice Jones, to discourse him, touching the renewing of the charter, and unanimously agreed, that in the new charter there shall be only twelve aldermen and twenty-four assistants.”  The king’s death prevented this instrument from passing the great seal in his name.  Within a week after that event, the corporation sent up an address to their new sovereign, expressive of “their joyfulness in his succession, and humbly thanking him for his gracious declaration in preferring the Protestant religion;” no obscure intimation of their wishes on that momentous subject, which engaged all ranks with an intensity of interest difficult to be conceived by the present generation.  On the 17th of March, 1684, the corporation received their new charter, in which the king expresses his gracious affection for the melioration of the town of Salop, and hopes that, if the burgesses and inhabitants have more ample liberties and privileges, they will be the better enabled and the more bound to render him the more special service.  He grants that the town shall be “a free town of itself, and the burgesses and inhabitants shall be a body corporate, and sue and be sued; that there shall be one good and discreet man of the aldermen of the town who shall be mayor; twelve good and discreet men (the mayor being one) who shall be aldermen; and twenty-four good and discreet men, assistants.”  Then follow various other officers, and a clause empowering the corporation to supply vacancies occasioned by death, &c.  When James II. made a progress through this part of his dominions, the corporation resolved to expend £200 in entertaining and making a present to the king.  They despatched two gentlemen to Gloucester and Worcester for the purpose of ascertaining the manner in which the royal traveller was entertained in those cities.  They resolved that the conduits should run with wine on the day of his majesty’s entrance, and that the corporated companies should appear with their drums, colours, flags, and streamers.  The king arrived on the 24th of August, and took up his abode at the Council House, where the corporation presented him with a purse of gold containing one hundred guineas.  On the following morning, he exercised the gift of healing, by touching several persons for the king’s evil.  The king issued a proclamation on the 17th of October for restoring corporations to their ancient charters and franchises, and orders were the same day made in council for removing all corporate officers, who had been put in by the crown since 1679.  Richard Mickleston was at this time mayor of Shrewsbury; under the new charter of 1685 he was discharged from his office, and John Hill, Esq., elected in his room, under the charter of 1638.

The various “compositions” which the burgesses of Shrewsbury appear to have entered into amongst themselves for the government of this borough, clearly indicate that a large share of power was exercised by “the commons” in its municipal institutions.  The liberties and customs of the burgesses or commons were confirmed by the charter of Henry II., and by various others granted before and after the date of the compositions alluded to.  But the constitution of the borough was materially altered by a charter of the 14th of Charles I., transferring to a select body the functions previously exercised by the commons.  This charter continued to be the governing one till the passing of the new municipal act, in 1835.  The corporation by it was appointed to consist of a mayor, twenty-four aldermen, and forty-eight assistants, with an indefinite number of burgesses or freemen, under the style of the “mayor, aldermen, and burgesses of the town of Shrewsbury, in the county of Salop,” instead of the “bailiffs and burgesses,” as in the old charter.  The ministerial officers named in the charter were, the recorder and his deputy, the steward, town clerk, two coroners, four auditors, two chamberlains, a sword bearer, three serjeants-at-mace, and three serjeants-yeomen.  Exclusive jurisdiction in the borough was granted, the magistrates being the mayor and ex-mayor, the bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, the chancellor of the diocese, the recorder, steward, and three senior aldermen.  Few of them, however, continued p. 42to act.  Petty sessions were authorised to be held weekly, quarter sessions for all criminal actions not capital, a weekly court of record for all personal suits to any amount, and for ejectments, and a court leet, with view of frank-pledge.  A court of requests was established in the 23rd of George III. for the recovery of debts under 40s., which was held every alternate week.  The number of suits in the court in 1839 was 1011.  This court has been superseded by the new county court act.

Under the new municipal act, the borough is included in schedule A, amongst boroughs to have a commission of the peace, which has accordingly been granted, and the court of quarter sessions and recorder re-appointed; and in section I. of that schedule among those the parliamentary boundaries of which were to be taken till altered by parliament.  The limits of the borough extend considerably beyond the ancient boundaries, and now include the whole town and its suburbs.  It has been divided into five wards, and appointed to be governed by ten aldermen and thirty councillors under the usual corporate style.  The income of the corporation in 1840, was £1903. 10s. 8d.  The income for the year ending September 1st, 1850, was £3184. 6s. 9d. of which £515. 11s. 3d. arose from the rental of premises; £1750. 1s. 11d. from the borough rate; and the remainder from miscellaneous sources.  The principal items of expenditure for the same period are—police, £832. 1s. 4d.; salaries, £346. 14s.; rent and taxes, £42. 8s.; reparations, £187. 6s. 5d.; turns in the quarry and other annual payments, £267. 19s. 2d.; prosecutions, £217. 19s. 5d.; maintenance and removal of prisoners, £245. 17s. 11d.; expenses at sessions, including fees, &c., £395. 1s. 4d.; inquests and coroners expenses, £72. 4s. 6d.  There was also a balance of £265. 0s. 9d. in the treasurer’s hands.  Shrewsbury has regularly returned two members to parliament since the reign of Edward I.  Previous to the passing of the reform act the franchise was in the burgesses inhabiting within the ancient limits of the borough, paying scot and lot, and not receiving alms or charity.  The county assizes, and quarter sessions, are held here; petty sessions are held every Tuesday, and the borough magistrates sit daily.

The following is a list of the members of parliament, the corporate body, and the municipal officers of the borough of Shrewsbury for the year 1851:—

MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT.

Robert Anglionby Slaney, Esq., and Edward Holmes Baldock, Esq.

BOROUGH MAGISTRATES.

Edward Hughes, Esq., mayor; Joseph Birch, Esq., ex-mayor; Robert Burton, Esq.; Edward Haycock, Esq.; William Henry Perry, Esq.; James Watkins, Esq.; T. G. Gwyn, Esq.; Edward Morris, Esq., John Hazledine, Esq.

Mayor—Edward Hughes, Esq.

Aldermen—John Thomas Smitheman, Esq.; Edward Haycock, Esq.; William Wyburgh How, Esq.; John Loxdale, Esq.; James Watkins, Esq.; John Bowen, Esq.; Robert Burton, Esq.; Thomas Groves, Esq.; John Legh, Esq.; Charles Lloyd, Esq.

COUNCILLORS.

Castle Ward Within—William James Clement, Joseph Birch, William Henry Perry, Edwin Foulkes, Thomas Hall, Richard Jeffreys Mulckleston.

Castle Ward Without—James Smith, Thomas Birch, John Bishton Minor, Joseph Chune, Benjamin Birch, James Moore.

Stone Ward Within—Thomas Campbell Eyton, William Richard Stokes, David Evans, James Burrey, Edward Hughes, Lewis Meredith.

Stone Ward Without—William Burr, Charles Bowen Teece, John Hazledine, George Harper, Richard Taylor, William Butler Lloyd.

Welsh Ward—Thomas William Trouncer, Robert Mortimer Healing, Robert Baugh Blakemore, William Onions, Robert Haycock, Henry Keate.

Recorder, Charles Harwood, Esq.  Coroner (borough), Henry Keate, Esq.  Town Clerk, J. J.  Peel, Esq.  Clerk of the Peace, G. Gordon, Esq.  Magistrates’ Clerk, W. H. Cooper, Esq.  Chief Constable, Captain Mayne.  Borough Treasurer, Mr. Henry Pidgeon.  Surveyor, p. 43Mr. Thomas Tisdale.  Governor of the Gaol, Mr. John Sheppard, Town Marshall and senior Serjeant, S. Farlow.  Chief Constable, William Harper.  Serjeant of Mace, John Thomas.  Town Crier, George Rowe.

The Borough Police Force consists of a chief constable, two superintendents, two inspectors, and thirteen constables.

The County Constabulary consists of a chief constable, two first class superintendents, four second class superintendents, ten first class constables, and forty second class constables.

In the year 1756, thirty-seven colliers were brought to gaol for rioting and committing outrages in the county, it being a time of scarcity for all kinds of provisions.  The trial took place at the spring assizes of the following year.  Ten of the rioters were left for execution; but the judge sent his report express to the attorney-general, with an intimation fixed for the day of execution, and the individuals two in number, who, as he deemed it should suffer the sentence of the law.  The report having been transmitted to Mr. Pitt, then secretary of state, it lay there untouched, and was never laid before the king.  The day of execution arrived, without any reprieve, and Mr. Leek, the deputy sheriff, was advised by several of the principal gentlemen in the town to leave the prisoners to their fate.  But he was so much shocked at the thought of executing so large a number, which he was convinced could not be the intention of the judge, that he ventured to postpone the execution, and sent off an express to London, on the return of which he had the satisfaction of finding that his conduct was highly approved of, and still more, the consciousness that he had saved eight lives.  The following is part of a letter written to him on the occasion by Lord Chief Justice Willes:—“Till I saw your letter I was under the greatest uneasiness,—for I took it for granted that all the ten rioters had been executed on Saturday last; and, upon my return from the Home Circuit, on Thursday last, I found that by a shameful neglect in one of the secretary of state’s officers, no reprieve had been sent down; and, as it was then too late to send one down, I saw no reason to hope that their execution would be deferred to a longer time.  But though, to be sure, you have acted contrary to your duty, you have acted a wise, prudent, and most humane part; and you have not only my thanks, but the thanks of some of the greatest men in the kingdom, for the part you have acted on this occasion.”  In a letter from Mr. Leek’s agent in town it is stated, “My Lord Commissioner Willes was so afflicted . . . that it really made him ill; and he did not for two days go into the king’s closet, so much he feared the effect it might have upon the king’s mind, if the affair was communicated to his majesty while it was under that state of uncertainty.  Thank God, your prudent and well judged respite has prevented all the uneasiness and mischiefs that might have happened; and I have the pleasure to assure you that no step was ever taken that has given more satisfaction, than this of yours has done.  My Lord Commissioner Willes waited this day upon the king with your letter, and has directed me to acquaint you, by his majesty’s orders, that his majesty entirely approves of what you have done.”

CHURCHES.

St. Mary’s Church stands in a commanding position in St. Mary’s street, and is one of the most interesting ecclesiastical edifices in the country.  This fine structure is cruciform, and consists of nave, side aisles, transept, chancel, two side chapels, and a tower, crowned with a lofty and beautiful spire.  In common with most of our early churches there is no opportunity of ascertaining the precise date of its erection; it is said to owe its foundation to Edgar, who, at the suggestion of Archbishop Dunstan, placed in it a dean, seven prebends, and a parish priest, with a stipend of £6. 6s. 8d. per annum.  There is, however, every probability that the foundation was antecedent to his reign.  In the time of Edward the Confessor, this college possessed a landed estate of about 1300 acres, which it continued to hold at the Domesday survey, but of which it was soon after deprived.  From a very early period this church enjoyed the privilege of a royal free chapel, and was therefore exempt from the jurisdiction of the Bishops.  These privileges formed a frequent p. 44ground of contest between the sovereign pontiffs and the kings of England.  A particular instance relates to the church now under consideration.  About the year 1270, the dean had a dispute with the Abbot of Salop, touching the right of presentation to the Church of Fittes, or as it was then written, Fitesho, to which one Robert de Acton had been instituted by the Bishop of Lichfield, and forcibly ejected by the dean.  Acton, being a crusader, was under the especial protection of the pope, whose officer called “the Executor of the Cross,” sent an order to the Abbot of Shrewsbury to restore the incumbent to his benefice.  This being done the king’s attorney-general filed an information against the abbot, requiring him to answer ‘whereof he exercised jurisdiction in the Chapel of Fitesho,’ appertaining to the King’s Free Chapel of St. Mary, of Salop, which is exempt, so that neither our lord “the pope, nor any other ecclesiastical judge hath jurisdiction therein.”  Judgment passed against the abbot, and he was sentenced to pay damages to the king and to suffer imprisonment.

The Dean of St. Mary’s, had, from time immemorial, the power of collecting and paying into the king’s exchequer, the tenths or other subsidies arising from the deanery and prebends.  Edward the first confirmed this privilege; and his grandson, in the eighteenth year of his reign, recognized by directing the sheriffs of Salop and Hereford not to enter the jurisdiction of the royal chapel, or to levy a distress on the possessions thereof, for any subsidies or tenths, unless the dean should neglect to make a due return.  At the dissolution of collegiate churches 1. of Edward VI., the revenues which consisted chiefly of tithe, amounted to £42, the greatest portion of which was granted by that monarch towards the endowment of the Free Schools.  According to Leland it had a dean and nine poor prebendaries, also vicars choral, two chauntry priests, a parish priest, and a clerk or assistant.  The peculiar jurisdiction of the Royal Free Chapel remained till the recent act of parliament restored it to the bishop of the diocese, and was held in lease at an annual rent of £1. 6s. 8d., of the corporation to whom Queen Elizabeth granted it by charter, dated 23rd May, 1571.  The usual style of the minister was “ordinary and official, principal of the peculiar and exempt jurisdiction of the Free Royal Chapel of the Blessed Virgin Mary.”  In his courts wills were proved, letters of administration were granted, and all ecclesiastical matters, arising within the parish and its subordinate chapelries, adjudicated.  In 1632, King Charles I., during his residence at the council house, attended divine service here, received the sacraments, and made solemn protestations of his fidelity to the principles of the reformed religion.

This venerable edifice exhibits various styles of architecture: the Anglo-Norman of the 12th century in the basement of the nave and most of the doors; the lancet style of the 13th century, in the chancel and transept, and the obtuse arch of the 15th century in the side aisles and chapels.  The basement of the tower is of red sand stone, and the upper portion of grey, and in the Anglo-Norman and early pointed styles of architecture.  The dimensions of the church are—length from east to west 160 feet—breadth of nave and side aisles 53 feet—transept 90 feet, and height of tower and steeple 223 feet; the height of the steeple from the bed of the river 300 feet.  The beautifully proportioned octagonal spire which rises from a tower of noble proportions, is a conspicuous ornament to the town, and is seen from the adjacent country to a considerable distance.  The nave and side aisles externally, in the pointed style of the 15th century, are of the Grinshill free stone, and entered on the north and south-west by beautiful semi-circular arches, adorned with chevron, lozenged and foliated mouldings; the south-west porch is in the Anglo-Norman style, having zigzag mouldings, issuing from clustered columns, with foliated capitals.  On each side is a small pointed window, exhibiting specimens of the earliest rudiments of the millioned Gothic architecture, in which has lately been placed some highly interesting painted glass, of German execution, on which are depicted various incidents, chiefly from the Apocrypha.  A stone porch, entered by a pointed arch, had recently been erected before the corresponding door on the north side.

p. 45The interior of this venerable edifice is spacious, lofty, and strikingly noble; the nave is separated from the side aisles by four semicircular arches, resting on elegant clustered columns, with foliated capitals of varied and beautiful designs.  Above is a clerestory, which is continued along the walls of the chancel, lighted by a short double window, bluntly pointed and bisected by single mullions.  The ceiling of the nave is of panelled oak, richly studded with elegant and exquisitely carved pendants and foliated bosses, and merits attention not only on account of its elaborate workmanship, but as being one of the richest and most highly preserved specimens of its kind now in existence.  A lofty pointed arch, including in its span the entire breadth of the nave, rises from richly clustered piers, with foliated capitals, and divides the nave from the ancient choir.  Eastward is a similar arch of like dimensions, springing from the same pier.  From these, the wings of the transept, corresponding in size, branch off to the north and south.  At each extremity of the transept is a fine triple lancet window, highly enriched with slender shafts, foliated capitals, and delicate mouldings, filled with beautiful stained glass, illustrative of Scripture history; the most prominent figures are those of Christ, the Virgin Mary, the Apostles and Evangelists, and an escutcheon of the arms of George III., executed by Mr. David Evans, of Shrewsbury.  The chancel is elevated above the rest of the church.  The ceiling, like that of the transept, is excellently painted, and adorned with some of the rich fret work removed from the wreck of the churches of St. Chad and St. Alkmund.  On the north side of the altar is a beautiful triple lancet window, with arches remarkably acute, resting on two insulated columns, with capitals adorned with foliage.  This window contains some fine stained glass, representing the history of the life of St. Bernard.  The great east window occupies the whole extremity of the chancel, and exhibits the debased style of English architecture of the Elizabethan era.  In this window is the curious and beautiful ancient stained glass which filled the window of the old St. Chad’s church, prior to its demolition, and which was presented to this church in 1791.  The subject is the genealogy of Christ from the root of Jesse.  Jesse is represented reclining in sleep, from his loins spring a vine, which overspreads the whole window, enclosed in his branches the several kings, his descendants—the series of which is finished by the husband of the Virgin Mary in a devotional posture at the feet of his progenitor.  Many of the figures are depicted with their peculiar emblems, the ground of the whole is exquisitely beautiful, and the clusters of grapes, and the bright verdure of the vine leaves, are displayed with great effect.  Underneath is an inscription requesting our prayers for “Mons. John de Charlton, and Dame Hawis, his companion,” from which, and from the armorial bearings, we learn that this beautiful piece of ancient art was set up by the great Sir John de Charlton, lord of Powis, and must have been executed about the middle of the fourteenth century.  It has been conjectured the glass was presented to the grey friars of this town, to which religious house Sir John and his wife were great benefactors, and that it was removed to St. Chad’s at the dissolution.  This is a singular circumstance of so fragile a material surviving the destruction of two vast and substantial edifices.  Within the last few years the window has been judiciously restored.  The organ is a powerful and fine toned instrument, erected by Harris and Byfield, in 1729.  By the munificence of the present incumbent, the west end has been enriched by an elegant organ screen of the most elaborate workmanship, executed by Mr. John Carline.  On the south side of the chancel is the Trinity or “Leybourne chapel,” which communicates with the south transept by a fine Norman arch, and with the chancel with an arch in the pointed style.  It is said to have been founded about the year 1300, by one of the Leybournes, of Berwick, as a place of sepulture for the family, and was subsequently enlarged into its present form by the Draper’s company.  In the south east wall are three stone sedilia, with canopied arches, and near the north east wall is an altar tomb (probably of Simon de Leybourne, lord of Berwick, who died between 1300 and 1315), the sides of which are adorned with canopied niches formerly containing figures; and on the tomb reclines a figure of a knight cross-legged, and in chain armour.  In this tomb p. 46the headless corpse of Thomas Percy, Earl of Worcester, who was taken prisoner at the battle of Shrewsbury, 1403, and beheaded, is believed to have been interred.  Underneath the south window is a neatly executed gothic monument in memory of Heathcoate Wigram, of Woodhouse, in the county of Essex; he was a pupil to the Royal Free Grammar School, of this town, and was drowned whilst bathing in the Severn, on September 1st, 1838, aged 14 years.  The monument was erected by the masters and pupils in memory of him whom they loved and lamented.  Against the east wall are monuments to John Jendine, Esq., and Thomas Sutton, Esq., and between them is the statue of Bishop Butler, erected by his pupils at the cost of eight hundred guineas.  The figure is full length, sitting in an easy and graceful position, clothed in the episcopal robes; the right hand hanging over the chair, and the left hand supporting the head, which is leaning in thought.  The figure is of the purest statuary marble, and the pedestal which supports the statue of dove coloured marble from the Clee Hill; it was sculptured by F. H. Baily, Esq., R.A.  On the north side of the chancel is the vestry, recently erected in the Norman style, the windows of which are ornamented with antique German and Flemish glass; immediately adjoining is the chauntry chapel of St. Catherine; these windows are also beautified with stained glass, illustrating various portions of Scripture history.  This chapel is now used as a baptistry, and the ancient stone font, which is beautifully carved, stands in the centre, on a rich pavement of encaustic tile.  An alabaster slab, against the north wall, engraved with figures of a warrior and a lady, commemorates Nicholas Stafford, Esq., and Catherine, his wife, who died in 1643.  A white marble monument, recently erected by subscription, over the door leading into the vestry, remembers the brave admiral Benbow, a native of the parish.  It represents an obtuse pyramid of black marble, against which leans an oval medallion bust of the admiral, surrounded with anchors, flags, and cannon, and below a delicately sculptured representation in bas relief of a naval fight.  In the north transept is placed a most beautiful free stone monument to the late Rev. J. B. Blakeway, which for elegance of design, and beauty of execution, has rarely been surpassed in modern times; it is upwards of 12 feet in length and 16 feet in height, and is divided into three compartments by clustered buttresses, which sustain richly crocheted pinnacles.  The centre compartment comprises a large pointed arch canopied and crocheted, the back of which is deeply recessed, and contains the following inscription in ornamental Roman capitals:—

To the Memory of the Reverend
John Brickdale Blakeway, M.A., F.A.S.,
Thirty-one years ordinary and official,
And thirty-two years Minister of this Parish.
This Monument is erected
By the voluntary subscription of his parishioners,
As a tribute of respect for his talents,
Esteem for his virtues,
And gratitude for his long and faithful services,
As their friend and pastor.
He died the tenth day of March, MDCCCXXVI,
Aged sixty years.

As a preacher, Mr. Blakeway was admired for his forcible illustration of Holy writ, and the valuable admonitions which his discourses generally contained.  As an author he was known to the world by the publication of several sermons, and controversial tracts; and as an historian his name will be immortalized in the elaborate History of Shrewsbury, which he commenced in 1820, in conjunction with the venerable Archdeacon Owen, and just lived to see the general history and ecclesiastical portions published in two quarto volumes.  There are other memorials, exquisite specimens of monumental skill, unrivalled in elegance of design and richness of execution, in various parts of the same edifice, which our limits will not allow us to notice.  On the exterior wall of the tower are the p. 47following quaint verses to the memory of Robert Cadman, who, on February 2nd, 1793, lost his life in an attempt to descend from the top of the spire of St. Mary’s along a rope which he had fixed to its highest part, and extended to a field on the opposite side of the river.  In the midst of his passage the rope broke, as he was passing over St. Mary’s Friars, and he fell lifeless on the ice-bound earth:—

Let this small monument record the name
Of Cadman, and to future times proclaim,
How from a bold attempt to fly from this high spire,
Across the Sabrine stream he did acquire
His fatal end!  ’Twas not for want of skill,
Or courage, to perform the task, he fell;
No, no, a faulty cord, being drawn too tight
Hurried his soul on high to take his flight,
Which hid the body here beneath; good night.

The patronage of St. Mary’s church is vested in five trustees, the living is returned at £312, and is enjoyed by the Rev. W. G. Rowland; the Rev. V. B. Johnstone and T. G. Galway are the curates.

St. Chad’s Church.—The old collegiate church of St. Chad, of which only a small part, called the Lady Chapel, is standing, occupies the eminence between College Hill and Belmont.  The collegiate establishment consisted of a dean, ten secular canons, and two vicars choral; and was founded soon after the subjugation of Pengwern, in the 8th century, by Offa, King of Mercia, who, as tradition states, converted the palace of the kings of Powis into his first church.  In the time of Edward the Confessor, this church held twelve hides of land, which it retained at the Domesday survey.  Subsequently other considerable possessions were acquired by the college, so that at the dissolution the yearly revenues amounted to £49. 13s.  The college was dissolved in the 2nd Edward IV., and the crown leased the collegiate property for a term of twenty-one years, and a few years afterwards it was appropriated to the Free School of Shrewsbury, in which it is now vested.  Respecting the various changes which this ancient edifice must have undergone during a period of nearly 1,000 years, few notices have been preserved.  In the year 1393, a considerable part of it was consumed by fire, occasioned by the carelessness of a plumber, who, alarmed at the conflagration, endeavoured to escape over the ford of the Severn, and was drowned.  The damage was so extensive, that the inhabitants of the town obtained from Richard II. a remission of certain taxes to enable them to rebuild it.

In this church, at a very early period, the doctrines of the Reformation were promulgated.  William Thorpe, a priest, obtained leave in the year 1407 to deliver a sermon before the principal inhabitants.  On this occasion he boldly exposed the corruptions of the Romish church, in consequence of which the bailiffs of the town preferred charges of heresy and sedition against him to the Archbishop of Canterbury, who brought him to trial.  In his examination, he candidly admitted the charges laid against him, but adhered to his opinions with manly and unshrinking steadiness, when he was remanded to prison; but of his subsequent fate we possess no account.  The progress of the Reformation effected a wonderful change in the minds of men.  In the 1st of Edward VI. the bailiffs of Shrewsbury, whose predecessors had denounced one of its boldest champions as a heretic, ordered the pictures and superstitious ornaments of St. Chad’s to be publicly burnt; and in the 26th of Elizabeth, the service of the Church of England was solemnly established there.

The old church was a majestic edifice, and from its situation, on a commanding eminence, presented from a distance a cathedral-like appearance.  It was cruciform, with a central tower, and chiefly in the Anglo-Norman and lancet styles of architecture, with subsequent additions, having the characteristics of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.  The misfortune which befel this venerable edifice in 1788 is a striking proof of the p. 48mischiefs occasioned by the interment of the dead in the interior of places of worship.  Early in the year, one of the four pillars, which supported the tower in the centre of the church, shrunk in so alarming a manner as to endanger the safety of the fabric.  An architect of the town advised that the whole tower should be taken down, but the parish vestry, rejecting this advice, employed a mason in the rash attempt of underbuilding the pillar.  The second morning after the work had commenced, July 9th, when the clock had struck four, the decayed pillar gave way, the tower was instantly rent asunder, and falling with its heavy peal of bells on the roof of the nave and transepts, sunk, with a great part of the building, in one tremendous crash to the ground.  The ruins, on the following day, presented an awful spectacle; and pews, pulpit, organ, monuments, and bells, were seen broken and dispersed in a thousand forms.  Among the rubbish were found pieces of Saxon sculpture, which had probably belonged to the ancient church, and had been used in the repairs after the calamitous fire which happened in 1393.  Any attempt at rebuilding the edifice being now deemed inadvisable, the remaining fragments were taken down, except the Lady Chancel, to prevent further mischief.  The fine stained glass of the west window having fortunately escaped destruction, was carefully preserved, and afterwards placed in the chancel of St. Mary’s church.  The figure of St. Chad, in his episcopal vestments, which stood on the summit of the organ, was also preserved, and is now placed in the vestry of the new church.  Such funeral monuments as could be rescued from the ruins, were placed at the disposal of the families to whom they belonged, and others were removed to the chapel before mentioned.  This chapel, originally dedicated to the Virgin Mary, was rebuilt in 1571, by Humphrey Onslow, Esq., being the burial place of his family, and is now solely used for reading the funeral service over those who are buried in the ancient cemetery.  One of the monuments now removed to the Abbey Church remembered Richard Onslow, an eminent lawyer, and speaker of the House of Commons in the 8th of Queen Elizabeth.  He was the ancestor of Sir Richard, afterwards Lord Onslow, who filled the chair of the House of Commons in the 8th of Queen Anne; and also of Arthur Onslow, Esq., who so ably exercised the office of speaker during many successive parliaments.  There is a small tablet to the Rev. Job Orton, who was interred in the same grave as Mr. Bryan, a former minister of this church, who quitted his benefice on the act of uniformity.

The New Church of St. Chad.—From the site of the old edifice being deemed ineligible, the new church was built on a commanding eminence bordering on the Quarry.  It is constructed of the beautiful white free stone brought from Grinshill.  The body of the church forms a circle one hundred feet in diameter, and externally consists of a rustic basement, with square windows, on which reposes a superstructure, containing a series of large arched windows, between each of which are coupled Ionic pilasters, resting on the basement and supporting a bold cornice, crowned with an open balustrade.  Attached to the main edifice is a small circular building with similar enrichments; and beyond which is the steeple, consisting of three stories.  Upon a square rustic basement rises an octagonal belfry, enriched with Ionic pilasters, and above, a small cupola supported on a heavy cylinder, surrounded by eight slender Corinthian pillars.  A heavy cross and vane crowns the summit.  On each side of the tower is a plain square wing, which are used as vestries.  Before the front is a handsome portico, elevated on a flight of steps, and supported by four Doric columns.  The exterior beauty of this church consists more in the fineness of its materials, and the splendour of its ornaments, than in the harmonious proportion and disposition of its several parts.  The interior is handsomely and conveniently arranged; and though possessing much of the theatrical air, yet, by the ingenuity of the circular arrangement, all the congregation can distinctly hear and see the officiating clergyman.  A capacious gallery, ornamented in front with a handsome balustrade, surrounds the whole church except the chancel, and reposes on a double row of short pillars with Ionic capitals.  From these a corresponding tier of slender fluted p. 49shafts rises to the ceiling, which is adorned with a glory in the centre, and a rich cornice of angels and wings interlaced.  The chancel, contrary to general custom, is towards the north, and is separated from the body of the church by a handsome arch, springing from an entablature supported by composite columns, with capitals richly gilt.  Over the chief entrance is a powerful and fine-toned organ, built by Gray, of London, in 1794, and enlarged and improved in 1848.  The font formerly belonged to the parish of Malpas, and is that in which the late Bishop Heber was baptized.

The principal monuments are, a handsome panelled marble tablet, with a fine bust by Chantrey, commemorative of Mr. John Simpson, an eminent architect, and builder of this church.  A similar tablet and bust, by Chantrey, to William Hazledine, Esq., the builder of the Menai bridge; an oblong Grecian tablet, with an elegant latin inscription, to the Rev. Francis Leighton, his lady, and two grandchildren; and in the vestibule an elegant marble mural monument to the officers and privates of the 53rd, or Shropshire Regiment, who were killed on the 10th of February, 1846, in the battles of Subraon, Aliwal, and Loodhiana, on the Sutluj.  The window above the altar is ornamented with painted glass, representing the descent from the cross, after Rubens, the Salutation and Representation in the Temple, executed by Mr. Evans, of this town, whose skill has also been exercised in four other windows of this church, of which the subjects are, the raising of Lazarus, Christ receiving little children, healing of the sick, and the tribute money, the whole of which were presented by the Rev. R. Scott.  The church was commenced building March 2nd, 1790, and consecrated August 20th, 1792; there is accommodation for a congregation of 2200 persons.  The total cost, including site, organ, and bells, £19,352.  The living is a vicarage, returned at £350, in the patronage of the Lord Chancellor; incumbent, Rev. John Yardley, M.A.

The Church of the Holy Cross, commonly called the Abbey Church, is situated in the Abbey Foregate.  It is built of red sand stone, and consists of nave, side aisles, and a massive tower at the west end.  Though the beauty of the church has suffered both from dilapidation and mutilation, yet it displays many interesting features of ancient Norman architecture, combined with the earlier pointed style.  It originally formed part of the richly endowed monastery founded by Roger de Montgomery, the first Earl of Shrewsbury, and was built on the site of a small wooden church dedicated to St. Peter, which it is said was erected in the time of Edward the Confessor, by Siward, a Saxon gentleman, then resident in Shropshire.  The nave or great western aisle, was in very early times appropriated to the use of the neighbouring inhabitants, who were in general servants of the Abbey.  It was called the Parish Church of the Holy Cross, within the monastery of St. Peter’s, of Salop.  For this reason it was spared in the general destruction of the Abbey, and being now one of the parochial churches of the town, retains the name of Holy Cross.  When entire it was a stately cruciform building, equal in size to some of our cathedrals, but two-thirds of the structure was destroyed at the dissolution of monasteries in the time of Henry VIII.  The principal entrance is at the west end under the tower, through a pointed doorway, with mouldings skilfully inserted within a deeply recessed semi-circular arch, the exterior rib of which springs on each side from a Norman pillar, with indented capital.  Above this rises a magnificent and elegantly proportioned window, divided horizontally by embattled transoms, and perpendicularly by six upright mullions into seven compartments; the arched head is gracefully pointed and filled with a profusion of the most delicate tracery.  On each side of the window is a canopied niche, containing statues of St. Peter and St. Paul, the tutelar saints of the Abbey.  The nave is separated from the side aisles by the semi-circular arches, resting on short mosaic pillars in the Anglo-Norman style.  The western portion has two pointed arches in the Gothic style, rising from clustered pillars, with capitals composed of small horizontal mouldings; a lofty and graceful arch opens from the nave of the tower, and affords a view of the fine west window, the upper part of which is filled with armorial bearings.  The p. 50fine eastern window filled with stained glass was executed by Evans, of Shrewsbury, with his usual taste.  Underneath this window is a beautifully executed stone altar screen, composed of an arcade of five Norman arches, with varied mouldings, surrounded by a pierced balustrade.  The communion table is fenced by stone railing uniform in style, the whole of which was designed and executed by Messrs. Carline and Dodson, of this town, through the liberality of the late Rev. R. Scott.  The north east window of the north aisle contains a figure of St. Peter, the arms of the see of Lichfield, of Lord Berwick, the donor, and of thirteen incumbents since the reformation.  In the south aisle is a beautiful mosaic window of stained glass, containing the armorial bearings, of the families connected with the Rev. John Roche.  At the west end of the church is a spacious gallery, and an excellent organ, erected in 1806, at the cost of 365 guineas.

There are several ancient monuments which have been removed hither on the demolition of other sacred edifices in the town and county, which are preserved in the ample side aisles.  The oldest in the church is in the south aisle, a mutilated figure of a warrior in the costume of the reign of King John, and supposed to represent the founder of the Abbey, Earl Roger de Montgomery, who died in the year 1094.  In the north aisle is the recumbent figure of a person in the robes and coif of a judge brought from St. Chad’s.  In the south aisle is a monument brought from St. Giles’s church, with a figure in priestly vestments.  Opposite the last is the effigy of a knight in linked armour, removed from the priory church of Wombridge, conjectured to commemorate Sir Walter de Dunstanville, who died in the 25th of Henry III., 1240.  In the south aisle an alabaster altar tomb, bearing the recumbent figures of a man (in the habiliments of war) and his wife, remembers William Charlton, who died in 1524.  This monument was originally erected in Wellington church.  An altar tomb in the north porch, in the style of the fifteenth century, has a figure of a knight in plate armour, partly covered with a monastic dress, and another figure in the dress of a hermit of the Romish church.  Near the east end of the north aisle, is a large altar tomb with full length figures, to the memory of Richard Onslow, Esq., speaker of the House of Commons, in the 8th of Elizabeth, who died 1571, and his lady.  This memorial was formerly placed in the chancel of old St. Chad’s church.  Above this is a mural monument brought from St. Chad’s, representing a gentleman in a ruff, and a lady with long veil thrown back, kneeling under two arches; above, a lady in a habit and coif, and a little girl kneeling, to the memory of Thomas Edwardes, Esq., who died 1634, and of Mary, the wife of his son, Thomas Edwardes, Esq., who died 1641.  In the south aisle is an alabaster altar tomb, in the Grecian style, bearing the figure of an alderman in his civic robe, and a lady in the scarlet gown formerly worn by the lady mayoresses of Shrewsbury, commemorative of William Jones, Esq., who died 1612, and his wife, who died in 1623.  The monument was originally placed in St. Alkmund’s church.  There are numerous other mural monuments, of more modern dates, which are elegantly designed, in memory of deceased members of some of the principal families of the parish.  In the vestry is an old painting of the Crucifixion, which in 1728 occasioned much strife between the minister and his flock.  In that year Mr. Latham, who had been lately inducted to the vicarage, presented a petition to the Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, praying that a picture representing our Saviour upon the cross might be removed out of the church.  A counter petition was also presented by the parishioners, but the wardens shortly after received an order from the bishop for the removal of the picture.  It was afterwards long possessed by the family of Hilton, by whom it was again restored to the parishioners of the Holy Cross.  The living is a vicarage with St. Giles annexed, valued in the king’s book at £8.  The small tithes are commuted for £363, and the impropriator, Lord Berwick, receives £110.  The patronage is vested in the Right Hon. Lord Berwick, who received it in exchange for three small livings in Suffolk; incumbent, Rev. Robert L. Burton, M.A.  The vicarage of the Holy Cross is a small fabric of wood and plaster situated in the Abbey Foregate, now p. 51converted into two cottages.  From time immemorial certain lands have been vested in the churchwardens and their successors; they now produce an income of £250 per annum.  “The vicar and churchwardens are a corporation with power of making leases of the landed possessions, &c., and have a common seal which is appended to such documents.  The seal is kept in a chest secured by three locks, and the keys are severally in the possession of the vicar and two churchwardens.  It is of brass of the visica piscis form, and has in the centre a baton or mace, and on each side a clothed arm projecting towards the centre, that on the dexter side holding a pastoral crook, that on the sinister side a naked sword; the ground work studded with stars, and around the margin this inscription:—S.COMMVNE DE FFORYATE MONACHOR.”  The space of ground on the east side of the church, containing 7300 yards, whereon formerly stood the choir and Lady Chapel of the monastery, was in 1840 converted into a public cemetery.

The Church of St. Giles stands at the eastern extremity of the suburb of the Abbey Foregate, the living of which is annexed to that of Holy Cross.  It is a small plain building consisting of nave, chancel, and north, aisle, with a small bell turret at the west end.  Of its foundation we possess no record, but the structure is doubtless as old as the early part of the twelfth century, and some confirmation is afforded to this conjecture by the arches of the northern and southern doors, having the characteristics of that era.  The nave is divided from the side aisle by three pointed arches, sustained on plain round pillars.  It is highly probable that the north aisle was made for the accommodation of persons afflicted with leprosy—the hospital of which formerly stood near the church, and from which they had access by a pointed doorway, when they might hear the offices of religion without endangering other worshippers with their contagious malady.  A lofty pointed arch separates the nave from the chancel, which is terminated by a flat arched eastern window, which is exquisitely beautified with stained glass, executed by Mr. Evans.  The four lower compartments have full length figures of the Evangelists, standing upon hexagonal pedestals.  Over each figure is a beautiful canopy of tabernacle work, and the intersections of the tracery contain the symbols of the Evangelists.  In the three principal compartments of the upper division, are fine representations of the salutation, the wise men’s offering, and the presentation in the temple.  The small lancet window on the north side, contains a figure of the patron saint, St. Giles, exquisitely executed.  On the floor are several ancient stones bearing crosses, probably denoting the interment of some of the masters of the old hospital.  From an entry in the parish registrar of the date 1655, it appears this church formerly possessed a steeple at the west end.  In the steeple was a great bell and two smaller ones, which were taken down in 1672, and used in the following year, with four lesser bells, and the great “Wenefrede bell,” in the recasting of the present ring of bells in the Abbey church.  For a long period this venerable edifice exhibited a rude appearance of damp and neglect, and divine service was celebrated only on two Sunday evenings during the year.  In 1827, however, the Rev. W. G. Rowland, the liberal donor of the beautiful east window, thoroughly repaired and happily rescued it from the ruin and decay to which in its previous condition it was fast hastening.  Subsequently the massive oak benches were removed, and replaced with new ones; a new pulpit and altar screen of oak, beautifully carved in unison with the architecture were added, and the whole building fitted up for divine service by the munificence of the Rev. Richard Scott, who also gave £500 towards augmenting the salary of the officiating minister.  Since June, 1836, divine service has regularly been performed on the Sabbath.  The Rev. Joseph Simpson, M.A., is the officiating minister.  In the parish book is the following memorandum:—“1585, paid Barnett and his sonne for pulling down the crosse of St. Gyles, xviij d.”  This cross formerly stood in the church yard, and was curiously sculptured.  A large stone which now lies in the church yard, with a cavity on the upper side, was most probably the base and socket of the cross.  It is now termed the pest basin, which tradition states to have been p. 52used during the time of the plague for holding water, in which to avoid the spread of the disease the people deposited their money in their bargains for provisions with the country folk.

St. Alkmund’s Church, situated in St. Alkmund’s Square, is a neat structure of freestone, erected in 1795, with the exception of the tower and spire, which fortunately escaped the fate of a former edifice, inconsiderately destroyed under a mistaken apprehension of its stability.  The original church was founded by Ethelfleda, daughter of Offa, King of Mercia, who governed that kingdom at the beginning of the ninth century.  King Edgar, by the advice of St. Dunstan, gave other lands and possessions, and placed here a dean and ten prebends.  Its patron saint was a prince of the Northumbrian family, who is said to have been buried at Lilleshall.  At the Doomsday survey, this church had possession of nine manors, in all about 4,020 acres, out of which 620 were in demesne, and a rent of £8. 8s. 8d., which, with other rents, produced a revenue of £500 per annum.  The manner in which it lost this appendage, as recorded in Dugdale, is an example of the fluctuations to which, in those days of turbulence, even the most sacred property was liable.  King Edward the Confessor wrested these lands from one Spirtes, a canon of St. Alkmund’s, and gave them to Godfrey Wiffesune.  On his death, about two years after the conquest, Nigel, an ecclesiastic, obtained them.  After his decease, one Gilbert de Cundore, a layman, had possession of them, and retained them till he was excommunicated by the bishop.  In order to obtain absolution, he and his knights submitted to do penance, and were flogged by the canons at the altar of St. Alkmund’s church.  The property finally centred in Roger, Earl of Hereford, who held it by force of arms.

“The superior and dean of this collegiate church had, in common with those of other Saxon foundations, the right of hereditary succession, and even claimed a privilege of alienating the property to other than religious uses.  In the year 1150, when monastic institutions were universally popular, and the colleges of the secular clergy had fallen into disrepute, Richard de Belesme, then dean of St. Alkmund’s, voluntarily surrendered the estates of the deanery, which lay at Lilleshall, towards the endowment of an abbey of canons regular of St. Augustine, about to be erected on that spot made sacred by the sepulchre of the patron saint of his church; and so great was his zeal for this new institution, that he solicited and obtained the consent of the Pope and King Stephen for dissolving the college entirely, and for transferring all its estates to the new abbey.  Thus stripped of all its landed property, the benefice sank from a collegiate establishment to a poor vicarage, which continued in the patronage of the monks of Lilleshall till the dissolution, when it became vested in the crown.”

The old church was a spacious structure, exhibiting various styles of architecture, from the Anglo-Norman period to the middle of the sixteenth century.  Of its antiquity, however, few features remain; for the panic caused by the sudden fall of St. Chad’s church, induced the parishioners of St. Alkmund to petition parliament to pull down the body of the old church, and erect a new one on its site.  The modern building is in the ancient pointed style of architecture; an oblong square, eighty-two feet by forty-four feet, with a recess for the altar.  The ancient tower, terminated with crochetted pinnacles, remains, and is seventy feet high, surmounted with a chaste and elegantly proportioned spire, one hundred and fourteen feet—making a total of 184 feet from the ground.  Over the altar is a window of painted glass, executed about fifty years ago by Eginton, representing Evangelical Faith, in a female figure as large as life kneeling on a cross, with the eyes elevated and the arms extended towards a celestial crown, which appears amidst the opening clouds, This window was erected at a cost of two hundred guineas.  The church is handsomely fitted up, and will accommodate a congregation of 800 persons.  Upon the gallery, at the west end, is a good organ, erected by subscription in 1823.  The tower contains a peal of eight bells, recast in 1813.  The sound of church bells was supposed to be very efficacious in chasing away the spirit of darkness by our superstitious ancestors.  p. 53The following curious notice will shew that they were not at all times proof against infernal agency:—

“This yere, (1533) upon twelfe daye, in Shrowsbury, the dyvyll appearyd in St. Alkmund’s churche, there when the preest was at high masse, with great tempeste and darknesse, so that as he passyd through the churche he mountyd up the steeple in the saide churche, tering the wyers of the saide clocke, and put the print of his clawes upon the 4th bell, and took one of the pinnacles away with him, and for the time stayed all the bells in the churches within the saide towne, that they could neyther toll nor ringe.”

Of the ancient tombs and mural monuments which abounded in the old edifice, none were preserved in the present structure worthy of notice, with the exception of a tablet to Chief Justice Jones, who died in 1692.  Several tablets of a modern date adorn the walls.  The living is a vicarage, valued in the king’s book at £6, now returned at £219.  Patron, the Lord Chancellor; incumbent, the Rev. Charles Edward Leopold Wightman, M.A.

St. Julian’s Church is situated upon elevated ground, at the top of the Wyle-cop, near to St. Alkmund’s church.  Of its early foundation in Saxon times we possess no particulars.  It was distinguished through several reigns as a rectory and a royal free chapel, with a peculiar jurisdiction.  According to Tanner, at a very early period it was annexed to the free chapel of St. Michael, within the castle, and so continued until the reign of Henry IV., when they were both resigned into the king’s hands.  Subsequently, the rectory was granted, among other things, to augment the new foundation of Battlefield College, and thenceforth the living became a mere stipendiary curacy.  On the dissolution of that college, the living was granted by the crown to John Capper and Richard Trevor; and after many subsequent transfers, passed into the family of Prince, from whom it has descended to the present patron, the Earl of Tankerville.

The present church, built in 1749 on the site of a former edifice, which had become ruinous, is an oblong structure in the Grecian style, consisting of nave, chancel, and side aisles, with a tower at the west end.  This tower is the only existing portion of the old church which remains, and is crowned with eight crochetted pinnacles.  It has an excellent illuminated clock; and a peal of six bells, which were recast in 1706.  The interior has a handsome appearance: four Doric pillars on each side the nave support the ceiling, which is carved and decorated with the fret-work of the old church.  Over the side aisles and west end are commodious galleries, in the latter of which is a superior organ, erected by subscription in 1834.  The east window contains a figure of St. James, in ancient stained glass, which was purchased from a splendid collection brought from Rouen in 1804.  Several of the other windows are ornamented with armorial bearings.  There is only one monument of any antiquity: a coarse marble slab, inscribed in Longobaric capitals to a member of the Trumwin family.  Among the memorials of a modern date is one to the memory of Mr. John Allatt, the benevolent founder of Allatt’s Free School.  The south aisle contains a neat memorial, of the Grinshill freestone, to commemorate the liberality of the late Rev. Richard Scott, B.D., who expended upwards of £1,500 in the reparations of this church, and other improvements connected with the fabric.  It contains the following inscription, dated 1847, in reference to the improvements made by Mr. Scott: “Who, in Christian love, and a desire to honour God with his substance, has caused an effective architectural character to be given to the exterior of the south side of this sacred edifice, which, from the limited funds raised for its re-edification in 1750, necessarily induced brick as a material, and a design possessing little claim to taste; stone piers are now set at each end of the building and between the lower windows, which have been lengthened.  Above, on a block cornice, are Roman Doric pilasters which sustain an entablature, crowned by an open balustrade and vase-shaped acroteria.  Fretted console tables have been added to the upper windows, the architecture entirely renewed, and, like those below, re-glazed with metallic frame-work.  A new portal and door at the eastern end of the south aisle, and the surface of this portion of the church and chancel, covered with stucco; the apex of the gable being finished with an appropriate ornament.”

p. 54In the north aisle is a similar memorial, inscribed to the same individual for his munificent beneficence “In erecting an ornamental stone wall and parapet round the church-yard, flagging the foot-path underneath and that on the eastern side, and likewise along the basement of the church, renewing the steps at the south-east thoroughfare, and lowering, repairing, and enclosing those which form the main approach from the street to the cemetery; also for a new pavement in the area leading to and from before the south door, rebuilding the steps of the portico with the addition thereto of a continuous pedestal, painting the north side of the church, and cleaning the stone work, roofing the chancel, and placing thereon a stone cornice and blocking course, with a foliated cone at each angle, as well as for other useful improvements connected with the fabric.”  The living of St. Julian’s is a perpetual curacy, returned at £159, in the patronage of Earl Tankerville, and incumbency of the Rev. James Jardine Rogerson, M.A.  The chapel of Ford was formerly an appendent of this church.

St. George’s Church, situated at Frankwell, is a neat cruciform structure, in the Gothic style, with a short tower at the west end, ornamented with four pinnacles.  It is built of the beautiful Grinshill freestone, from a design by Mr. Haycock.  The cost was nearly £4,000, raised by voluntary subscription.  It was consecrated for divine service on January 30th, 1832.  The interior has a chaste and elegant appearance, and will contain a congregation of 750 persons.  Of the sittings, 460 are free and unappropriated.  By the liberality of the late Rev. Richard Scott, B.D., the chancel has been beautified with an altar screen, the gallery with a small organ, and the triple lancet windows filled with splendid stained glass.  The centre window contains a full-length figure of Isaiah, clothed in a brilliant vest of purple, over which is thrown a green robe lined with ermine, denoting his royal descent.  The windows on each side have spirited figures of St. Matthew and St. Mark.  The former exhibits deep and serious meditation, and holds a manuscript in his left hand; and the latter, a venerable figure, is pointing to an open gospel, which he holds in his left hand.  The windows in the north and south transepts are also embellished with glass of a rich and elaborate mosaic pattern, which contributes to the imposing effect of the splendid east window.  The living is a perpetual curacy, returned at £118, in the patronage of the vicar of St. Chad; incumbent, the Rev. John Harding, M.A.

St. Michael’s Church, situated in the populous suburb of Castle Foregate, is a neat brick structure, in the Grecian style of architecture, consisting of nave, side aisles, and elliptical recess for the communion, with an octagonal tower in three divisions, rising to the height of seventy feet, over the side aisles are galleries which are free; there is also a spacious gallery in the west end for the use of the school children, in which stands a small organ the gift of the Rev. W. G. Rowland, M.A.  The pulpit and reading desk are octagonal, and placed on opposite sides of the church; the roof is panelled in large square compartments, and painted in imitation of oak.  Three windows of stained glass which decorate the chancel are the exquisite productions of Mr. David Evans.  The centre one is illustrative of the Nativity, from the celebrated “La Notte” of Correggio.  The windows on each side represent the Annunciation, and the Presentation in the Temple; the former from a picture by Guido, and the latter from a celebrated painting by Rubens.  These windows were the gift of the Rev. W. G. Rowland, M.A., to whose liberality the parishioners are also indebted for the service of communion plate, the peal of six bells, which hang in the tower, and the erection of the adjacent school rooms, for the education of the poor children of this populous portion of the parish of St. Mary’s.  The church was erected at an expense of £2000, raised by subscription, and consecrated on the 24th August, 1830, as a chapel of ease to St. Mary’s church.  The edifice contains 800 sittings, of which 600 are free and unappropriated.

The Church of the Holy Trinity, situated on the Meole-road, was erected in 1837, for the accommodation of the inhabitants of the populous suburb of Coleham.  It was built p. 55at a cost of nearly £1900, raised by subscription, aided by the grant of £600, from the Lichfield Diocesan Society, and a further grant of £150, from the Incorporated Church Building Society.  The structure is a neat fabric of brick with a short tower; the body of the church has five windows on each side, and an elliptical recess for the communion, separated, internally, from the nave by a circular arch.  The church contains 812 sittings, of which 504 are free.  The window over the altar contains beautifully executed figures in stained glass, of the Evangelists, and St. Peter and St. Paul; several of the other windows are beautified with scriptural medallions, in stained glass, which together with a handsome service of communion plate, were presented by the late Rev. Richard Scott, B.D.  This place of worship was formed into a district parish church in 1841.  The living is a perpetual curacy enjoyed by the Rev. James Colley, M.A.

Ancient Chapels.—Several ancient chapels formerly stood in various parts of the town, the most considerable of which seems to have been the collegiate chapel of St. Michael, within the castle.  No vestige of its site now remains, though it probably existed, at least in a ruinous state, in the reign of James II., for, it appears at that time, an order was made by the corporation, “that enquiry should he made after the stones taken away from the ruins of St. Michael’s chapel within the castle.”  Part of the Chapel of St. Nicholas, on the left hand entrance to the council house, is still standing; it is of the early Norman era, and most probably was built by the first Norman, Earl of Shrewsbury, for the use of such of his retainers as resided in the outer works of the castle.  The only portions of this edifice at present remaining are the nave, a massive arch formerly opening into the chancel, and two similar side arches.  The building is now converted into a stable.  St. Catherine’s Chapel is stated to have occupied an elevated site upon Coton-hill.  The Chapel of St. Mary Magdalene, a site near Trinity Church.  St. Blase’s Chapel was situated in the Murivance.  A tea garden near the site of the Belle-vue, was formerly called the Hermitage.  These and other ecclesiastical edifices which once adorned this eminent town, have now disappeared; yet their faint traces still afford matter of interesting speculation for the antiquary.

DISSENTING CHAPELS.

The Presbyterian Chapel, situated in High-street, as the first dissenting place of worship established in the town, claims our first attention.  To the act of uniformity, which, on St. Bartholomew’s day, 1662, drove from their livings upwards of two thousand clergymen of the church of England, Shrewsbury is indebted for its first dissenting church.  It was formed by the Rev. John Bryan, M.A., and the Rev. Francis Tallants, M.A., ejected from the livings of St. Chad’s and St. Mary’s.  Their meetings were first held in the house of Mrs. Hunt, and after experiencing various alternations of suffering and indulgence during the unsettled times that followed the act of uniformity, in 1683 their meetings were suppressed, and these eminent preachers of the gospel were forced into obscurity.  On King James II. allowing liberty to Dissenters to meet for worship, they assembled as before in Mrs. Hunt’s house.  In 1691, they built a chapel in High-street, and Mr. Tallants caused the following (with the latter sentence the Hugonists, of France, usually began their worship,) to be painted on the walls:—“This place was not built for a faction or a party, but to promote repentance and faith in communion with all those who love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity.  ‘Our help is in the name of the Lord who made heaven and earth.’”  The year 1715 was particularly unfortunate for Protestant Dissenters; mobs and riots arose in various places, particularly in Lancashire, Shropshire, and Staffordshire—among the chapels pulled down in Shropshire were those of Wem, Whitchurch, and Shrewsbury.  The chapel, in High-street, was soon after rebuilt by the government, and the liberties of Dissenters confirmed and fixed upon a solid foundation.  In 1839 the venerable chapel was almost entirely taken down, owing to the building being considered unsafe, and because the commissioners under the street act required a part of the premises.  It was rebuilt nearly p. 56on the old site, and re-opened for public worship in July, 1840.  The interior has a simple and primitive appearance, the fittings are of old oak; there is accommodation for about 300 worshippers.  The Rev. Richard Astley has been the respected pastor of the congregation since the year 1831.  For a more extended and very pleasing account of this place of worship, we beg to refer our readers to the “History of the Presbyterian Meeting House of Shrewsbury,” published by the present minister in 1847.

The Independent Chapel, situated on Swan-hill, had, its origin in some unhappy disputes which arose in the congregation worshipping in High-street chapel, relative to the invitation of a minister being invited to settle among them.  The chapel is a substantial brick edifice, with a neatly furnished interior, and contains six hundred sittings.  On a stone tablet in the front is the following inscription:—“This building was erected in the year 1767, for the public worship of God, and in defence of the rights of majorities in Protestant Dissenting congregations, to choose their own ministers.”  There is a cemetery adjoining the chapel.  The Rev. Thomas Weaver has been the pastor of the congregation worshipping here for 52 years.

The Independent Chapel, Castle-gates, a handsome building of free stone, is the most imposing structure in connection with the nonconformists in the town of Shrewsbury.  It was erected in 1845, at a cost (including the site) of £3000.  The interior has a very chaste, and beautiful appearance; it will hold six hundred persons.  The Rev. Edward Hill is the minister.

The Catholic Chapel is situated in Beeche’s-lane, near the southern portion of the town walls.  It is a neat building erected in 1776, and enlarged in 1825; the front is stuccoed, and surmounted by a plain cross.  The interior has a tasteful and elegant appearance; the altar rests on a sarcophagus, on the front of which is a painting of the last supper, above is a figure of Christ on the cross.  On the gallery is a small organ, and on each side the entrance an elegant marble shell for the holy water.  The chapel will hold about three hundred worshippers.  The Rev. Eugene Egan is the priest.  A plot of land, extending from Belmont to the southern walls, has been purchased, with the intention of erecting a new Catholic church, on a scale commensurate with the wants of an increasing congregation.  The Catholics formerly met for worship in an upper room of an old house in St. Alkmund’s-square.

The Baptist Chapel, situated in Claremont-street, a plain brick building, was opened for divine worship in 1780, and enlarged in 1810.  A society of this persuasion is stated to have existed in this town, in the time of the Commonwealth.  In the chapel is a small memorial, of Mr. Palmer, who was pastor of the congregation for twenty-seven years.

The Wesleyan Methodist Chapel is a commodious building, on St. John’s-hill, erected in 1804, and subsequently enlarged and decorated.  It is neatly fitted up, and surrounded with galleries, in which is a small organ.  It is calculated to hold 700.  The Methodists have also small places of worship in the Castle Foregate and New-street, Frankwell.

The Wesleyan New Connexion Chapel, (Ebenezer,) situated at Tower-place, is a handsome building, having two entrances, with a Doric portico to each.  The cost of the structure was £1500, and it was opened for divine worship, June 13th, 1834.  The interior has a light and pleasing appearance; it is without galleries; in the centre of the chapel are two rows of pews, with a row on each of the sides, which ascend gradually from the floor; the blank walls display arches and pilasters, supporting a frieze and cornice.

The Friends’ Meeting House, a plain brick structure, in a retired situation, on St. John’s-hill, is fitted up with much simplicity and neatness.  It was erected in 1746, and enlarged in 1807.

The Welsh Calvinistic Chapel, a brick structure, erected on the site of a former edifice, is situated in Hill’s-lane.  It is calculated to accommodate about 400, and was opened for divine worship in December, 1826.  The Dissenters of this persuasion have also p. 57a small chapel, situated in the Wagon and Horses passage, Pride-hill.  The service in both these chapels is in the Welsh language.

The Primitive Methodists have a place of worship to accommodate about four hundred, situated in Castle-court.  They have also a small chapel, at the Old Heath.

SCHOOLS.

The Royal Free Grammar School, situated near the Castle gates, is a noble institution for the education of youth, founded by King Edward VI., in 1552, and endowed with the greater portion of the revenues of the two dissolved colleges of St. Mary and St. Chad.  Queen Elizabeth greatly augmented the endowment, in 1571, by adding the rectory of Chirbury, with additional tithes and estates in St. Mary’s parish.  The structure is large and lofty, and occupies two sides of a quadrangle, with a square pinnacled tower at the angle, partly rebuilt in 1831.  The original school was of timber, and the present tower, chapel, and library, were added in 1595.  The wooden building was taken down in 1630, and its place supplied by the present stately edifice of Grinshill free stone.  In the centre is a gateway, adorned on each side by a rude Corinthian column, supporting statues of a scholar and a graduate bareheaded, in the costume of the times.  Over the arch is an inscription in Greek, importing that a love of literature is essential to the formation of a scholar.  The whole structure exhibits an incongruous mode of building, and that mixture of styles, “where the Grecian and the pointed, however discordant and irreconcilable, are jumbled together, and compose a fantastic species, hardly assignable to any class or name.”  The principal school room, which occupies the upper story, was originally divided by three partitions with folding doors, but these being removed, it forms a very spacious and noble apartment.  The chapel, in which prayers are read by the head master every morning, occupies the ground floor, and is divided from the ante-chapel by a very handsome oak screen carved in the grotesque manner prevalent in the days of Elizabeth.  The ceiling is adorned with fret work, preserved from the ruins of St. Alkmund’s church.  Above the chapel is the library, which was rebuilt at considerable expense in 1815.  It contains a valuable collection of manuscripts and books—one side being occupied by the library of the late Dr. Taylor.  Two large pointed windows, with mullioned tracery, afford light to this apartment;—in the northern window are the arms of Edward VI., Queen Elizabeth, St. John’s College, Cambridge; the See of Lichfield and Coventry impaling Cornwallis, and those of the town;—in the south windows are the arms of the four principal benefactors, with appropriate inscriptions in Latin.  Around the walls are portraits of Henry VIII., Edward VI., an Admiral in the costume of the time of Charles II., and several of the former head masters.

Among the curiosities in the library are three sepulchral stones, discovered in ploughing a field near Wroxeter.  The largest has on its summit, a pine-cone between two lions, and beneath the pediment a rose.  The first is taken from the Picea, called by Pliny, Feralis Arbor, expressive of its melancholy subject, and not unfrequent on memorials of this kind; the inscription denotes the death of C. Mannivus Secundus, of the town of Polentia, a beneficiarius, or veteran of the twentieth legion, who had served his time, and was called again into the service by the entreaties of the chief legate.  The second stone has, on the upper part, a human face, two dolphins, and two serpents.  The third is inscribed to M. Petronius, sigifer, or standard bearer, to the Legio quatuor-decima gemina, the fourteenth double legion, or a legion formed from two.  As this legion never was in Britain, the learned Dr. Ward supposes that Petronius only came for his health and died here.  There are also various other interesting antiquities, chiefly found at Wroxeter, and a small collection of fossils and natural curiosities.  In front and at the back of the schools are play grounds, contiguous to which are houses for the master and the assistant-masters, with ample accommodation for boarders who come from all parts of the kingdom.  The grammar school has long maintained a pre-eminent rank among the public seminaries of sound learning and religious education in this country, and has sent forth numerous individuals who have been p. 58distinguished for their eminent classical attainments.  Under the care of its first master, Thomas Ashton, we learn there were two hundred and ninety scholars, among whom were the sons of many of the first families in England.  Camden, when he wrote, says—“it was the best filled in all England, being indebted for their flourishinge state to provision made by the excellent and worthie Thomas Ashton”—who was a munificent contributor to the school himself, and was instrumental in procuring the grant of augmentation from Queen Elizabeth.  Mr. Ashton resigned his office some years before his death, but he continued to cherish the seminary over which he had presided with paternal care.  He drew up the code of laws by which it was governed for more than two centuries; and one of his last acts was to visit the school, when he preached a farewell sermon to the inhabitants of the town, after which that “Godlie father,” accompanied with the tears and blessings of the people, returned to Cambridge, near which he died at the end of a fortnight, 1578.

The school is open for the gratuitous instruction of burgesses of Shrewsbury, who are not under six nor more than sixteen years of age, provided they are qualified to begin the Latin accidence.  By act of parliament, 38th George III., the whole management of the school and revenue was vested in the Bishop of Lichfield, as visitor, and thirteen governors and trustees.  The appointment of head master rests with the Fellows of St. John’s College, Cambridge.  The under master is appointed by the head master.  Among the many persons of eminence who have received their education in this school, we may enumerate Sir Philip Sidney; Sir Fulke Greville; Lord Brook; Edwin Sandys, Archbishop of York; Judge Jeffries; Lord Chief Justice Jones; Dr. Bowers; Bishop of Chichester; Dr. Thomas Bishop, Salisbury; Dr. Taylor, editor of Lysias and Demosthenes; James Harrington, the author of Oceana; Wycherley, the dramatist; Ambrose Phillips, the poet; and the Rev. J. B. Blakeway and the Venerable Archdeacon Owen, the learned historians of Shrewsbury.  Through the exertions and learning of the late venerable head master, Dr. Butler (late Bishop of Lichfield), the school attained to unrivalled celebrity, and the learned prelate observed, on resigning his arduous duties to his talented successor, “That he considered Dr. Kennedy as the most brilliant scholar he had ever sent forth, as the brightest star in that galaxy of distinguished pupils whose names adorn the ‘boards’ of Shrewsbury school.  That from Dr. Kennedy’s experience of his system, both as a pupil and assistant master at Shrewsbury school, from his constant practice as a lecturer and private tutor at College, and as an assistant master for six years or more at Harrow, as well as from his own unrivalled talents and high literary distinction, from his fine taste and sound learning, there was not a shadow of doubt but that he would fully maintain the reputation which Shrewsbury school had already acquired, and would add at least as many distinguished names to its ‘boards,’ during his superintendence of this important foundation, as had been inscribed there by himself in an equal period.”  We are happy to observe that the bright anticipations of the venerable bishop have been already realised.  By an act of parliament, passed 33rd George III., for the better government and regulation of the Free Grammar School in Shrewsbury, it was ordered, that, after the payment of all taxes, salaries, scholarships, exhibitions, and repairs of the school, and all expenses about the necessary business of the school, the surplus should be employed in founding and maintaining exhibitions in the Universities of Cambridge and Oxford, as the governors and the bishop of the diocese for the time being should think fit; and that such surplus should, when and as often as it should amount to £100 or upwards, be laid out in the purchase of lands and tenements, or in the purchase of stock, or in such other way as the governors and bishop should deem advisable.  At this period the annual income of the school amounted to £900.

From the Charity Commissioners’ Report, published in 1830, we learn that the total income of the school property for the year ending December 31st, 1828, amounted to £2,740. 2s. 9d.  The following will show the particulars of the property held by the governors:—The tithes of Albrighton, in the parish of St. Mary, £101. 15s. 6d.; the p. 59tithes of Chirbury, £1,045. 13s. 4d.; tithes of Clive, in the parish of St. Mary, £347. 13s.; tithes of Astley, £221. 15s.; tithes of Oxon and Shelton, £71. 4s.; tithes of Frankwell, £56. 14s.; tithes of Betton, £129. 1s.; tithes of Whitley and Welbatch, £99.; tithes of Leaton, £150; tithes of Wollascot, £13.; tithes of Woodcote, Horton, Bicton, and Calcot, £397.; tithes of Almond Park, Berwick, and Newton, £52. 10s.; tithes from Castle Foregate, £18. 18s.; schoolhouse at Grinshill, built in pursuance of one of the orders of Thomas Ashton, for the scholars to retire to in case of infectious disorders, let for £4. 4s.; spiritual jurisdiction of St. Mary’s, demised by the corporation to the Rev. W. G. Rowland, the office of the said ecclesiastical, spiritual, peculiar, and exempt jurisdiction, with all the profits thereto belonging, and the seal of office for twenty-one years, at the yearly rent of £1. 6s. 8d., payable to the governors and trustees of the Free Grammar School, dated 29th January, 1828; Chief rents at Astley and Sansaw, 18s. 3d.; for encroachments on school garden, 3s.; and £30 per annum arising from the sum of £1,000 invested in the three per cent. consols, purchased in 1828.  In January, 1829, the amount of stock was £14,570. 10s. 4d. three per cent consols.  This was subsequently reduced by sales, made under the directions of the Court of Chancery, for the purpose of defraying the expenses of repairs on the estates, to £13,311. 19s. 6d.

The income arising from the school property now (1851) amounts to upwards of £3,000 per annum, which is appropriated in the payment of the salaries of the masters, the maintenance of scholarships and exhibitions in the universities, the stipend of the Vicar of Chirbury, and the curates of St. Mary’s, Clive, and Astley, and the necessary repairs of the school buildings.  The surplus is employed in founding additional exhibitions in the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge.  The following list will show the great advantage presented to meritorious scholars of Shrewsbury School:—Four exhibitions, of £63 each, founded by James Millington, D.D., in 1724, at Magdalen College, Cambridge, tenable during residence till M.A.; two exhibitions of £40 each, founded by the same donor, for sons of burgesses born in Frankwell, and who have been educated at the school, in Millington’s Hospital, founded by the testator; also one fellowship of £126 per annum at Magdalen College, tenable during residence till M.A.; one exhibition, of £23 per annum, founded by the Rev. John Taylor, D.D., in 1766, open to any college.  The scholars chosen are allowed to enjoy the exhibition for the term of six years, provided they reside in the college the greater part of each term.  One exhibition of £10 per annum, the gift of Mr. Noneley; one of £30 per annum, founded by Mr. Podmore.  There are also four foundation exhibitions of £70 per annum each; one Butler foundation of £100 per annum; and one of £66 per annum;—all limited to the sons of burgesses of Shrewsbury.  Two exhibitions, founded by Oswald Smith, of £25 per annum; four exhibitions to Christ Church, Oxford, founded by Mr. Careswell, in 1689, for natives of Shropshire, of £60 per annum.

Head Master: Rev. Benjamin Hall Kennedy, D.D.—Second Master: Rev. William Burbury, M.A.—Assistant Master: Rev. John Mort Wakefield, M.A.—Mathematical Teacher: Rev. Alfred Tolver Paget, M.A.—Assistant Master: Rev. Vanden Bempde Johnstone, M.A.—Modern Languages: Mr. Thomas Amand Bentley.—Writing Master: Mr. Thomas Northage Henshaw.  The head master has a salary of £300 per annum, and the second master £150.

Bowdler’s, or the Blue School, situated in Beeches-lane, a plain brick building with a cupola, was founded in 1724, pursuant to the will of Mr. Thomas Bowdler, alderman and draper, for the instruction, clothing, and apprenticeing poor children of St. Julian’s parish.  Twenty-five boys and an equal number of girls are now educated and clothed; the dress of the children is blue, whence the school is called “The Blue School.”  The master has a salary of £40 per annum, and the privilege of taking twenty day scholars, and the mistress £20 per annum.  Robert Rogerson and Mary Ann Sharrat are the teachers.  The foundation of the several charity schools will be more particularly noticed with the general charities of the borough.

p. 60Allatt’s Charity School, situate in St. John’s-row, is a neat structure of free stone, comprising commodious houses for the master and mistress, connected by arcades, with spacious school rooms.  The school was built in 1800, pursuant to the will of Mr. John Allatt, who bequeathed his property for the educating and clothing of the children of the more respectable class of poor persons resident in the town.  There are forty boys and forty girls educated, clothed once a year, and a certain number at a proper age apprenticed.  The funds of the school consist of a capital stock of £14,200, of which £10,800 are invested in three per cents, as the educational fund, and £3,400 as a clothing fund.  Thomas Bagley and Frances Buttery are the teachers.

Millington’s School stands in the rear of the hospital, and was founded by the munificence of Mr. Millington, for the instruction of twenty-five boys, and as many girls, natives of Frankwell.  The children are completely clothed twice in every year, and at the age of fourteen apprenticed with a small premium; on producing a certificate of good conduct during their apprenticeship they are rewarded with a gratuity.  Two exhibitions of £40 a year each, in Magdalen College, Cambridge, are founded, to which scholars originally on the hospital foundation have the preference, or in default of such, two born in Frankwell, educated at the free schools.  Sarah Bishop and Francis Cullis are the teachers.

Shrewsbury National School, situated in the Abbey Fore gate, is also called the “Brown School,” from the brown dress of the children.  The schools are commodious, and there is a convenient residence for the teachers.  It is supported by subscriptions, and sermons annually preached in aid of its funds.  There are now 190 boys and 96 girls educated in this school.  Joseph Barker Molynaux and Mary Ann Williamson are the teachers.  The annual income amounts to £250 per annum.

St. Chad’s Parochial School is a plain substantial edifice, situated in Barker-street.  It is supported by subscriptions and donations, and a small weekly sum contributed by the children.  The average number of children that attend the school may be calculated at a hundred boys and an equal number of girls.  Edward Evans and Jane E. Turner are teachers.

Holy Trinity School is a spacious building of brick, situated in the rear of the Holy Trinity Church, at Coleham; a residence for the teachers adjoins the school.  There are about 100 boys and girls, and 120 infants, receiving instructions in these schools.  James Owen and Martha Clarke are the teachers.

St. Mary’s and St. Michael’s Schools, situated in St. Michael-street, owe their origin in a great measure to the Rev. W. G. Rowland, the incumbent of St. Mary’s, who was a munificent contributor towards their erection.  The schools were built in 1832, in the old English style of architecture.  They are supported by voluntary subscriptions, and the scholars are provided with books, and gratuitously educated, with the exception of a number of the children from the extensive factory of Messrs. Marshall and Co., whose instruction is paid for by the proprietors of the mill.  Richard Jones and Sophia Evans are the teachers.  About 120 boys and 100 girls attend.  Adjoining the school premises are ten neat cottages, built by the Rev. W. G. Rowland, the income arising from which is expended in bread, and distributed amongst the necessitous poor, in St. Mary’s and St. Michael’s churches.

The Diocesan Schools, Swan hill, in connection with the Lichfield Board of Education, was established in 1842.  This is an institution for the general education of youth, ably conducted by Mr. Henry Newsham.  Particular attention is paid to the mathematical education of the youth of this establishment.  A limited number of boarders are taken.

The British or Lancasterian Schools were first established in Shrewsbury in 1812, when a commodious school was built opposite the county gaol, for conducting education on the plan suggested by Mr. Joseph Lancaster.  Subsequently the premises were p. 61taken down, and the site is now occupied as a railway station.  A building was afterwards taken in Watery-lane, where the school was conducted till the present year (1851), when a neat school-house, measuring forty-eight feet by twenty-eight, was erected at the rear of the county gaol, at an estimated cost of £700.  About 150 boys and 100 girls attend the school.  Mr. Thomas Harris is the teacher.

St. Alkmund’s Parochial School, situated between St. Mary’s-street and St. Alkmund’s-place, is numerously attended both by boys and girls.  The teachers are William Donellan and Martha Badger.

Infant Schools.—St. Chad’s Infant School is situated in Barker-street, not far from the National School.  One hundred and twenty attend the school, which is conducted by Segismunda Roberts.  The Infant School, Castle Foregate, has an attendance of eighty.  Ann Townsend is the teacher.  There is also an infant school in Frankwell, which was built by the late Dr. Darwin, and is now chiefly supported by Miss Darwin.  These are interesting institutions for giving an early moral bias to the mind, and calculated to effect much good.

Sunday Schools.—The Sunday schools of Shrewsbury have existed nearly from the earliest formation of such institutions.  Schools are connected with the established churches, and the different congregations of dissenters, which are very numerously attended.

PUBLIC BUILDINGS.

The Salop Infirmary.—This excellent institution, situated near St. Mary’s churchyard, was established in 1747, and has the honour of being one of the earliest of these Samaritan institutions in the kingdom.  The building, which preceded the present stately fabric, was a plain brick structure, designed for a private residence; although repeatedly enlarged, it was found too small for the additional number of patients consequent upon an increasing population, and at a meeting held on November 16th, 1826, it was resolved that a new infirmary should be built on the site of the old one.  The present building was erected in 1830, from a design by Mr. Haycock, at the cost of £18,735. 18s. 10., of which £12,994. 1s. 3d. was raised by subscriptions, and the remainder disbursed from the funded property of the charity.  The structure has a noble appearance, and stands in a commanding position on the verge of an eminence overlooking the Severn; it is 170 feet in length, by 80 feet in height, having a handsome Doric portico in the centre.  There is ample accommodation for 150 patients, and the internal arrangements are admirably adapted for the purpose they are designed to fulfil.  The principal floor is appropriated to the board room, dispensary, waiting room for patients, with private apartments for the house surgeon and matron; the first floor has seven wards for male patients, with day room, scullery, and baths; the upper room contains a spacious operation room, with wards for females; in the attics above are four other wards with nurses’ room, &c.  A staircase at each end communicates with spacious galleries extending the length of each story.  The whole is thoroughly ventilated, and an uniform temperature preserved by a patent hot water apparatus.  A spacious terrace has been constructed on the eastern side, that such of the patients as are able may possess every benefit resulting from pure air and exercise.  From this the eye commands an uninterrupted view of an extensive and finely wooded country, bounded by the long ridge of Haughmond Hill, the Wrekin, and the Stretton Hills.  The pecuniary concerns of the institution are superintended by a board of directors; a treasurer is also appointed annually, who, on the anniversary day in the hunt week, is accompanied to church by the subscribers and patrons of this charity, where, after a sermon, a collection is made in aid of the funds.  From its establishment to midsummer, 1849, the sum of £219,934. 16s. 7¼d. has been received for its support; 60,077 in-patients admitted, and 117,747 out-patients recommended as fit objects for its benefits.  The weekly average number of patients in the house during the year ending midsummer, 1849, was 103; out-patients on the books, p. 62603.  The total receipts for the year ending at the same period was £3,237. 7s. 5d., of which £1,669. 11s. was received from yearly subscriptions; £355. 2s. 6d. from benefactions and legacies; £627. 6s. 11d., the interest and dividends of funded stock, and £585. 7s. 6d. from miscellaneous sources, which includes £183 8s. 6d. collected at the anniversary sermon in St. Chad’s church.  Of this stock £16,400 is secured in the three per cent consols, £3,449. 10s. new 3¼ per cents; £100 on the Watling-street road, and £150 on the Bridgnorth-road.  Subscriptions have been made amounting to £1,227. 6s. 8d., as a “Chaplain’s Endowment Fund.”  “The house surgeon is allowed to take three pupils at a premium of twenty guineas to himself, and 200 guineas to the infirmary, which entitles the pupil to board and residence for five years.”  Attendance at this hospital is recognized by the Royal College of Surgeons, and the apothecaries’ company, London.—Physicians: Henry Johnson, M.D., Thomas James Drury, M.D., Henry Parker, M.D.—Surgeons: H. E. Burd, J. Dickin, and J. Y. Arrowsmith.—House Surgeon: John Robert Humphreys.  Secretary: Henry Bevan.

The Dispensary, like most other institutions of this kind, is supported by annual subscriptions and benefactions.  It was established in 1843, and although the funds do not allow the full extent of usefulness which the charity is capable of, yet it is pleasing to observe from the annual reports that it is making steady progress in the estimation of the public.  It appears from the report ending September, 1849, that the total number of patients have been 3,391.  The receipts for the year ending at the same period were £160.  During the year 560 cases received attention, of which 403 were cured, 123 relieved, 30 died, and 4 were dismissed.—Patron: His Grace the Duke of Sutherland.—Surgeon: Mr. G. P. Gill,—Hon. Secretary: Folliott Sandford, Esq.—Dispenser: Mr. G. S. Whitney.

The Eye and Ear Establishment, Castle-street, was established in 1818, under the management of a committee of gentlemen, for the special object of affording relief to the humbler members of society, who may be suffering from any calamity incident to those delicate organs of the human frame, the eye and ear.  The number of patients admitted from the opening of this institution has been 6,224.—President: Viscount Hill.—Surgeon: Edwin Foulkes.  The institution is open every Wednesday and Saturday mornings.

The County Hall, situated in the Market-square, is a handsome and commodious building, completed in 1837, at the cost of about £13,000.  It is built from a design of Sir Robert Smirke, of beautiful white free stone, the principal front measuring 112 feet in length, and exhibits the Italian style of architecture.  In the interior of the structure the different apartments are convenient, lofty, and well adapted to the various purposes for which they are intended.  On the ground floor is a commodious vestibule, which communicates with rooms on each side, for the mayor, and counsel at assizes and witnesses.  Opposite the entrance door is a noble staircase; on the first landing, the centre one leading to the judge’s room, and those on each side to the respective courts, which are of equal dimensions, forty-two feet by thirty-six feet.  The bench is elevated three feet above the floor, on each side is accommodation for the magistrates; immediately before the judge is a large table, with seats provided for the councillors.  In each court is a gallery for the public, and the ceiling is panelled and ornamented.  From this division the staircase leads to another large room, adapted for a third court, or other public purpose; above it are offices for the clerk of the peace, and for the town clerk.

The ancient Guild or Shire Hall was a low timbered fabric, with a high clock turret, erected in the reign of Henry VIII., and stood across the market square.  The lower part was appropriated to retail shops, and the upper story contained the rooms in which the business of the town was transacted, and the assizes held.  The municipal records were preserved in a strong square tower near the south east side, erected in 1490.  At the summer assizes, in 1783, in consequence of the pressing remonstrance of the judge, enforced by the threat of a fine upon the county, an act of parliament was obtained p. 63the following year for this purpose.  To render the new building more handsome and commodious, and to remove the inconvenience occasioned by the old one standing across the street of the greatest resort, several houses, together with the ancient tower of the Exchequer, were taken down, and various other improvements made, in the adjacent parts.  The new hall was completed in 1785, at an expense of £11,000, raised by a county rate.  In consequence of sinkings having in 1832 been observed in different parts of the structure, the building was surveyed by different architects and pronounced unsafe and dangerous.  The proper authorities immediately determined to take down the whole edifice, and erect a more commodious one on its site.  For this purpose some adjoining premises were purchased, and the present substantial structure, admirably adapted for the purposes intended, was completed, as already noticed, by Messrs. Birch, builders, in 1837.

The Town and County Gaol stands on a salubrious cliff of gravel, a short distance from the castle, and contiguous to the railway station.  The building was erected in 1793, on the principles of the benevolent Howard, at an expense of £30,000.  The front of the prison displays a bold and massive appearance, having two rusticated stone lodges and a gateway in the centre, over which is a fine bust of Howard, by Bacon.  The building is of brick, and is spacious, airy, and well supplied with water, by means of a pump worked by the prisoners.  Immediately in front of the gateway is the governor’s house, which, with certain offices, forms the southern front of the building.  The chapel is an octagonal structure in the centre of the prison, and is contrived so as to separate every class of prisoners, yet, so that the minister may be seen by all the congregation.  The remainder of the structure is divided into four principal courts, with several smaller ones, around which are cloisters, with sleeping rooms above for the prisoners, and cells for the refractory.  A regard to the gradation of vice is strictly observed in the classification of the prisoners, many of whom are employed in some useful trade, such as shoemakers, tailors, blacksmiths, &c., others are employed in picking oakum and wool.  The galling and disgraceful restraints of irons are altogether dispensed with, except in cases of capital and very refractory offenders.  Great attention is paid to the moral culture of the inmates by the assiduous chaplain, in order to reclaim the wanderer.  Divine service is performed twice every day, except Saturday; and the prisoners are all separately catechised several times during the week.  The water to supply the gaol is pumped from the Severn into a large reservoir, which will hold 2,000 gallons.  The gaol is calculated to accommodate 300 prisoners, and there are 135 separate cells.  During the year ending September, 1849, there was a total of 1,291 prisoners; greatest number of prisoners at any one time in the year, 203; daily average of criminals, 147; daily average of debtors, 9.  Gross expenditure for the same period, £3,337. 17s. 8d.  Mr. John Shepherd is the governor; and the Rev. David Winstone, chaplain.  The corporate magistrates are entitled, under the act for erecting this gaol, to send to it prisoners, both criminal and civil, for whose maintenance, of course, the borough pays.

The Market House, situated in the Market Square, an antique and interesting fabric, is one of the handsomest structures of its kind in the kingdom.  In Dr. Taylor’s MSS. is the following account of the first Market House in this town of which any record remains:—“This yere, 1567, Maister John Dawes, of Shrosbery, an alderman of the sayde towne, began and buylded two fayre houses in the Corne Market there, for the saffe placinge of corne from wether, so that the owners thereof may stand saffe and drye, the which buildings was at his own coste and charge, which place servyth for the inhabitantes as also strangers to walke in, and the loft above for soondry profitable purposes.”  To these timber buildings others were added in 1571, for the like purpose.  In 1595 the whole was removed, and the present structure built on the site.  The principal front is towards the west, and has in the centre a spacious portal, over which are sculptured the p. 64arms of Elizabeth.  On each side of the portal is an open arcade of three round arches, supported by massive pillars, over which a range of square mullioned windows lights the upper story.  Large open arches occupy the north and south ends, which are terminated with pointed gables.  Above the northern arch is a tabernacled niche, containing a statue of Richard, Duke of York, in complete armour, with his armorial bearings, removed from the tower of the old Welsh Bridge, on its demolition in 1791.  At the south end is the figure of an angel, in a canopied niche, bearing a shield of the arms of France and England.  This fragment of antiquity formerly stood in the southern tower of the Castle, or North Gate, and was removed here in 1825, when that building was taken down to widen the street.  The basement of the Market House is 105 feet long, and 24 feet wide.  The upper story is devoted to the purposes of a Mechanics’ Institution.  The market is held on Saturday, is numerously attended by farmers from the surrounding district, and considerable quantities of corn are sold, chiefly by sample.

The Music Hall and Public Rooms occupy the southern side of the Market Square, and form a handsome pile of building, erected in 1840 from a design by Mr. Haycock.  On the ground floor is the Post Office; and immediately above, the Public News Room, which is supported by annual subscription.  The Music Hall, a noble apartment, occupies the remaining portion of the second floor.  It measures 90 feet in length, 42 feet wide, and 38 feet high.  The orchestra, which is situated at the south end, contains a fine-toned and powerful organ, the munificent gift of the late Rev. Richard Scott, B.D., to the Choral Society of the town.  On the third story are Billiard Rooms, &c.

The Theatre, situated in the Shoplatch, has a lofty stuccoed front, with three niches, containing statues of the immortal Shakspere, and of the comic and tragic muses, which give it a bold and imposing effect.  The lower part consists of a rusticated base, one hundred feet in length, comprising a range of good shops, and a dwelling for the manager.  The interior is conveniently arranged, and handsomely decorated with appropriate devices.  It will accommodate a numerous audience; and was opened September 8th, 1834.  It stands on the site of a former Theatre, which, if we may credit the affirmation of Phillips, was part of the ancient palace of the Princes of Powisland, who, in their frequent transactions with the sovereigns of England, often resided in Shrewsbury.  The ancient boundary wall of this mansion inclosed all the space contained between Cross Hill, St. John’s Hill, Murivance, Swan Hill, and Shoplatch.  It is probable that the old edifice was part of the great chamber, appropriated, according to the usage of the times, for receiving company, and occasionally for exhibiting shows and dramatic interludes.

The Shropshire and North Wales Natural History and Antiquarian Society was established on the 26th of June, 1835.  The Museum, situated in Dogpole, is principally designed to illustrate the natural history of the district in its various branches of geology, mineralogy, zoology, and botany, by the gradual formation of complete and systematic arrangements of its productions in each of these departments.  It is also open to other objects of scientific interest, and in particular is a suitable repository for such remains of antiquity as are found within the district, or illustrate its general history.  The library contains many valuable books, illustrative of natural history and antiquities.  It is deeply to be regretted, that hitherto the council have been able to do little more than maintain the museum in existence.  Had they been entrusted with a larger amount of funds, they might have very considerably enlarged its collection, and extended its interests.  Many donations are still in store for exhibition, whenever a more commodious building can be procured.  It is, therefore, hoped that a district of so much scientific and antiquarian resource may, before long, be furnished with a building, in which specimens of its own productions may be placed for inspection, and which may also be a repository for objects of general interest and national importance.  President: The Right Hon. the Earl of Powis.—Treasurer: Thomas Eyton, Esq.—Honorary Secretary: Henry Johnson, M.D.

p. 65The Mechanics’ Institution was originally established in 1825, and in the year 1833 a building was erected for their meetings, in Howard Street.  The committee of management subsequently took the Corn Market chambers, which are found admirably adapted for the objects of the institution, which affords to mechanics, artisans, and others, opportunities of acquiring, at their leisure hours, the principles of science and the arts; and for the cultivation of literature.  The library comprises upwards of 2,000 volumes, and the reading-room is supplied with the leading London and provincial newspapers and magazines.  There are classes for the English and French languages, arithmetic, mathematics, writing, drawing, music, and modelling.  The present number of members is two hundred.  The income for the year ending September, 1849, was £110. 15s. 10d.  President: Mr. Edward Elsmere.—Honorary Secretaries: Mr. W. P. Scoltock and Mr. Robert France, jun.

The Church of England Literary and Scientific Institution was established in 1850, under the patronage of the Lord Bishop of Lichfield.  Its general object is to afford the young men of the town of Shrewsbury the means of spending their leisure hours in a rational and profitable manner, and of acquiring useful knowledge on literary and scientific subjects, in subservience to the doctrines and precepts of revealed religion.  A library and reading room have been established, and competent persons employed to deliver lectures on various interesting and scientific subjects.  All persons subscribing twelve shillings and sixpence annually, or five guineas in one donation, to the funds of the institution, are members; and all persons elected by the committee, on the payment of six shillings per annum, have the advantages of the institution.  Treasurer, W. B. Lloyd, Esq.  Honorary Secretary, Mr. Henry Newham.

The Subscription Library, on St. John’s hill, contains a valuable collection of books in the various department of literature and science, numbering upwards of nine thousand volumes.  It was established in 1785.  Proprietary members pay one guinea admission, and an annual subscription of a guinea and a half.  Elinor Urwick is the librarian.

The News Room.—The public News Room in the Corn-market, immediately above the Post Office, is supported by annual subscriptions; the members have the advantage of perusing the principal London and provincial newspapers, magazines, and journals, &c.  The walls are adorned with some fine pictures, presented at various periods to the corporation of the town, among which are Charles I., Charles II., William III., George I., George II., George III., Admiral Benbow, Lord Hill, and others.

The Circus, a spacious building situated near the Welsh bridge, was formerly used for equestrian performances.  It is now used as a depot for the immense quantities of butter and cheese which are brought to the town for sale at the monthly fairs; considerable quantities of these commodities are brought from Wales.

The Butter and Poultry Market, situated at the top of Pride-hill, was erected in 1819 by voluntary contributions amounting to £2000.  It is not at all commensurate with the wants of the town, and of the ample produce brought to its weekly markets large quantities are exposed for sale in the streets.

The New Butter and Cheese Market, situated in Howard-street, is a spacious building containing an area of 5400 feet.  The exterior consists of a centre and two wings, and has a handsome appearance; the roof is supported by four rows of cast iron pillars—and there is ample room to dispose of the large quantities of butter and cheese which are brought for sale on the Wednesdays following the first fair in each month.

The House of Industry was originally built as an asylum for the reception of orphans from the Foundling Hospital in London.  This spacious structure is situated at Kingsland, and crowns the steep eminence above the river, whence a most delightful and picturesque view of the town and country is obtained.  The governor of the Foundling Hospital began the building in 1760, and finished it in five years, at an expense of £12,000.  Children were sent down from London in great numbers, and put out to nurse p. 66with the neighbouring cottagers, under the inspection of the gentlemen in the vicinity.  At a proper age they were taken into the house, where they were employed in the manufacture of wool, and afterwards placed out as apprentices.  At one time there were more than four hundred orphans in the hospital; but the funds of the institution not proving adequate to the plan of sending children to provincial hospitals, it was discontinued in 1774.  After being shut up several years, it was converted into a place of confinement for the Dutch prisoners taken in the American war.  It was afterwards used as an infirmary, whilst the present noble structure was building.  The rapid increase of the parochial rates, of Shrewsbury, induced the inhabitants to petition parliament for an act to incorporate the five parishes of the Town and Meole Brace, so far as concerned the poor, and to establish a general House of Industry.  In 1784, they purchased the orphan hospital from the governors of the foundling charity, for the admission of the poor, who, in their declining years, here find an appropriate shelter, and are supplied with decent and comfortable necessaries of life.  The situation is highly salubrious, and the terrace in front of the house commands a fine view of the quarry, the town, its suburbs, and the whole range of mountains in Salop, Montgomery, and Denbigh.  The internal arrangements have a clean and orderly appearance, and the kind attention of the governor and guardians to the wants of the inmates, who are chiefly the aged, infirm, and helpless poor children, is highly creditable.  [When we visited the house there were six old women of the age of 75 and upwards, one had reached the age of 95 years.]  There is accommodation for 350 inmates, exclusive of that portion of the building which has been let off as a private asylum; the inmates are now 75.  The infirmary and vagrant ward are in the rear, as are the schools, which are held in a building formerly used for hand-loom weaving; adjoining which are four acres of land, cultivated by the scholars; it is chiefly used in raising green crops, and is highly productive.  The union embraces the parishes of St. Chad, St. Mary, St. Alkmund, St. Julian, Holy Cross, and Meole Brace, for which ten guardians are appointed.  Chairman, Mr. Charles Lloyd.  Surgeon, Henry Keate.  Chaplain, Rev. W. J. James.  Governor, Mr. William N. Kindellon.

The Savings’ Bank, situated on College-hill, was erected in 1838, at a cost of £2000, which includes a sum of £600 given for the site.  The capital stock of the bank, on November 20th, 1849, amounted to £179,990. 6s., at which time 4461 depositors, 56 Charitable societies, and 42 Friendly societies had accounts with the bank.  Of the depositors there were 2329 whose respective balances did not exceed £20; 1138 were above £20 and not exceeding £50; 587 were above £50 and not exceeding £100; 253, not exceeding £150; 134 not exceeding £200; and 20 exceeding the latter amount.  The bank is open on Monday and Saturday, from 11.30, a.m. to 1.30, p.m.  Mr. Charles Blount, Actuary.  The gross amount of the capital invested by the Charitable Societies, amounts to £307. 14s. 5d.; and of the Friendly Societies, to £18,362. 5s. 4d.

The Royal Baths, situated at Benbow-place, were established in 1831, by Mr. William Onions.  The front of the building exhibits a chaste design, being ornamented by a portico, supported by two Ionic pillars, and two pilasters.  The conveniences, are varied and ample, and such as are only to be met with in the first rate establishments in the kingdom.  The moderate charges and strict attention to cleanliness and comfort will, no doubt, insure to them an extensive patronage.  The swimming bath is of sufficient dimensions to enable persons to learn or practice the art of swimming; there are also hot, air, vapour, shower, warm, medicated, salt, and fresh water baths in constant readiness.  A charge of 21s. per annum is made for the use of the swimming bath, and sixpence for a single bath.

The Shrewsbury Waterworks were established, by a company of shareholders, under an act of parliament, obtained in 1830, for the purpose of affording the inhabitants a constant supply of water from the Severn.  The works are situated in Chester-street, and the water is raised by means of a steam engine, capable of throwing up 20,000 gallons per p. 67hour, into a large reservoir near the top of Pride-hill, and thence distributed in pipes to all parts of the town.  The town is also gratuitously supplied with excellent water from a fine spring called Broadwell, near Crow Meole, distant about two miles, being conducted thence to conduits placed in different parts of the town for the convenience of the inhabitants.  Few towns have such an excellent and abundant supply of this fine beverage of nature.

The Gas Works are situated in the Castle Foregate, near the goods depôt of the Shrewsbury and Ellesmere canal.  They were established in 1820 by a company of shareholders with a capital stock of £10,000 raised in £10 shares.  The luminous vapour is supplied from three gasometers which will hold together 80,000 cubic feet of gas.

The Railway Station.—The united station of the Shrewsbury and Chester, the Shrewsbury and Birmingham, and the Shrewsbury and Stafford branch of the Shropshire Union Railway, is a magnificent structure in the perpendicular style of architecture, situated near the Castle-gates.  It exhibits a frontage of 150 feet in length, and two stories in height, with a square tower in the centre, ornamented with a richly carved battlement, with octagonal turrets of considerable elevation, at the corners.  On each side of the tower extends a large wing, divided into four equal spaces by projecting turrets.  The ridge of the roof is finished with an ornamental cast iron crest, and the windows are divided by stone transoms and mullions.  The total cost of the station-house, offices, and engineering works, was £51,000; the goods, engine-station, and other necessary works £20,000.  The gross cost of the above works, including the viaduct of the Severn, contiguous to the station, and the bridge over Castle Foregate, exceeded £100,000.

The ground floor is appropriated to booking offices, waiting rooms, and a large refreshment room; above are the offices for the clerks, and other offices.  The platforms respectively measure 600 feet, and 450 in length, and 16 feet wide.  A wrought iron roof, beautifully designed, of 70 feet span, covers the platforms and lines of rails for a space of 450 feet.  The goods and coal depots are situated between the station and Coton-hill, with convenient access from Castle Foregate-street: here an abundance of coal, lime, and slates is always on hand.  Near the station is the Viaduct over the Severn, consisting of seven elliptical arches, 45 feet span.  The rails are 36 feet above the ordinary level of the river.  A cast iron bridge of sixty-four feet span, from the Brymbo iron works, carries the Shrewsbury and Chester railway over the Castle Foregate.  The whole of the works were executed by Mr. Brassey, the contractor, under the direction of Mr. James Baylis, the resident engineer, at the joint expense of the several companies whose lines unite in Shrewsbury.

Lord Hill’s Column, erected to commemorate the brilliant victories and achievements of that distinguished warrior, stands on rising ground near the entrance of Abbey Foregate, from the London road, and forms a conspicuous and interesting object to the surrounding country.  This fine Doric pillar, considered to be the largest in the world, was completed on the 18th of June, 1816, at a cost of £5,973. 13s. 2d.  The pedestal, which is square, has a buttress at each angle, on which is a lion couchant, worked out of Grinshill free stone, of which material is the column.  The chastely fluted shaft is surmounted by a cylindrical pedestal, supporting a statue of his lordship, of colossal proportions, executed in artificial stone, by Messrs. Coade and Sealey, London.  The statue is 17 feet high, and the height of the pillar 116 feet, making a total height of 133 feet from the ground to the top of the statue.  A beautiful spiral staircase, the munificent donation of the builder, Mr. Straphen, winds round the interior of the shaft, and opens on the summit, at the base of the pedestal of the statue, whence the visitor will enjoy a beautiful panoramic view of Shrewsbury and the fertile plains of Shropshire, unrivalled in extent and splendour.  On the sides of the pedestal are inscriptions, recording the victories of the gallant general, to whose honour this voluntary tribute of Salopian esteem was erected.

The Armoury, situated near to St. Giles’ church, is a spacious brick edifice, built by government in 1806, at an expense of £10,000, and intended as a depôt for containing p. 68the arms of the volunteer corps of this and the adjoining counties.  The principal building is 135 feet long by 39 feet wide, divided into an upper and lower story, capable of containing 25,000 stand of arms; at each angle is a small residence, and within the enclosure are two magazines for ammunition.  The arms having been removed to Chester, the premises have remained unoccupied ever since.  The structure now presents a dilapidated appearance; it has become by purchase the property of Lord Berwick.

The County Court Offices for the recovery of debts not exceeding £20 are situate in Wyle Cop.  The court contains within its jurisdiction the following parishes and places, viz.:—Acton Burnell, Alberbury, Albrighton, Astley, Atcham, Baschurch, Battlefield, Berrington, Cardington, Cardiston, Church Preen, Church Pulverbatch, Church Stretton, Condover, Cound, Cressage, Easthope, Eaton-under-Haywood, Eaton Constantine, Fitz, Ford, Frodesley, Great Harwood, Great Ness, Habberley, Hadnal, Harley, Haughmond Demesne, Hope Bowdler, Hughley, Kenley, Leebotwood, Leighton, Little Ness, Longnor, Melverley, Meole Brace, Middle, Minsterley, Montford, Petton, Pitchford, Pontesbury, Preston Gubballs, Ruckley and Langley, Rushbury, Shineton, Shipton, Shrawardine, Shrewsbury—viz.: St. Chad, St. Julian, St. Mary except Clive, and Holy Cross and St. Giles, and Smethcott, Stapleton, Sutton, Uffington, Uppington, Upton Magna, Westbury, Withington, Wolstaston, Wollaston and Wroxeter.—Judge: Uvedale Corbett, Esq., Aston Hall.—Clerk: Joshua John Peele, Esq., Murivance.—High Bailiff: Mr. Henry Bloxham, St. Mary’s square.—Bailiffs:  Edward Bury and Richard Prinn.

The Cattle Market or New Smithfield, situated near the banks of the Severn, on a plot of land called Raven Meadow, is approached from the lower part of Mardol, and the Castle gates nearly opposite the railway station.  This market covers four acres of land, and is not surpassed by any provincial market in England for the conveniences it affords, and its adaptation to the purposes intended.  It was opened on November 19th, 1850.  The total cost has been £15,000, of which £2500 was expended in raising the ground.  A lofty brick wall surrounds the market, which is capable of affording accommodation for 700 horses, 1400 cattle, 5000 sheep, and 1000 pigs, with suitable trial ground for the horses, appropriate pens for the sheep and pigs, and a long range of sheds under the north wall for the cattle.  If the tolls are not sufficient to pay the interest of the money borrowed for the formation of the market, the act of parliament authorizes a rate upon the town to meet the deficiency.  The market or fair is held every alternate Tuesday, when stock of all kinds is brought in very considerable quantities for sale.

Fairs for cattle, horses, sheep, pigs, and fat stock are held every alternate Tuesday.  The following will be the dates for the year 1851, viz.:—January 14, 28; February 11, 25; March 11, 25; April 8, 22; May 6, 20; June 3, 17; July 1, 15, 29; August 12, 26; September 9, 23; October 7, 21; November 4, 18; December 2, 16, 30.

Butter and Cheese Fair is held on the Wednesday following the first fair in each month.

The Wool Fair takes place on July 1 and August 26.

The English Bridge is a substantial and elegant structure, 400 feet in length, and composed of seven arches, crowned by a bold balustrade.  It was erected in 1774, at an expense of £15,710, of which £11,494 was raised by voluntary subscriptions.  The central arch is sixty feet in width, and forty in height, which is double the height of the end arches, and consequently disagreeably steep; the breadth of the thoroughfare is also inconveniently narrow (only twenty-five feet) for the innumerable carriages and passengers which are continually passing over it.  The object in its construction was to contrive as much space as possible for the water during floods.  With the exception of this defect, its architectural beauty is surpassed by few bridges in the kingdom; it is highly ornamental to the town, and an equally noble monument of the public spirit of the gentry of the county.  The keystone of the central arch is adorned with a fine head of Sabrina, p. 69“goddess of the river,” and that on the opposite side with a head of Neptune, the “father of fountains.”  The keystones of the other arches are worked into a shell; on the central piers of the arches are finely carved dolphins.

The old English bridge, built probably by the abbots and burgesses conjointly, was taken down on the completion of the present structure.  It was constructed on seventeen arches, and extended over the main stream, also an arm of the river now filled up which flowed into the Meole Brook; its length was 864 feet, and the breadth only 12 feet, being greatly encumbered with houses.  Near the eastern extremity was a gate and a strong embattled tower, with chamber and portcullis, and beyond a draw-bridge.

The Welsh Bridge, so called on account of the road from Shrewsbury to a considerable part of North Wales lying over it, is situated at the foot of Mardol, and crosses the river into the populous suburb of Frankwell.  It is a bold and substantial structure, consisting of five arches, the length being 266 feet and the breadth 30 feet, completed in 1795, at an expense of £8000, raised by subscriptions.  The old Welsh bridge taken down on the erection of the above structure, was situated a few yards higher up the stream than the present fabric.  It was a most interesting monument of antiquity, and consisted of seven arches, with massive gate towers at each extremity, in the finest style of castellated building.  Leland, who visited Shrewsbury in 1539, in describing this bridge says:—“It is the greatest, faynest, and highest upon the stream, having six great arches of stone; it standeth on the west syde of the towne, and hath at the one end of it a great gate to enter by into the towne; and at the other end towardes Wales a mighty stronge towre to prohibit enemies to enter on the bridge.”  Above one of the gates stood an armed statue of a knight, which was removed in 1791, and placed in a niche in front of the Market-house.  This effigy was an important object of attraction to the Welshmen, from a tradition, that it represented Llewelyn, Prince of Wales.  Antiquaries, from its attendant embellishments, state it represented Richard Duke of York.  The tolls arising from marketable goods over this bridge were abolished by the payment of £6000 to the corporation, which sum was raised by public subscriptions.

The Railway Viaduct over the Severn, situated a little east from the station, consists of seven elliptical arches, forty-five span, and thirty-six feet above the ordinary level of the river.  The whole has a bold, massive, and elegant appearance.—A BRIDGE of cast iron of sixty-four feet span, crosses the Castle Foregate, and carries the four lines of rails of the Chester and Shrewsbury railway.—A WOODEN BRIDGE, consisting of two timber arches, eighty-five feet span each, on the bow and spring principle, leads from the public walk called the Dana, over the railway station, to the front of the county gaol.

Trade and Manufactures.—The trade of this town was once esteemed of great importance to the kingdom, and though its consequence has been eclipsed by the subsequent increase of other places, yet it has never been destitute of a considerable share of internal commerce.  In early times it was distinguished for its glove cloth, and shoe manufactories, but its ancient traffic in Welsh woollens was in a great measure the cause of the former opulence of Shrewsbury.  Camden, in his account of the town in 1586, observes:—“It is a fine city, and of good commerce; and by the industry of the citizens and their cloth manufacture, and their trade with the Welsh, is very rich, for hither the Welsh commodities are brought as to the common mart.”  Pennant, who wrote more than half a century ago, says:—“From very early days this place possessed almost exclusively the trade with Wales, in a coarse kind of woollen cloth called Welsh webs, which were brought from Merinoth and Montgomeryshire to a market held here weekly on Thursday.  They were afterwards dressed, that is, the wool raised on one side, by a set of people called shearmen.  At the time of Queen Elizabeth the trade was so great, that not fewer than 600 persons maintained themselves by this occupation.  The cloth was sent chiefly to America to clothe the negroes, or to Flanders, where it is used by the peasants.  At present the greatest part of this traffic is diverted into other channels, and p. 70not more than four or five hundred thousand yards are brought to the ancient mart.”  The stout Welshmen were accustomed to come to the market, with troops of hardy ponies, each with a halter of twisted straw, and laden with bales of cloth.

It was a practice of the drapers and shearmen to assemble at the Market-house at two o’clock, and according to ancient usage proceed up stairs in seniority.  The traffic was a ready money business, and as the Welshmen left much of their cash behind them, in exchange for groceries, malt, and other commodities, the loss of such a trade may easily be conceived, when it is said that more than six hundred pieces of web have been sold in one day.  The Welsh flannels were formerly made by the rural population, and the small farmers employed their female domestics at leisure hours in this business.  These seldom made more than four or five pieces during the year, and those from the wool of their own flocks.  The principal manufacturers were farmers, who maintained servants solely for that purpose, and hired weavers by the year.  They produced forty or fifty pieces annually at market, each measuring from 100 to 150 yards; and, as it was a ready money trade, many of them made considerable sums.  At present, chiefly from the introduction of spinning mills and the power loom, this ancient domestic manufacture is almost swept away.  The market, formerly held here every Thursday, is now removed to Welshpool, Newton, and Llanidloes, which has nearly caused the total extinction of this branch of local commerce.  There are now only two flannel merchants in the town, and they visit the different localities in which the flannels are manufactured to purchase their goods.

The general trade and prosperity of Shrewsbury are said to have been very much injured by the exactions of its guilds or incorporated companies, the most considerable of which are the drapers and the mercers.  The former were incorporated by Edward IV., and united with an ancient guild or fraternity of the Holy Trinity, founded in the church of St. Mary.  Their company is recognised by several subsequent acts of parliament.  They have now a considerable estate, originally purchased by the voluntary contributions of the members, which is expended in the support of the inmates of St. Mary’s almshouses, in liberal subscriptions to the charitable institutions of the town, and in relief to widows and families of deceased members.  On the south-west side of St. Mary’s church is the Drapers’ Hall, a curious half-timbered building, erected, probably, about the time of Elizabeth.  The large room, finely wainscotted with old oak, contains two massive oak tables, and a fine old chest, with richly carved ornaments.  Portraits of the royal founder of the company, and of Degory Watur and his spouse, decorate the wainscot.  Among the records of the Drapers’ Company are the following:—“25 Elizabeth, 1583, ordered that no draper set out for Oswestry on Monday before six o’clock, on forfeiture of 6s. 8d., and that they should wear their weapons all the way, and go in company.  Not to go over the Welsh Bridge before the bell tolls six.”—“27 of Elizabeth, 1585, a market was held at Knocking, and a halfpenny paid by the drapers for every piece of cloth bought.”—“1621, agreed to buy no more cloth in Oswestry.”

The Mercers were incorporated by Edward IV., on condition that they should maintain a priest to sing at the altar of St. Michael in the collegiate church of St. Chad; that they should give a penny a week to thirteen poor men, to pray for the good estate of the king, his family, and themselves; and also find a wax taper to be carried before the holy sacrament on the procession of Corpus Christi, on the celebration of which day it was customary for all the companies to unite as their grand anniversary, and preceded by their masters and wardens, ornamented with colours and curious devices they attended the bailiffs and members of the corporation, who, with the friars of the convents and the parochial clergy, followed the holy sacrament, which was borne by priests under a rich canopy of velvet, to a stone cross without the town (probably that now called the Weeping Cross).  Here all joined in bewailing their sins, and in chanting forth petitions for a plentiful harvest; they then returned in the same order to the church of St. Chad, when p. 71a grand mass was celebrated.  Three days of unbounded jollity and recreation followed this magnificent festival.  These were held on a piece of ground called “Kingsland,” where each company had its “arbour,” and the several incorporated communities, accompanied by bands of music, flags, and devices emblematical of their craft, preceded by a “King” or some other principal personage, assembled at their respective arbours and spent the time with much festivity.  After the reformation the religions ceremony was abolished, but one day of entertainment is still observed under the denomination of the Shrewsbury Show, now held on the second Monday after Trinity Sunday.  Each company has still its arbour or pavilion, adorned with the arms of the company, in which refreshments are provided.  These are visited by the mayor and corporation, who used formerly to wear their robes of office upon this occasion.  The following is an entry from the books kept by the bailiffs, dated 1521:—“Wine to the Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, president of our lord the king’s council in the marches of Wales at the general procession of Corpus Christi, 3s. 8d.”  The show was revived and kept up with much pageantry in 1850.  The ancient Tailors’ Hall formerly stood on College Hill; the Weavers’ Hall on Wyle Cop; the Cloth Workers’ Hall in High-street, and the Mercers’ Hall in the King’s Head Shutt.  The chief manufactories at the present time in Shrewsbury are the extensive establishment of Messrs. Marshall and Co., for flax spinning and the manufacture of linen thread, where upwards of 800 operatives are employed.  The factory is a spacious and lofty building, situated in St. Michael-street; the aggregate amount of steam power employed is equal to 116 horses.  Linen was formerly extensively manufactured here; a linen and flax mill was taken down about fifteen years ago; there are now only about half a dozen hands employed in weaving linen.  The cotton manufacture was introduced into Shrewsbury in 1790, when several factories were built at Coleham, and the trade was carried on in a spirited manner.  In 1817 the proprietor, in consequence of a great depression in trade, declined business, since which the mills have been closed, and some portion of them converted into cottage tenements.  Malting is very extensively carried on, as will be seen in reference to the trades’ list, which will show thirty different firms.  Glass Staining has been brought to the highest state of perfection by Mr. David Evans, whose ingenious talents and consummate skill have raised the art to a degree of perfection unequalled in modern times.  The beautiful specimens visible in the restorations of Winchester and Lichfield cathedrals, in most of the churches of Shrewsbury, and in churches almost in all parts of the kingdom, will compare with some of the finest works of the ancient masters, and speak his merits more forcibly to the refined taste than whole volumes of feeble encomiums.  There are several Iron-founderies, and the manufacture of Agricultural Implements is carried onto a considerable extent, with Tanning and other branches of trade as will be seen on reference to the trades’ directory.  Among the delicacies for which the town is noted is the Shrewsbury Cake, a delicious sweet cake, which the poet Shenstone speaks of as “Rend’ring through Britain’s isle Salopian’s praises known.”  The Simnel Cake is also much admired, and great quantities are made about the season of Christmas.  It consists of an exterior crust or shell deeply tinged with saffron, enclosing a compound of rich fruit.  The Shrewsbury Brawn is highly celebrated among the connoisseurs of this ancient Christmas dish.

The Quarry.—This fine public promenade occupies a rich sloping meadow of about twenty acres, on the west side of the town, and derives its name from a disused stone quarry nearly in the centre, which supplied a considerable part of the red sand stone visible in the older portions of the walls and churches of Shrewsbury.  An avenue of lofty lime trees, more than five hundred yards in length, follows the windings of the Severn; to the middle and at each end of which, three other shaded walks lead from various parts of the town.  “The still retirement and pleasing gloom of this delightful grove, from which the noise of the busy town, and even a prospect of its buildings, are almost entirely excluded—the refreshing coolness of its shade—the rich verdure which p. 72ever clothes its meadow—the fine sweep of its umbrageous arch—and the majestic flow of the river, which here combine to render it the favourite and constant resort of the inhabitants, and a principal attraction to the stranger.”  The opposite bank of the Severn rises abruptly, and is crowned with the House of Industry, an extensive and handsome building, and some modern plantations, contribute greatly to embellish the scene, and render it one of the finest public walks in the kingdom.  The ground was planted and laid out during the mayoralty of Henry Jenks, Esq., in the year, 1719, previous to which it was a waste plot of land, where the inhabitants were used to indulge in feats of wrestling, tilting and other sports.  In a place called the Dingle, planted with a clump of magnificent trees, are the remains of a rude amphitheatre, with ascending seats cut in the bank, where the friars of the adjacent convent entertained the Salopians with those ancient, sacred dramas, called mysteries or Whitsun plays, so famous in the days of our ancestors.  Here, also, during the reign of Elizabeth, many plays were exhibited, in which the scholars of the free school sustained the principal characters; among which, in 1565, was a play called Julian the Apostate, and two years afterwards was exhibited the passion of Christ.  It is said that the Queen herself intended to have honoured the last with her presence, and had even arrived as far as Coventry on her way, but hearing that it was over she returned to London.  The corporation in the year 1569 leased the quarry to three persons for ten years, for the consideration of a red rose yearly, on condition that they should bring the water from Broadwell, near Crow Meole, in leaden pipes as high as it would run into the town of Shrewsbury.  By this means the water was first brought into the town; the work was completed in the year 1574, and then the conduits were first opened.

The Horse Races are held annually in the second week in May, and continue for two days; they attract a considerable influx of visitors to the town, but are not so celebrated as they were in former times.  The race course is situated a quarter of a mile N.N.E. from the Abbey Church, on the road leading to Monk Moor.  It also bears the name of “the soldiers’ piece,” and is pointed out by tradition as the spot on which the unfortunate Charles I., when at Shrewsbury in 1642, drew up his army and addressed the assembled gentry of the county on the subject of his distresses.

The Assembly Room was erected in 1777, at the back of the Lion Hotel; the room is commodious and suitably decorated, and the balls are usually attended by the rank and fashion of the county.

The Billiard Rooms are situated in the Market-square; the third story of the Music Hall has been divided into convenient apartments, which are now occupied as billiard rooms, of which Mr. Edward Vaughan is the proprietor.

Aquatic Excursions.—Much pleasure and healthy exercise is afforded on the Severn during the summer months, and an emulation of skill is frequently excited among the rowers.  Boats may be hired at a moderate charge, and pleasure parties frequently take an excursion up the river to the picturesque and shady banks of Berwick and the Isle, or to the rural village of Uffington.  The Severn also affords much pleasure to the votaries of the “gentle craft,” the river being celebrated for the excellency of its salmon, besides which trout, pike, grayling, perch, and many other sorts of fish are caught.

Kingsland is a plot of ground covering twenty-seven acres on the south west side of the town, the common property of the burgesses, thirty of whom in rotation receive annually 4s. 6d. from its produce, in lieu for a “turn for their kine.”  It is studded with small enclosures and “arbours,” to which the several incorporated trading companies of the town annually resort in procession on the Monday after Trinity Sunday, accompanied by bands of music and devices emblematical of their craft; a more particular account of which has been noticed with the various guilds.

Monastic Foundations.—The Abbey of St. Peter and St. Paul, which stood on the eastern banks of the Severn, in the suburb which still bears its name, owes its foundation p. 73to Roger de Montgomery, the first Norman Earl of Shrewsbury.  In the time of the Saxons it is said a church stood on or near this spot, and a community of monks was in all probability united to it.  The Danes, during their ravages in the ninth century, plundered and depopulated monastic institutions, and this it is conjectured fell with the rest.  The kingdom becoming more settled under the reign of Edgar, many of the abbey churches which had till then laid desolate were taken possession of by secular priests, who, swerving from the strictness of monastic life, engaged in the active concerns of society.  Such, apparently, was the state of the monastery of Shrewsbury at the time of the Norman invasion.  The church, then a rude edifice of wood, was governed by Odelirius, a priest, who as archpresbyter, presided over a college of married secular clergy.  Its district was called the parish of the city.  From the fact that the portion of each prebend, at the death of the incumbent, should revert to the monks of a new abbey, there can be no doubt that at this period it was collegiate.  This was the cause of much litigation, it being customary for ecclesiastical livings to descend as by inheritance to the next of blood.  These claims were, however, abolished during the reign of Henry I.  In the seminary belonging to this ancient church, a priest named Seward is mentioned as an eminent teacher, and to him the historian Ordericus Vitalis owed his education.

When Roger de Montgomery took possession of his territories in Shropshire, he determined to refound the monastery, and to introduce into it the monks of his favourite order, St. Benedict, whom he invited over from a religious house founded on the estates of Mabel, his first Countess, at Sees, in Normandy.  He obtained the land on which the monastery of Shrewsbury stood from Siward, a Saxon nobleman, and in 1083 laid the foundation of a magnificent abbey, which, when finished, was re-dedicated to St. Peter and St. Paul, the patrons of the ancient monastery.  With the consent of his Countess, Adelaisa, he retired to the holy solitude of his monastery and received the tonsure and habit of a monk, on which occasion he presented the fraternity with the tunic of Hugh, the sainted abbot of Clugin, in Burgundy, which vestment he occasionally wore, doubtless in anxious hope of its communicating some portion of the sanctity of its former possessor.  In the immediate prospect of his dissolution he invested himself with this precious relic, thus exemplifying the pitiable superstition of those who “put on the weeds of Dominic or Franciscan and think to pass disguised.”  He was buried in the Lady Chapel, between the two altars.

His second son, Hugh, succeeded to the Earldom of Shrewsbury, soon after which he paid a solemn visit to the abbey, to do homage to the tomb of his father, on which occasion, though of a profligate and cruel character, he added greatly to the endowments of the institution; and, among other things, conferred on the monks the tithe of all the venison of his forests in Shropshire, that of Wenlock excepted.  The barons who attended Earl Hugh, imitated his munificence and conferred large estates on the abbey.  By these and other acquisitions the revenues of the house were greatly enriched, and the abbot obtained the honour of ranking among those spiritual barons who sat and voted in parliament, had the authority of bishops within their houses, wore the mitre, sandals, and gloves, carried silver crosiers in their hands, gave their episcopal benediction, conferred the lesser orders, and in some instances were exempt from all authority of the diocesan.  It is uncertain when these high functions were first exercised, but the abbot of Shrewsbury is mentioned among the spiritual lords who voted in parliament in the 49th of Henry III.

In the days of King Stephen, when the popular passion for relics had attained an unbounded extravagance, the monks of Shrewsbury determined not to be behindhand with their brethren in availing themselves of so fruitful a source of opulence; therefore, during the abbacy of Herbert, the third abbot, they commenced business on their own account.  After ransacking the legends of Wales for a subject, they at length had the good fortune to pitch upon one sufficiently absurd for their purpose, in the bones of the martyred Virgin St. Wenefrede, which lay interred in the churchyard at Gwytherin, in Denbighshire.  After much fruitless negotiation with the priest and the people of Gwytherin, the abbot of p. 74Shrewsbury procured an order from Henry I. for the translation of the sacred dust to his monastery.  The Welshmen honoured their saint more than their king, and turned a deaf ear alike to entreaties and menace.  The Salopian monks persevering in their purpose, held a chapter, in which Robert Pennant, their prior, a Denbighshire man, who is supposed to have fabricated the legend, was commissioned to make a pilgrimage to Gwytherin, and to leave no expedients untried for obtaining possession of the relics.  Assisted by a priest in Wales, two clever monks of his abbey, and the prior of Chester, he practised on the credulity of the Welsh by pretended visions and divine warnings.  The prize was given up, and the delegates returned with it in triumph to Shrewsbury, where it was enshrined with great pomp and solemnity, near the high altar of St. Peter and St. Paul.  The speculation of the monks was completely successful; multitudes of pilgrims flocked with gifts to the shrine, and even nobles contended who should offer the richest donations.  In addition to these treasured bones the monks in after times appear to have possessed a most extensive and varied assortment of other relics, doubtless of equal value and efficacy.  In 1486 the abbot Thomas Mynde incorporated the devotees of St. Wenefrede into a religions guild or fraternity, founded by him in her honour.  A great bell was also dedicated to her memory.  One of the most remarkable persons this house produced was Robert of Shrewsbury, a monk, who was promoted to the see of Bangor, in the reign of Henry II.  His influence in Wales excited the jealously of King John, who imprisoned him in his own cathedral, and for his ransom obliged him to pay three hundred hawks.  This eminent prelate, it is said by his will, ordered his body to be buried, not in his cathedral church, but in the middle of the market place of Shrewsbury.  At the various visits with which the English sovereigns honoured Shrewsbury, it is highly probable that they took up their residence in the abbey, and there can be little doubt that the parliament of Edward I., 1283, and that of Richard II., 1398, called the Great Parliament, were held within the monastery.  At the dissolution of 1513, when the property and possessions of this monastery fell to the crown, the burgesses of Shrewsbury presented a petition that the abbey might be converted into a college or free school, to which request Henry refused to accede, alleging as a reason his intention of erecting Shrewsbury into a bishopric, the diocese of which was to include the counties of Salop and Staffordshire, and the endowments to consist of the monastic revenues.  Dr. Bouchier, the last abbot of Leicester, was actually nominated Bishop of Shrewsbury, and hence it is said arose the appellation “Proud Salopians,” founded on the tradition that the inhabitants rejected the offer of having their borough converted into a city.  The bailiffs and principal inhabitants of the city in vain petitioned their monarch to spare the buildings of the monastery.  On the 22nd of July, 1546, Henry VIII. granted the site of the dissolved abbey to Edward Watson and Henry Henderson, who the next day conveyed the same to William Langley, a tailor, in whose family it continued for five generations, until 1701, when Jonathan Langley, Esq., devised it to Edward Baldwyn, Esq., and he in like manner in 1726 passed it to his sister Bridget, wife of Thomas Powys, Esq.  In 1810 the premises were sold by the trustees of the wife of Thomas Jelf Powys, Esq., to Mr. Simon Hiles, in whose devisees they are now vested.  The property with which the abbey had been endowed at various periods, comprised seventy manors, twenty-four churches, and the tithes of thirty-seven parishes, besides very extensive and valuable privileges and immunities of various kinds.  In 26 Henry VIII., their possessions were found of the yearly value of £572. 15s. 5¾d., equal to £4700 in the present day.  Pensions were assigned to the late abbot, Thomas Boteler, and the seventeen monks.

The abbey presents few features of its ancient grandeur, the chapter house, cloister, and refectory are entirely destroyed.  In the stately chapter house occurred the early authorised assembly of that popular representation in the constitution of this kingdom, to which, under Providence, Englishmen have been indebted for much of their subsequent prosperity.  From the important state affairs which were transacted here in 1307–8 it was p. 75denominated the Great Parliament.  The cross of Canterbury was brought here, upon which the lords spiritual and temporal were sworn to observe and keep all the statutes which were then made.  Here too, Richard II., attended by a numerous guard of Cheshire men, entertained the members of his parliament with a sumptuous feast.  The site of the abbey embraced upwards of ten acres, but it is no longer possible to trace the wide circuit of the ancient embattled walls.  In 1836, on excavating near the site of the chapter house, a leaden seal was found, which had once been appended to a bull from the pope, whose name is thus inscribed on it:—INNOCENTUS.  P.P.  IIII.  The most interesting portions of the ruins is a little octagonal structure, six feet in diameter, which is generally called the Stone Pulpit, the admiration of every antiquary and person of taste.  Some broken steps lead to the interior through a narrow flat arched door on each side.  The south part stands upon a portion of a ruined wall, and originally looked into one of the outer courts.  The corresponding moiety projected considerably within the hall, and rests upon a single corbel, terminating in a head.  From this point it gradually spreads, with a variety of delicately ribbed mouldings, until it forms the basement under the floor.  The whole is crowned with a dome of stone work, at about eight feet from the base, supported on six narrow pointed arches, rising from pillars similar to the mullions of the windows.  One of the remaining sides of the octagon is a solid blank wall, and the other contains the door.  The roof within is vaulted on eight delicate ribs springing out of the wall, and adorned at their intersection in the centre, by a boss representing an open flower, on which is displayed a delicate sculpture of the crucifixion.  The spaces between the divisions of the three northern arches, are filled up four feet above the base, with stone panels, over which they are entirely open, and the light thus introduced is productive of a beautiful effect.  On the centre panel is a rich piece of sculpture designed to represent the annunciation.  The right hand panel bears the images of St. Peter and St. Paul; that on the left St. Wenefrede and the abbot Beuno.  The architecture of this interesting structure is referred to the time of Henry VIII.  Much conjecture has arisen among antiquaries respecting its probable use, but there can be little doubt that it originally projected from the wall of the refectory, and was used as a pulpit, from which one of the junior brethren of the monastery, in compliance with the rule of the Benedictine order, daily read or recited aloud, during meal times, a subject of divinity to the monks during dinner.  Southward from the pulpit is a range of red sand stone building, now incorporated with the abbey house.  To the south east is the abbot lodge, of which the only remnant is a portion of the cloister, consisting of three pointed arches.  The dormitory was cut through on the formation of a new line of road in 1836.

Shrewsbury Castle.—The events which belong to the Castle are intimately connected with the history of the town, where they are more fully noticed.  Its founder, Roger de Montgomery, made it his residence soon after the Conquest, and it became the chief seat of his baronial power.  As his new possessions had been acquired by the sword, Earl Roger considered the inhabitants as his property; therefore, to afford an eligible site for his new buildings, he is stated to have destroyed fifty houses; a fifth part of the town at that period.  After the fall of the great house of Montgomery, in the reign of Henry I., on the forfeiture of Earl Robert de Belesme, the Castle became a royal fortress.  Its defence was entrusted to a constable, usually the sheriff, who maintained the prison of the county within its walls; and the vast possessions annexed to it were parcelled out among various knights, on the condition of their keeping castle-ward for a certain number of days during war.  During the turbulent reign of Henry III. the castle fell into great dilapidation; but his son, Edward I., immediately on his accession, almost entirely rebuilt the structure.  The stronger portion of the castle now remaining was probably erected by direction of that monarch, being in the style generally adopted during his reign.

It was at this time considered rather as a place of great consequence in protecting the country from the invasions of the Welsh, than as a royal or baronial residence.  By the union with Wales all apprehensions on this ground vanished, and the importance of the p. 76castle as a fortress ceased.  In the time of Henry VIII. it seems to have been rapidly hastening to decay.  Leland, who then saw it, observes that it had been a “stronge thynge, but now much in mine.”  In the reign of Elizabeth, a grant was made of its site and buildings to Richard Onslow, Esq., who subsequently transferred his interest in it to the corporation.

During the civil war, in the reign of Charles I., the Castle resumed some share of its former importance, and was garrisoned for the royal party.  The dilapidated walls were repaired, and its gates strongly fortified.  After its surrender to the parliamentary forces, in 1645, it escaped the destruction that fell upon many other castles, owing to the circumstance of its being entrusted by the House of Commons to the government of Colonel Mitton, a native of the county, who, displeased with the virulent persecution of the king, soon after resigned his commission.  Colonel Mackworth was then appointed governor, and he was succeeded by Colonel Hunt.  On the restoration of Charles II., the property of the Castle returned to the burgesses, who in 1663 surrendered it to the king.  That monarch shortly afterwards presented it to Viscount Newport, afterwards Earl of Bradford.  The garrison at this time consisted of two companies with their officers; the daily expenses of which, as given in an old record, are stated at £8. 17s., or £3,230. 5s. per annum.  The Castle continued in a fortified state, and had a large magazine of arms, which was not removed till the reign of James II.  It is probable that the out-works were in a great measure destroyed, and its ancient chapel demolished, about this period.  The part still remaining was leased by the Earl of Bradford to Mr. Gosnell.  About the year 1730, this gentleman converted it into a gloomy habitation, in which state it remained until Sir William Pulteney repaired and greatly improved it.  The outer walls of the Castle are now undergoing a complete reparation by the present proprietor, the Duke of Cleveland.

The Castle stands boldly elevated on a considerable eminence on the narrow isthmus formed by the windings of the Severn, which in every other part, by surrounding Shrewsbury, formed a portion of its defence.  It has undergone so many changes, and has suffered so much from the dilapidations of time, that it is not easy to form any correct notion of its original state.  Its appearance does not convey an adequate idea of the size, stateliness, or the strength of a great baronial fortress, placed in so important a position as Shrewsbury was once esteemed.  The present buildings are of red free stone, and consist of the keep, the walls of the inner court, and the great arch of the interior gate.  How far the original fortifications extended cannot now be absolutely determined.  It is probable that the usual appendages of feudal castles, the outer court or ballium, with its strong gate, portcullis, and towers, once made part of the fortress, and extended, perhaps, beyond the Council House.  The keep is a square building of great strength, connected with two round towers, embattled and pierced, and originally consisted of one great apartment on each of the upper floors.  The interior as well as the exterior has been greatly altered.  In the vestibule is a statue of the founder, Roger de Montgomery.  A handsome stone staircase, of modern construction, leads from the vestibule to the principal apartments.  The drawing room, a spacious and handsome apartment, was used as a guard chamber in the time of Charles I.  A narrow stone staircase within the wall, lighted by chinks, leads to an apartment in the western tower, in which was a recess, with a strong groined ceiling, and small sharp pointed windows.  This building does not appear older than the time of Henry III.; the beams are of an immense size, and the walls are ten feet in thickness.  The battlements of the walls are pierced with narrow cruciform openings, called loops or oilets, which were intended for the convenience of the cross-bowmen.  The noble arch of the gateway is the only existing part of the original Norman fortress of Roger de Montgomery.  It is eighteen feet high, semi-circular, and with plain round facings; and its walls appear to have sustained a tower, from which hung the portcullis.  On the east side of the court is a postern, built probably in the time of Charles I., when p. 77the fortress was restored; and near it are the massive foundations of an ancient tower.  The Castle still retains one mark of its ancient dignity, for in the area of the inner court the knights of the shire are nominated, and from time immemorial have been girt with their swords by the sheriff.

On the south side of the court is a lofty mount, which rises abruptly from the Severn, the summit of which is crowned with ruinous walls, and an ancient watch tower for the purpose of descrying an enemy at a distance.  This was rebuilt about thirty years ago, and converted into a beautiful summer room, commanding a fine panoramic view, and now called Laura’s Tower.  From the above mount there is also a view of uncommon grandeur and beauty—the sides of the mount are richly clothed with foliage, the Severn winds majestically below—the eye of the spectator beholds in succession, the town, with its spires and turrets, its beautiful suburbs, and a wide sweep of finely wooded and diversified country, with the most extensive amphitheatre of mountains of which perhaps the island can boast.  The majestic Wrekin is connected by the hills of Acton Burnell and Frodesley with the towering heights of the Lawley and Caradoc, from whence the Long Mynd, Stiperstones, and Long Mountain, form an uninterrupted chain, with the bold and precipitous cliffs of Kefn-y-Castyr and Breddyn;—thence the horizon is bounded by the stupendous Berwin range, losing its blue summit in the clouds,—while the northern prospect is terminated by the humbler eminences of Grinshill, Pymhill, Hawkstone, and Haughmond.

When the frontier situation of Shrewsbury is considered, and that for four centuries it was, perhaps, the most important station on the marches of Wales, it is extraordinary that, though it has several times fallen into the enemies’ power by treachery and surprise, yet it never sustained more than two sieges, and those in rather early periods of its history.  This circumstance may partly be attributed to the slender hopes an adverse army must have entertained of reducing by regular approaches a place so strongly fortified both by nature and art; for it was not only defended by its castle, but by the river, and a wall which completely surrounded it.

The Town Walls.—The following account of the ancient walls of Shrewsbury is chiefly taken from Phillip’s history of the town:—The walls were built across the isthmus, from the castle down to the river on each side, by Robert de Belesme, son of Roger de Montgomery.  The other part of the walls surrounding the town was built in the reign of Henry III., who earnestly pressed the inhabitants to fortify and strengthen their borough, lest the enemy should surprise them unawares.  This part of the wall was thirty-two years in building; it was finished in 1252, to defray the charge of which the king, at sundry times, granted the burgesses leases of the tolls of the town, and other favours; among which, every barge laded with merchandise upon the river had to pay the charge of fourpence.  That part from the north end of the above-mentioned wall to the Welsh bridge, called Roushill, was built by Oliver Cromwell in the year 1645, the stone of which was brought from Shrawardine Castle.  The more accessible parts of the town walls, particularly on the south and south-western sides, were formerly strengthened by towers, which are now demolished, excepting one, situated near the Murivance; it is square, embattled, and of two stories high, lighted by narrow loop holes, the entrance of the upper story being from the top wall.  The only portions of the ancient walls now left standing are those on the north side of the town, extending from the Castle gates towards the Welsh bridge, and on the south-west side, where they stretch to a considerable distance.  Although reduced in height, and stripped of the battlements, they form an agreeable walk to the inhabitants of the town.

Gates and Posterns.—In an exchequer manuscript, without date, several gates or posterns are mentioned, to the keepers of which the coroners of the town delivered bolts and locks for their security.  Those at Shepelache and at Kaymeplace no traces of the names remain.  That called Bulgerlode was under the place formerly called the Gulph, at p. 78the bottom of the Wyle Cop, and Cleremont, on the top of Claremont Hill.  There were also gates in Milk Street, Barker Street, and Water Lane.  The latter only remains, and is memorable as the avenue through which the parliamentary forces were treacherously admitted into the town, at the siege of Shrewsbury, on February 22nd, 1644.

Streets, &c.  The following are some of the ancient names of the principal streets given in Phillips’ History of Shrewsbury, many of which have become obsolete.

Mardol, anciently written Marlesford, Mardefoie, and Mardvoll.  It had the name of Marlesford from the ford through the Severn at the bottom of the street, near the welsh bridge.

Chepynges-street.—An ancient name probably of the street leading from the Corn Market to Murivance.

Stalles.—The street leading from Mardol head to High-street.

High-street, formerly called Baxter’s-row, also Barker’s-row.

Ickeslode.—A lane that went from Dogpole to the Walls.

The Sextry was the Shutt from the passage from Kiln-lane to High-street.

Frankwell, anciently Frankvill; the Frank’s Vill, probably inhabited by the Franks, for in Doomsday book it is recorded that a part of the town containing 45 Burgase were inhabited by those people, who are there called Francigence.—This place seems to have been regarded as unconnected with the other part of the town; they had a strong work erected there for their defence, which at the time Shrewsbury was taken by the parliamentary forces surrendered upon bare quarter; and in the year 1640, when the plague began there, the inhabitants made an attempt to come into the town, but were beaten back by the bailiffs and townsmen.

Cheddelode.—A lane that went to the Severn, by Stury’s Close.

Bulgerlode.—A place at the bottom of the Wyle Cop, taken down in 1766.

Murivance.—A name of French extraction signifying before the walls, or within the walls.

Murivance-lane, led from the town wall down to the river.

Sheteplace, in old records written Sotteplace, and Soetteplace, is now called Shoplatch.  Behind the Walls, from its situation behind the walls, now the Quarry.

Priest’s-lane, led from the walls near the tower, to Murivance, now inclosed.

Romboldesham, now called Barber-street.

The Bailey.—That part of the town which lies before the castle.

Hound-street.—A street leading from the playhouse to Barber-street.

Grope-lane.—A narrow “shutt” leading from High-street to Fish street.

Corvisor’s-row.—The same as that which is now called Pride-hill.

Shoemakers’-row.—In Speed’s map the lower part of Pride-hill.

Hawmon-strete.—Probably that now called Castle-street, or Raven-street.

Merival.—At the east end of the New bridge.  Early in the 16th century, Merival was separated from the jurisdiction of the corporation, and considered a hamlet within the liberty of the town.

Altus Vicus.—The high pavement, near the Cross made in 1570.

Ancient Mansions.—The Council House, was so called from having been the residence of the Council of the Marches of Wales, during their occasional visits to Shrewsbury.  It is situated in the precincts of the Castle, on a bold acclivity which rises abruptly from the Severn, and commands a most delightful prospect of the surrounding country.  The house has been modernized, and divided into several tenements; that portion which comprises the hall and the great chamber over it, includes nearly the whole of the building which retains any resemblance of its original features.  It was built about the year 1501.  The unhappy Charles I. resided here for six weeks, upon the commencement of his troubles in 1642.  James II. on his visit to the town 24th August, 1687, held his court here.  These once magnificent apartments have been subdivided and despoiled of their rich furniture and beautiful stained glass.  A fine old porch, and the entrance p. 79hall with other relics have been carefully preserved.  The present proprietor, William James Clement, Esq., has furnished several of the apartments with antique oak furniture, elaborately carved.  The gateway of the council house is an interesting specimen of the style of architecture which prevailed in the early part of the 15th century.

The White Hall, situated near the Abbey Foregate, is a stately mansion, and exhibits a fine specimen of the Elizabethan style of architecture.  It is a lofty structure with numerous pointed gables; the roof is adorned with ornamental chimnies, and crowned with a central octagonal turret.  At the back of the mansion is a magnificent walnut tree, probably coeval with the house.  It was formerly the manorial seat of Richard Prince, Esq., by whom it was built in 1758.

Rowley’s, on Hill’s Mansion, said to have been the first brick building erected in Shrewsbury, was built in 1618, by William Rowley, Esq.  He amassed great wealth by fortunate speculations in Barbadoes.  His son, Roger Rowley, Esq., was the first person in this town who kept his carriage.  The daughter and heiress of the latter married John Hill, Esq., who lived in this mansion, from whom the street received the appellation of Hill’s-lane, instead of Knuckin-street.  The house has been unoccupied some time, it now presents a dilapidated appearance.

Ireland’s Mansion, situated in High-street, a noble timbered residence four stories high, terminating in pointed gables, was formerly the town residence of the ancient family of Ireland, long seated at Albrighton.  When entire it must have presented an imposing appearance; it is now divided into three excellent tenements.

Jones’s Mansion, situate near St. Mary’s Church, was built by Thomas Jones, Esq., who was appointed by Charles I. in 1638 the first mayor of Shrewsbury.  Subsequently the mansion became the residence of Chief Justice Jones.  The Duke of York was lodged here in 1624, during the stay of Charles I. in Shrewsbury, and Prince Rupert made it his residence after the battle of Worcester.

The Judges’ Lodgings, situated at Belmont, is a spacious residence purchased by the county in 1821, for providing suitable accommodation for the Judges during their attendance at the assizes.

In various parts of the town are seen many curious old timbered houses, interesting as specimens of the domestic architecture of the honest burghers of former days.  Nearly opposite the Butter Cross stood the mansion of the Prides, who gave their name to the street.  This house has been greatly modernized, and partly rebuilt.  In the Butchers’-row, is one of the largest, and supposed to be one of the oldest timber houses in the town.  History is silent as to the time or by whom it was erected.  It may have been the town mansion of the Abbot of Lilleshall, who had a residence in this part of the parish, and to which monastery the patronage of this church belonged.

Annals of the Town of Shrewsbury.

The following is a brief chronological sketch of the most remarkable events which have at different periods taken place in the town of Shrewsbury:—

A.D. 961—Land about Shrewsbury sold for one shilling per acre.  The price of an ox was 2s. 6d., a cow 2s., a sheep 1s., a pig 8d.

1110.—A great earthquake, and great mortality among men and cattle.

1225.—Three gallons of ale sold for one penny in the town, and four out of town.

1315.—The price of provisions settled by the bailiffs.—A corn fed ox 24s., a grass fed ox 16s., a cow 12s., a fat sheep 1s. 8d., a fat hog 3s. 4d., a goose 2d., a hen 1d., a capon 2d., four pigeons 1d., twenty-four eggs 1d.

1347.—A fine horse 6s. 8d., an ox 4s., a sheep 4d., a lamb 2d.

1349.—The sweating sickness desolated the town.

1421.—Rees-ap-Doe, a Welsh Esquire, was hanged, drawn, and quartered here for treason.

1454.—Wheat sold for 14d. a quarter (eight strikes).

1490.—Wheat sold for one shilling and eightpence a bushel.

p. 801509.—Provision made for building upon waste land and repairing decayed houses, by an Act of Parliament.

1519.—A general Chapter of the Grey Friars held here.

1520.—Griffith Wickham drawn through the town and afterwards hanged.

1532.—George Goldsmith drawn through the town and afterwards hanged, for coining money.

1537.—The plague raged frightfully during this year.

1542.—Rowland Lee, Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, burned before the high altar of St. Chad’s church.

1563.—The bailiffs agree that no foreigner should be a freeman of the town without paying £10 and the usual fees.

1570.—Two men killed by the falling of the clapper out of St. Wenefrede’s bell, in the Abbey Church.

1571.—Humphrey Onslow built the chapel of our Lady in St. Chad’s church, and paved the causeway from the Lord’s place, (the Council House) to the cross, at his own cost.

1575.—That fearful malady, the plague, again visited Shrewsbury.

1581.—John Capper, clerk of the Abbey Church, was hanged at Kingsland for treason.

1582.—John Prestige was hanged upon a gibbet near the abbey mill, for the murder of his wife.

1588.—Richard Reynolds was put into the pillory and had both his ears cut off, for setting fire to a sheep-cote.

1591.—After the assizes in September, eight men were hanged at the Old Heath, one of whom was hung in chains there.

1596.—Wheat sold for 20s. a bushel, rye for 16s. a bushel.

1630.—Great numbers died of the plague.  In 1632 and 1634—many fell victims to the same malady.

1647.—December 23rd.  A woman was burnt in the dingle of the quarry for poisoning her husband.

1683.—An earthquake felt here, February 7; a dreadful fire in the Abbey Foregate.

1708.—Wheat sold for 9s. a bushel, muncorn 8s., rye 7.

1715.—It being the time of the rebellion new gates were made to the walls and the trained band called together.

1726.—Lamps were put up in several parts of the town, at the expense of the several parishes.

1727.—An earthquake felt here.  A great meeting of quakers from all parts of England.

The judges of the assize were refused the usual compliments by the mayor, on which account the next assize was held at Bridgnorth.

1756.—Thirty-seven colliers brought to gaol for rioting and committing outrages in the county; four died in gaol, and two were executed.

1758.—The country butchers were again admitted to sell meat in the town, and shambles were erected for them near St. Alkmund’s church.

1762.—A great fire happened in New-street, Frankwell, on the 23rd February.

1766.—February 12th, 13th, and 14th, there fell a great snow in Shrewsbury, which lay on the ground several days, eighteen inches deep.

1772.—A smart shock of an earthquake was felt, which occasioned much terror and consternation.

1774.—On Good Friday, April 1st, a fire broke out in the Abbey Foregate, by which forty-seven houses were burnt down, and several others much damaged.

1775.—September 8th, the inhabitants were much alarmed with the shock of an earthquake; in the midst of a calm a rumbling noise much like that of a strong wind was heard; this was soon followed by two tremulous motions of the earth, succeeding each other instantaneously.

p. 811778.—The Shropshire militia marched from Shrewsbury on May 7 to Bridgnorth, where they were reviewed; from thence they marched into Kent.

1780.—A stage coach began to run between Shrewsbury and Holyhead.

1782.—Baron Hotham laid a fine of £2000 upon the county, till they should build a new Shire Hall; the new hall was built 1786.

1789.—July 23rd, T. Phipps, a lawer, and his son, just twenty years of age, were executed at the old heath for forgery; Mr. Phipps had an income of about £300 a year from landed property.

1793.—May 13th, the first stone of the new Welsh bridge was laid.

1794.—April 28th, John Pritchard died in Frankwell in the 101st year of his age; he had ten children by the first wife, and twenty-two by the second.

1795.—February 7th to 11th, one of the greatest floods ever remembered in the Severn; Mr. Johnson and his man were both drowned in endeavouring to recover a large barrel.

1802.—A sturgeon eight feet six inches long, three feet four inches in girth, and weighing 192lbs. was caught near the wear below the castle.

1809.—February 7.  The suburbs of the town deeply inundated by the Severn.

1811.—May 27th.  An extraordinary flood in the Meole Brook, which inundated all the houses in Coleham, situated near the confluence of the brook with the river Severn, and caused the latter river to rise four feet in less than ten minutes; although the Meole Brook is an inconsiderable stream, the rush of water actually turned the current of the Severn at its confluence with that river.

1811.—August 24th.  Four persons executed on the new drop for a burglary at Betton, near Market Drayton.

1814.—June 30th.  Lord Hill paid a visit to Shrewsbury after the peace of Paris.  The day was one of general festivity among the inhabitants; thousands went out to meet him, and in the evening partook of tea in the quarry.  On the 17th of December the first stone was laid of the column in honour of Lord Hill.

1827.—July 19th.  First stone of the new infirmary laid by General Lord Hill; opened for the reception of patients September, 1830.

1828.—August 4th.  Three persons executed on the new drop of the county gaol for murder.  On the 24th of the same month Ann Harris was executed for the same offence.

1831.—February 10th.  In consequence of the sudden melting of the snow, the suburbs of the town were deeply inundated.

Though the flood in 1831 was considered a very high one, according to evidence of brass plates affixed to the inside of the window jambs of a house in Frankwell, the Severn at that end of the town was 3½ inches lower than the great flood in 1795.  The lowest plate bears the following inscription:—

“This is to let you know
The Severn up to me did flow.
   December 21, anno 1672.”

A second plate two inches above the preceding, records—

“To this line flowed Severn.
      November 8, 1770.”

On the third plate six inches higher than the second is inscribed—

“This plate is fixed to let you know
That Severn to this line did flow.
      February 11, 1795.”

1832.—The cholera morbus in its destructive career through the kingdom visited Shrewsbury, when about a hundred persons fell victims to that direful malady.

1849.—The cholera again made its appearance in Shrewsbury; the fatal cases were fewer than in 1832.

p. 82CHARITIES.

Sir Thomas White, in 1566, bequeathed certain monies for charitable uses, in respect of which £100 is annually paid to twenty-four corporate towns in rotation (Salop being one), to be lent out, without interest, for a period of ten years, to poor young men of the said towns.

Robert Allen, by will 24th August, 1568, bequeathed £200 to be lent out to the poor inhabitants of the town of Salop, in sums of £10, to be held for three years; each recipient to find a bondsman for the repayment of the same at the expiration of the term, and to pay 4d. per annum, to be divided among the inmates of the almshouses of St. Mary and St. Chad.

Paul Clarke, April 15th, 1606, bequeathed £20 to be lent out, in sums of £10, to persons of his name and kindred only for the space of two years, and then to be returned to the bailiffs of the town, to be again put forth by the said bailiffs, from time to time, on sufficient security being given for the repayment of the same.

Sir Samuel Jones, by will, dated 10th March, 1670, gave to the town of Shrewsbury £500, to be employed for the setting poor people on work there, which sum he directed should he paid to the mayor and corporation of the said town, and should be by them, from time to time, lent on good security, without interest, to young tradesmen who should set up there.

Rev. John Hilton, in 1697, bequeathed £50 in trust to the mayor and corporation, to be lent out to five young tradesmen of the town, £10 to each, for the term of five years, interest free.

The foregoing abstracts are taken from the recitals in a decree of the Court of Chancery, made in the year 1772, in a cause between the attorney-general and the mayor, aldermen, and burgesses, of the town of Shrewsbury.  By this decree it was ordered that the sum of £2,404. 14s. 6d., found to be in the hands of the corporation, should be apportioned to the preceding charities, in a ratio proportionate to their several bequests.  It appears that shortly after these proceedings in Chancery, the whole of the funds of these charities were lost; that a sum exceeding £3,000 was raised by subscription to replace the money so lost, which was subsequently repaid to the subscribers by the corporation.  In addition to the above sum found to be in the hands of the corporation, two sums of £100 each have been since received from Sir Thomas White’s charity, leaving £2,596. 5s. 3d. in the hands of the corporation to be accounted for.  In lending out the different sums of money, particular attention is paid to the directions of the several donors.  No applications for loans are refused, provided the parties are properly qualified, and sufficient securities are proposed.

David Lloyd ap Rogers, by will, bearing date May 1st, 1623, devised certain premises at Frankwell, in trust to the bailiffs and burgesses of the town of Shrewsbury, and directed out of the yearly income thereof, 10s. to be paid to the minister of St. Chad, 10s. to be employed in repairing the bridges in Shrewsbury, 10s. to be expended in repairing Buttington bridge, in the county of Montgomery, and the residue thereof to be distributed to the poor of the parish of St. Chad.  The premises now consist of two tenements, the estimated value of which is upwards of £30 per annum.

Henry Smith’s Charity.—The corporation are in possession of an estate in Chelmick, purchased with part of the personal property given by Henry Smith for charitable uses.  It consists of a farm house, outbuildings, and 129a. 2r. 15p. of land.  In 1805, upon the enclosure of the waste lands, an allotment was set out to the corporation; but the situation was remote from the remainder of the farm, and it was accordingly sold for £201. 10s.; £100 of which was subsequently laid out in improving the farm, and the residue put out at interest.  The income arising from the above sources amounts to £85. 1s. 6d., which is carried to the Burlton estate account.

In an old book of accounts, belonging to the corporation of Shrewsbury, there is an entry stating that gifts and legacies had been given to the poor of the town of Shrewsbury p. 83previously to the year 1663, amounting in the whole to £1,301. 11s. 11d.  The principal legacy is one of £300, left by William Spurstow.  Six other donors left legacies of £100 each, and the remainder is made up of smaller items.  In the whole there are names given of twenty-four several donors.  The sum of £1,200 was laid out in the purchase of an estate at Burlton.  In 1796 a sum of £925, which arose from the sale of timber on the estate, was laid out in the purchase of the tithes of corn, grain, and hay, in the said parish.  In 1829, the sum of £264. 12s. was received for timber cut on the estate; and in the same year £266. 9s. was expended in rebuilding and improving the farm premises, £50 of which had been advanced by the tenant.  The income derived from the Burlton estate and the farm at Chelmick, belonging to the charity of Henry Smith, amounts to £297. 7s. 6d. per annum.  The principal part of this income is applied in putting out apprentices, with a premium of £10 each, and in distributing coals among the necessitous poor.

James Phillips, Esq., of London, in 1661, devised certain tenements in the borough of Southwark, in trust to the corporation of Shrewsbury, out of the rents and profits thereof, to maintain a lecture on the Thursday in every week in the year, in the parish churches of Ellesmere, Oswestry, Whitchurch, and Shrewsbury; such lectures to be delivered by able and orthodox divines.  The residue of the said rents to be expended in gowns or clothes for the poor people of the said parishes.  In 1825, the corporation sold two tenements, situated in the parish of St. Saviour, left by the same donor, for the sum of £1,685, which was laid out in the purchase of £2,146. 10s. three per cent. consols.  Out of the income, amounting to £232. 7s. 10d. per annum, there has been appropriated for many years £10 per annum to the officiating ministers of Ellesmere, Oswestry, Whitchurch, and Shrewsbury; and the residue is expended in flannel, and distributed among the poor of the above-mentioned parishes.

Edward Donne, in 1668, bequeathed £200, and directed his executors to dispose of the same in the purchase of lands, and lay out the yearly proceeds in apprentice fees, upon poor children born in the parishes of St. Chad, St. Mary, St. Alkmund, and St. Julian.  It appears the amount was invested in a rent charge of £10 per annum, arising from certain lands situated at Bulchey, Bryn-y-Koppall, and Wollaston.  Dr. Gardiner took possession of this property under the will of his father, in 1801, and considerable arrears were allowed to accumulate in his hands.  He, however, in March, 1801, offered to discharge the arrears by paying £60 a-year till the whole were liquidated, and to pay the amount of the rent charge in future to the corporation.

William Jones.—From an entry in one of the books of the Company of Drapers, in the town of Shrewsbury, under the date of March, 1653, we learn that William Jones conveyed the manor of Wigmore, in the parish of Westbury, upon trust, that there should yearly be paid out of the said premises £11. 6s. 8d. to the master warden and assistants; £10 thereof to be yearly distributed among the most necessitous poor of the town of Salop, more especially those dwelling in the parishes of St. Mary and St. Alkmund.  The residue, £1. 6s. 8d., to be paid to the Vicar of St. Alkmund, for reading morning prayers.

Widow Baugh bequeathed twenty marks per annum; one-third thereof for the better maintenance of the minister of St. Chad, and the other two parts to the relief of the poor of Shrewsbury.  Certain lands in Preston Montford are charged with the payment of the twenty marks, or £13. 6s. 8d., one-third of which has been paid to the minister of St. Chad, and two-thirds thereof to the directors of the House of Industry for the united parishes of the town of Shrewsbury.  [We conceive that the two-thirds of the annuity which has usually been paid to the directors of the House of Industry, in aid of the parish rates, ought to be discontinued; and the amount distributed among proper objects of charity in the town of Shrewsbury, according to the intentions of the donor.]

John Allatt, by will, bearing date 7th April, 1792, after bequeathing certain legacies directed all his personal estate, not specifically disposed of, to be held in trust, to apply p. 84such sums as the trustees should think proper in the erection of a school house and residences for the teachers; and the residue to be invested in government stock, to be applied in support of the school.  By a codicil to his will, dated October 31st, 1796, he directed £1,600 to be invested in the three per cent. consols, the dividends thereof to be expended in the purchase of gowns for poor widows, poor single women not less than the age of 40 years, and coats for poor men of the age of 50 years and upwards.  The testator died in 1796, and the school buildings were erected in 1800, at an expense of upwards of £1,500.  In addition to the sum laid out in erecting the school premises, £4,497. 4s. was laid out in the purchase of three per cent. consols, and also the sum of £1,600 left for the purpose of providing clothing for the poor.  With the former, £8,743 stock was purchased; and with the latter, £3,257.  Subsequent purchases have been made with the surplus of the income; and a legacy of £45 left for the same use, by the will of Sarah Mason, in 1809.  There is, therefore, now a capital of £14,000, of which the dividends of £10,800 are appropriated as the educational fund, and £3,400 as the clothing fund.

Sarah Darley, by will, 29th January, 1821, bequeathed £100 upon trust, and directed the yearly produce should be applied in the purchase of four tons of coals, for the use and benefit of all the prisoners who might be confined in the county gaol of Shrewsbury; and that the residue should be applied in aid of the prison charity.  And she further bequeathed £500, to be placed out at interest by her executors, and the interest applied in releasing one or more debtor or debtors who should be confined in the gaol of Shrewsbury, but who, through misfortune, is forced into confinement; and that particular regard should he paid to those whose families should be suffering from their confinement.

Esther Jones, by will, dated 2nd July, 1823, bequeathed to the treasurer for the time being of the county of Salop, £300 three per cent. consols, upon trust, to apply the dividends towards the relief of the industrious poor prisoners, who should, from time to time, be confined in Salop gaol.

Upon a table, containing the benefactions to poor prisoners, it is stated that Isaac Hawkins, Esq., bequeathed £100, in 1803; Rowland Hunt, Esq., in 1810, gave £25; and that Mrs. Knight gave £25.  In respect of Hawkins’ gift, there is a sum of £189. 11s. 6d. three per cent. consols, the dividends of which amount to £5. 13s. 8d.; and in respect of the two latter benefactions, the sum of £75. 3s. 9d., three per cent. consols, producing £2. 5s. yearly.  The amount of these subscriptions is paid over to the treasurer of the prison charities, and is added to subscriptions raised for the purpose of enabling debtors to gain a livelihood while in confinement, to reward them for good behaviour, and to furnish them with implements on quitting prison to support themselves and their families; and also to encourage industry and good behaviour in criminal prisoners, and to furnish them with the means of returning home.  The subscriptions usually amount to upwards of £70 per annum, and the whole is applied under the direction of the visiting magistrates.

Samuel Shuker, by will, 18th June, 1821, gave to John Edwards, Esq., £1,200, upon trust, to purchase therewith a government annuity, determinable on the death of Mary Watkins; and if she should marry, or dispose of the said annuity, the proceeds should thenceforth be applied for the benefit of the Infirmary of Shrewsbury.  The testator also devised to another person a copyhold messuage and premises in Twickenham for her life.  And upon her marrying, or disposing of her life interest, he directed his trustees to sell the same, and stand possessed of the monies arising from the sale thereof, for the benefit of the said Infirmary.

PARISH OF ST. ALKMUND.

Charities.—Robert Owen, by will, bearing date 14th March, 1603, gave £40, and directed the interest to be distributed to the poor; William Williams, and Sarah Street, each gave £5 for the same purpose; George Lyndon, in 1706, bequeathed £50 for the benefit of p. 85the poor; Esther Hill gave £5; Honour Dryden, in 1715, gave £20; Edward Donne directed the interest of £20 to be given among poor housekeepers receiving no alms; Elizabeth Hanmer gave £20, the yearly proceeds to be expended in bread for the poor; Lucy Minors, in 1692, gave £10, the interest to be distributed in bread among the poor of the parish, on St. Luke’s day, yearly; Thomas Jones, Esq., gave to the parish of St. Alkmund £50, out of the yearly proceeds the clerk of the parish to have 10s. yearly for his care in looking after the testator’s tomb in the church, and the residue to be distributed among the poor parishioners; Thomas Lloyd, in 1721, bequeathed £20 to the minister and churchwardens of St. Alkmund, on trust, to place the same out at interest, and to pay 10s. yearly to the minister for preaching a sermon in the parish church on the 1st of November, yearly; 9d. to the sexton and clerk for officiating on that day, and the remainder to be distributed in twopenny loaves immediately after the sermon on the 1st of November.  Of the several legacies above-mentioned amounting to £245, it appears that certain lands were purchased in Meole Brace and Coton, with part of the money, and the residue invested in the purchase of £175 three per cent. consols.  The stock was subsequently sold, and there is now a sum of £200 secured on bond, the interest of which £10 per annum, and the yearly sum of £5. 5s., to which is added £2 10s., arising from the charity of Jane Brooks; with these sums bread is purchased, and sixty-three penny loaves are given away on the Sunday after St. Thomas’s day, and on every succeeding Sunday till the whole is exhausted.  The rents of the land above-mentioned, amounting to £35 per annum, are given away every St. Thomas’s day, among the most necessitous poor of the parish, in sums varying from 3s. to 12s., a preference being given to those not receiving parish relief.

Sarah Brook, in 1760, left a rent charge of £5 per annum, issuing out of certain lands in Uffington, the amount to be paid to the churchwardens and overseers of the parish of St. Alkmund, and St. Julian, in Shrewsbury, to each parish 50s., to be by them respectively laid out in twopenny loaves, and given among poor, old, and decayed people of honest life.

Ann Parry gave to the churchwardens and overseers of the parish of St. Alkmund £20 to be placed out at interest, and the proceeds to be paid to four widows of the said parish yearly at Christmas.  Francis Wingfield, in 1813 bequeathed £20, the interest to be distributed to poor persons of the parish on St. Thomas’s day yearly.  These two legacies are held by the churchwardens, for which £2 yearly is paid as interest; the churchwardens and overseers distribute the interest according to the donors’ intentions.

Josina Pemberton, by a codicil to her will, bearing date 17th September, 1817, desired that her sister would pay yearly, during her life, the sum of two guineas, to the churchwardens for the time being of each of the parishes of St. Mary, St. Julian, and St. Alkmund, to be by them respectively laid out in coals, and distributed among the poor of the respective parishes, and she requested that her nephew, Robert N. Pemberton, would continue the annual payment during his life.  The amount is laid out in coal, and distributed among thirty poor housekeepers on new year’s day.

PARISH OF ST. CHAD.

Charities.—Millington’s Hospital.—James Millington, by his will, bearing date 8th February, 1734, devised the greater part of his ample fortune for the erection and endowment of an hospital and free school.  The hospital is pleasantly situated upon elevated ground in Frankwell, and consists of a handsome pedimented front with a stone portico; the central portion comprises the chapel and school room, and the houses of the master and mistress, and in the wings on each side are the apartments of the hospitallers.  The property purchased by the trustees in 1753 and 1794 is wholly situated in the parish of Llanvair Waterdine, in the county of Salop, and in the parish of Beguildy, in the county of Radnor, except an estate of 15a. 0r. 9p., situate in the parish of Kinnerley.  The entire property comprises 2,429a. 2r. 9p. of land, and produces a yearly income of p. 86£1227.  The hospital consists of twelve in-hospitallers and ten out-hospitallers.  These persons are appointed by the trustees as vacancies occur.  They are required to be parishioners of St. Chad, and inhabitants of that part of the parish called Frankwell.  No persons are selected except poor decayed housekeepers, and the preference has usually been given to females.  Each of the in-hospitallers has a dwelling house in the hospital, consisting of a room above and another below, with a small garden, and other conveniences.  The four senior of the out-hospitallers are allowed to occupy four sets of apartments over the schools, and they generally succeed as vacancies occur to the situation of in-hospitallers.  Each of the inmates receives £10 10s. a year by quarterly payments, and three tons of coals, and a sixpenny loaf every Wednesday and Saturday.  They are also supplied with a certain quantity of clothing.  The out-hospitallers receive £4 per annum, and each has a like allowance of bread and clothing.  A clergyman of the church of England is paid a salary of £50 a year as chaplain.  He attends at the hospital every school day and reads prayers to the scholars and in-hospitallers, and the first Thursday in every month catechises the children.  The minister in addition to his yearly stipend receives one guinea for preaching a sermon on the 12th of August.  In the schools twenty-five boys and twenty-five girls are instructed.  The schoolmaster receives £50 a year, and the mistress of the girls’ school £42 per annum, and each of them has an allowance of coal.  The scholars are the children of parishioners of St. Chad’s, living in Frankwell, and are appointed by the trustees.  They are admitted between six and nine years of age, and are allowed to remain till they are fourteen.  During their stay in the school they are completely clothed and supplied with books and stationery; and when they are of sufficient age, the boys are bound out to trades, and the girls placed out in service.  A premium of £10 is allowed with each apprentice, and £5 is paid to them when they have completed their time.  The girls are allowed £3 when going out to service, and a like sum as a reward for good behaviour afterwards.  There is a good garden for the schoolmaster and mistress, and a plot of garden ground for each of the twelve hospitallers, which they generally let for their own benefit, being worth about £2 per annum.

St. Chad’s Almshouses, situated on the east side of old St. Chad’s church yard, consist of eleven miserable tenements, containing one room each.  They are extremely dilapidated, there being no fund for keeping them in repair.  It is stated that they were founded in 1409, by one Bennet Tupton, a common brewer, and that there were formerly thirteen tenements, but that two fell down.  They were endowed in 1640, by David Ireland, with a rent charge of £4 per annum, issuing out of land in Lythwood, and a further rent charge of £3. 18s., the gift of the widow of Mr. Ireland, which is also payable out of land in the same place.  There is also a yearly sum of £1 6s., payable out of a piece of land in Sutton Lane, left by Robert Owen, and a small payment of 2s. 2d. yearly, made by the Mercers’ company.  These several sums amounting in the whole to £9. 6s. 2d. are distributed in equal proportions among the inmates.  The Rev. Richard Scott, B.D., bequeathed £150 in 1848, and directed the interest to be expended in coals for the poor of St. Chad’s almshouses.

Richard Lleweylln, who was bailiff of Shrewsbury in 1637, devised certain lands in the township of Shelton, and directed the yearly income to be employed in binding out poor children apprentices born in the parish of St. Chad; the children of his kindred to be preferred.  The property left by the testator produces an income of about £12. 12s. per annum.

Thomas Owen, one of the justices of the court of common pleas in 1598, devised to the bailiffs and commonalty of the town of Salop the yearly rent of his farm at Calcott, and directed that they should employ the profits thereof in giving assistance to poor decayed householders of the parish of St. Chad.  This gift in after times merged into a rent charge of £20 per annum.  The amount is now received by the chamberlain of the corporation, and distributed with the produce of the following charity.

p. 87Edward Owen, by will, dated 25th November, 1612, gave to the bailiff and burgesses of the town of Salop a rent charge of £10 per annum, issuing out of his lands in Kilgurgan, in the county of Montgomery, the same to be distributed among 200 of the poorest holders in the parish of St. Chad, wherein he was born.  This sum of £10 is carried to one account with that of £20 derived from Thomas Owen’s charity, and £1 10s. from the gift of David Lloyd ap Rogers, and distributed on the first Thursday in the year to poor persons in the parish of St. Chad.

Thomas Edwards, in 1641, charged certain lands in the parish of Middle, with the payment of £12 per annum, 20s. thereof annually to be given to poor maidens at their marriage, £10 to be distributed among the poor of the town, and £2 to be paid to the curate of St. Chad.

Richard Winne, in 1679, gave £100 to the Haberdashery Company, London, on their giving a covenant to pay £5 yearly to the minister and churchwarden of the parish of St. Chad, for the benefit of the poor.  This gift is distributed by the churchwardens among twenty poor widows.

Hester Farmer, by will, 1691, devised a parcel of land in Castle Foregate, and directed the rents to be paid successively to the several parishes of St. Chad, Guilsfield, Kinnerley, and Great Ness.  The land produces £23 per annum, and once in four years the amount is distributed in small sums among the poor of St. Chad’s parish.

Elizabeth Williams, in 1712, charged certain lands at Llansianfraid, in the county of Montgomery, with the payment of 40s, yearly, to the minister of St. Chad, upon trust, to dispose of 20s. thereof yearly, for clothing two of the poorest boys in the parish of St. Chad, and the remaining 20s. in buying coats or gowns for three poor women.

Francis Swift, in 1717, bequeathed £100 to the churchwardens and overseers of the parish.  This gift was laid out in the purchase of three tenements, in Shrewsbury, for a workhouse; together with £100 arising from the charity of Gabriel Rogers; £10 the charity of John Lloyd; £10 given for a distribution of bread, and £100 given to the parish officers for the general benefit of the inhabitants.  This workhouse was sold about the year 1799, and out of the sale £220, the amount of the several sums given for charitable uses, with the further sum of £40, the gift of John Lloyd, was lent on the security of the Shrewsbury House of Industry, bearing interest at five per cent.  In respect of Swift’s gift, £5 is given among poor persons in sums varying from 2s. 6d. to 5s. each.

Martha and Mary Harwood’s Charities.—There is an annual sum of upwards of £80 arising from an estate, at Faxley, and a dwelling house situated in Belmont, Shrewsbury, which is distributed among poor decayed housekeepers and aged widows, chiefly parishioners of St. Chad, excepting £5 per annum which is used as a clothing fund for poor widows.  There were two houses in Belmont, devised by Mary Harwood in 1734; but they were subsequently converted into one.

Josena Pemberton, by a codicil to her will, dated 10th December, 1817, desired that her sister would pay yearly during her life the sum of five guineas, to be laid out in coals for the poor; and she further desired that her nephew, Rev. Robert N. Pemberton, would, within one month of her sister’s decease, lay out the sum of £100 in the names of the trustees, or some other safe security, and apply the annual income in purchasing coals for poor needy persons of the parish of St. Chad.  When the Charity Commissioners published their report, Miss Pemberton and her nephew were both living, and the annual sum of £5. 5s. was paid to the churchwardens.

Easter Jones, in 1823, bequeathed to the minister and churchwardens of the parish of St. Chad £400 three per cent consols, in trust, to distribute the yearly dividends every Easter Monday, in proportions of 10s. each, to twenty-four poor women of the said parish.

Mary Jukes, by will, in 1700, devised certain premises on Claremont Hill, and directed the yearly income to be appropriated to charitable uses.  The property consists of four p. 88houses, producing a yearly rental of £46; out of which 10s. is paid to the vicar for an annual sermon, one moiety paid in apprentice fees, and the residue distributed among the poor.

Edward Tomkis, by will bearing date 24th January, 1771, bequeathed £400 upon trust, that the interest should be annually spent in buying twelve blue coats for men, and twelve gowns and petticoats of the same colour for an equal number of women.  In respect of this Charity, there is a sum of £717. 10s. three per cent. consols, the dividends of which amount to £21. 10s. 6d.  The amount is expended in coats and gowns, except a yearly sum of £5 which has been given to the Vicar of Meole Brace for clothing poor boys, belonging to St. Chad’s, but resident in Meole Brace.

Hopton Estate Charity.—The following legacies were noticed on a table of benefactions put up in the Church in 1640, viz.:—Sarah Giles, £50; John Hill, £50; Henry Swinnerton, £50; Stephen Rogers, £50; Thomas Phillips, £10; John Cotton, £50; Hester Lloyd, £100; Thomas Cotton, £10; John Hall, £20; Richard Lloyd, £10.  These several sums may have formed the purchase money of the Hopton estate, as it is stated it was purchased with the proper money of the poor of the parish of St. Chad; but it does not state the source from whence the money was obtained.  The estate consists of 83a. 1r. 37p. of land, with farm house and out-buildings, the whole of which was let on lease in 1748, for 99 years, at a yearly rental of £15.  The farm is valued at upwards of £100 a-year.  Of the rent one moiety has been paid in aid of the National Schools, and the other to the general fund of the poor.

Astley Estate Charities.—The estate at Astley consists of a farm house with outbuildings and lands, containing together 120a. 3r. 27p., let at a yearly rental of £100.  The following legacies are mentioned in a book containing an account of the Charities of the parish, as having been laid out on the estate.  Benjamin Muckleston gave £40, the interest to be expended in coats for poor boys; Susanah Loxon £200, for a weekly distribution of bread; Elias Evans, £20; William Peers, £20; and Elizabeth Hamer, £20, also for a distribution of bread.  Thomas Bright, in 1730, gave £20 per annum, payable to the minister of Astley, for preaching every Lord’s day throughout the year.  There is a sum of £260, the produce of the sale of timber cut on the Astley estate in 1804, which is secured on the Shrewsbury House of Industry, and for which interest is paid at the rate of five per cent.  Out of the rents and interest above mentioned, being £113 per annum, there is paid £20 to the chapelwardens of Astley; £3 for the repairs of the chapel; £3. 9s. 5d. for land tax and chief rent; £2 for purchasing four coats for poor boys, and the remainder is carried to the general charity account for a distribution of bread.

William Spurtson bequeathed £100 which was expended in the purchase of a rent charge of £6 per annum, issuing out of certain messuages in Burleton.  The amount is carried to the general charity account hereafter mentioned.  Rowland Newett bequeathed £10; John Lloyd, £10; Richard Mather, £20; John Dodd, £20, for a distribution of bread—and a further sum of £10, given by an unknown donor, with the above is carried to the general charity account.  There is also a sum of £200 secured on the Church of St. Chad, which was lent from an accumulation of charity money.  The surplus of the produce of the several charities before mentioned, not specifically applied, is carried to one general account, and disposed of chiefly in bread.  There is also, occasionally, a sum of money distributed by the churchwardens.

Nathaniel Tench, in 1674, conveyed the lands and tithes of the farm and grange of Crow Meole, in trust, to pay the yearly proceeds to the minister of St. Chad’s, on condition that he preached an anniversary sermon on the 6th of June, yearly, being the birth-day of the said N. Tench; and in case the minister should refuse or neglect to preach the said sermon, or should not reside, or not personally officiate in the said parish, then the rents and profits thereof should be distributed among the poor of St. Chad’s parish.  The value is about £160 per annum.

p. 89Lost Charities.—Eleanor Griffith gave £40; John Atkins, £20; Thomas Clemson, £10; Elizabeth Forster, £30; Mary Bowdewin, £20; and Mrs. Pigott, £20.  Up to the year 1747, the interest of the several benefactions above mentioned was paid out of the churchwardens’ account.  Subsequent to the year 1747, a considerable sum was for many years disposed of annually in bread, but it does not appear from what benefactions such bread was provided; and from this period there is no distinct trace of the several gifts above mentioned.  Mary Pelton left £2. 10s., yearly, and Hester Lloyd bequeathed £100; it appears that formerly apprentice fees were paid from the interest of this money, the last was in the year 1755.  There is now no evidence to shew how the capital has been appropriated.

John Evans, in 1844, bequeathed £150, in trust, to the minister and churchwardens of St. Chad’s, and directed the interest to be distributed among poor persons, not receiving parochial relief.

The Rev. Richard Scott, B.D., in 1848, bequeathed £300, in trust, to the minister of St. Chad’s, to apply the interest yearly, in purchasing coals for the necessitous poor of the parish.

PARISH OF HOLY CROSS.

Charities.—St. Giles’ Hospital, situated near St. Giles’ Church, was originally established for the reception of persons afflicted with leprosy.  Henry II., for the support of the hospitallers, granted 30s. yearly out of the rent of the county of Salop, and a handful of two hands of every sack of corn, and a handful of one hand of every sack of flour exposed for sale in Shrewsbury market.  Henry III., in 1232, gave a horse load of wood, daily, from his wood of Lythwood.  The right of nominating the inmates of the hospital is exercised by the Earl of Tankerville, and the following payments are made to them by one of his lordship’s agents:—To each of the four inmates, 1s. 6d. per week; 3s. at midsummer for coals; and 12s. 6d. at Christmas for a garment

Peter Langley, in 1650, gave £200 for charitable uses, and John and Jonathan Langley bequeathed £100 for the same purpose.  These gifts were laid out in the purchase of lands and premises in Castle Foregate, which produced an income of £82 per annum at the time the Charity Commissioners published their report.  The amount is distributed in sums, varying from 2s. to 10s., among the most aged and needy parishioners.

Mathusalem Jones charged an estate at Underdale with the payment of so much money, as should furnish five coats for men and five garments for women, to be given to ten paupers every 5th of November.

Elizabeth Prynce, in 1711, bequeathed £100, and directed the same to be laid out in lands or hereditaments, the yearly produce thereof to be distributed among the poorest inhabitants of the parish.  There are no deeds in the parish relating to the laying out of this bequest; but the property supposed to have been purchased therewith consists of four cottages in the Abbey Foregate, producing a yearly rental of £4. 10s. each.

Thomas Doughty bequeathed £50, the interest thereof to be laid out in bread.  This bequest, and five others, amounting in the whole to £85, were probably carried to the church account, as the interest, £3. 18s., has been considered as a charge upon the estate held by the parish.  The amount is expended in bread, which is given away every Sunday.

Thomas Jenkins, Esq., in 1730, directed that six poor people, parishioners of Holy Cross, should be clothed once in every year.  Three poor men and three poor women are supplied with coats and gowns at the expense of R. Jenkins, Esq., of Bicton.

Thomas Talbot Gorsuch, by a codicil to his will, bearing date 4th June, 1819, gave to the vicar and churchwardens of the parish of Holy Cross and St. Giles, £300 three per cent. reduced annuities, upon trust, to distribute the interest to such poor persons of the said parish as should be most regular in attendance at divine service in the parish there, and be the most deserving objects of charity.  Not less than ten shillings to be given to each poor person.

p. 90There is an entry in the old churchwardens’ book, under the date of 1634, reciting that divers lands and messuages had been formerly given to the repair of the churches of Holy Cross and St. Giles, and so decreed by commission of charitable uses, James II.  The amount of these rents, £127. 4s. 10d., with such payments as are received for opening graves and for pew rents, the two latter amounting to about £20 per annum, supply the place of a church rate, and are sufficient for the repairs and ornaments of the two churches in this parish.

ST. MARY’S PARISH.

Charities.—St. Mary’s Almshouses were founded by the Company of Drapers, at a very early period, and are usually called the Drapers’ Almshouses.  They appear to have been remodelled in 1461, during the wardenship of Degory Watur, a draper of Shrewsbury, who devoted a portion of his substance towards their endowment.  This beneficent man is said to have “dwellyd in the almeshouse hall amongst the poor,” and when deprived of sight, and bowed with the weight of ninety-six years, he daily accompanied the participators of his bounty to the “church of our lady,” where he “wold kneele amongst them in a fayre longe pewe made for them and hym selfe.”  In his will, dated 28th July, 1477, he devised certain lands to the wardens of the Drapers’ Company, to “sufficientlie susteyne poore people in St. Mary Allmeshouse.”  Other charitable individuals have made subsequent additions to the endowment, which are under the management of the Drapers’ Company.  The old almshouses stood on the west side of St. Mary’s church-yard, and having become much dilapidated, were taken down in 1825, when the stun of £476. 16s. was awarded to the Company of Drapers, as a compensation for the site and materials for the purpose of improving the town.  The company then purchased a piece of ground on the opposite side of the street, for £750, and they have since built sixteen tenements, at an expense of about £2,000.  The inmates receive about £6 per annum, and are appointed by the Drapers’ Company from amongst the poor parishioners of St. Mary’s.

Elizabeth Lord, in 1696, bequeathed £100, and directed the profits to be employed in clothing ten poor persons.  This sum is in the hands of the corporation, and £5 annually is paid as the interest thereof, which is laid out in warm clothing for poor women.

Sarah Bolles, in 1747, bequeathed £100, the yearly income to be given to eight poor housekeepers.  On account of this charity there is £132. 0s. 2d. new four per cents. standing in the names of certain trustees, who receive the dividends, amounting to £5. 5s. 6d.

Ann Parry, in 1755, gave £60, being a benefaction intended by her sister, Mary Tench, deceased, the interest to be given to eight poor housekeepers, not burthensome to the parish; and in 1776 bequeathed £20, the interest to be given annually to four poor widows.  These two sums were laid out in the year 1790 in pewing the church, and since that period £4 has been annually paid out of the church rate.

Elizabeth Price, in 1780, bequeathed £50, the interest to be given in bread to the poor of the parish.  This money is lent to the guardians of the house of industry.

Edward Lloyd, in 1789, left £190, the interest to be given to ten poor housekeepers.  This sum is secured by a bond given in pursuance of an act of parliament passed for the rebuilding of the church of St. Chads, and £4 10s. is paid annually as the interest thereof.

Richard Lister, in 1793, bequeathed £100, and directed the interest to be laid out in bread and given to the poor after divine service every Sunday morning.  In respect of this gift there is the sum of £154 14s. 10d. three per cent consols, producing annually dividends to the amount of £4. 12s. 8d.

Pemberton’s Charity.  The particulars of this charity will be found amongst those for the parish of St. Alkmund.  The sum of £2. 2s. is expended annually in coal, and distributed amongst poor housekeepers.

Lost Charities.  In the parliamentary returns of 1786 there is mentioned a legacy left by Madam Honor Dryden, and several others, amounting in the whole to £180.  This p. 91sum was in the hands of a person who became insolvent, and only £19 9s. was received from his estate.  Nothing is now known even of this sum.

PARISH OF ST. JULIAN.

Charities.—Thomas Bowdler, in 1733, bequeathed £100, to be placed out at interest, the profit to be given away in twopenny loaves every Lord’s day.  He also gave his executors the sum of £1000 upon trust, to lay out such part thereof as they should think fit, in purchasing or building a school-house and residence for the teachers, and the residue to be invested in land, the yearly profits thereof to be applied in maintaining a master and mistress to teach poor children born in the parish of St. Julian, and in clothing them and putting some of them out apprentices, or such useful occupation as the trustees should think proper.  The property now vested in the trustees consists of an estate at Treffnant and Llanercrockwell, in the parish of Guilsfield, consisting of 168a. 3r. 22p. of land, with suitable house and outbuildings, producing a rental of £150 per annum.  On the enclosure of commons in 1788 an allotment was made to the trustees, which was conveyed to Thomas Loxdale, Esq., for a term of 500 years, in consideration of which Mr. Loxdale paid the sum of £200 to the trustees; this amount was subsequently employed in the reparations of farm buildings, and other improvements on the school estate.  The school is situated in Beeche’s lane, and twenty-five boys and an equal number of girls are clothed and educated from the funds of the charity.

Catherine Smith, in 1621, left a rent charge of £4 per annum, to be distributed among four poor widows of this parish.  The amount is paid from the property of the corporation, and they appoint the poor widows.

Thomas Davies, in 1668, directed his trustees to raise the sum of £300, and dispose of the same in the purchase of a rent charge, to be disposed of as follows:—40s. to the minister of the parish for preaching four sermons, one on the 3rd September and the other three sermons quarterly; 20s. yearly among poor housekeepers; £4 to eight poor widows; £4 for maintaining two scholars at the university, and £4 to be paid in apprentice fees.  In 1689 a rent charge of £12. 5s. was purchased with £250, but it does not appear how the remaining £50 was disposed of.  The estate is situate at Sutton, from which the rent charge issues, and was the property of the late John Hiles.

Richard Williams, in 1576, left £50, and directed the interest to be distributed among poor householders of this parish on Christmas day.  He also bequeathed the residue of his personal estate, after payment of his debts and legacies to the executors, to be held in trust, and to dispose of the yearly income in clothing poor men or women or in putting out apprentices.  It appears that the produce of the testator’s residuary estate amounted to £266. 18s., and that £6. 18s. was distributed to the poor, and £260 was placed out at interest secured on bond given by the mayor, aldermen, and burgesses.

General Charities.—The sum of £308 17s. was expended in the purchase of an estate at Ellesmere, in 1726, which consists of 19a. 3r. 22p., producing a yearly rental of £45.  Of the said purchase money £200 was the gift of Thomas Baker, in 1685; £30 the gift of Thomas Cotton, in 1683; £50 the bequest of Stephen Rogers; and £20 the gift of Richard Presland.  The rent is received by the churchwardens, and carried to one account with the produce of several other charities, and disposed of in bread, and small sums of money, to deserving objects of charity.

The sum of £1. 6s. is received every alternate year from a farm in Willstone, which was bought subject to this payment, about forty years ago.  This is known by the name of Diana Robert’s Charity, the like payment being made every alternate year to the parish of Cardington.

Brook’s Charity.  The particulars of this charity will he found noticed with those of St. Alkmund.  The yearly sum of £2. 10s. is received on account of this parish, and carried to the general charity account noticed above.

p. 92The Rev. Samuel Presland, by will, in 1750, as appears from an entry in the book of charities, gave £10 to be placed out by the overseers, and the interest to be distributed to the poor.  In the same book it is stated that Thomas Presland gave £20, and directed the interest to be given among poor housekeepers.  These two sums, with £50, the legacy of Richard Williams, are placed out on the security of the house of industry, and the interest carried to the general charity account.

Mary Griffith, in 1781, left £50 to the churchwardens and overseers, the interest to be distributed every Sunday in twopenny loaves.  This sum is placed out on the security of the tolls of the Leighton turnpike road, and £2. 10s. annually received as the interest thereof.

The Rev. Philemon Hayes left to the minister of the parish 10s. for a lecture on Candlemas day, and the same sum to be distributed to poor people by the churchwardens.  John Bryan by his will made an addition to Mr. Hayes’s gift of 10s. for the said sermon and 10s. to the poor.  In respect of these charities the sum of £2 is charged upon land called the Tenter Field, near the Quarry, Shrewsbury.

Elizabeth Hanmer, in 1755, left £20, the interest to be distributed in bread; she also left a house on the stone bridge, the rent to be paid to the clerk of the parish.  The stone bridge above-mentioned with the house thereon has since been taken down, and a sum of money was awarded to the clerk as compensation for it, with which sum, and the £20 left to be distributed in bread, another house was bought for him.  The house is now let by the clerk, and he receives the rent and pays thereout 20s. yearly, as the interest of the legacy of £20.

Richard Breathen gave to the churchwardens and overseers the sum of £20, the interest to be given to the poor.  This money was placed in the hands of a person who died insolvent, and after a lapse of some years his son repaid the principal, and in 1820 it was carried to the general charity account.

Josina Pemberton.  The particulars of this charity will be found noticed with the charities of St. Alkmund parish.  The yearly sum of £2. 2s. is divided among thirty poor housekeepers.

The average annual income of the Charities of Shrewsbury amounts to about £2,000, exclusive of the Loan Charities, which produce no income, being gifts of sums of money to be lent out for limited periods to young tradesmen and others, free of interest.  The Loan Charities amount to £840. 8s. 4d.  In 1837 the High Court of Chancery appointed certain trustees to administer the charities of which the Corporations of Shrewsbury were previously the trustees.  The following is a list of the trustees:—The Right Hon. Lord Berwick, Sir F. Brian Hill, John Bather, Esq., Mr. R. Beacall, Peter Beck, Esq., Robert Burton, Esq., W. J. Clement, Esq., T. G. Gwyn, Esq., J. Hazledine, Esq., Rev. C. Leicester, Rev. W. G. Rowland, A. Spearman, Esq., W. R. Ward, Esq., R.N., John Wingfield, Esq., Mr. John Woodward, William Butler Lloyd, Esq., John Whitehurst, Esq., Mr. Thomas Woodward, Mr. Richard Jeffreys Muckleston, and Mr. J. G. Brayne.  Treasurer and Solicitor, William Cooper, Esq.  Clerk and Secretary, Mr. William Poole, Scoltock-offices, Guild-hall and Corn-market Chambers.

The liberties of Shrewsbury were abolished by the municipal boundary act, and now form part of the county of Salop.  The several parishes which they comprised are now returned in the Albrighton Division, in the Wem Division of North Bradford Hundred in the Condover Division, Condover Hundred, and in the Ford and Pontesbury Divisions, of Ford Hundred.  The following are places included within the liberties of the borough, the residents of which are included in the Shrewsbury Directory:—

Alkmund St.—A parish partly returned in the Albrighton Division, and partly in Ford Division of the Ford Hundred.  The parish, in 1841, contained 303 houses and 1641 inhabitants, of whom 1396 were included within the parliamentary borough.  The rateable value of the parish is £9,041. 11s.

p. 93Chad St.—The parish of St. Chads is partly returned in the Albrighton Division, partly in Condover Hundred, and partly in the Ford Division, of the Ford Hundred.  The entire parish, in 1841, contained 7625 inhabitants, of whom 4524 persons resided within the boundaries of the borough, exclusive of those residing in Frankwell.  There were also 912 inhabited houses, 80 uninhabited, and 4 houses building.

Frankwell is a populous township in St. Chad’s parish, forming a suburb on the north-west side of Shrewsbury, from which it is approached by the Welsh bridge.  In 1841 it was returned as containing 413 inhabited houses, 37 uninhabited and 2 building, with a population of 1895 souls, of whom 902 were males and 993 females.

Holy Cross and St. Giles forms the eastern suburb to the town of Shrewsbury, and contains the township of Abbey Foregate and part of Coleham.  Abbey Foregate stretches from the English bridge to Lord Hill’s column, upwards of a mile in length; the street is wide and for some distance planted on each side with trees; it contains many genteel residences, and is by far the handsomest approach to the town.  In 1841 the township was returned as containing 358 inhabited houses, 22 uninhabited, and 14 building, and 1638 inhabitants—of whom 701 were males and 937 females.  That part of Coleham, returned as in the parish of Holy Cross and St. Giles, contained 30 houses and 104 souls.

St. Julian’s parish is partly in the Condover Hundred and partly in the Ford Division of the Ford Hundred.  The entire parish, in 1841, contained 3252 inhabitants, of whom 2902 were in the limits of the borough of Shrewsbury, of the latter number 986 persons were resident in Coleham.  In 1841 there were 387 inhabited houses and 22 uninhabited.  Rateable value of the parish £12,890.

Coleham is a township, partly in St. Julian’s parish and partly in that of Holy Cross and St. Giles; in 1840 there were 332 houses and 1090 souls—of whom 986 were in the parish of St. Julian and 104 in the parish of Holy Cross and St. Giles.  Coleham lies on the south bank of the river Severn and forms the southern suburb to the town of Shrewsbury.  Here the manufacture of cotton goods was formerly carried on to some extent; the factories are now unoccupied.  The houses are for the most part small, and occupied as cottage residences.  A neat church has been built here which is noticed at a preceding page.

St. Mary’s parish is partly in the Albrighton Division, and, in 1841, contained a population of 6684 souls—of whom 6684 were returned as in the borough of Shrewsbury.  The return includes the Castle, extra-parochial, containing 7 persons; 168 in the County Gaol, 186 in the County Infirmary, 94 in the Shrewsbury Free Grammar School, and 35 persons in boats.  At the same period there were 1048 inhabited houses, 112 uninhabited, and 2 building.

Meol Brace parish is chiefly in the Condover Hundred, the entire parish contained, in 1841, 1195 inhabitants—of whom 361 persons were returned as in the liberty of the borough of Shrewsbury.

p. 94A LIST OF
STREETS, COURTS, GATES, ROWS, PLACES, SQUARES, &c., IN THE TOWN OF SHREWSBURY.

Abbey foregate, English bdge

Abbey terrace, Abbey foregate

Ann’s hill, St. Michael’s st

Backlane, Belmont

Barker street, Shoplatch

Barrack passage, Wyle cop

Baschurch road, Coton hill

Beckbury terrace, London rd

Beeches lane, Wyle cop

Belmont, Milk-street

Belmont bank, Belmont

Bellevue, Meol road

Benbow terrace, Chester st

Benbow place, Benbow ter

Bridge court, Wyle cop

Bridge street, Barker street

Butter market, Pride hill

Butcher’s row, Pride hill

Cadogan row, The mount

Canal buildings, Spring fields

Canal wharf, Castle foregate

Cardan place, Castle fields

Castle fields, Castle foregate

Castle gates, Castle street

Castle gates lane, Castle gates

Castle street, Pride hill

Chester street, Castle gates

Church st., St. Alkmund sq

Circus yard, Bridge street

Claremont bank, The priory

Claremont blds, Claremont bk

Claremont ct., St. Austin’s

Claremont-hill, Barker-st

Claremont street, Mardol

Coffee house pas., Corn mar

Coleham, English bridge

Column ter., Abbey foregate

College hill ct., College hill

College hill, Swan hill

Copthorne crescent, Copthorne road

Corn market, Market square

Council house ct., Castle st

Coton hill, Chester street

Coton terrace, Coton hill

Crescent, Belmont

Crescent fields, Water lane

Cross hill, St. John’s hill

Cross street, Castle foregate

Dana, Castle gates

Derfold court, St. Michael st

Ditherington, Old heath

Dog pole st., St. Mary street

Double btchrs’ rw., Pride hill

English bridge, Foot of Wyle Cop

Fish street, High street

Frankwell, Welsh bridge

Gashouse ln., Castle foregate

Golden cross pas., High st

Gullett passage, Corn market

Hazledine’s blds., Coleham

High-street, Market square

Hill’s lane, Mardol

Holywell terrace, Abbey fore

Howard St., Castle foregate

Islington, Abbey foregate

John’s row, St. Michael’s st

Judith’s Butts, nr race course

London rd., Abbey foregate

Mardol head, High street

Mardol, Shoplatch

Marine terrace, Wyle cop

Market street, Corn market

Market square, High street

Meadow pl., Castle gates ln

Meol road, Coleham

Milk street, High street

Monk’s well ter., Abbey fore

Mount fields, Frankwell

Mount pleasant, Old heath

Nackin street, Bridge street

Old heath, St. Michael’s st

Pound close, Coleham

Pride hill, High street

Priory street, Austin’s friars

Princess street, Corn market

Quarry place, St. John’s hill

Quarry terrace, St. John’s hill

Quarry view buildings, New St. Frankwell

Railway station, Castle foregte

Raven road, Mardol

Reabrook place, Coleham

Reabrook view, Abbey foregte

Roushill bank, Pride hill

School court, Castle street

School lane, Coleham

Severn place, Mardol

Shoplatch, Mardol head

Smithfield market, Mardol

Spring gardens, Castle foregte

Spring terrace, Meol road

Stamp office, Market square

St. Alkmund’s sq., Dog pole

St. Alkmund’s place, St Alkmund’s square

St. Austin’s ct., St. Austin’s priory

St. Austin’s priory, St. Austin’s street

St. Austin’s st., Barker st

St. George’s place, Frankwell

St. John’s blds., Shoplatch

St. John’s court, Tower pl

St. John’s hill, Shoplatch

St. John’s row, St. John’s hill

St. Julian’s friars, Wyle cop

St. Mary’s court, Dogpole

St. Mary’s pl., St. Mary’s st

St. Michael’s gardens, St. Michael’s street

St. Michael’s st., Castle foregt

Sutton road, Coleham

Swan hill, Market street

Swan hill court, Swan hill

Theatre blds., Shoplatch

The mount, Frankwell

Tower place, Belmont

Trinity terrace, Meol road

Water lane, Windsor place

Welsh bridge, Mardol

Whitehall place, Abbey foregt

Whitehall st., Abbey foregate

Whitehall ter., Abbey foregte

Windsor place, Castle street

Wyle cop, High street

p. 95POST OFFICE, CORN MARKET.
MR. JOHN WILLIAM TOWERS, POST MASTER.

Letters from London, Birmingham, and the midland counties, Wolverhampton, Shiffnal, Wellington, West Bromwich, Wednesbury, Bilston, Bristol, the south and west of England, Liverpool, Manchester, and the north of England, Scotland, Ireland, and the Isle of Man, arrive at 3 a.m. and 4 p.m., and are despatched 6 a.m. and 9.51 p.m.

Letters from Aberystwith, Newtown, Welshpool, Llanidloes, Westbury Ford, Alberbury, Chirbury, and Montgomery, arrive at 9.1 p.m., and are despatched at 4.1 a.m.

Letters from Bishop’s Castle, Pontesbury, Minsterley, Whitchurch, Ellesmere, Wem, &c., arrive at 8 30 p.m. and are despatched at 4 45 a.m.

Letters from Church Stretton, Dorrington, Ludlow, Munslow, and Wistanston, arrive at 8 30 a.m. and are despatched at 4 30 p.m.

Letters from Oswestry, Nesscliff, West Felton, and Montford bridge, arrive at 8 40 p.m. and are despatched at 4 35 a.m.

Letters from Acton Burnell, Ruyton, Baschurch, Shawbury, Middle, Wroxeter, and the adjacent district, arrive by foot posts at 7 30 a.m., and are despatched at 5 30 p.m.

Receiving Houses at Frankwell, Castle Foregate, Abbey Foregate, and Coleham, for the reception of stamped letters only.

Money Orders granted and paid from 10 a.m. until 4 30 p.m.

Town Delivery, by letter carriers, at 7 a.m. and 4 30 p.m.

SHREWSBURY ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY
OF
NAMES, TRADES, PROFESSIONS, AND RESIDENCES.

Adams William Henry, professor of music, College hill

Alcock John, beerhouse keeper, Frankwell

Allcock Thos. & Sons, tailors, Claremont st.

Allart George, tailor, Frankwell

Allen and Benson, druggists, Wyle Cop

Allen Mary, vict. Bird in Hand, Coton hill

Allen Sarah, shopkeeper, Coton hill

Allnatt Charles Blake, Esq., barrister-at-law, the Crescent

Alltree Ann & Amelia, milliners, Windsor place

Alltree Jemima and Henry, ironmongers, bell hangers, gas fitters, stovegrate manufacturers, and zinc and tin plate workers, Corn market

Ambler Misses Emma and Mary Castle st

Amphlett James, newspaper editor, Mardol

Andrew Jas, travelling tea dealer, Wyle cop

Andrew John, travelling tea dealer, Wyle cop

Andrew Robt., travelling tea dealer, Coleham

Andrew Wm., travelling tea dealer, Wyle cop

Antlett Jas., beerhouse keeper, Spring gardens

Arblaster Charles Jas., chemist and druggist, Castle street

Armstrong John, tailor, Coleham

Armstrong Wm., tailor & woln. draper, High st

Arrowsmith John Y., surgeon, Swan hill court

Arrowsmith Louisa Ann, boarding school, Belmont

Arrowsmith Mary Elizabeth, boarding school, College hill Court

Arrowsmith & Stephens, surgs., College hill

p. 96Arthur Richard, shopkeeper, Princess st.

Arthur Wm., travelling tea dealer, Wyle cop

Ash Mr. Richard, Whitehall place

Ashley Geo. beerhouse keeper, Barrck. passage

Asterly Samuel, grocer, tallow chandler, and seed and hop merchant, Frankwell

Astley Rev. Richard (Presbyn.) Claremont hill

Atcherly John, gentleman, Summer house, the Mount.

Atcherly the Misses, College hill

Atkin Henry, agent to Allsop & Co., (Burton ales,) Golden cross passage

Atkin Joseph, accountant, Column villa

Atkinson William, supervisor of inland revenue, Sutton lane

Attfield George, clerk inland revenue office, Barker street

Badger John, shoemaker, Marine terrace

Badger Joseph, beerhouse keeper, Kingsland

Badger Samuel, beerhouse and shopkeeper, Coleham

Badger Thos. vestry clerk & assistant overseer of St. Alkmund’s, St. Alkmund’s place

Bagley John, herbalist, Theatre buildings

Bagley Thomas, school master, St. John’s rd.

Bagnell John, grocer and tea dealer, Pride hill

Barker Mr. John, Monk’s well terrace

Baker Wm., silversmith, jeweller and cutler, Corn market

Ball Mrs. Mary Ann, Chester street

Ballham James, baker, Coleham

Ball William, brush manufacturer, Wyle Cop

Barcley Wm. Jas., grocer, tea dealer, hop merchant, and agent for Guiness’s Dublin porter, 1, High street

Barnaby Isabel, milliner and bonnet maker, Market square

Barnaby Wm. W., law stationer, Market sq.

Barnett Emma, dress maker, Frankwell

Barnett George Shuttleworth, silversmith and jeweller, Market street

Barron Mrs. Ann, Swan hill court

Barron Anthony, linen draper and silk mercer, Pride hill

Barton Thos., tailor and beerhouse keeper, Bellevue

Bates Ann, shopkeeper, Castle Foregate

Bates Richard, butcher, Chester street

Bates Richard, jun., butcher, Shoplatch

Bather, Mrs. Elizabeth, The Abbey

Bather Wm., boot and shoemaker, Coton hill

Batho John, vict., Robin Hood, St. Michael st

Batho Thos., vict., Old Anchor, Frankwell

Baxter Mary, green grocer, Gullett passage

Bayley, Misses Ann and Mary, Quarry terrace

Bayley Edward, baker, Castle Foregate

Bayley Wm., gentleman, Claremont buildings

Baylis James, civil engineer, Claremont bank

Baylis James, nail maker, New street

Bazeley John, linen draper, silk mercer, and milliner, High street and Pride hill

Beacall Ann and Eliza, booksellers and stationers, Mardol head

Beacall Henry, currier and leather cutter, Castle street

Beacall Misses Mary and Eliz., Castle street

Beacall Rd., ironmonger & nail manr., Mardol

Beacall Sarah, currier and leather cutter, Castle street

Beck, Mrs. Margaret Susannah, Benbow ter.

Beck, Peter and William, wine and spirit mer., Claremont st., residence St. John’s h.

Beddoes Jn., skinner & wool stap., Frankwell

Beddow Richard, hair dresser, Barker street

Beetlestone Geo., boarding school, Hills lane

Bell Misses, mill, & dress makers, Wyle Cop

Bentley Thos. Amand, professor of languages, Castle street

Betton Nathaniel, Esq., Abbey Foregate

Betton William, shoe maker, Frankwell

Bevan Henry, accountant and law stationer, Abbey Foregate

Bickerton Richard, corn merch., Severn place

Bickley Thomas, hair dresser, Castle Forgate

Birch Benj., architect, surveyor, and builder, Castle gate, residence Upper Green Fields

Birch James, blacksmith and victualler, Buck’s Head, Frankwell

Birch John, stone mason, Coleham

Birch Jh., arch., surveyor & builder, Castleg.

Birch Thomas, painter and glazier, Belmont

Bishop John, cabinet maker, Wyle Cop

Blake Lieut. Edward and John, Bellevue

Blair Wm. H., wheelwright, Welsh Bridge

Blair Chas., boot & shoe m., Abbey Foregate

Blakemore Robert Baugh, confectioner and baker, Mardol

Blakeway Richard and William, corn millers and dealers, Castle Foregate

Blanchard Joseph, cabinet maker, Frankwell

Blent Charles, chair maker, St. John’s build.

Blockley William, timber merchant, Longden Coleham

Blount Chas., actuary, Savings Bk., College h.

p. 97Blount Chas., shoe maker, Claremont hill

Blount Mary, dress maker, Princess street

Blount Walter, tailor, Princess street

Blower John, cabinet maker, upholsterer, and general furnishing warehouse, Pride hill

Blower Tim., corn and cheese fac., Wyle Cop

Blower, Thos. Jh., prov. & corn deal., Coleham

Bloxham Henry, Esq., solicitor and high bailiff to County Court, St. Mary’s place

Blunt Henry, chemist and druggist, Wyle Cop, residence Meol road

Blunt Thomas, chemist and druggist, Wyle Cop, residence Abbey Foregate

Blythe Mr., draper & silk mercer, Market sq.

Bodenham Thos., Esq., Column terrace

Bond John, bricklayer and beerhouse keeper, Claremont hill

Boodle John, brickmaker, Coleham

Boodle Mary, dress maker, Coleham

Botevyle Mr. Thomas, Hills lane

Bottwood, George, hair dresser, Castle street

Boucher Geo., musical repository, Castle st.

Boulton Samuel, shoe maker, Chester street

Bourlay Wm. V., dancing master, Castle st.

Bowen John, painter & glazier, St. Mary’s pl.

Bowen Mr. William, Judith’s Butts

Bowman Mrs. Catherine, Belmont Bank

Bowdler, Mrs. Ann, Dogpole

Bowdler and Barnett, silversmiths, jewellers and cutlers, market street

Bowdler Mrs. Jane, silversmith, Market st

Bowdler Thomas, hair dresser and perfumer, High street

Bowdler William, carpenter and victualler, Shrewsbury Arms, Church street

Boyce Thos., register for St. Chad’s district, Claremont street

Boycott Richard, baker, Spring gardens

Branscomb Fred. A., news agent, Church st.

Bratton James, surgeon, Claremont hill

Bratton Richard, cabinet maker, Wyle Cop

Bratton Richard, victualler, Dog and Partridge, St. Mary’s place

Brayne John Gregory, tanner and maltster, Abbey Foregate

Brayne William (executors of), braziers and tin plate workers, Mardol head

Brazier John, agent to Cowley and Co., general carriers, Castle Fields

Breeze Charles, veter. surgeon, Coton Hill

Breeze Edward, tailor, Frankwell

Breeze Henry, painter and glazier, Castle st.

Breeze James, blacksmith, Abbey Foregate

Breeze Richard, victualler, Anchor, Hills lane

Breeze Richard, tailor and clothes dealer, High street

Breeze Sarah, baker, Coton Hill

Brereton James, cabinet maker, Castle street

Brightwell William, boarding school, Belmont bank

Brighty Margt., vict., Nag’s Head, Wyle Cop

Broadbent Miss Jane, The Abbey

Bromfield Jacob, Spring Cottage, Meol road

Bromley Elizabeth, shopkeeper, Frankwell

Bromley John, grocer and tallow chandler, Wyle Cop

Bromley Joseph, butcher, Castle Foregate

Bromley Marg., butcher, Double Butchers’ row

Bromley Sml., butcher, Double Butchers’ row

Bromley, Wm., butcher, Double Butchers’ row

Broughall Jno., Esq., solicitor, St. John’s hill

Brown Ann, beerhouse keeper, Coleham

Brown Mrs. Catherine, Benbow place

Brown Mr. David, Claremont bank

Brown Edwin, carver and gilder, Wyle Cop

Brown Edward, cabinet maker, Mardol

Brown Jacob, butcher, Pride hill

Brown John, shopkeeper, Castle Foregate

Brown Philip, artist, Castle street

Brown Sarah, butcher, Pride hill

Brown Captain Valentine, White Hall terrace

Brown William, confectioner, Castle street

Brown Wm., painter & glaz., Abbey Foregate

Broxton Rd., chemist and druggist, Mardol

Bryan Henry, haberdasher, Princess street

Bryan William, dyer, Coton hill

Bryant Wm., boot and shoe maker, Mardol

Budgett Wm., grocer & tea dealer, Pride hill

Burbury, Rev. Wm., M.A., second master of Grammar School

Bull John, butcher, Pride hill

Bullock Saml., carpentr. & builder, Frankwell

Burd Edward, physician, Corn market

Burd, Timotheus and Son, land and estate agents, Abbey Foregate

Burnett Ann and Harriet, Swan hill court

Burr Brothers, lead merchants and manufacturers of white, red, and sheet lead, Wyle Cop

Burr Geo., lead mer, Wyle Cop r. Kingsland

Burr Thos. Wm., lead mer., &c., Wyle Cop, residence Kingsland

Burrey James, cabinet maker, upholsterer, auctioneer and appraiser, College hill

p. 98Burrey and White, cabinet maters and upholsterers, College hill and Pride hill

Burrows John, nail maker, Roushill bank

Burton Adam, victualler, Bear, Fish street

Burton Miss Anna, Abbey Foregate

Burton Miss Helen, Claremont buildings

Burton Rev. Rob. L., vicar of Holy Cross, Abbey Foregate

Butler Jane, hosier, Castle Foregate

Butler James, hairdresser & hosier, Coleham

Butler Thos., hosier & gen. dealer, Castle st.

Butler William, shoe maker, Castle Foregate

Buttriss Robt., maltster and victualler, Elephant and Castle, Mardol

Buttriss Richard, maltster, Frankwell

Bythell Thos., chemist & druggist, Pride hill

Cadwallader Ann, vict., Wagon and Horses, Pride Hill

Cadwallader John, bookseller, printer, and stationer, 3, High street

Cadwallader Wm., spirit vaults, Castle gates

Calcott John, boot and shoemak., 4, High st.

Canadine J., shopkeeper, Longden Coleham

Carden Robt., linen & woollen drap., Mardol

Carline John, architect and stone and marble mason, Abbey Foregate

Cartwright Ann, wine and spirit vaults, Theatre buildings

Cartwright Francis, market gardener, New street, Frankwell

Cartwright John, engineer and agricultural implt. maker, Castle Foreg., res. Castle st.

Caswell James, cheese factor, Mardol

Cavell Henry, shoe maker, School lane

Cawthron Wm., painter, plumber, glazier, and glass dealer, Frankwell

Charlton Charles W., solicitors’ clerk, Islington cottage

Chester George, tailor, Shoplatch

Chester Geo., boot & shoe mak., Shoplatch

Chidlow Wm., boot & shoemak., Castle Fds.

Chipp Mr. Samuel, Trinity terrace

Cholton Samuel, butcher, Coleham

Chune Geo. & Jph., timber mer., Chester st.

Clarke Chas. Thos. Hughes, surg., Chester st.

Clarke Gavin, sheriff’s officer, Crescent Fields

Clarke John, gentleman, Town Walls House

Clark Rd., registrar of marriages and agent to the Sun fire office, Swan hill

Clarke William, maltster, Frankwell

Clay Joseph, veterinary surgeon, Wyle Cop

Clayton Geo., wool. drap. & tailor, Clement hill

Clayton John, farmer, Old Heath

Clayton Mr. Jas., St. Alkmund place

Claxton William Dickson, chemist & druggist, High street

Cleaver John, coffee house keeper, Castle gates

Clement Wm., gentleman, St. John’s row

Clement Wm. Jas., surgeon, Council house

Climie Daniel, civil engineer, Spring terrace

Clinton Henry, baker, Abbey Foregate

Clorley S., blacksmith, St. Austin’s street

Cock John, baker, Longden Coleham

Cock John, shoe maker, Abbey Foregate

Coggin Jabez, shoe maker, Chester street

Cohen Louis, clothes dealer, Mardol

Cole Thomas, painter and glazier, Wyle Cop

Colley Rev. James, M.A., incumbent Holy Trinity, Belmont

Collier, brazier & tin plate worker, Wyle Cop

Cooke Henry, painter, Cross hill

Cooke Jn., dyer & scourer, St. Alkmund’s pl.

Cooke Joseph, corn merchant, maltster, and corn miller, Abbey Foregate

Cooke Mary, schoolmistress, Swan hill

Cooke Wm. Hy., hatter & hosier, Pride hill

Cooper George, shopkeeper, Abbey Foregate

Cooper Richard, coach proprietor, Meol road

Cooper Wm., Esq., Claremont buildings

Cooper Wm. Henry, Esq., solicitor, St. John’s hill, residence Claremont buildings

Cooper William, rope maker, Castle street

Cooper & Broughall, solicitors, St. John’s hill

Corbet Miss Josepha, St. Mary’s place

Corbet Philip, artist, Belmont

Corbet Walton, shopkeeper, Frankwell

Corfield, Mrs. Jane, White Hall place

Corfield Rd., engineer (water wks.), Chester st.

Corser George Sandforth, Esq., solicitor, Market street, residence Abbey Foregate

Cottrell Mrs. Elizabeth, Belmont

Cotton Ann & Sarah, milliners, Princess st

County Constabulary office, Corn market

Cox John, shoemaker, Longden, Coleham

Craig Alex. Samuel, Esq., sol., The crescent

Craig Charles Dixon, Esq., solicitor, The crescent, residence Claremont bank

Crane Mrs. Mary, White hall place

Craston Edward and Co., hat manufacturers, Pride hill

Crawford David, surgeon, St. John’s hill

Cripps Gordon H., wine & spirit merchant, Claremont street

Cripps Lewis G., wine & spirit mer., High st

p. 99Cross James, stone mason, Raven road

Cross Sarah and Ann, milliners, Mardol head

Cross W. Gowen, chemist & druggist, Mardol

Crowe Henry, veterinary surgeon, Castle st

Crowley Hicklin and Co., general carriers, Welsh bridge

Crump Vincent, confectioner, by special appointment to her Majesty, Wyle cop

Crumpton James, baker, Frankwell

Crumpton Jonathan, brazier and tin plate worker, Wyle cop

Crumpton Joseph, bookseller, printer, stationer, and bookbinder, and agent for the sale of poor law books, Mardol

Crwys William, dyer and scourer, Swan hill

Curtis, the Misses, Skelton road

Dakin John, cooper, Chester street

Dale Samuel, vict., Bell Inn, Princess street

Dales Rd., saddler & harness maker, Wyle cop

Dance Sarah, Raven hotel (posting house), Castle street

Daniel John, vict., Spread Eagle, Wyle cop

Darwin the Misses, The mount

Davenhall John, hair dresser, Shoplatch

Davis Mrs. Ann, St. Julian’s friars

Davis Edward, mathematical and optical instrument manufacturer, 43, High street

Davies Brothers, cabinet makers, Wyle cop

Davies Charles, shoemaker, and grindery dealer, Barker street

Davies Mr. Daniel, White hall place

Davies Daniel, confectioner, baker, and British wine dealer, Castle gates

Davies Daniel, clock maker, Mardol

Davis David, news agent, Mardol

Davies Edward, shopkeeper and wheelwright, Coleham

Davies Edward, shopkeeper, Meol road

Davies Ellen, straw bonnet maker, Frankwell

Davies Emma, milliner, Pride hill

Davies Evan, carver and gilder, Pride hill

Davies Mrs. Harriett, Tower place

Davies Harriett, dress maker, Marine terrace

Davies Helen, dress maker, Dogpole

Davies Henry, boot and shoemaker, St. John’s hill

Davies James, millwright, Chester street

Davies James and Son, ironmongers, nail manufacturers, and saddlers’ ironmongers, Wyle cop

Davies John, bookseller, printer, stationer, and bookbinder, 15, High street

Davies John, ale and porter brewer, Chester street; residence, Castle gates

Davies John, supervisor of inland revenue, Frankwell

Davies, John, shopkeeper, Wyle cop

Davies John, agent to Black Park coal works, Castle foregate

Davies John, butcher, Fish street

Davies John, cooper, Mardol

Davies John, vict., White Hart, Mardol

Davies John and Charles, drapers and silk mercers, 26, High street

Davies Joseph, street inspector and collector of rates, Claremont hill

Davies Joseph, coal agent, Wyle cop

Davies Joseph, boot & shoemaker, Mardol

Davies Joseph, vict., Three Tuns, Longden Coleham

Davies and Hortins, eating house, Pride hill

Davies Margaret, vict., Swan, Frankwell

Davies Mrs. Mary, Abbey foregate

Davies Miss Mary Eleanor, Bellevue

Davies Mary, dressmaker, Barker street

Davies and Oldroyd, milliners, Pride hill

Davies Misses Sarah and Eliza, London rd

Davies Richard, bookseller, printer, and stationer, &c., 7, High-street

Davies Richard, tailor, St. John’s hill

Davies Richard, cow keeper, Frankwell

Davies Robert, bankers’ clerk, Princess street

Davies Robert, rope maker, Frankwell

Davies and Son, confectioners, Corn market

Davies Walton, baker, St. Mary’s place

Davies William, currier, Pride hill

Davies William, currier, Bridge street

Davies Wm., boot and shoe maker, Wyle cop

Davies William, book binder, Meol road

Davies Winefrede, dressmaker, Barker street

Day Wm., grocer and tea dealer, Pride hill

Deakin Edward, baker and beerhouse keeper, Frankwell

Deakin Thomas, confectioner and baker, Market street

Deaves James, clothes dealer, Princess street

Deaves George, bookseller (old), Shoplatch

Deaves Hannah, milliner, Shoplatch

Denston, Mrs. Elizabeth, Belmont

Deshormes Francis U. G., professor of languages, Crescent fields

Dibbin James, butcher, Double butcher’s row

Dickin John, surgeon, St. John’s hill

Dixon Miss Betsy, Abbey foregate

p. 100Dixon John, malster and vict., Dun Cow, Abbey foregate

Dodson Richard, builder and statuary, Abbey foregate

Done Robert and Co., wholesale tea and coffee merchants, Mardol head and Castle foregate

Donnellan James, hatter, Barker street

Donnellan William, schoolmaster, Barker st

Downing Enoch and Elijah, glass, china, and earthenware dealer, Pride hill

Downward Rev. George Richard, The castle

Drakewood William, shoemaker, Abbey fore

Drayton Edward, wheelwright, Welsh bdge

Drayton Geo., bookseller, printer, and stationer, Shoplatch

Drayton John, timber merchant, New street, Frankwell

Drinkwater Rd., woolstapler, St. Austin friars

Drury, Miss Eliza Ann, Claremont street

Drury John (executor of), grocer and tea dealer, Pride hill

Drury Thomas James, M.D., Quarry place

Dugard Mrs. Mary Ann, Column terrace

Dukes Mrs. Elizabeth, Windsor place

Durnford, Mrs. Ann, College hill court

Dyas Edward, shopkeeper, Castle street

Dyas Edward, butcher, Wyle cop

Dyas Jane, shopkeeper, Frankwell

Dyas William, shoemaker, Abbey foregate

Easthope William, cooking apparatus manufacturer, High street

Eaton, Misses Emily and Susannah, Claremont buildings

Ebrall Samuel, gun maker, Wyle cop

Eccleston John, grocer & tea dealer, Frankwell

Eccleston Thomas, stone mason, Frankwell

Eddowes George, linen and woollen draper, Mardol

Eddowes, Mrs. Martha, newspaper proprietor, Bellevue

Edgerley Henry, cheese factor and paper warehouse, Pride hill

Edisbury Thos., beerhouse keeper, Castle frgt

Edson John, saddler and harness maker, & brush & portmanteau manufac., Wyle cop

Edwards Ann, plumber, Claremont street

Edwards Ann, cow keeper, Coleham

Edwards Ann, vict., Hen & Chickens, Dogpole

Edwards Edward, bookseller, printer, and bookbinder, Dogpole, and vict., Bull Inn, Abbey foregate

Edwards Edward, hosier, Mardol

Edwards Edward, beerhouse keeper, Castle foregate

Edwards Emma, vict., Britannia Inn, Mardol

Edwards John, bookbinder, Coton hill

Edwards John, plumber, Mardol; residence, Hill’s lane

Edwards John, boot & shoemaker, Market sq

Edwards John Hawley, Esq., solicitor, Pride hill; residence, Belvedere

Edwards, Miss Mary, Abbey foregate

Edwards John Thomas S., Esq., Quarry place

Edwards, Mr. Robert, Holywell terrace

Edwards Rd., vict., Falcon & Castle, Mardol

Edward Richard, baker, St. Michael’s street

Edward Samuel, vict., Grapes, Castle foregate

Edward Thomas, auctioneer, appraiser, and accountant, Mardol head; residence, Coton hill

Edward Thos. & Son, bricklyrs, St. John’s ct

Edward William, beerhouse, Chester street

Egan, Rev. Eugene, catholic priest, Beeches ln

Ehn Henry and Co., furriers and straw bonnet manufacturers, 38, High street

Ehn Jane, milliner, 38, High street

Elias Hannah, bonnet maker, Barker street

Elkes Edward, confec. and baker, Pride hill

Elledge James, agent to Pickford and Co., general carriers, Castle foregate

Elliott, Mrs. Charlotte, The Priory

Ellis Mary, stay maker, Coleham

Elsmere Edward, managing director to Shropshire & North Wales Fire Office, High st

Elsmere Peter, grocer & tea dealer, Wyle cop

Elton James, register office, Dogpole

Embrey John, beerseller, Frankwell

Evans, Mrs. Ann, Whitehall terrace

Evans Ann, shopkeeper, Abbey foregate

Evans Arthur, clothes dealer, Princess street

Evans Benjamin, confec. and baker, High st

Evans David, stained glass manufacturer, Wyle cop

Evans Edward, cooper, Abbey foregate

Evans Edward, inspector of weights and measures for South Salop

Evans Edward, cow keeper, Coleham

Evans Edward, accountant, Claremont hill

Evans Edward, schoolmaster, Barker street

Evans Fred., butcher, Double butchers’ row

Evans George, shoemaker and beerhouse keeper, Barker street

Evans George, shoemaker, Abbey foregate

p. 101Evans James, tailor and tobacconist, Market street

Evans Jane, vict., Bell Inn, Mardol

Evans John, carpenter and joiner, Kingsland

Evans John, jun., carpenter, builder, brick & tile merchant, & boat builder, Frankwell

Evans John, grocer & tea dealer, Abbey fore

Evans John, tailor, Gullett passage

Evans John, baker and shopkeeper, Double butchers’ row

Evans John, hair dresser and perfumer, and toy dealer, Market street

Evans Joseph, shopkeeper, Frankwell

Evans Margaret, vict., King’s Head, Mardol

Evans Margt., paint. & glaz., St. Julian’s friars

Evans Mary, watch & clock maker, Wyle cop

Evans and Marston, paint. & glaz., High st

Evans Oliver, vict., Bull and Pump, Meol rd

Evans Richard, bricklayer and builder, St. Austin’s priory

Evans Sophia, schoolmistress, St. Michael’s st

Evans, Mr. Thomas, Beckbury terrace

Evans Thomas, shopkeeper, Coleham

Evans Thomas, superintendent registrar, clerk to Atcham union and to lunatic asylum, St. John’s hill

Evans William, vict., Butchers’ Arms, Double butchers’ row

Evans William, cow keeper, Abbey foregate

Fagg Ann, dress maker, Claremont hill

Fallows Richard, shopkeeper, Frankwell

Farlow Samuel, fruiterer & market gardener, Theatre buildings

Farlow Samuel, town marshal and superintendent police officer, Shoplatch

Farmer Edward, plumber, painter, and glazier, Old heath

Farmer, Mrs. Mary, The mount

Farnell Joseph Kirby, draper & silk mercer, Pride hill

Farr Henry, coach builder, High street

Fenna John, shopkeeper, Castle gates

Fenton Elizabeth, stay maker, Benbow pl

Fenton Henry, surgeon, High street

Ferrett Elizabeth, shopkeeper, Frankwell

Fesser Andrew, clock maker, Mardol

Field Francis and Mary, school teachers, St Alkmund’s place

Field Mr., Swan hill

Fletcher Francis, prov. dealer, Claremont st

Fletcher, Rev. Henry, curate of St. Chad’s Claremont bank

Fletcher John, vict., Moulders’ Arms, Castle gates lane

Fletcher, Mrs. Martha, Dogpole

Fletcher William, beerhouse keeper, Double butchers’ row

Flexton Priscilla, victualler, Bridge House, Frankwell

Forcham Thomas, shoemaker, Frankwell

Forcham Richard, Abbey foregate

Ford John, painter and glazier, Barker street

Ford Geo., malster & shopkeeper, Barker st

Forester Eliz., bonnet maker, Claremont st

Forester, Miss Matilda, St. John’s hill

Foulkes Edwin, surgeon, Castle street

Foulkes, Mr. Thomas, Abbey foregate

Forman, Captain George, Bellevue

Fox George, vict., George Hotel, Market st

Frail Mr. John, Claremont hill

France Henry, beerhouse keeper, Castle foregate

France James, whitesmith, Castle gates lane

France John, letter-press printer and general dealer, Mardol

Francis, Mr. James, Bellevue gardens

Franklin George Benjamin, agent to Mottram and Co., hop mer. and brewers, Mardol

Franklin William, hair dresser, bird preserver, and dealer in fishing tackle, Mardol

Fulcher George, schoolmaster (Shrewsbury union), Kingsland

Gabriel James, cabinet maker, Mardol

Gatacre, Mrs. Harriet, Severn bank house

Gates William, butcher, Butchers’ row

Geary, Mrs. Elizabeth, Holywell terrace

Geary Henry, tailor, Swan hill

George William, china warehouse, Wyle cop, agent to Rose and Co., manufacturers

Giles Jane, shopkeeper, St. Alkmund’s place

Giles Rd., watch & clock maker, Shoplatch

Gill George Phillip, surgeon, Milk street

Gill John, market gardener, Beckbury cottage

Girling George, inland rev. officer, Abbey pl

Gittins Ann, grocer & tea dealer, Theatre blds

Gittins Francis, dressmaker, Wyle cop

Gittins Henry, butcher, Mardol

Gittins John, chemist and drug., Wyle cop

Gittins Margt., vict., Swan Inn, Frankwell

Gittins Sarah, schoolmistress, Abbey fore

Gittins Thomas, butcher, Abbey foregate

Gittins William, ironmonger, whitesmith, and brazier, and tin plate worker, Mardol

Gittings William, butcher, Frankwell

p. 102Glover Robt., sad. & harness maker, Castle st

Glover Samuel, surgeon, Coton hill

Goodby Hy., vict., Eagle, St. Michael’s st

Gordon George, Esq., solicitor; office, Dogpole; residence, College hill

Goucher George, boot and shoe maker and hosier, Shoplatch

Goucher William, carpenter, Mardol

Gough John, butcher, Pride hill

Gough, Miss Mary Ann, Islington

Gough William, currier and leather cutter, Theatre buildings

Grafton Samuel, cooper, Wyle cop

Grafton Thomas, butcher, Pride hill

Gray Harriet & Caroline, milliners, Cross hill

Gray Richard, hatter, Pride hill

Green Robert, tailor, St. John’s hill

Green Thomas, paviour and clerk to water works company, Old heath

Green Thomas, jun., printer, Old heath

Griffin William, corn merchant, Mardol quay

Griffith Elizabeth, eating house, Castle gates

Griffith Joseph, cabinet maker, Abbey foregt

Griffith William, surgeon, Claremont hill

Griffiths Benjamin, wheelwright, Frankwell

Griffiths Hugh, provision dealer, St. Austin st

Griffiths Jane, schoolmistress, Abbey foregt

Griffiths Mary, beerhouse keeper, Canal blds

Griffiths Samuel, blacksmith, Coton hill

Griffiths Thomas, shopkeeper, Castle gates

Griffiths Thomas, shoemaker, Frankwell

Grindley John, vict., Crown Inn, St. Mary’s st

Grindley Martha, cow keeper, Abbey foregt

Groves John, builder, The Priory; residence, Crescent cottage

Groves Joseph, shopkeeper, Castle gates

Groves Thomas, builder, The priory

Gwynn John, clerk, Chester street

Gwynn Richard, basket maker, Pride hill

Gwyn Thomas Girdler, Esq., The Elms

Hackney Jas., glass & china dealer, Pride hl

Halbrook Thomas, shoemaker, Hill’s lane

Hales Richard, skinner, Chester street

Halford Sarah, dyer, Barker street

Hall John, timber merchant, Abbey foregate

Hall Thomas, silk mercer & draper, High st

Hall William, auctioneer, appraiser, and house agent, Milk street

Hammond Fred., fishmonger, Castle foregate

Hammond Richard, beerhouse, Castle gates

Hammonds Henry, butcher, Frankwell

Hammonds Thomas, butcher, Abbey foregt

Hammonds William, butcher, Frankwell

Hams, Mr. William, Abbey foregate

Hand Anne, vict., Peacock, Islington

Hand Paul, cattle dealer, Quarry place

Hand Sarah, butcher, Butchers’ row

Hanley James, butcher, Castle foregate

Hanmer Chs. Js., boot & shoe mkr., Wyle cop

Hanny James, watch maker, Wyle cop

Hanny Thomas, tea dealer (travelling) St. Alkmund’s place

Harding, Rev. John, incumbent of St. George’s, Mount cottage

Harley, Miss Sarah, The Priory

Harley Mr., Tower place

Harper Wm., chief constable, Claremont st

Harries George, tobacco and snuff manufacturer, and paper dealer, Mardol

Harries George, horse breaker, Coleham

Harris James, boot and shoe maker, New st

Harris John, butcher, Coleham

Harris John Kent, shopkeeper, Hill’s lane

Harris Joseph, pork butcher, Wyle cop

Harris Samuel, agricultural implement maker, Barker street

Harris Thomas, hosier, and agent to Scotland Life Association, Pride hill

Harris Thomas, confec. and baker, Castle st

Harris Wm., draper & silk mercer, Pride hill

Harris Mr. William, Kingsland

Harrison John, saddler and harness maker, Shoplatch

Harrison Samuel, baker, Castle Foregate

Harrison and Kempster, saddler and harness makers, Shoplatch

Harrison, Mrs. Elizabeth, Monk’s well ter

Harker George, pump maker, Belvedere cottage

Hartshorn James, accountant, Dogpole

Harvey Thomas, patten and last maker, Barker street

Harvey Susanh., vict., Talbot Top, Swan hill

Harvey William, boot, shoe, and last manu., Pride hill

Harwood, Miss Ann, Frankwell

Harwood Thomas, vestry clerk, accountant, and house agent, Abbey foregate

Harwood, Mr. Thomas, St. George’s place

Hassall John, shopkeeper, St. Michael’s st

Hasswell James, furniture broker and copper plate printer, Hill’s lane

Hatton Charles, market gardener, Abbey fore

Hay George E., professor of music, Hill’s ln

p. 103Hay Thomas William, watch & clock maker, High street

Haycock Edward, Esq., architect and county surveyor, The Priory

Haycock Jas., vict., Golden Lion, Frankwell

Haycock Robert, coal, slate, & lime merchant Castle foregate; residence, Dogpole

Haynes Francis Mason, baker and confec., Wyle cop

Haynes John Edward, tailor, Wyle cop

Hayward Samuel, vict., Raven and Bell, and posting house, Wyle cop

Harwood Thomas, shoemaker, Gullet passage

Hazledine John, Esq., coal merchant, Wyle cop; residence, Moreton villa, Coleham

Hazleton Mr. John, St. Julian’s friars

Healing Robert M., grocer and tea dealer, Frankwell

Healing William, provision dealer, Frankwell

Heath John, tailor and Woollen draper, Pride hill

Heath Mrs. Margaret, Castle street

Heathcoate John Nigel, surgeon, Council house court

Heighway Mrs. Ann, Spring terrace

Heighway Martha and Son, grocers, tea dealers, and hop and seed merchants, Castle street

Hemmings Henry, grazier, Dorsett’s barn

Henshall and Co., salt merchants, John Brown, agent, Castle Foregate

Henshaw Thomas Northage, writing master, Grammar school, Pride hill

Herbert Daniel, coachman, Abbey Foregate

Herbert Mr. Mark, Abbey foregate

Hewett James, accountant, St. Julian’s friars

Hewlett George, tailor & shopkeeper, St. Michael’s street

Hewlett Martha and Elizabeth, coffee and dining rooms, High street

Hewlett William and Son, cabinet makers, Milk street

Hicks Christopher, Esq., solicitor Wyle cop

Hicks Henry, Esq., solicitor, Trinity terrace

Hickman Mary, milliner, Wyle cop

Higgins Corbett, shoemaker, Chester street

Higgins Wm., Esq., solicitor, Claremont hill

Higley Samuel, boot & shoemaker, Coleham

Hilditch Miss, Bellevue

Hilditch Thomas, grocer and cheese factor, Pride hill

Hiles John, professor of music, Swan hill

Hill Rev. Edward, (Independent), Benbow terrace

Hill Mrs. Hannah, Monks’ well terrace

Hill John baker, Longden Coleham

Hill Hon. William Noel, Reabrook lodge

Hilton Rev. John, Wesley an new connexion, Claremont street

Hinmers Elizabeth, schoolmistress, Cross hill

Hinton Richard, patten maker, Mardol

Hitchcock Richard, shopkeeper, Mardol

Hitchins Joseph, corkcutter, High street

Hodges Thomas, tailor, Cross hill

Holbrook James, basket maker, Coleham

Holland Richard, locksmith and bellhanger, Shoplatch

Holmes Joshua, shopkeeper, Chester street

Holmes Wm., beerhouse keeper, Frankwell

Home Mr. Samuel, Cross hill

Homer Mr. William, Kingsland

Horton Ed., boot & shoemaker, Claremont st

Horton Rebecca, milliner, High street

Hotchkiss William, farmer, Meol road

How Misses Mary and Christiana, Monk’s well terrace

How William Wybergh, Esq., solicitor, Near well house, Abbey Foregate

How Rev. William, Near well house

Howell Henry, boot & shoemaker, Mardol

Howell Henry, tailor and draper, High street, residence Abbey Foregate

Howell Thomas, gentleman, High fields

Howell Thos., vict., Dolphin, Dolphin road

Howell Thos., beerhouse keeper, St. Mchl. st

Howells Thos., blacksmith, Castle Foregate

Howells Thos., whitesmith, Castle Foregate

Hudson Wm., brush manufacturer, Mardol

Hughes Edward, Esq., solicitor, Dogpole

Hughes Edward, wine and spirit merchant, Corn market, residence Belmont

Hughes Edward C., butcher, Fish street, residence Princess street

Hughes Henry, shoemaker and shopkeeper, Coleham

Hughes John, Esq., Dogpole house

Hughes John, maltster, corn miller, and seed & corn mercht., The Glen, Frankwell

Hughes John, hair dresser, Frankwell

Hughes John, shoemaker, Bridge street

Hughes John, shoemaker, St. John’s row

Hughes Maria, bonnet maker, Peacock pas.

Hughes Richard, shoemaker, St. John’s hill

Hughes Robert, clothes dealer, Princess st

p. 104Hughes Robert, blacksmith, Abbey Foregate

Hughes & Son, boot & shoemakers, Shoplatch

Hughes Thomas, painter & glazier, Dogpole

Hughes Thomas, bricklayer, Frankwell

Hughes Thomas, boot and shoemaker, and beerhouse keeper, Frankwell

Hughes Thomas, shoemaker, Frankwell

Hughes Wm., grocer & tea dealer, Pride hill

Hughes Wm., maltster, St. Julian’s Friars

Hulett, victualler, Unicorn Inn and posting house, Wyle cop

Hulme Edward, hairdresser, Castle gates

Hulme Henry, painter, Castle foregate

Hulme Samuel, hair dresser and perfumer, High street

Hulme Mr. William Lang, Abbey Foregate

Humphreys Elizabeth, circulating library, St. Alkmund’s place

Humphreys John, wine and spirit merchant, St. Mary’s street

Humphreys John, tailor & draper, Shoplatch

Humphreys John R., house surgeon, Infirmy.

Humphreys Joseph, bookseller & stationer, &c., Pride hill

Humphreys Mary, grocer, tea dealer, chemist and druggist, hop and seed merchant, and cheese factor, Mardol

Humphreys Wm., shopkeeper, Claremont st

Humphreys T., shopkeeper, St. Michael’s st

Hunt Miss, Council house court

Hunt Mary, coach builder, Wyle cop

Hunt William Morgan Clerk, St. Michael st

Icke James, grocer and tea dealer, Market st

Instone and Son, nurserymen, Sutton lane

Jackson John, carpenter, Abbey Foregate

Jackson Rebecca, dressmaker, Abbey Foregt

Jackson Wm. Simes, Esq., sol., College hill

James Benjamin, tailor, Hill’s lane

James David, cow keeper, Coleham

James Humphrey, farmer, Meol road

James John, baker & shopkeeper, Abbey Frgt.

James Joseph, shoemaker, Frankwell

James Richard, plasterer, Windsor place

Jeffreys Edward Alex., engineer, Coton hill

Jeffreys Dr. Thomas, Castle house

Jeffreys William Egerton, Esq., solicitor, clerk to magistrates and to commissioners for the hundred of Ford, office Castle st., residence Coton hill

Jeffreys Mr. William, Dog pole

Jenks George, ironmonger, Wyle cop

Jenks Sarah, dressmaker, Abbey Foregate

Jennings Mrs. Sarah, Castle street

Jennings Thomas, Esq., Column terrace

Jervis Charles, carpenter, Frankwell

Jervis Elizabeth, dressmaker, Bridge street

Jervis John, vict., White Horse, Frankwell

Jobson Joseph, corn mercht., St. John’s hill

Johnson Rev. Frederick P., Abbey Foregate

Johnson Henry, M.D., Dog pole

Johnson Henry, corn dealer, Wyle cop

Johnson Mrs. Mary, Tower place

Johnstone Rev. Vanden Bempde, M.A., assistant master Free Grammar school

Jones Andrew, farmer, Meol road

Jones Benjamin, shoemaker, Castle Foregt.

Jones Catherine, hosier, Shoplatch

Jones Charles, linen and woollen draper, Mardol

Jones Chas. Griffiths, conf. & baker, Mardol

Jones David, vict., Bull’s head, Castle gates

Jones David, tailor & drap., St. Mary’s st

Jones David, cheese factor and victualler Woodman inn, Coton hill

Jones David and Son, cheesefactrs, New market hall

Jones Edward, hatter, Pride hill

Jones Edward, veterinary surg., Claremont st

Jones Edward, cooper, Mardol

Jones Edward, blacksmith, Beeches lane

Jones Edw., shoemaker, Hazledine’s buildgs.

Jones Eliza, ironmonger and nail manufacturer, Mardol head

Jones Evan, provision dealer, Coleham

Jones Evan, shoemaker, Princess street

Jones Evan, shopkeeper, St. Michael’s st

Jones Frances, dressmaker, Frankwell

Jones Fredk. A., letter press printer, Wyle cop

Jones Griffith, boot & shoemaker, Hills lane

Jones Henry, boot & shoemaker, Coleham

Jones Henry Micholls, surgeon dentist, Mardol head

Jones Mrs. Hannah, Swan hill

Jones Horatio, surgeon dentist, St. John’s hill

Jones James, butcher, Pride hill

Jones James, grocer & tea dlr., Castle gates

Jones James, cooper, Wyle cop

Jones James, brick & tile maker, Kingsland

Jones John, schoolmaster, St. Julian’s Friars

Jones John, cheese factor, New market hall, residence Chester street

Jones John, shopkeeper, Castle Foregate

Jones John, blacksmith, Raven road

Jones John, carpenter, Swan hill

p. 105Jones John, coach builder, Circus yard, residence, Peacock passage

Jones John, victualler, Gullett inn, Hill’s lane

Jones Jos., vict., Barley Mow, Abbey Forgt.

Jones Joseph, vic., Red Lion, Castle Foregate

Jones Joseph, tailor, Frankwell

Jones Joseph, brickmaker, Coleham

Jones Lewis, farmer, Castle Foregate

Jones Louisa, victualler, Leopard, Pride hill

Jones Maurice, grocer, tea dealer, cheese factor, and seedsman, Mardol

Jones Margaret, clothes cleaner, Claremt. st

Jones Margaret, shopkeeper, Castle gates

Jones Margaret, dressmaker, Dog pole

Jones Mrs. Mary, Reabrook view

Jones Misses, bonnet makers, Pride hill

Jones Mrs. B., Abbey Foregate

Jones Mrs. Price, Bellevue

Jones Robert, grocer & cheese monger, Mardol

Jones Richard, schoolmaster (St. Michael’s), St. Michael’s street

Jones Richard, baker, Frankwell

Jones Richard, butcher, Pride hill

Jones Richard, boot & shoemaker, Pride hill

Jones Richard, blacksmith, Frankwell

Jones Richard, confectioner & baker, Milk st

Jones Richard, beerhouse keeper, Meadow pl

Jones Richard, shopkeeper, Chester street

Jones Richard, blacksmith, Bridge street

Jones Samuel, wire worker, Shoplatch

Jones Sarah, cow keeper, Abbey Foregate

Jones Thos., commercial, dining, and coffee rooms, Shoplatch

Jones Thomas, linen & woollen draper, tailor and clothier, Mardol head

Jones Thos., victualler, Nelson’s Arms, St. Austin’s street

Jones Thomas, carpenter & joiner, Pride hill

Jones Thomas, cooper, Mardol

Jones Thos., brazier & tin plate worker, Mardol

Jones Thomas, tailor, Frankwell

Jones Thomas, butcher, Fish street road, Frankwell

Jones Thomas, shoemaker, Claremont st

Jones Thos. Wm., shoemaker, Castle fields

Jones Wm., saddler and harness maker, and trunk and portmanteau manufacturer, 5, High street

Jones William, victller., Sun tavern, Milk st

Jones William, provision dealer, Mardol

Jones William, carpenter, Castle Foregate

Joseph Ths., provn. dealr., Longden, Coleham

Juckes Samuel, ironmonger & nail manufacturer, Mardol

Juson Richard, gentleman, Spring terrace

Keate Henry, surgeon, Claremont hill

Keeling Henry, tailor and victualler, Odd Fellows’ Arms, Barker street

Keeling Joshua, beerhouse k., Castle gates

Kelvey Rebecca, watchmaker, Mardol

Kempster E., saddler & harness maker, Shoplatch

Kennedy Rev. Benjamin Hall, D.D., head master, Grammar school

Kent John, pawnbroker, Shoplatch

Kent Rev. Manoah (Baptist), Abbey Foregt.

Kerry Christina, hosier High st

Ketler John, rag & bone dealer, St. Austin’s st

Kindellon William N., governor of house of industry, Kingsland

Kirkham John, baker & shopk., Castle fore

Knight Mr. James, Holywell cottage

Kough Thomas Harley, Esq., solicitor, Swan hill

Lacy John, gas fitter and brass founder, Fire office court, High street

Lacy John William, printing and writing ink manufacturer, Castle fields

Lambert Henry, corn miller, Kingsland

Langford William Henry, vict., Golden Harp, Claremont st

Lawrence, Mrs. Mary, St. John’s row

Lawson Elizabeth, infant school teacher, New street

Lawson, Mrs. Mary, Wyle cop

Lawson Stewart, travelling draper, Abbey Foregate

Lawson William, wire worker, Frankwell

Leach Thomas, shopkeeper, Castle Foregate

Leake Charles W. and George E., painters and glaziers, Wyle cop

Leake John Hasleham, bookseller, printer, and stationer, &c., Corn market

Leake Thomas, beerhouse keeper, Castle st

Lee Edward, corn dealer, Mardol

Lee George, cabinet maker, Castle street

Lee George, shoemaker, Abbey Foregate

Legh Edward, agent to Shrewsbury and Shropshire coal company, Canal wharf; residence, Abbey Foregate

Legh John, butcher, Pride hill

Leighton, Rev. William Alport, Luciefelde, Coleham

p. 106Le Mercier Nicholas Robert, teacher of dancing, St. Julian’s Friars

Lewin Samuel Lucas, registrar of marriages, Swan hill

Lewis David, printer and beerhouse keeper, Gullet passage

Lewis Edward, vict., Lion Hotel, and posting house, Wyle cop

Lewis Elizabeth, dressmaker, Frankwell

Lewis Francis B., beerhouse, Abbey Foregate

Lewis John, blacksmith, Frankwell

Lewis Rd., grocer & tea dealer, Shoplatch

Lewis Rd., grocer and tea dealer, High st

Lewis Richard, carpenter, Castle Foregate

Lewis William, professor of music, High st

Lewis and Ward, grocers & hop merchants, High street

Linell John, ironmonger, Wyle cop., residence Abbey Foregate

Linell and Jenks, ironmongers and cooking apparatus manufacturers, Wyle cop

Linley Jas., green grocer, Castle Foregate

Lloyd Charles, malster and vict., Plough Inn, Market square

Lloyd Chas., beerhouse keeper, St. Michael’s street

Lloyd George, painter and glazier, Roushill

Lloyd Henry, plumber, Chester street

Lloyd John, silk mercer and draper, Market square; residence, Swan hill court

Lloyd John, vict., Hill’s Arms, Hill’s lane

Lloyd John, vict., Old Trumpet, Mardol

Lloyd John, tailor, Abbey Foregate

Lloyd John, newspaper reporter, Monk’s well terrace

Lloyd John, shoemaker, Hill’s lane

Lloyd Lydia, hair dresser, Castle Foregate

Lloyd Richard, butcher, Fish street; residence, St. Alkmund’s place

Lloyd Thos., carpenter, New st., Frankwell

Lloyd Thomas, tailor, Frankwell

Lloyd Thomas, tailor, Frankwell

Lloyd Thomas, cow keeper, Meol road

Lloyd Wm. Butler, Esq., banker, White hall

Lloyd Wm., painter and glazier, Coleham

Locke Mr. Edward, Milk street

Lockley Mrs. Mary, St. Julian’s Friars

Lomax Mrs., Bellevue

Longmore Rebecca, fancy repository, High st

Lott John, vict., Crow Inn, Abbey Foregate

Louch Chas., soda water manu., Claremont st

Lowe Edward Henry, wharfinger, Severn pl

Loxdale John, Esq., clerk of the peace for the county of Salop, and clerk to lieutenancy of county.  Office Shire hall, residence College hill

Loxdale Richard, Esq., solicitor, clerk to magistrates, and clerk to commissioners of assessed property and income taxes.  Office Corn market, residence Claremont

Lister Thomas, boot & shoemaker, Castle st

Littlehales, George, engraver & copperplate printer, Dogpole

Lucas Mrs. Martha, Roushill bank

Maddox Edward, vict., Swan Inn, Coleham

Maddox R., linen dra. & silk mercer, Castle st

Maddox Mrs. Theodosia, Quarry view cottage

Maddox Mrs., Green fields

Mallard Edward, paper hanger, Mardol

Manning John, boot & shoemaker, Wyle cop

Manning Josiah, tailor, Castle street

Mansell Mrs. Elizabeth, College hill

Mansell George, beerhouse, Castle Foregate

Mansell John, beerhouse keeper, and boot and shoemaker, Castle Foregate

Mansell Sophia, painter, Mardol

Mansell Wm., vict., Angel inn, Abbey Foregt.

Marsh Chas., agricultural implement maker, Castle fields

Marshall Ann, victualler, Woolpack, Longden, Coleham

Marshall Thomas, accountant, Judith’s Butts

Marston Richard, painter, glazier, and agent to Temperance Provident Institution, Market street

Marston Samuel, gunsmith, Claremont hill

Marston Thos., chemist & druggist, Wyle cop

Martin James, butcher, Fish street

Martin Martha, butcher, Fish street

Martin Mary, farmer, Robertsford

Martin Samuel, butcher, Fish street, residence Belmont

Matthews Chas., beerhouse, Butchers’ row

Matthews John, beerhouse, Chester street

Matthews Joseph, beerhouse, Spring gardens

Mayfield John, inland revenue officer, Bellevue cottage

Mayne Captain D., Woodfield

Meara John Augustine, woollen draper, High street

Mc.Cann Charles, inland revenue officer, Abbey Foregate

Mc.Credie John, cabinet maker, St. Julian’s Friars

p. 107Medlicott Wm., vict., Royal Oak, Coton hill

Menlove, Mrs. Harriet, Coton hill

Meredith, Lewis, & Co., grocers, tallow chandlers, & hop & seed merchants, Wyle Cop

Merick John, shoe maker, Grope lane

Merifield John, fly proprietor, Beeche’s lane

Middleton, Miss Anna Maria, Crescent

Miller John, butcher, Butchers’ row

Millward Edward, blacksmith, Meol road

Millward John, blacksmith, and parish clerk of Holy Cross, Coleham

Milnes Edward, assistant surveyor of taxes, White Hall place

Minn Rob., linen manufacturer, Castle Fields

Minshall Geo., vict., Old Wherry, Wyle Cop

Minshall Wm., fishmonger, Pride hill

Minton Thomas, maltster, Beeches lane

Mitton Geo., boot & shoe maker, Castle gates

Mitton John, cooper, Castle gates

Molinaux Jph. B., schoolmaster, Abbey Fore.

Molineux Jane, shopkeeper, Wyle Cop

Molineux Thos., painter & glazier, Wyle Cop

Moody Thomas B., inspector & collector tolls, New Smithfield

Moore James, Esq., solicitor, Dogpole

Moore Marius Salvator, professor of languages, Cross hill

Moore Wm., working jeweller, Mardol

Moreton Wm. inspector of Shrewsbury and Chester railway, Benbow terrace

Morgan Mrs. Elizabeth, St. John’s hill

Morgan Evan, shopkeeper, St. Michael st

Morgan Mr. Joseph, Barker street

Morgan Mrs., Claremont hill

Morgan Martha Ann, milliner, Barker street

Morgan Morgan, shopkeeper, Frankwell

Morgan Thomas, saddler and harness maker, and licensed to let post horses, Mardol

Morgan Thomas, butcher and vict., Comet, Old Heath

Morgan Wm. Esq., solicitor, Pride hill

Morgan Wm. & Sons, tailors and clothes dealers, Princess street

Morley Hy., wine & spirit mer., Castle street

Morris Ann, vict., Dun Cow, Abbey Foregate

Morris Ann, shopkeeper, Bridge street

Morris Charles, beerhouse, Butchers’ row

Morris Mrs. Emily, St. John’s hill

Morris George, cashier, Old Bank, St. John’s hill

Morris Henry, bankers’ clerk, Corn market

Morris John, carpenter, St. Austin street

Morris Joseph, accountant, St. John’s hill

Morris Richard, hair dresser, Princess street

Morris Richard, shoe maker, School lane

Morris Richard, tailor, The Mount

Morris Stephen, plumber, Castle street

Mottram Geo. & Co., ale and porter brewers, Hills lane, residence St. George’s place

Mottram Jn., hop & seed merchant, Mardol, residence Mount

Mottram Sarah, rope & brush manuf., Mardol

Mountford Thos., coach builder, Dogpole

Muckleston Captain Edward, Quarry place

Muckleston Jn., groc. & tea dealer, Wyle Cop

Muckleston Mrs. Margt., St. Alkmund’s sq.

Muckleston Rd. J., boot & shoe mk., Pride h.

Muckleston Wm., linen and woollen draper, Pride hill

Muir Robert, bank manager, Barker street

Mullinex William, leather cutter & grindery dealer, Milk street

Millinix William, gunsmith, Princess street

Mullins John, dyer, Frankwell

Munday Joseph, painter, Shoplatch

Munford Ed., vict., White Lion, St. John’s h.

Mytton Mrs. Mary, Bellevue gardens

National Provincial Bank of England, Barker street, Robert Muir, manager

Needham Mrs. Francis, Bellevue

Nevett Francis, boot & shoe wareh., High st.

Nevett John, butcher, Butchers’ row

Newcome Miss Elizabeth, Benbow place

Newham Henry, boarding school (diocesan), Swan hill

Newling Mrs. Elizabeth, Abbey Foregate

News Chas., vict., Three Fishes, Fish street

Newton Catherine, schoolmistress, Barker st.

Newton Hy., ale & porter brewer, Circus yard

Niccolls Wm. Owen, wine & spirit merchant, Mardol

Nicholls Charles, Esq., Heath Lodge

Nicholls Charles Barron, flannel merchant, Chester street, residence Quarry Terrace

Nicholls Thomas, wood turner, Castle street

Nickson Miss Elizabeth, boarding school, Cadogan House, The Mount

Nightingale John Thomas, hair dresser & perfumer, High street

Nightingale Richard, linen draper and parish clerk of St. Julian’s, Wyle Cop

North Thos., vict., Mermaid, Shoplatch

Norton Francis Collings, Esq., St. Mary’s ct

Norton Thomas, Esq., solicitor, Dogpole

p. 108Oakley Robert, maltster & hop dealer, Castle Foregate

Oare John, butcher, Mount pleasant

O’Hanlan Mrs. Ann, Claremont bank

O’Hara Henry Lewis, surgeon, Dogpole

Oldroyd Henry John, nuseryman & seedsman High street

Oldroyd Margaret, milliner, Pride hill

Oliver George, shoemaker, Abbey Foregate

Oliver John, shopkeeper, Longden Coleham

Onions Thomas, accountant and collector of taxes, Cross hill

Onions William, surgeon, Broom villa

Ousley Thos. John, editor and prop. of the Shropshire Conservative, Head of Pride hill.

Owen Ebenezer, dyer, Swan hill

Owen Edward, carpenter, Abbey Foregate

Owen James, school master (Holy Trinity), Coleham

Owen James, shoe maker, Castle Foregate

Owen John Ingram, woollen draper, tailor, and hatter, Mardol Head

Owen John, shoemaker, Claremont hill

Owen Mr. Joseph, Bellevue

Owen Mary, din. & coffee rooms, High street

Owen Owen, baker, Castle Foregate

Owen Samuel, accountant, Claremont place, residence Mount Pleasant

Owen Sarah, vict., London Coffee House, Dog pole

Owen Thos., shoemaker, Longden Coleham

Owen Thos., baker and confec., Castle street

Owen Wm., vict., Bugle Horn, Nackin street

Owen Wm., vict., Compass Inn, Frankwell

Owen William, tin plate worker and brazier, Castle street

Paget Rev. Alfred T., Grammar school

Palin Richard, Esq., solicitor, Dogpole

Palmer Edward, baker, Frankwell

Palmer Edward and Son, butchers, Mardol

Palmer Joseph, gentleman, Abbey Foregate

Palmer Thomas Fras., gentleman, Abbey Foregate

Pardey Capt. John, Reabrook cottage

Pardon James, artist, College hill

Parker Edward, vict., Seven Stars, Coleham

Parker James, farmer, Weir hill

Parker John, shoemaker, Claremont street

Parker Thomas, butcher, Fish street, residence St. Alkmund’s place

Parker Wm., vict., Park Inn, Abbey Foregate

Parkes Z., mill maker, Frankwell

Parry David, shopkeeper, Abbey Foregate

Parry David, shopkeeper, Frankland

Parry Ed. (manager of Marshall’s factory), St. Michael’s street

Parry Hugh, vict., Bell Inn, Frankwell

Parry Robt., plasterer & modeller, Cross hill

Parry Scarlet LLoyd, Esq., solicitor, Swan hl

Parsons John, manager of goods department of Chester and Shrewsbury rail., Coton hill

Parsons Mary, grocer and tea dealer, Market street

Patchett Wm., station master, Enon cottage

Peach John, grocer and tea dealer, High st

Pearce Ann, butcher, Butchers’ row

Pearson Benjamin, upholsterer and paper hanger, Princess street

Peele Joshua John, Esq., solicitor, treasurer, and deputy clerk of the peace of the county; under sheriff of Shropshire; town clerk of Shrewsbury; sub-division clerk and bailiff of the Royal Free Grammar School, office Guildhall, residence Murivance

Perkins John, shoemaker, St. Austin street

Perrott John, shopkeeper, Claremont street

Perry Wm. Henry, Esq., Pride hill

Peplow Mary Ann & Co., hop, seed, corn and cheese mer., Claremont st, r. Claremont h

Peplow Wm., tailor, Wyle Cop

Phayre John, provision dealer, Mardol

Phillips Chas., Esq., New hall, Abbey Foreg.

Phillips Edward, tailor, St. Alkmund square

Phillips Ed. Benj., wire worker, Shoplatch

Phillips Edwin, confec. and baker, Shoplatch

Phillips James, tailor & wool. drap., High st

Phillips & Jones, wire workers and fancy bird cage manufacturers, Shoplatch

Phillips Mr. John, St. Julian’s Friars

Phillips Thomas, chemist, druggist, and ink manufacturer, Mardol

Phillips Thomas, bricklayer and beerhouse keeper, Frankwell

Phillips Wm., beerhouse keeper, Frankwell

Pickering Jas. Richard, vict., Old Thrashers, Castle Foregate

Pidduck Thomas, surgeon, Pride hill

Pidgeon Henry, chemist and druggist, 45, High street

Pierce John, painter & glaz., Castle Foregate

Pierce Richard, cowkeeper, Holywell Farm

Pigott Mrs. Frances, Castle street

Poole Benjamin, shoemaker, Castle gates

p. 109Poole James, boarding school, Rose Mount

Poole John & Son, grocers, tea dealers, and seedsmen, Castle street

Poole Thomas and Samuel, drapers and silk mercers, 9, High street

Poole Thos. Francis, grocer and tea dealer, Castle street

Pool Robert, currier, Mardol

Polehampton Rev. Henry Steadman, curate of St. Chads, Belmont

Powell Benjamin, malt and coffee mill maker, Frankwell

Powell, Mrs. Elizabeth, Benbow place

Powell, Mr. John, Coton hill

Powell Timothy, baker and confec., Mardol

Powell William, linen draper, Mardol

Price David, carpenter, Castle gates

Price Edward, butcher, Abbey Foregate

Price Emily, milliner, Castle street

Price George, pump maker, Frankwell

Price John, solicitor, Wyle cop, residence Coton terrace

Price, Mrs. Margaret, Coton terrace

Price Richard, registrar of births and deaths, & vestry clerk of St. Mary’s, Castle street

Price Sarah, shopkeeper, Coton hill

Price Sylvanus, tobacco pipe manufacturer, Longden, Coleham

Price Thos., vict., The Glove, St. John’s blds

Price Thomas, provision dealer, Abbey Fore

Price Theodore, basket maker, Coleham

Price Watkin, baker, Abbey Foregate

Price William, blacksmith and beerhouse keeper, Abbey Foregate

Price William, wheelwright, Abbey Foregate

Price Mr. William, Mount Field

Prim John, hair dresser, Abbey Foregate

Prinn Richard, shoemaker, Cross hill

Pritchard Ann, baker, Meol road

Pritchard Ann, milliner, Princess street

Pritchard Ann, butcher, Butchers’ row

Pritchard Dan., grocer & tea dealer, Dogpole

Prosser Rev. William, curate of St. Alkmund’s, Belmont

Probert Henry, cabinet maker and upholsterer, Shoplatch

Prune John, tailor, Frankwell

Pugh Edward, carver and gilder, Frankwell

Pughe, Mrs. Elizabeth, Dogpole

Pugh Elizabeth, schoolmistress, Castle Fore

Pugh James, malster and vict., Plough and Harrow, Coleham

Pugh John, baker, Abbey Foregate

Pugh John, tailor, Frankwell

Pugh Robt., painter & glazier, Castle Foregt

Pugh Robert, beerhouse, Castle Foregate

Pugh Sarah, vict., Market Tavern, Pride hill

Pugh Thomas, vict., Fighting Cocks, Castle Foregate

Pugh Wm., painter & glazier, Abbey Foregate

Pursell, Mrs. Ann, Old heath

Purslow Edward, hair dresser and umbrella maker, St. Julian’s friars

Purslow Henry, clothier and furniture broker, Corn market

Purslow William, painter, Barker street

Pyefinch John, chemist & drug., Shoplatch

Randles John, maltster and vict., Cock Inn, Butchers’ row

Randles Robert, beerhouse keeper, Swan hill

Rawlins Gabriel, adjutant South Salopian yeomanry, School court

Rees David, fly proprietor, Coffee house pas

Rees Evan, shoemaker and green grocer, Gullett passage

Rees John, provision dealer, Coleham

Rees, Mrs. Mary, College hill

Rees William, grocer and maltster, Wyle cop

Renolds Thomas, cow keeper, Old heath

Revel Champ, clothes dealer, Princess st

Richard Evans, vet. surgeon, Abbey Fore

Richards Hy., hosier & stay dealer, Wyle cop

Richards, Rev. John, Crescent place

Richards Richard, butcher, Castle gates

Richards Thomas, shopkeeper, Abbey Foregt

Rigby Richard, butcher, Butchers’ row

Roberts Charles, boot & shoe maker, Pride hill

Roberts David & Co., clothes dealers, Pride hl

Roberts Edward, tailor and woollen draper, Butchers’ row

Roberts Edward, shoemaker, Castle Foregate

Roberts Edward, tailor, Abbey Foregate

Roberts Edwards, shopkeeper, Chester st

Roberts Frederick, superintendent of asylum, Kingsland

Roberts Henry, shopkeeper, Abbey Foregate

Roberts John shoemaker, Abbey Foregate

Roberts Joseph, furniture broker, Bridge st

Roberts Mary, baker, Castle Foregate

Roberts Sigismunda, school teacher, Barker st

Roberts Thos., victualler, Plough Inn, Castle Foregate

Roberts William, fishmonger, Shoplatch

p. 110Robinson Ann, pawnbroker, Roushill bank

Roden Samuel, brick and tile maker, John Wilson, agent, Raven road

Rogers Missses Ann & Eliz., Abbey Foregate

Rogers Mrs. Eleanor, Abbey Foregate

Rogers Eliz., provision dealer, St. Mary’s st

Rogers George, vict., Sun Inn, Milk street

Rogers George, gentleman, St. Julian’s friars

Rogers Joseph, grocer and temperance coffee house, Mardol

Rogers William, painter and glazier, St. Alkmund’s place

Rogers William, wharfinger, salt dealer and vict., Seven Stars Inn, Frankwell

Rogerson, Rev. James Jardine, M.A., incumbent of St. Julian’s, Glansevern lodge

Rogerson Robert, schoolmaster (Bowdler’s free school), Beeches lane

Rooke, Mr. Charles, Swan hill court

Rose and Co., china warehouse, William George, agent, Wyle cop

Rowe George, town crier, Roushill bank

Rowland James, whitesmith and beerhouse keeper, The mount

Rowland John L., solicitor, Monk’s well ter

Rowland Misses, milliners, St. Mary’s st

Rowland, Rev. William Gorsuch, incumbent of St. Mary’s, Abbey Foregate

Rowland William, tailor, Roushill

Rushton and Bowdler, joiners & carpenters, Pride hill

Rushton Julia, bonnet maker, Dogpole

Rushton Wm., carpenter, Pride hill, r Dogpole

Ryder Ed., malster and butcher, Old heath

Ryder Elizabeth, hair dresser, Wyle cop

Ryder George H., beerhouse keep., Old heath

Ryder Henry, victualler, Yorkshire House, St. Mary’s Place

Ryder Captain Wm., R. N., Benbow house

Salop Bank (Messrs. Burton, Lloyd, Salt, and How), Princess street

Salt George Moultrice, Esq., solicitor, Belmont; residence, Coton hill

Salt Thomas, Esq., solicitor, Belmont; residence, Quarry place

Salter and Rogers, provision dealers, St. Mary’s street

Salter Hannah, provision dealer, St. Mary’s street

Sandford Folliott, Esq., solicitor, Dogpole

Sandford Humphrey, Esq., councillor at law, Wyle cop

Sandford James Oakes, bookseller, printer, bookbinder, and stationer, 25, High street

Sandys Captain Thomas, Claremont blds

Saunders Joseph Green, hatter, Market st

Savage Mrs., Reabrook view

Saxelby George, woollen draper and tailor, & agent for the Syrian paletot, Castle st

Scammell Uphemia, bordng. school, Wyle cop

Scarth Jonathan, Esq., solicitor, College hill

Scarth Jonathan, gentleman, The Flash

Scoltock Mary, grocer and italian warehouse, Princess street

Scoltock William Poole, secretary and clerk to charity trustees, Offices Guild hall, and Corn market chambers

Selley Matthew, malster, Frankwell

Shakeshaft Mr. John, White Hall place

Sharp Alexander, working jeweller, Milk st

Shaw Elijah, umbrella maker, Castle Foregate

Shaw Mrs. Elizabeth, Dogpole

Shaw Henry, fishing tackle manufacturer and ornithologist, Shoplatch

Shaw John, fishing tackle manufacturer and ornithologist, Wyle cop

Shaw Joseph, glass, china, and earthenware dealer, Wyle cop

Shepherd John, governor of county gaol, The gaol

Sheppard Joseph, tanner, St. Austin street

Sherry Thomas, shoemaker, Abbey Foregate

Shorland John, shopk., Longden Coleham

Shrewsbury & Ludlow Bank, Messrs. Roche, Eytons, Campbell, and Bayleys, Market sq

Shrewsbury and Welsh Pool Bank, Messrs. Beck, Downward, Scarth, and Bowen, High street

Shropshire and North Wales Fire Office, High street, Edward Elsmere, managing director

Shuker Mr. Joseph, Monks’ well terrace

Simmonds John, vict., Old Wheat Sheaf, High street

Simons John, builder and china dealer, Pride hill

Simpson Deborah, wine and spirit merchant, Mardol

Simpson Hortensius Coates, wool merchant, Hill’s lane and St. John’s hill; residence, College hill

Simpson Rev. Joseph, Abbey Foregate

Simpson Thomas, coach proprietor, Abbey Foregate

p. 111Skitt James, veterinary surgeon, Old heath

Small John, bricklayer and builder, Butchers’ row

Smart Mary, fruiterer and fish and game dealer, High street

Smith Andrew, rag and bone merchant, Howard street

Smith Edward, farmer, Fox bank

Smith Edward, registrar office, Barker street

Smith George, carpenter & joiner, Swan hill

Smith James, gentleman, Benbow terrace

Smith John P., manager of goods department for Shropshire union railway, Portland house, Abbey Foregate

Smith Mr. Joseph, Coleham

Smith Rd., painter & glazier, St. John’s hill

Smith Richard, vict., Lion and Pheasant Inn, Wyle cop

Smith Samuel, Esq., Column terrace

Smith Samuel Pountney, architect and surveyor, Severn cottage

Smith Sarah, vict., Golden Cross, Golden cross passage

Smith Miss Sarah, Sutton lane

Smith and Preece, auctioneers, Corn market

Smith Thos., glass & china dealer, Wyle cop

Smith Thomas, stay manufacturer, Castle st

Smith Thos., blacksmith, New st., Frankwell

Smith William, auctioneer, Church street; residence, Trinity terrace, Coleham

Smith Wm., draper (travelling), Cross hill

Smitheman Miss Caroline, Beauchamp

Smout Edward, seedsman and market gardener, Gullett passage

Snook Richard Seymour, road surveyor, Copthorne road

Southam Mr. Thomas, Spring terrace

Southam Thomas, jun., ale, porter, and spirit merchant, and agent to Bass and Co., (Burton ales), Wyle cop

Speake John, shopkeeper, Coleham

Spence James George, ironmonger, &c., Canal wharf house

Stamp Office, Corn market, Edward B. Tipton, distributor

Stanley Mr. Samuel, White hall street

Stant Joseph, builder, timber merchant, stone and marble mason, and brick and tile maker, St. Julian’s friars

Stanton James, hair dresser, Shoplatch

Stanway Mary, malster and vict., Old Bell, Abbey Foregate

St. Albans, Mr. Edwd. Francis, St. John’s hill

Stedman George, painter, Castle gates

Stedman, Mrs. Jane, White hall place

Stedman, Mrs. Jane, Belmont

Stedman Mary, bonnet maker, Castle gates

Stephens John, surgeon, College hill

Stephens Richard, boot and shoe manufacturer, Mardol head

Stevens George, wood turner, Barker st

Stevens William, wood turner, Mardol

Stewart Penelope, tobacconist, Wyle cop

Stinton Henry, baker, Frankwell

Stockdale William, blacksmith, Roushill

Stokes William, Esq., St. John’s row

Stone Richard, shoemaker, St. Austin’s st

Story Wm., solicitor’s clerk, Holy well terrace

Strange Alice, vict., Fox Inn, Princess street

Stuttle William, iron and brass founder, Longden Coleham

Sutton Mrs., Ellen, St. Mary’s court

Swain John, malster, Mardol, and farmer, Coton grange

Swain Richard, malster & shopkeeper, Mardol

Swain Wm., maltster & ironmonger, Mardol

Swallow Chas., beerhouse keeper, Castle Fields

Swinburne, Miss Charlotte Marie, Belmont

Swinnerton Elizabeth, baker, Castle Foregate

Symcock John, vict., Crown and Anchor, Castle Foregate

Taggart Walter, tea dealer (travelling), Wyle cop

Tanner John, saddler and harness maker, and trunk and portmanteau manufacturer, High street

Tanswell James, painter and glazier, St. John’s hill

Tanswell John, carpenter, joiner, and flour dealer, Shoplatch

Tanswell Thos., painter & glazier, Castle st

Taylor George, shoemaker, Frankwell

Taylor George, sieve maker and rag and bone dealer, Chester street

Taylor Isaac, farmer, Monk moor

Taylor John, vict., Nag’s Head, Castle gates

Taylor Robert, shopkeeper, Spring gardens

Taylor Richard, malster and corn merchant, Abbey Foregate

Taylor Richard, jun., hop and seed merchant, Princess street, residence Abbey Foregate

Taylor Richard, painter & glazier, Hills lane

Taylor Rich., maltster & butcher, Old Heath

Taylor Samuel, woolstapler, Hills lane

p. 112Taylor Wm., boot and shoe maker, Castle st.

Taylor Wm., tobacco pipe maker, Longden Coleham

Teckoe Ed., vict., Queen’s Head, Mardol

Teece Charles Bowen, Esq., solicitor, and superintendent registrar, Swan Hill, residence St. Austin’s Priory

Teece Miss Jane, St. John’s hill

Tennant Henry, butcher, Fish street

Thacker Mary, vict., London Apprentice, Coton hill

Thacker Abraham, tailor, Frankwell

Thomas Ann, shopkeeper, Longden Coleham

Thomas Charles, linen and woollen draper, Mardol

Thomas David, beerhouse, New st., Frankwell

Thomas Rev. David (Independent Welsh chapel), Mardol

Thomas Edward, shopkeeper, The Mount

Thomas Edward, baker, Abbey Foregate

Thomas Elizabeth, vict., Ship Inn, Bridge st.

Thomas Henry, builder, St. Austin Friars

Thomas James, millwright, Cross street

Thomas John, shoemaker, Coton hill

Thomas John, shoemaker, Abbey Foregate

Thomas John, grocer and tea dealer, Mardol and Pride hill

Thomas John, carpenter, Barker street

Thomas John, superin. of police, Barker st.

Thomas Robert, shoemaker, Frankwell

Thomas Richard, beerhouse, Spring gardens

Thomas Samuel, beerhouse, Raven street

Thomas Wm., shoemaker, St. Michael’s st.

Thomas Mr. William, Islington

Thomas Wm., boot & shoe maker, Castle st.

Thomas William, shoemaker, New street

Thompson James, vict., Cross Guns, New street, Frankwell

Thornes Mrs. Charlotte, Holywell terrace

Thornton Mr. George, Abbey Foregate

Tibnam Wm., bookseller, printer, stationer, bookbinder, and religious tract depository, Wyle cop

Tilston and Co., salt and slate merchants, Canal wharf

Tindall Rev. John (Wesleyan), Swan hill

Timbs Richard, victualler, Eagle and Tun, Castle Foregate

Tipton Miss Anna Catherine, Claremont hill

Tipton Edward Blakeway, stamp distributor and secretary to Salop Fire Office, Corn market

Tisdale Eliz., shopkeeper, New street, Frankwell

Tisdale John, baker, Bridge street

Tisdale Thomas, auctioneer and land and estate agent, Quarry terrace

Tisdale Thomas, civil engineer and architect, and surveyor, office Mardol head, residence Mount Field

Tisdale Wm., hardware dealer and market gardener, Castle Foregate

Tisdale William, cooper, Frankwell

Tittensor John and Richard, cabinet makers and upholsterers, St. Mary’s street

Tombs, Susannah, hosier, Corn market

Tomkins Henry, farrier, Coleham

Tomlins John, basket maker, Castle Foregate

Towers Mr. John, gentleman, Swan hill

Towers Mr. John, postmaster, Sutton cottage

Townsend Mary Ann, schoolmistress, Castle Foregate

Tract Depository, at Mr. William Tibnam’s, Wyle Cop

Trail Dewar, farmer, Coton hill farm

Tregortha Thos., circulating library, Meol road

Troughton Mr. Thomas, Abbey Foregate

Trouncer and Son, ale and porter brewers, Old Brewery, Coleham

Trouncer Thomas William, brewer, Coleham, residence St. John’s hill

Trouncer Wm. Henry, maltster, Frankwell

Tudor Dinah, cooper, Shoplatch

Tudor Miss Elizabeth, Islington

Turner Anna Maria, maltster, Frankwell

Taylor James, shoemaker, Castle Fields

Urwick Miss Ann, The Mount

Urwick Elenor, librarian, St. John’s hill

Upton Mr. Edward, Abbey Foregate

Vane Mrs. Sarah, Benbow terrace

Vaughan Edward, vict., King’s Arms Inn, Claremont street, and proprietor of billiard rooms, Corn market

Vaughan Hannah, shopkeeper, Shoplatch

Vaughan John, carpenter and builder, Claremont street

Vaughan John, vict., Cross Keys, High street

Vaughan Richard, beerhouse keeper, Castle Foregate

Vickers George, coach builder, College hill, residence Coton hill

Wace George George, Esq., solicitor, College hill, residence Bellevue

p. 113Wace Hy. Thos., Esq., solicitor, College hill

Wace Richard, Esq., College hill

Wade George, cabinet maker, Wyle Cop

Wade Mrs. Anna Maria, Kingsland villa

Wade Geo., beerhouse keeper, Chester street

Wade James, accountant, Market square, residence Castle gates

Wakefield Rev. John Mort, M.A., assistant master, Grammar School

Walker Geo., hair dresser, St. Mary’s street

Walker George, butcher, Butcher’s row

Walker Wm., hair dresser & toy dealer, Mardol

Walker William, watch and clock maker, Market square

Wall Benjamin, news agent, Mardol

Walmsley John, surgeon, Abbey terrace

Walmsley John, vict., Red Lion, Hadnal road

Walton John, gentleman, Claremont hill

Ward Rev. Anth., (Wesleyan), Benbow place

Ward Rob., confectioner and baker, Wyle Cop

Ward Thos. Cooke, gentleman, Quarry terrace

Ward Thos., grocer & tea dealer, High street

Ward Wm., vict., Wheat Sheaf, Wyle Cop

Ward William Robert, R.N., manager of gas works, Castle place

Wardle William, bookseller, printer, and stationer, Mardol

Warren John, vict., Boar’s Head, Meol road

Wastall Thomas, wood turner, Fire Office court, High street

Watkins, James, Esq., Mardol

Watkins John, baker, Barker street

Watkins John H., baker and shopkeeper, Coton hill

Watkins Matthew, tailor and hosier, Claremont street

Watkis Mrs. Elizabeth, St. John’s hill

Watkis James Buckley, Esq., solicitor, Belmont, residence Abbey Foregate

Watkis Richard, cabinet maker, Hills lane

Watson Joseph, vict., Buckley’s Arms, Abbey Foregate

Watton John, printer, bookseller, bookbinder, stationer, patent medicine vender, and newspaper publisher, St. John’s hill

Weaver Mary Ann, boarding school, Belmont

Weaver Rev. Thos. (Independent), Swan hill

Weaver Wm., vict., Sun Inn, Roushill

Webster James, vestry clerk of St. Chads, Belmont

Westwood Henry, vict., Barge Inn, Wyle Cop

Werter Mr. Thomas, Abbey Foregate

White John, auctioneer, Corn market

White Joshua Pugh, cabinet maker and upholsterer, College hill and Pride hill

White Sarah, tea dealer, Wyle Cop

White Timothy, inspector of weights and measures for borough, and assistant overseer of St. Julian’s, Wyle Cop

Whitehurst John, gentleman, Mount house

Whitfield Christopher, market gardener, Castle Foregate

Whitmore John, refreshment rooms, railway station, residence Castle street

Whitney George & Son, chemist and druggist, High street

Whitney James, bookseller, printer, and stationer, Pride hill

Whitaker Francis, inspector of weights and measures for North Bradford Hundred

Whitwell Francis, surgeon, St. Mary’s street

Whitwell Francis, furrier, St. John’s hill

Whitwell Jas., commer. traveller, New park

Wicks Mary Ann, livery stables, Cross hill, residence St. John’s hill

Wigginton James, paviour, Coton hill

Wightman Rev. Charles Edward Leopold, vicar of St. Alkmund’s, St. Alkmund’s sq.

Wigley Charles, accountant, St. John’s row

Wigley Joseph, banker’s clerk, Princess street

Wigley The Misses, Quarry place

Wilde Peter, bookseller, printer, stationer, and bookbinder, and agent to Anchor Assurance Office, Pride hill

Wilde Thomas, glass & china dealer, Market street

Wildig Henry and Mary, glass, china, and earthenware dealer, Pride hill

Wilding Elizabeth, grocer and tea dealer, Corn market

Wilding James, butcher, Mardol

Wilding Richard, butcher, Pride hill

Wilding William, wool merchant, College hill

Wilkes Clement, grocer and tea dealer, and hosiery manufacturer, Princess street

Wilkes James, shopkeeper, Castle Fields

Wilkes Rd., tailor & woollen draper, Wyle Cop

Wilkes Richard, butcher, Fish street

Wilkins Mary, fly proprietor, Milk street

Wilkinson Robert, flannel merchant, Claremont hill, residence The Mount

Wilkinson Thomas, ironmonger, High street

Williams Edward, surgeon, Mardol

Williams Fred. Ed., shopkeeper, Barker street

p. 114Williams John, grocer and tea dealer, and cheese factor, Mardol

Williams Johns, tailor, Castle Foregate

Williams John, tailor, Marine Terrace

Williams John, vict., Coopers’ Arms, New street, Frankwell

Williams John, tailor and woollen draper, Dogpole

Williams John, beerhouse, Barker street

Williams John, shoemaker, Frankwell

Williams Joseph, tripe dealer, Wyle cop

Williams, Mrs. Mary, Abbey Foregate

Williams Mary, clothes dealer, Princess st

Williams Richard, vict., Waterloo house, Abbey Foregate

Williams Richard, beerhouse, Hill’s lane

Williams Richard, beerhouse, Frankwell

Williams Thomas, corn dealer, The mount

Williams Thomas, pump maker, Coleham

Williams William, grocer, tea dealer, cheese and bacon factor, Mardol

Williams William, vict., Crow Inn, Frankwell

Williams William, carrier to Ironbridge and Broseley, Monday and Friday, Wyle cop

Wills George, accountant, White hall place

Wilson Mrs. Harriet, Quarry place

Wilson John, timber merchant, Raven road

Wilson John, tailor, Abbey Foregate

Wilson The Misses, St. Julian’s friars

Wilson Samuel, beerhouse, Roushill

Winstone, Rev. David, chaplain to county gaol, Castle street

Withers Thomas, surveyor of taxes, office, Wyle cop; residence, Oakley cottage

Witts, Miss Aphia, Claremont bank

Wollaston, Mrs. Beatrice, St. John’s hill

Wollaston Chas., gentleman, Claremont hill

Wood Miss Elizabeth, Tower place

Wood Mrs. Elizabeth, Abbey Foregate

Wood Francis, butcher, Frankwell

Wood Samuel, surgeon, The abbey

Wood William, physician, Castle street

Wood Wm. Henry, assistant clerk, County court office, Holywell terrace

Wood William Seward, Esq., Severn cottage

Woodall John, woollen draper and clothier, Mardol head

Woodruff Richard, shoemaker, St. Alkmund’s place

Woodward Chas., brazier & tin plate worker, Pride hill

Woodward Charles, butcher, Butchers’ row

Woodward Mr. Henry, St. Austin’s priory

Woodward John, hop and porter merchant, Bridge street

Woodward Robert, malster and beerhouse keeper, Frankwell

Woodward, Mr. Thomas, Green hill cottage, Frankwell

Worth Fred, Hy., coach builder, Bridge st

Worrall Mary, shopkeeper, Frankwell

Woosnam Elizabeth, milliner, Pride hill

Wycherley George, carpenter, St. Alkmund’s place

Wylie David, engineer, Coton hill

Wynne John, Esq., College hill court

Yardley Rev. Edward, Claremont bank

Yardley Rev. John M.A., incumbent of St. Chad’s Claremont house

Yates Mrs. Sophia, Column villa

Yeomans Thos. Roger, artist, Abbey Foregate

Yerbury Charles, coach builder, College hill

Yerbury and Vickers, coach builders, College hill

Young George, ironmonger and coal merchant, Canal wharf; residence, Abbey Foregate

Young and Spence, ironmongers, brass founders, iron merchants, and agricultural implement makers, Canal wharf

p. 115CLASSIFICATION
OF THE
PROFESSIONS, MANUFACTURES, AND TRADES
IN THE
TOWN OF SHREWSBURY.

Academies.

Marked * Boarding Schools.

Allatt’s Free School, St. John’s row, Thos. Bagley, master; Frances Buttery, mistress

* Arrowsmith Louisa Ann, Belmont

* Arrowsmith Mary Elisabeth, College hill court

* Beetlestone George, Hill’s lane

Blue Coat (Bowdler’s) Beeche’s lane, Robert Rogerson, master; & Mary Ann Sharratt, mistress

* Brightwell William, Belmont bank

British, Castle Fields, Thos. Harris

Cooke Mary, Swan hill

* Diocesan School, Swan hill, Henry Newham

Field Francis and Mary, St. Alkmund’s place

Green Ann, Old Heath

Gittins Sarah, Abbey Foregt

Griffiths Jane, Abbey Foregt

Hinmers Elizabeth, Cross hill

Holy Trinity Schools, Coleham, Jas. Owen, master; Martha Clarke, mistress

Hunt Mary Ann, Church st

Infants (St. Chads), Barker street, Sigismunda Roberts

Infants (Castle Foregate), Mary A. Townsend

Infants (Frankwell), Elizth. Lawson

* Jones Jn., St. Julian’s Friars

Knight Clement, Cross hill

National Shrewsbury, Abbey Foregate, Joseph B. Molynaux, master; Mary Ann Williamson, mistress

Newton Catherine, Barker st

Millington School (Frankwell) Francis Cullis, master; Sarah Bishop, mistress

Morris Mary, Swan hill

* Nickson Elizabeth, Cadogan House, The Mount

* Poole James, Rose Mount

Pugh Elizabeth, Castle Foregate

Roberts Ann, Castle Fields

Royal Free Grammar School, Castle gates, Rev. Ben. Hall Kennedy, D.D., head master; Rev. William Burbury, M.A., second master; Rev. John Mort Wakefield, M.A., assistant master; Rev. Alfred Tolver Paget, M.A., teacher of mathematics; Rev. Vanden Bempde Johnstone, M.A. assistant master; Mr. Thos. Amand Bentley, teacher of modern languages; Mr. Thos. Northage Henshaw, writing master

* Scammell, Euphemia, Wyle Cop

St. Alkmund’s, William Donnellan and Martha Badger, St. Alkmund’s pl

St. Chad’s School, Barker street, Edward Evans, master; Jane E. Tanner, mistress

St. Michael’s School, St. Michael’s street, Richard Jones, master; Sophia Evans, mistress

* Weaver Mary Ann Belmont

Accountants.

Bevan Henry, Abbey Foregt

Edwards Thomas, Mardol head

Evans Edward, Claremont hl

Harwood Thomas, Abbey Foregate

Hartshorn James, Dogpole

Hewett James, St. Julian’s Friars

Marshall Thomas, Judith’s Butts

Morris Joseph, St. John’s hill

Onions Thomas, Cross hill

Owen Samuel, Claremont hill

Wade James, Market square

Wigley Charles, St. John’s road

Wills George, White Hall pl

Agents.

See also Fire and Life Office Agents.

Atkin Henry (to Allsop and Co’s. Burton ale), Golden cross passage

Barcley Wm. Jas. (Guiness’ Dublin porter), High st

Burd and Son (land & estate), Abbey Foregate

p. 116Davies John (coal), Castle Foregate

Franklin George Benjamin (Mottram & Co., brewers), Frankwell

Haycock Robert (Brymbo Company), Castle Foregate

Legh Edward (Shrewsbury and Shropshire coal company), Canal wharf

Southam Thomas, jun. (Bass and Co.’s Burton ale), Wyle Cop

Agricultural Implement Makers.

Cartwright John, Castle Foregate

Harris Samuel, Barker street

Marsh Charles, Castle Fields

Young and Spence, Canal wharf

Architects and Surveyors.

Birch Benjamin, Castle gates

Carline John, Abbey Foregate

Haycock Edward (county), The Priory

Smith Samuel Pountney, Severn cottage

Stant Joseph, St. Julian’s Friars

Tisdale Thos., Mardol head

Artists.

Brown Philip, Castle street

Corbel Philip, Belmont

Pardon James, College hill

Yeoman’s Thomas Roger, Abbey Foregate

Attorneys.

Badger Thomas Jeffreys, Swan hill

Bloxham Henry, St. Mary’s place

Cooper and Broughall, St John’s hill

Corser George Sandford, Market street

Craig C. & S., The Crescent

Edwards John Hawley, Pride hill

Gordon George, Dog pole

Hicks and Son, Wyle Cop

Higgins William, Claremont hill

How and Son, Swan hill

Hughes Edward, Dog pole

Jeffreys William Egerton, Castle street

Kough Thomas Harley, Swan hill

Loxdale John, Guild hall

Loxdale Richard, Corn markt

Moore James, Dog pole

Morgan William, Pride hill

Norton Thomas, Dog pole

Palin Richard, Dog pole

Parry Scarlet Lloyd, Swan hill

Peele Joshua John, Guild hall

Price John, Wyle cop

Rowland John Leeche, Monks’ well terrace

Salt and Son, Belmont

Sandford Folliott, Dogpole

Scarth and Jackson, College hill

Teece Charles Bowen, Swan hill

Wace Henry Thomas & George, College hill

Watkis James Buckley, Belmont

Auctioneers, Appraisers, and House and Estate Agents.

Burrey James, College hill

Edwards Thomas, Mardol head

Hall William, Milk street

Smith and Preece, corn market

Tisdale Thos., Quarry terrace, & Shoplatch

White John, Corn market

Bakers.

Ballham James, Coleham

Bayley Edward, Castle Foregate

Blakemore Robert B., Mardol

Boycott Rd., St. Michael’s st

Breeze Sarah, Coton hill

Clinton Henry, Abbey Foregt

Cock John, Coleham

Coggin Jabez, Chester street

Crumpton James, Frankwell

Deakin Edward, Frankwell

Deakin Thomas, Market st

Dean Thomas, Frankwell

Davies Daniel, Castle gates

Davies Walton, St. Mary’s place

Edwards Thomas, Abbey Foregate

Elkes Edward, Pride hill

Evans Benjamin, High st

Evans John, Butchers’ row

Harris Thomas, Castle street

Harrison Samuel, Castle Foregate

Haynes Francis M., Wyle cop

Hill John, Longden, Coleham

James John, Abbey Foregate

Jones Charles Griffiths, Mardol

Jones Richard, Frankwell

Jones Richard, Milk street

Kirkham John, Castle Foregate

Owen Owen, Castle Foregate

Owen Thomas, Castle street

Palmer Edward, Frankwell

Phillips Edwin, Shoplatch

Powell Timothy, Mardol

Price Watkins, Abbey Foregt

Pritchard Ann, Meol road

Pugh John, Abbey Foregate

Roberts Mary, Castle Foregt

Stinton Henry, Frankwell

Swinnerton Elizabeth, Castle Foregate

Tisdale John, Bridge street

Ward Robert, Wyle cop

Watkins John, Barker street

Watkins John H. Coton hill

Bankers.

National Provincial Bank of England, Barker street, Robert Muir, manager

Salop Bank, Princess St., (Messrs. Burton, Lloyd, Salt, and How), draw on Glyn, Halifax, and Co., London

p. 117Savings’ Bank, College hill, open on Monday and Saturday, from 11 30 a.m., to 1 30 p.m., Chas. Blount, actuary

Shrewsbury and Ludlow Bank, Market sq., (Messrs. Roche, Eytons, Campbell, and Bayleys), draw on Roberts, Curtis, and Co., London

Shrewsbury and Welshpool Bank, High st., (Messrs. Beck, Downward, Scarth, & Bowen), draw on Masterman, and Co., London

Barristers.

Allnatt Charles Blake, The crescent

Sandford Humphrey, Dogpole

Basket Makers.

Gwynn Richard, Pride hill

Halbrook James, Coleham

Price Theodore, Coleham

Tomlins John, Castle Foregt

Williams Richard, Abbey Foregate

Blacksmiths.

Birch James, Frankwell

Breeze James, Abbey Foregt

Clorley S., St. Austin’s street

Crome Henry, Castle st

Griffiths Samuel, Coton hill

Harris Samuel, Barker street

Howells Thomas, Castle Foregate

Hughes Robert, Abbey Foregate

Jones Edward, Beeche’s lane

Jones John, Raven road

Jones Richard, Circus place

Lewis John, Frankwell

Millward John and Edward, Coleham

Price William, Abbey Foregt

Smith and Jones, Frankwell

Stockdale William, Roushill

Booksellers, Printers, Bookbinders, and Stationers.

Beacall Ann & Eliza, Mardol head

Cadwallader John, 3, High st

Crumpton Joseph, (agent for the sale of poor law books), Mardol

Davies John, 15, High st

Davies Richard, 7, High st

Deaves George (old bookseller only), Shoplatch

Drayton George, Shoplatch

Eddowes and Leake, Corn market

Edwards Edward, Dogpole

Humphreys Joseph, Pride hill

Sandford James Oakes, 25, High street

Tibnam William, Wyle cop

Wardle William, Mardol

Walton John, St. John’s hill

Whitney James D., Pride hill

Wilde Peter, (wholesale), Pride hill

Boot and Shoemakers.

Badger John, Marine terrace

Bather William, Coton hill

Betton William, Frankwell

Blair Charles, Abbey Foregt

Blount Charles, Claremont hill

Boulton Samuel, Chester st

Bryant William, Mardol

Butler William, Castle Foregate

Calcott, John, 4, High street

Cavell Henry, School lane

Chester George, Shoplatch

Chidlow William, Castle fields

Cock John, Abbey Foregate

Cox John, School lane

Davies Charles, Barker st

Davies Henry, St. John’s hill

Davies Joseph, Mardol

Davies William, Wyle cop

Drakewood William, Abbey Foregate

Dyas William, Abbey Foregt

Evans George, Abbey Foregt

Evans George, Barker street

Evans John, Market square

Forcham Richard, Abbey Foregate

Forcham Thomas, Frankwell

Goucher George, Market st

Griffiths Thomas, Frankwell

Halbrook Thomas, Hill’s ln

Hanmer Charles James, Wyle cop

Harris James, New street

Harvey William, and last maker, Pride hill

Hayward Thomas, Gullet passage

Higgins Corbet, Chester st

Higley Samuel, Coleham

Higley Thomas, Ann’s hill

Horton Edward, Claremont street

Howell Henry, Mardol

Hughes Henry, Coleham

Hughes John, St. John’s hill

Hughes John, Bridge street

Hughes Richard, Claremont road

Hughes Richard, St. John’s hill

Hughes and Son, Shoplatch

Hughes Thomas, Mardol

Hughes Thomas, New street

James Joseph, Frankwell

Jones Benjamin, Castle Foregate

Jones Edward, Hazledine’s buildings

Jones Evan, Princess street

Jones Griffith, Hill’s lane

Jones Henry, Coleham

Jones Richard, Princess st

Jones Thomas, Castle fields

Jones Thomas, Claremont st

Lee George, Abbey Foregate

Lister Thomas, Castle street

Lloyd John, Hill’s lane

Manning John, Wyle cop

Mansell John, Castle Foregt

Medlicott William, Coton hill

Meric John, Grope lane

Mitton George, Castle gates

Morris Richard, School lane

Muckleston Rd. J., Pride hill

Nevett Francis, High street

Oliver Geo., Abbey Foregt

Owen James, Castle Foregt

Owen John, Claremont hill

p. 118Owen Thomas, Longden, Coleham

Parker John, Claremont st

Perkins John, St. Austin’s st

Poole Benjamin, Castle gates

Prinn Richard, Cross hill

Rees Evan, Gullet passage

Roberts Charles, Pride hill

Roberts Edward, Castle Foregate

Roberts John, Abbey Foregt

Sherry Henry, Abbey Foregt

Speake John, Coleham

Stephens Richard, (manufacturer), Mardol head

Stone Richard, St. Austin’s street

Taylor George, Frankwell

Taylor William, Castle street

Thomas John, Abbey Foregt

Thomas Robert, Frankwell

Thomas William, Castle st

Thomas Wm., St. Michael street

Thomas William, New street

Tyler James, Castle fields

Williams John, Frankwell

Woodruff Richard, St. Alkmund’s place

Braziers & Tin-plate Workers.

Brayne William, (Executors of), Mardol head

Collier William, Wyle cop

Crumpton Jonathan, Wyle cop

Gittins William, Mardol

Jones Thomas, Mardol

Owen William, Castle st

Linell and Jenks, Wyle cop

Woodward Charles, Pride hl

Brewers.

Davies John, Chester street

Mottram George and Co., Hill’s lane

Newton Henry, Circus yard

Trouncer and Son, Coleham

Bricklayers.

See also Builders.

Bond John, Claremont hill

Edwards Thomas and Son, St. John’s court

Evans Richard, St. Austin’s priory

Hughes Thomas, Frankwell

Phillips Thomas, Frankwell

Small John, Butchers’ row

Stant Joseph, St. Julian’s friars

Williams John, St. Austin’s street

Brick and Tile Makers.

Boodle and Jones, Belvedere lane

Birch Joseph, Castle gates

Evans John, jun., (dealer), Frankwell

Groves Thomas, White hall place

Jones James, Kingsland

Roden Samuel (John Wilson, agent), Raven road

Stanley Thomas, White hall place

Stant Joseph, St. Julian’s friars

Williams John, St. Austin’s street

Brush Manufacturers.

Ball William, Wyle cop

Hudson William, Mardol

Mottram Sarah, Mardol

Builders.

See also Joiners & Carpenters, & Stone & Marble Masons.

Birch Benjamin and Joseph, Castle gates

Carline John, Abbey Terrace

Dodson Richard, Abbey Foregate

Evans John, jun., Frankwell

Groves Thomas and John, The priory

Stant Joseph, St. Julian’s friars

Butchers.

Those with affixed are country butchers who attend on market days.

Bates Richard, Shoplatch

Bates Richard, Chester street

Bromley Joseph, Castle Foregate

Bromley Margaret, Butchers’ row

Bromley Samuel, Butchers’ row

Bromley Samuel, Fish street

Bromley William, Butchers’ row

† Bromley William, Fish st

Brown Jacob, Pride hill

Brown Sarah, Pride hill

Bull John, Pride hill

† Burgess Thomas, Fish st

Cholton Samuel, Coleham

† Davies Charles, Fish street

† Davies George, Fish street

Davies John, Fish street

† Davies Richard, Fish street

† Davies Thomas, Fish street

† Davies William, Fish street

† Deakin James, Fish street

Dibbin James, Butchers’ row

† Dolphin Edward, Fish st

Dyas Edward, Wyle Cop

Evans Frederick, Butchers’ row

Gates William, Butchers’ row

Gittins Henry, Mardol

Gittins Thomas, Abbey Foregate

Gittins William, Frankwell

Gough John, Pride hill

Grafton Thomas, Pride hill

† Gregory Richard, Fish st

† Griffiths Thomas, Fish st

Hammonds Hy., Frankwell

Hammonds Thomas, Abbey Foregate

Hammonds Wm., Frankwell

Hand Sarah, Butchers’ row

Hanley James, Castle Foregt

Harris John, Coleham

Harris Joseph, (pork), Wyle cop

† Horton Robert, Fish street

Hughes Edward C., Fish st

† Jessop Francis, Fish street

Jones James, Fish street

† Jones John, Fish street

† Jones Joseph, Fish street

Jones Richard, Pride hill

Jones Richard, jun., Wyle cop

p. 119Jones Thomas, Fish street

† Lee Joseph, Fish street

Legh John, Pride hill

Lloyd Richard, Fish street

† Marsh John, Fish street

Martin James, Fish street

Martin Martha, Fish street

Martin Samuel, Fish street

Matthews Sarah, Fish street

Miller John, Butchers’ row

† Morgan Thomas, Fish st

† Moreton Ann, Fish street

† Moreton Thomas, Fish st

† Moreton Richard, Fish st

† Morris Thomas, Fish street

Nevitt John, Butchers’ row

† Nicholas Henry, Fish street

† Oare John, Fish street

† Owen Martha, Fish street

Palmer Edward and Son, Mardol

† Parks Edward, Fish street

Parker Thomas, Fish street

Pearce Ann, Butchers’ row

† Pigg John, Fish street

Powell John, Fish street

Price Edward, Abbey Foregt

† Price Thomas, Fish street

† Price William, Fish street

Pritchard Ann, Butchers’ row

Rigby Richard, Butchers’ row

Richards Richard, Castle gates

† Roberts Hannah, Fish st

† Ryder Edward, Fish street

† Ryder George, Fish street

† Taylor Richard, Fish street

Tennant Henry, Fish street

† Tudor John, Fish street

† Vaughan Edward, Fish st

† Vaughan John, Fish street

Walker George, Butcher’s row

Wilding James, Mardol

Wilding Richard, Pride hill

Wilkes Richard, Fish street

Wood Francis, Fish street

Woodward Charles, Butchers’ row

Cabinet Makers, Upholsterers, & Paper Hangers.

Bishop John, Wyle cop

Blanchard Joseph, Frankwell

Blower John, Pride hill

Bratton Richard, Wyle cop

Brereton James, Castle street

Brown Edward, Mardol

Burrey and White, College hill, and Pride hill

Davies Brothers, Wyle cop

Evans John, Frankwell

Gabriel James, Mardol

Griffiths Joseph, Abbey Foregate

Hewlett James, Abbey Foregate

Hewlett William and Son, Milk street

Lee George, Castle street

Mallard Edward, (paper hanger,) Mardol

M‘Crede John, St. Julian’s friars

Pearson Benjamin, Princess street

Probert Henry, Shoplatch

Tittensor John and Richard, St. Mary’s place

Wade George, Wyle cop

Watkis Richard, Hill’s lane

Carpenters.

See Joiners and Builders.

Carvers & Guilders.

Brown Edwin, Wyle cop

Davies Evan, Wyle cop

Pugh Edward, Milk street

Cheese Factors.

Blower Timothy, Wyle cop

Caswell James, Mardol

Edgerley Henry, Pride hill

Eccleston John, Frankwell

Hilditch John, Frankwell

Humphreys Mary, Mardol

Jones David and Son, New market house, Howard st

Jones Maurice, Mardol

Jones Robert D., Mardol

Peplow & Co., Claremont st

Rogers William, Castle st

Williams John, Mardol

Williams William, Mardol

Chemists & Druggists.

Allen and Benson, Wyle Cop

Arblaster Charles James, Castle street

Blunt Thomas and Henry, Wyle Cop

Broxton Richard, Mardol

Bythell Thomas, Pride hill

Claxton William Dixon, 13, High street

Cross Wm. Gowen, Mardol

Gittins John, Wyle Cop

Humphreys Mary, Mardol

Marston Thomas, Wyle Cop

Phillips Thomas, Mardol

Pidgeon Henry, High street

Pyefinch John, Shoplatch

Whitney George and Son, High street

Clog & Patten Makers.

Butler Wm., Castle Foregate

Griffiths Thomas, Frankwell

Harvey William, Pride hill

Hinton Jane, Mardol

Hudson William, Mardol

Clothes Dealers.

Breeze Richard, High street

Cohen Louis, Mardol

Deaves James, Princess street

Evans Arthur, Princess street

Evans John, Gullett passage

Hayward Thomas, Gullett passage

Hughes Robert, Princess st.

Jones Thomas, Mardol head

Morgan & Son, Princess st.

Purslow Henry, Corn market

Revell Champ, Princess st.

Roberts David & Co., Pride hill

Williams Mary, Princess st.

Woodall John, Mardol head

Coach Builders.

Farr Henry, High street

Hunt Mary, Beeches lane

Jones John, Circus yard

Mountford Thos., Dog pole

Worth Frederick Henry, Bridge street

Yerbury and Vickers, College hill

p. 120Coach & Car Proprietors.

Merifield John, Beeches lane

Morgan Thomas, Mardol

Mountford Thos., Dog pole

Rees David, Coffee house passage

Salmon Edward, Princess street

Taylor & Son (Stage Coach), Lion yard

Williams Mary, Milk street

Coal Agents.

Davies John (Black park coal), Castle Foregate

Haycock Robert (Brymbo company,) Castle Foregate

Legh Edward (Shrewsbury and Shropshire coal company), Canal wharf

Coal Merchants.

Hazledine & Co., Wyle Cop

Young George, Canal wharf

Coffee & Dining Rooms.

Evans Margaret, Mardol

Griffiths Elizabeth, Castle gates

Hewlett Martha and Eliza, High street

Jones Thomas (Commercial), Shoplatch

Owen Mary, High street

Rogers Joseph (Temperance), Mardol

White John, Corn market

Confectioners.

Blakemore Robert B., Mardol

Brown William, Castle street

Clinton Henry, Abbey Foregate

Crump Vincent, Wyle Cop

Davies Daniel, Castle gates

Davies & Son, Corn market

Deakin Thomas, Market st.

Elkes Edward, Pride hill

Evans Benjamin, High street

Fallowes Richard, Frankwell

Harris Thomas, Castle street

Haynes Francis M., Wyle Cop

Jones Charles Griffiths, Mardol

Jones Richard, Milk street

Owen Thomas, Castle street

Palmer Edward, Frankwell

Phillips Edwin, Shoplatch

Powell Timothy, Mardol

Ward Robert, Wyle Cop

Watkins John, Barker street

Cooking Apparatus Manufacturers.

Easthope William, High st.

Linell and Jenks, Wyle Cop

Coopers.

Davies John, Mardol

Deakin John, Chester street

Evans Edward, Abbey Foreg

Grafton Samuel, Wyle Cop

Jones Edward, Mardol

Jones James, Wyle Cop

Jones Thomas, Mardol

Mansell George, Mardol

Mitton John, Castle gates

Tisdale William, Frankwell

Tudor Dinah, Shoplatch

Copper Plate Printers.

Haswell James, Hill’s lane

Littlehales George, Dogpole

Cork Cutter.

Hitchins Joseph, High street

Corn Factors.

Bickerston Richard, Severn place

Blakeway Richard & William, Castle Foregate

Blower Timothy, Wyle Cop

Cooke Joseph, Abbey Foregt

Griffin William, Mardol quay

Hughes John, The Glen, Frankwell

Jobson Joseph, St. John’s hill

Johnson Henry, Wyle Cop

Lee Edward, Mardol

Peplow Mary Ann and Co., Claremont street

Taylor Richd., Abbey Foregt

Williams Thomas, Frankwell

Corn Millers.

Blakeway Richard & William, Castle Foregate

Cooke Joseph, Abbey Foregat

Hughes John, Abbey Foregt

Lambert Henry, Kingsland

Cow Keepers.

Davies Richard, Frankwell

Edwards Ann, Coleham

Evans Edward, Coleham

Evans William, Abbey Foregt

Grindley Martha, Abbey Foregate

James David, Coleham

Jones Sarah, Abbey Foregate

Lloyd Thomas, Meol road

Pierce Richd., Holywell farm

Reynolds Thos., Old Heath

Curriers & Leather Cutters.

Beacall Henry and Sarah, Castle street

Davies William, Bridge st.

Davies William, Pride hill

Gough William, Theatre buildings

Mullinex William, Milk street

Pool Robert, Mardol

Dyers & Scourers.

Bryan William, Coton hill

Cooke John, St. Alkmund’s place

Crwys William, Swan hill

Halford Sarah, Barker street

Jones Margaret, Claremont st.

Mullins John, Frankwell

Owen Ebenezer, Swan hill

Engineers.

Climie Daniel, Coleham

Jeffreys Edward Alexander, Coton hill

Tisdale Thos., Mardol head

Wylie David, Coton hill

Engraver & Copper Plate Printer.

Littlehales George, Dogpole

Farmers.

Clayton John, Old Heath

Hemming’s Henry (grazier), Dorsett’s barn

p. 121Hotchkiss William, Meol road

James Humphrey, Meol road

Jones Lewis, Castle Foregt

Martin Mary, Robertsford

Parker James, Wair hill

Smith Edward, Fox bank

Swain John, Coton grange

Taylor Isaac, Monk’s moor

Trail Dewar, Coton hill farm

Fellmongers.

See Skinners.

Fancy Repositories.

Longmore Rebecca, High st.

Nightingale John Thomas, High street

Fire & Life Office Agents.

Alliance, Joseph Stant, St. Julian’s Friars

Anchor, Peter Wilde, Pride hill

Argus, George Whitney and Son, High street

Atlas, John Walton, St. John’s hill

Clerical, Medical, and General, John Poole and Son, Castle street

Corporation of London, Thos. Tisdale, Quarry ter.

Crown, Richard Palin, Dogpole

Eagle, Thos. Tisdale, Quarry terrace

Globe, Richard Price, Castle street

Guardian, Henry Pidgeon, High street

Indisputable, James Oakes Sandford, High street

Law, John L. Rowland, Monk’s Well terrace

Legal and General, How and Son, Swan hill

Medical Invalid, Thos. Henry Wace, College hill

North of England, H. C. Simpson, College hill

Norwich Union, Thos. Birch, Belmont

Pelican, Charles B. Teece, Swan hill

Phœnix, John William Bythell, Guildhall

Railway, James Oakes Sandford, 25, High street

Rock, George S. Corser, Market street

Royal Exchange, William Henry Cooper, St. John’s hill

Salop Fire, head office, Corn market, Thos. B. Tipton, secretary

Scotland Life Association, Thomas Harris, Pride hill

Shropshire and North Wales, head office, High street, Edward Elsemere, managing director

Sun, Richard Clarke, Swan hill

Temperance Providence Institution, Richd. Marston, Market street

Yorkshire, Henry Bevan, Abbey Foregate

Fishmongers, Game Dealers, & Fruiterers.

Hammond Frederick, Castle Foregate

Minshall William, Pride hill

Roberts William, Shoplatch

Smart Mary, High street

Fishing Tackle Manufacturers.

Franklin William, Mardol

Shaw Henry, Shoplatch

Shaw John, Wyle Cop

Flannel Merchants.

Nicholls Charles Barron, Chester street

Wilkinson Robt., Claremont hill

Flax Spinners and Linen Thread Manufacturers.

Marshall & Company—The Factory

Fruiterers & Green Grocers.

Baxter Mary, Gullett passage

Brown William, Castle street

Cartwright James, Frankwell

Farlow Samuel, Theatre buildings

Gill John, Beckbury cottage

Hatton Chas., Abbey Foregt

Instone Henry and Son, Sutton lane

Linley James, Castle Foregt

Munshall William, Pride hill

Rees Evan, Gullett passage

Roberts William, Shoplatch

Smart Mary, High street

Smout Edward, (and seedsman) Gullett passage

Tisdale Wm., Castle Foregat

Whitfield Christopher, Castle Foregate

Furniture Brokers.

See also Cabinet Makers.

Blower John, Pride hill

Bratton Richard, Wyle Cop

Hasswell James, Hill’s lane

Hotchkiss Robert, Wyle Cop

Purslow Henry, Corn market

Roberts Joseph, Bridge st.

Glass, China, & Earthenware Dealers.

Downing Enoch and Elijah, Pride hill

Hackney James, Pride hill

Harley Margaret, St. Mary’s street

Littlehales Wm., St. Mary’s street

Rose and Co., Wyle Cop, William George, agent

Shaw Joseph, Mardol

Simons John, Pride hill

Smith Thomas, Wyle Cop

Wild Thomas, Market street

Wildig Henry and Mary, Pride hill

Williams William, Wyle Cop

Grocers, & Tea Dealers.

Asterley Samuel, Frankwell

Barcley William James (and British wine dealer, &c.) High street

p. 122Bagnell John, Pride hill

Bromley John, Wyle Cop

Budgett William, Pride hill

Day William, Pride hill

Done Robert & Co. (wholesale tea and coffee merchants), Mardol head and Castle Foregate

Drury John (executors of), Pride hill

Eccleston John, Frankwell

Elesmere and Co., Wyle Cop

Evans John, Abbey Foregate

Gittins Ann, Theatre buildings

Healing Robert M., Frankwell

Heighway & Son, Castle st.

Hilditch Thomas, Pride hill

Hughes William, Pride hill

Humphreys Mary, Mardol

Icke James, Market street

Jones James, Castle gates

Jones Maurice, Mardol

Jones Robert D., Mardol

Lewis Richard, Shoplatch

Lewis & Ward, 17, High st.

Meredith, Lewis and Co., Wyle Cop and Howard st.

Muckleston John, Wyle Cop

Parsons Mary, Market street

Peach John, 14, High street

Poole John and Son, Castle street

Rees William, Wyle Cop

Rogers Joseph, Mardol

Rushton Daniel, Dogpole

Scoltock Mary (and Italian warehouse), Princess st.

Thomas John, Mardol and Pride hill

White Sarah Ann (tea), Wyle Cop

Wilding Elizabeth, Corn market

Wilkes Clement, Princess st.

Williams John, Mardol

Williams William, Mardol

Gunsmiths.

Ebrall Samuel (maker), Wyle Cop

Marston Samuel, Claremont hill

Mullinix William, Princess street

Hair Dressers.

Those withaffixed are perfumers.

Beddow Richard, Barker st.

Bickley Thos., Castle Foregt

Bottwood George, Castle st.

† Bowdler Thomas, High st.

Butler James, Coleham

Davenhall John, Shoplatch

† Evans John, Market street

Franklin William, Mardol

Hughes John, Frankwell

Hulme Edward, Castle gates

† Hulme Samuel, High street

Lloyd Lydia, Castle Foregate

Morris Richard, Princess st.

† Nightingale John Thomas, 41, High street

Prinn John, Abbey Foregate

Purslow Edward, St. Julian’s Friars

Ryder Elizabeth, Wyle Cop

Stanton James, Shoplatch

Walker Geo., St. Mary’s st.

Walker William, Mardol

Hardware & General Dealers.

France John, Mardol

Tisdale Wm., Castle Foregt

Hatters.

Cooke Wm. Henry, Pride hill

Craston Ed. & Co., Pride hill

Donellan James, Barker st.

Gray Richard, Pride hill

Jones Edward, Pride hill

Saunders Joseph Green, Market street

Hop and Seed Merchants.

Asterley Samuel, Frankwell

Barcley and Co., High street

Heighway and Son, Castle st.

Hughes John, Frankwell

Humphreys Mary, Mardol

Jones Maurice, Mardol

Lewis and Ward, High street

Meredith and Co., Wyle Cop

Mottram John, Mardol

Oakley Robert, Castle Foregt

Peplow and Co., Claremont street

Poole & Son, Castle street

Richards David, Roushill

Scoltock Mary, Princess st.

Taylor Richard, jun., Princess street

Woodward John, Bridge st.

Hosiers & Smallware Dealers.

Butler James, Coleham

Butler Jane, Castle Foregate

Butler Thomas, Castle street

Cooke Wm. Henry, Pride hill

Edwards Edward, Mardol

Goucher George, Market st.

Harris Thomas, Pride hill

Jones Catherine, Shoplatch

Kerry Christiana, High street

Richards Henry, Wyle Cop

Tombs Susannah, Corn mar.

Watkins Matthew, Claremont street

Wilkes Clement, Princess st.

Hotels, Inns, and Taverns.

Anchor, Richard Breeze, Hills lane

Angel, William Mansell, Abbey Foregate

Barge, Henry Westwood, Wyle Cop

Barley Mow, Joseph Jones, Abbey Foregate

Bear, Adam Burton, Fish st.

Bell, Hugh Parry, Frankwell

Bell, Jane Evans, Mardol

Bell, Samuel Dale, Princess street

Bird-in-Hand, Mary Allen, Coton hill

Boar’s Head, John Warren, Meol road

Bricklayer’s Arms, Joseph Watson, Abbey Foregate

Bridge House, Priscilla Flexton, Frankwell

Britannia, Emma Edwards, Mardol

p. 123Buck’s Head, James Birch, Frankwell

Bugle Horn, William Owen, Nackin street

Bull, Edward Edwards, Abbey Foregate

Bull’s Head, David Jones, Castle gates

Bull & Pump, Oliver Evans, Meol road

Butcher’s Arms, William Evan’s, Butcher’s row

Castle and Falcon, Richard Edwards, Mardol

Cock, John Randles, Butcher’s row

Comet, Thomas, Morgan, Old Heath

Compasses, Owen Williams, Frankwell

Coopers’ Arms, Jn. Williams, Frankwell

Cross Guns, James Thompson, New street, Frankwell

Cross Keys, John Vaughan, High street

Crow, John Lott, Abbey Foregate

Crow, William Edwards, Frankwell

Crown, John Grindley, St. Mary’s street

Crown and Anchor, John Symcock, Castle Foregate

Dog and Partridge, Richard Bratton, St. Mary’s place

Dolphin, Thomas Howell, Dolphin’s row

Dun Cow, Ann Morris, Abbey Foregate

Eagle, Henry Goodby, St. Michael’s street

Eagle and Tun, Richard Timbs, Castle Foregate

Elephant and Castle, Robert Buttriss, Mardol

Fighting Cocks, Thomas Pugh, Castle Foregate

Fox Inn, Alice Strange, Princess street

George Hotel, George Fox, Market street

Glove Thomas Price, St. John’s buildings

Golden Cross, Sarah Smith, Golden Cross passage

Golden Hart, William Henry Langford, Claremont st.

Golden Lion, Jas. Haycock, Frankwell

Grapes, Samuel Edwards, Castle Foregate

Gullett Inn, John Jones, Hills lane

Hen and Chickens, Ann Edwards, Dogpole

Hill’s Arms, John Lloyd, Hill’s lane

King’s Arms, Ed. Vaughan, Claremont street

King’s Head, Margt. Evans, Mardol

Leopard, Louisa Jones, Pride hill

Lion and Pheasant Inn, Richard Smith, Wyle Cop

London Apprentice, Mary Thacker, Coton hill

London Coffee House, Sarah Owen, Dogpole

Market Tavern, Sarah Pugh, Pride hill

Mason’s Arms, Geo. Wade, Chester street

Mermaid, Thomas North, Shoplatch

Moulders’ Arms, John Fletcher, Castle gates lane

Nag’s Head, John Taylor, Castle Gates

Nag’s Head, Margt. Brightey, Wyle Cop

Nelson Arms, Thomas Jones, St. Austin street

New Inn, Margaret Gittins, Frankwell

Oddfellows’ Arms, Henry Keeling, Barker street

Old Anchor, Thomas Batho, Frankwell

Old Bell, Mary Stanway, Abbey foregate

Old Bush, John Dixon, Abbey foregate

Old Post Office, Geo. Rogers, Milk street

Old Thrasher, Jas. Richard Pickering, Abbey foregt

Old Trumpet, John Lloyd Mardol

Old Wheat Sheaf, John Simmonds, High street

Old Wherry, Geo. Minshull Wyle cop

Park Inn, William Parker Abbey foregate

Peacock, Anne Hand, Islington

Plough, Chas. Lloyd, Market square

Plough, Thomas Roberts, Castle foregate

Plough and Harrow, John Pugh, Coleham

Queen’s Head, Edw. Teckoe, Mardol

Raven and Bell Hotel (and posting house), Samuel Hayward, Wyle cop

Raven Hotel (and posting house), Sarah Dance, Castle street

Red Lion, Joseph Jones, Castle foregate

Red Lion, John Walmsley Hadnal road

Refreshment Rooms, Railway Station, John Whitmore, Castle foregate

Robin Hood, John Batho, St. Michael’s street

Royal Oak, Wm. Medlicott, Coton hill

Seven Stars, William Rogers, Frankwell

Seven Stars, Edward Parker, Coleham

Shrewsbury Arms, William Bowdler, Church street

Ship, Elizabeth Thomas, Bridge street

Spread Eagle, John Daniel, Wyle cop

Sun, William Jones, Milk st

Sun, William Weaver, Roushill

p. 124Swan, Edward Maddox, Coleham

Swan, Margaret Davies, Frankwell

Talbot Tap, Susannah Harvey, Swan hill

Theatre Tavern, Ann Cartwright, Theatre buildings

Three Fishes, Charles News, Fish street

Three Tuns, Joseph Davis, Coleham

Unicorn, John Hulett, Wyle cop

Wagon and Horses, Ann Cadwallader, Pride hill

Waterloo House, Richard Williams, Abbey foregate

Wheat Sheaf, William Ward, Wyle cop

White Hart, John Davies, Mardol

White Horse, John Jervise, Frankwell

White Lion, Edward Munford, St. John’s hill

Woodman, David Jones, Coton hill

Wool Pack, Martha Marshall, Coleham

Yorkshire House, Henry Ryder, St. Mary’s place

Beerhouses.

Alcock John, Frankwell

Artlett James, Spring gardns

Ashley Geo., Barrack passage

Badger Joseph, Kingsland

Badger Samuel, Coleham

Barton Thomas, Bellevue

Bond John, Claremont hill

Brown Ann, Coleham

Deakin Edward, Frankwell

Edisbury Thomas, Castle foregate

Edwards Edward, Castle foregate

Edwards William, Chester st

Embrey John, Frankwell

Fletcher William, Butchers’ row

France Henry, Cattle foregt

Griffiths Mary, Canal buildings

Hammond Richard, Castle gates

Holmes William, Frankwell

Howell Thomas, St. Michl’s street

Hughes Thomas, Mardol

Jones Richard, Meadow place

Keeling Joshua, Castle gates

Leake Thomas, Castle street

Lloyd Charles, St. Michael’s street

Lewis David, Gullett passage

Lewis Francis B., Abbey foregate

Mansell George, Castle foregt

Mansell John, Castle foregt

Matthews Charles, Butchers’ row

Matthews John, Chester st

Matthews Joseph, Spring gardens

Morris Charles, Butchers’ row

Phillips Thomas, Frankwell

Phillips William, Frankwell

Price William, Abbey foregt

Pugh John, Castle foregate

Pugh Joseph, Wyle cop

Randles Robert, Swan hill

Rowlands James, The Mount

Ryder George H., Old heath

Swallow Charles, Castle fields

Thomas David, Frankwell

Thomas Richard, Spring gardens

Thomas Samuel, Raven road

Vaughan Richard, Castle foregate

Williams John, St. Austin’s street

Williams Richard, Hill’s lane

Williams Richard, Frankwell

Wilson Samuel, Roushill

Woodward Robert, Frankwell

Ink Manufacturers.

Lacy John William (printing and writing), Castle fields

Phillips Thomas, Mardol

Iron and Brass Founders.

Lacy John (brass), Fire office court, High street

Stuttle William, Longden, Coleham

Young and Spence, Canal wharf

Iron Merchants.

Young and Spence, Canal wharf

Ironmongers.

Alltree Jemima and Henry, Corn market

Beacall Richard, Mardol

Bullock Samuel, Frankwell

Davies James and Son, Wyle cop

Gittins William, Mardol

Jones Eliza, Mardol head

Juckes Samuel, Mardol

Linell and Jenks, Wyle cop

Swain William, Mardol

Wilkinson Thomas, High st

Young and Spence, Canal wharf

Joiners and Builders.

Birch Benjamin and Joseph, Castle gates

Evans John, Kingsland

Evans John, jun., Frankwell

Goucher, William, Mardol

Groves Thomas and John, St. Austin friars

Jackson John, Abbey foregt

Jarvis Charles, Frankwell

Jones John, Swan hill

Jones Thomas, Pride hill

Jones William, Castle foregt

Lewis Richard, Castle foregt

Lloyd Thomas, New street, Frankwell

Morris John, St. Austin st

Owen Edward, Abbey foregt

Price David, Castle gates lane

Rushton & Bowdler, Pride hill

Simons John, Pride hill

Smith John, Swan hill

Stant Joseph, St. Julian’s friars

p. 125Tanswell John, Shoplatch

Thomas Henry, St. Austin street

Thomas John, Barker street

Vaughan John, Claremont st

Wycherley George, St. Alkmund’s place

Lead Merchants.

Burr Brothers, and manufacturers of red, sheet, and pig lead, Wyle cop

Libraries [Circulating].

Davies John, High street

Humphreys, Elizabeth, St. Alkmund’s place

Leake, J. H. Market square

Subscription, St. John’s hill; Elinor Urwick, librarian

Linen Manufacturer.

Minn Robert, Castle fields

Linen and Woollen Drapers and Silk Mercers.

Barron Anthony, Pride hill

Bazeley John, High street and Pride hill

Carden Robert, Mardol

Davies John and Charles, 26, High street

Eddowes George, Mardol

Farnell and Company, Pride hill

Hall Thomas, High street

Harris William, Pride hill

Jones Charles, Mardol

Jones Thomas, Mardol head

Lloyd & Blythe, Market sqre

Maddox Richard, Castle st

Meara John Augustin (woollen), High street

Muckleston William, Pride hill

Nightingale Richard, Wyle cop

Poole Thomas and Samuel, Wyle cop

Powell William, Mardol

Thomas Charles, Mardol

Livery Stables.

Wicks Mary Ann, Cross hill

Maltsters.

Asterley Samuel, Frankwell

Brayne John Gregory, Abbey foregate

Buttriss Richard, Frankwell

Clarke William, Frankwell

Cooke Joseph, Abbey foregt

Davies John, Chester street

Dixon John, Abbey foregt

Ford George, Barker street

Hughes John, Frankwell

Hughes William, St. Julian’s friars

Lloyd Charles, Market square

Minton Thos., Beeches lane

Oakley Robert, Castle foregt

Pugh John, Coleham

Randles John, Butchers’ row

Rees John, Coleham

Rees William, Wyle cop

Ryder Edward, Old heath

Selley Matthew, Frankwell

Stanway Mary, Abbey foregt

Swain John, Mardol

Swain Richard, Mardol

Swain William, Mardol

Taylor Richard, Abbey foregt

Taylor Richard, Old heath

Trouncer and Son, Coleham

Trouncer William, Frankwell

Turner Anne Maria, Frankwell

Woodword Robert, Frankwell

Malt & Coffee Mill Makers.

Parkes Z., Frankwell

Powell Benjamin, Frankwell

Milliners & Dress Makers.

Alltree Ann and Amelia, Windsor place

Barnaby Isabel, Market sqre

Barnett Emma, Frankwell

Bazeley John (silk mercer), High street

Bell The Misses, Wyle cop

Blount Mary, Princess street

Boodle Mary, Reabrook place, Coleham

Burnett Ann and Harriet, Swan hill court

Cotton Ann and Sarah, Princess street

Cross Sarah & Ann, Mardol head

Davies Harriet, Marine terrce

Davies Helen, Dogpole

Davies Mary, Barker street

Davies and Oldroyd, Pride hill

Davies Winifred, Barker st

Deaves Hannah, Shoplatch

Ehn Jane, 38, High street

Gittins Frances, Wyle cop

Gray Harriet and Caroline, Cross hill

Hickman Mary, Wyle cop

Horton Rebecca, High street

Jackson Rebecca, Abbey foregate

Jenks Sarah, Abbey foregate

Jervis Elizabeth, Bridge st

Jones Frances, Frankwell

Jones Margaret, Dogpole

Lewis Elizabeth, Frankwell

Morgan Martha Ann, Barker street

Price Emily, Castle street

Pritchard Ann, Princess st

Rowlands Jane, St. Alkmund’s place

Rowland Misses, St. Mary’s street

Tagg Ann, Claremont hill

Woosnam Elizabeth, Pride hl

Millwrights.

Davies James, Chester street

Thomas James, Cross street

Musical Repository.

Boucher George, Castle st

Nail Makers.

Bayliss James, Frankwell

Beacall Richard, Mardol

Burrows John, Roushill bank

Davies James and Son, Wyle cop

Jones Eliza, Mardol head

Juckes Samuel, Mardol

Young & Spence, Canal wharf

News Agents.

See also Booksellers and Stationers.

Davies David, Mardol

Wall Benjamin, Mardol

p. 126Newspaper Publishers and Proprietors.

Eddowes’ Journal (Wednesday), Martha Eddowes, Corn market

Shrewsbury Chronicle (Friday), John Watton, St. John’s hill

Shropshire Conservative (Saturday), Thomas John Ousley, head of Pride hill

Nurserymen & Seedsmen.

Instone Henry and Son, Wyle cop

Oldroyd Henry John, High st

Optician.

Davies Edward, High street

Painters & Glaziers.

Birch Thomas, Belmont

Bower John, St. Mary’s place

Breeze Henry, Castle street

Brown William, Abbey foregt

Cawthorn Wm., Frankwell

Cole Thomas, Wyle cop

Cooke Henry, Cross hill

Evans and Marston, High st

Farmer Edward, Old heath

Ford, John, Barker street

Hughes Thomas, Dogpole

Hulme Henry, Castle foregt

Leake Charles W. and Geo. E., Wyle cop

Lloyd George, Roushill

Lloyd William, Coleham

Mansell Emma, Mardol

Molineux Thos., Bridge court

Munday Joseph, Shoplatch

Pierce John, Hill’s lane

Pugh Robert, Castle foregate

Pugh William, Abbey foregt

Purslow William, Barker st

Rogers Wm., St. Alkmund’s place

Smith Richard, St. John’s hill

Steadman George, Castle gts

Tanswell James, St. John’s hill

Tanswell Thos., Castle street

Taylor Richard, Hill’s lane

Paper Dealers.

Edgerley Henry, Pride hill

Harries George, Mardol

Pawnbrokers.

Kent John, Shoplatch

Robinson Ann, Roushill bank

Patten & Clog Makers.

Harvey Thomas, Barker st

Hinton Richard, Mardol

Perfumers.

Bowdler Thomas, High st

Evans John, Market street

Hulme Samuel, High street

Nightingale John Thomas, High street

Physicians.

Burd Edward, Belmont

Drury Thomas James, Quarry place

Jeffreys Thos., Castle house

Johnson Henry, Dogpole

Wood William, Castle street

Plasterers.

Hughes Thomas, Frankwell

James Richard, Windsor pl

Parry Robert, Cross hill

Small John, Butchers’ row

Plumbers.

Cawthron Wm., Frankwell

Edwards Ann, Claremont st

Edwards John, Mardol

Edwards Richard, Hill’s ln

Farmer Edwards, Old heath

Hartshorn Henry, St. John’s hill

Jones David, Castle Foregt

Lloyd Henry, Chester street

Morris Stephen, Castle st

Printers [Letter Press].

See also Booksellers and Newspaper Publishers

France John, Mardol

Jones Fred. A., Wyle cop

Lewis David, Gullett passage

Professors & Teachers.

Those with * affixed teach music, thuslanguages, and thusdancing.

* Adams William Hay, College hill

† Bentley Thomas Amand, Castle street

† Bourley William V., Castle street

* Brown Philip, Castle st

† Deshormes Francis, U.G., Crescent fields

* Hay George E., Hill’s lane

* Hiles John, Swan hill

‡ Le Mercier Nicholas Robt., St. Julian’s friars

* Lewis William, High street

‡ Mercerot Emma, Abbey Foregate

† Moore Marius Salvator, Cross hill

Pump Makers.

Harper George, Abbey Foregt

Price George, Frankwell

Williams Thomas & Robert, Coleham

Rag and Bone Dealers.

France John, Hill’s lane

Ketler John, St. Austin’s st

Smith Andrew, Canal wharf

Taylor George, and sieve maker, Chester street

Rope Makers.

Cooper William, Castle st

Davies Robert, Frankwell

Mottram Sarah, Mardol

Saddlers & Harness Makers.

Dales Richard, Wyle cop

Edson John, & trunk & portmanteau maker, Wyle cop

Glover Robert, Castle street

Harrison and Kempster, Shoplatch

Jones William, & trunk and portmanteau maker, 5, High street

Morgan Thomas, Mardol

p. 127Tanner John, & trunk and portmanteau maker, High street

Salt Merchants.

Henshall and Co., Castle Foregate

Rogers William, Frankwell

Tilston and Co., Canal wharf

Shopkeepers.

Dealers in Provisions, Sundries, and Groceries.

Allen Sarah, Coton hill

Arthur Richard, Princess st

Badger Samuel, Coleham

Bates Ann, Castle Foregate

Blower Thomas Joseph, Coleham

Bromley Elizth., Frankwell

Brown John, Castle Foregt

Cooper George, Abbey Foregate

Corbet Walton, Frankwell

Davies Edward, Bellevue

Davies Edward, Coleham

Davies John, Wyle cop

Dyas Edward, Castle street

Dyas Jane, Frankwell

Evans Ann, Abbey Foregate

Evans Joseph, Frankwell

Evans Thomas, Longden, Coleham

Fallowes Richard, Frankwell

Fenna John, Castle gates

Ferrett Elizabeth, Frankwell

Fletcher Francis, Claremont street

Ford Joseph, Barker street

Giles Jane, St. Alkmund’s pl

Griffiths Hugh, St. Austin st

Griffiths Thomas, Castle st

Groves Joseph, Castle gates

Harris John Kent, Hill’s lane

Hassall John, St. Michael’s street

Healing William, Frankwell

Hewlett George, St. Michael’s street

Hitchcock Richard, Mardol

Holmes Joshua, Chester st

Hughes Henry, Coleham

Humphries William, Claremont street

Humphreson Thomas, St Michael’s street

James John, Abbey Foregate

Jones Evan, St. Michael’s st

Jones Evan, Coleham

Jones John, Castle Foregate

Jones Margaret, Castle gates

Jones Richard, Chester street

Jones William, Mardol

Joseph Thomas, Longden, Coleham

Kirkham John, Castle Foregt

Leach Thomas, Castle Foregt

Molineux Jane, Wyle cop

Morgan Evan, St. Michael’s street

Morgan Morgan, Frankwell

Morris Ann, Bridge street

Oliver John, Longden, Coleham

Parry David, Abbey Foregt

Parry David, Frankwell

Perrott John, Claremont st

Phayre John, Mardol

Price George, Frankwell

Price Sarah, Coton hill

Price Thomas, Abbey Foregate

Rees John, Coleham

Richards Thomas, Abbey Foregate

Roberts Edward, Chester st

Roberts Henry, Abbey Foregt

Rogers William, Castle st

Salter & Rogers, St. Mary’s st

Shorland John, Longden, Coleham

Speake John, Coleham

Swain Richard, Mardol

Tanswell John, (flour), Shoplatch

Taylor Robert, Spring Gardens

Taylor Richard, Old heath

Thomas Ann, Longden, Coleham

Thomas Edward, The mount

Tisdale Elizabeth, Frankwell

Vaughan Hannah, Shoplatch

Watkins John H., Coton hill

Wilkes James, Castle fields

Williams Frederick Edward, Barker street

Worrall Mary, Frankwell

Skinners & Fellmongers.

Beddoes John, Frankwell

Hales Richard, Chester st

Soda Water Manufacturers.

Blunt Thomas and Henry, Wyle cop

Edwards Richard, Mardol

Louch Charles, Claremont st

Slate and Tile Merchants.

Chune George and Joseph, Chester street

Stant Joseph, St. Julian’s friars

Tilstone and Co., Canal wharf

Silversmiths, Jewellers, and Cutlers.

Baker William, Corn market

Bowdler & Barnett, Market st

Moore William, (working), Mardol

Sharp Alexander (working), Milk street

Stained Glass Manufacturer.

Evans David, Wyle cop

Stay Makers.

Driver Ann, St. Alkmund’s place

Ellis Mary, Coleham

Fenn James, Castle street

Fenton Elizabeth, Benbow place

Gordon Elizabeth, Coleham

Smith Thomas, Castle street

Stone and Marble Masons.

Birch John, Coleham

Carline John, Abbey Foregt

Cross James, Raven road

Dodson Rd., Abbey Foregate

Eccleston Thos., Frankwell

Groves Thomas and John, St. Austin’s priory

Jones Arthur, Abbey Foregt

p. 128Stant Joseph, St. Julian’s friars

Straw Bonnet Makers.

Barnaby Isabel, Market sq

Blount Mary, Princess st

Davies Ellen, Frankwell

Ehn and Co., 38, High st

Elias Hannah, Barker st

Forrester Elizabeth, Claremont street

Gwynn Mary Ann, Pride hill

Hickman Mary, Wyle cop

Hughes Maria, Peacock pas

Jones Misses, Pride hill

Muckleston Maria, Bellevue

Rushton Julia, Dogpole

Steadman Mary, Castle gates

Weatherby Harriet, Frankwell

Surgeons.

Arrowsmith and Stephens, College hill

Bratton James, Claremont st

Burd and Fenton, Belmont

Clarke Charles Thomas Hughes, Castle street

Clement William Jones, Council house

Crawford David, St. John’s hill

Dickin John, St. John’s hill

Fenton Henry, High street

Foulkes Edwin, Castle st

Gill George Philip, Milk st

Glover Samuel, Coton hill

Griffiths William, Claremont hill

Heathcote John Nigel, Council house court

Humphreys John Robert, Infirmary

Keate Henry, Claremont hill

O’Hara Henry Lewis, Dogpole

Onions William, Broom villa

Pidduck Thomas, Pride hill

Walmsley John, Abbey ter

Whitwell Francis, St. Mary’s street

Williams Edward, Mardol

Wood Samuel, The abbey

Surgeon Dentists.

Jones Henry Nicholls, Mardol head

Jones Horatio, St. John’s hill

Surveyors.

Burd & Son, Hatton house, Abbey Foregate

Chune George and Joseph (timber), Chester street

Groves Thomas and John, St. Austin’s priory

Haycock Edward, (county), St. Austin’s priory

Preece William Goodwin, Corn market

Tisdale Thos., Mardol head

Tailors.

See also Tailors and Woollen Drapers.

Allart George, Frankwell

Armstrong John, Coleham

Barton Thomas, Bellevue

Blair Wm. H., Welsh bridge

Blount Walter, Princess st

Breeze Edward, Frankwell

Chester George, Shoplatch

Davies Rd., St. John’s hill

Evans James, Market street

Evans John, Gullett passage

Geary Henry, Swan hill

Green Robert, St. John’s hill

Haynes John, Wyle cop

Hewlett George, St. Michael’s street

Hodges Thomas Cross hill

James Benjamin, Hill’s lane

Jones Andrew, Meol road

Jones David, St. Mary’s st

Jones Joseph, Frankwell

Jones Thomas, Frankwell

Keeling Henry, Barker st

Lloyd John, Abbey Foregate

Lloyd Thomas, New street

Manning John, St. Mary’s pl

Manning Josiah, Castle street

Morgan William and Son, Princess street

Morris Richard, The mount

Peplow William, Wyle cop

Phillips Edward, St. Alkmund’s place

Prune John, Frankwell

Pugh John, Frankwell

Roberts Edward, Abbey Foregate

Rowland William, Roushill

Thatcher Abraham, Frankwell

Watkins Mathew, Claremont street

Williams John, Marine ter

Williams John, Castle Foregt

Wilson John, Abbey Foregt

Tailors and Woollen Drapers.

Alcock Thomas and Sons, Claremont street

Armstrong William, High st

Breeze Richard, High street

Clayton George, Claremont hill

Heath John, Pride hill

Howell Henry, 42, High st

Humphreys John, Shoplatch

Jones David, St. Mary’s st

Jones Thomas, Mardol head

Owen John Ingram, Mardol head

Phillips James, High street

Roberts Edward, Butcher’s row

Saxelby Charles, and agent to Syrian paletot, Castle st

Wilkes Richard, Wyle cop

Williams John, Dogpole

Woodall John, Mardol head

Tallow Chandlers.

Asterley Samuel, Frankwell

Bromley John, Wyle cop

Jones Maurice, Mardol

Meredith Lewis & Co., Wyle cop

Tanners.

Brayne John Gregory, The priory

Sheppard Joseph, St. Austin street

p. 129Tea Dealers.

Done Robert & Co., Mardol head

White Sarah Ann, Wyle Cop

Tea Dealers and Drapers [Travelling].

Andrew James, Wyle Cop

Andrew John, Wyle Cop

Andrew Robert, Coleham

Andrew William, Wyle Cop

Fraser John, Coleham

Gordon Thomas, Coleham

Hanney Thomas, St. Alkmund’s place

Lawson Stewart, Abbey Foregate

Ross Peter, Coleham

Smith William, Cross hill

Taggart Walter, Wyle cop

Timber Merchants.

Blockley William, Longden, Coleham

Chune George and Joseph, Chester street

Drayton John, New street, Frankwell

Hall John, Abbey Foregate

Stant Joseph, St. Julian’s friars

Wilson John, Raven road

Tobacco and Snuff Manufacturer.

Harries George, Mardol

Tobacconists.

Evans James, Market street

Harries George, Mardol

Parsons Mary, Market street

Shaw John, Wyle cop

Stewart Penelope, Wyle cop

Tobacco Pipe Manufacturer.

Taylor William, Longden Coleham

Toy Dealers.

Evans John, Market street

France John, and general dealer, Mardol

Morris Richard, Princess st

Nightingale John Thomas, and fancy repository, High street

Richards Henry, Wyle cop

Walker William, Mardol

Trunk and Portmanteau Makers.

Edson John, Wyle cop

Jones William, High street

Tanner John, High street

Turners in Wood, &c.

Nichols Thomas, Castle st

Stevens George, Barker st

Stevens William, Mardol

Westall Thomas, Fire office court, High street

Veterinary Surgeons.

Breeze Charles, Coton hill

Clay Joseph, Wyle cop

Crowe Henry, Castle street

Jones Edward, Claremont st

Langley & Son, Dogpole

Richards Evan, Castle gates

Skitt James, Old heath

Tomkins Henry, Coleham

Watch and Clock Makers.

Davies Daniel, Mardol

Evans Mary, Wyle cop

Fesser Andrew, Mardol

Giles Richard, Shoplatch

Hay Thomas William, High street

Hanny James, Wyle cop

Kelvey Rebecca, Mardol

Walker William, Market sq

Wharfingers.

Crowley and Co., Canal wharf

Henshall & Co., Canal wharf

Lowe Edward Henry, Mardol quay

Rogers William, Frankwell

Shropshire Union Canal Company, Canal wharf

Wheelwrights.

Davies Edward, Coleham

Drayton Edward, Welsh bridge

Griffiths Benjamin, Frankwell

Jones Thomas, Frankwell

Jones William, Castle Foregt

Owen Thomas, Coton hill

Price William, Abbey Foregt

Whitesmiths and Bellhangers.

Alltree Jemima and Henry, Corn market

Easthope William, High st

France James, Castle gates lane

Gittins William, Mardol

Holland Richard, Shoplatch

Howells Thomas, Castle Foregate

Linell and Jenks, Wyle cop

Rowland James, The mount

Wine & Spirit Merchants, & Spirit Vaults.

Beck Peter and William, Claremont street

Cadwallader William, Castle gates

Cartwright Ann, Theatre buildings

Cripps Gordon H., Claremont street

Cripps Lewis G., High st

Drinkwater Richard, High st

Hughes Edward, Corn markt

Humphreys John, St. Mary’s street

Morley Henry, Castle street

Niccolls William Owen, Mardol

Simpson Deborah, Mardol

Southam Thomas, jun., (spirit), Wyle cop

Vaughan John, High street

Wire Workers.

Lawson William, Frankwell

Phillips & Jones, Shoplatch

Woollen Drapers.

See also Linen and Woollen Drapers, & Tailors & Drapers.

Meara John Augustin, High street

Wool Merchants.

Bains Thomas, David Smith, agent, Hill’s lane

Drinkwater Rchd., Frankwell

Simpson Hortensius Coates, Hill’s lane & St. John’s hill.

Taylor Samuel, Hill’s lane

Wilding William, Circus yd

p. 130COACHES.

To AberystwithThe Royal Mail, from the Lion Hotel, every morning, at four o’clock.

To AberystwithThe Greyhound, from the Lion Hotel, every morning, at ten o’clock (Sundays excepted); goes through Welshpool, Newtown, &c.

To AberystwithThe Prince of Wales, from the George Hotel, on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, at ten o’clock in the morning; goes through Welshpool, Newtown, &c.

To HerefordThe Engineer, from the Lion Hotel, at a quarter to two in the afternoon daily (Sundays excepted); goes through Church Stretton, Leominster, &c.

To LudlowThe Royal Mail, from the Lion Hotel, daily, at a quarter to five o’clock in the morning.

To WhitmoreThe Victoria, to the Railway Station, daily (Sundays excepted), from the George Hotel.

Omnibuses from the Lion, the Raven, the George, and the Raven and Bell Hotels, await the arrival and departure of the trains.

CONVEYANCE BY RAILWAY.

On the Shrewsbury & Chester, the Shrewsbury & Birmingham, and on the Shrewsbury and Stafford Branch of the Shropshire Union Railways.  Station: Castle Gates; William Patchett, station master.

OMNIBUSES.

To Ironbridge, from the Unicorn Inn, Benjamin Wright, on Saturday.

To Llandisio, from the Mermaid, John Williams, on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Saturdays.

To Much Wenlock, from the Unicorn Inn, on Wednesdays and Saturdays.

CARRIERS BY RAILWAY.

To London, Birmingham, and all parts of the kingdom, Pickford & Co., Canal Wharf; James Elledge, agent.

To London, Birmingham, and Wolverhampton, &c., Crowley, Hicklin, & Co., from their Warehouse, Welsh Bridge; John Brazier, agent.

Shropshire Union Railway & Canal Co., General Carriers to all parts of the kingdom.  Goods Depôt, Castle Foregate; James Smith, agent.

CONVEYANCES BY WATER.

To London, Dover, Liverpool, Hull, &c., Pickford and Co., from the Canal Wharf; James Elledge, agent.

To London, Birmingham, &c., Crowley, Hicklin, & Co., Welsh Bridge; John Brazier, agent.

To Bristol, and all the intermediate places, Henry Lowe, Mardol Quay.

To Chester, Liverpool, Manchester, and all intermediate places, the Shropshire Union Railway and Canal Company, from Commercial Wharf; James Smith, agent.

To London, Birmingham, and Wolverhampton, and all intermediate places; Wm. Rogers, wharfinger, Frankwell.

CARRIERS FROM THE INNS.

To Aberystwith—Richard Morgan, from Rogers’ Warehouse, Frankwell, Tuesdays and Fridays.

To Acton Burnell—Richard Onions, from the Barge Inn, on Saturday; and Richard Pascall, from the Spread Eagle, on Wednesdays and Saturday.

To Baschurch—John Taylor, from the Mermaid, on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Saturdays.

To Berriew—David Davies, from the Old Trumpet, on Wednesdays; and John Pugh, from Rogers’ Wharf, Frankwell.

To Berrington—William Mallett, from the Lion and Pheasant, on Wednesdays and Saturdays.

To Bilston—William Davey, from the Old Trumpet, on Wednesdays.

To Bishops Castle—John Nightingale, from the White Horse, on Fridays; Richard Preese, from the Old Trumpet, Wednesdays and Saturdays; William Hindley, from the Bell, Saturdays; John Bright, from the Red Lion, Wednesdays and Fridays; and Thos. Black, from the Red Lion, on Tuesdays and Thursdays.

To Broseley and Ironbridge—Richard Thomas, Abbey Foregate, Tuesdays and Fridays; and William Williams, Wyle Cop, on Mondays and Fridays.

To Buddington—John Jones, from the Mermaid, on Wednesdays and Saturdays.

To Cardington—John Perks and Ellen Corfield, from the Swan, on Saturdays.

p. 131To Church Stretton—Benjamin Jones, from the Old Trumpet, Saturdays; William Harley, from the Barge Inn, Saturdays; and John Lea, from his house, Coleham, on Tuesdays and Fridays.

To Condover—Huffer, from the Spread Eagle, on Wednesdays and Saturdays.

To Cound—Geo. Taylor, from the Spread Eagle, on Wednesdays and Saturdays.

To Dawley Green—Thomas Mansell, from the Old Trumpet, on Wednesdays and Saturdays.

To Dorrington—John Blaney, from the Barge Inn, Saturdays.

To Ellesmere—Richard Williams, from the Prince of Wales, Tuesdays and Fridays.

To Grinshill and Yorton—Thomas Gregory, from the Bell Inn, Wednesdays and Saturdays.

To Habberley—Thomas Bromley, from the Mermaid, Saturdays; and Edw. Houghton, from the Queen’s Head, Saturdays.

To Hadnal and Preston Brockhurst—William Eccleston, from the Bell, Saturdays.

To Hawkestone—Edward Tudor, from the Bull’s Head, Saturdays.

To Hereford—By the carriers to Ludlow.

To High Ercall—John Bates, from the Bull’s Head, Wednesdays and Saturdays.

To Kerry and Newtown—David Jones, from the Queen’s Head, Wednesdays.

To Lebotwood—John Williams, from the Lion and Pheasant, Wednesdays and Saturdays.

To Llanfair—Evan Reese, from Rogers’ Wharf, Frankwell, Wednesdays.

To Llanidloes—Richard Morgan, from Rogers’ Wharf, Frankwell, Tuesdays and Fridays.

To Llanymynech—William Morris, from the Elephant and Castle, Saturdays.

To Ludlow—David Jones, from the Barge Inn, Wednesdays and Saturdays; and John Lea, from his house, Coleham, Wednesdays and Saturdays.

To Loppington—Charles Brown, from the London Apprentice, Wednesdays and Saturdays.

To Minsterley—S. Madox, from the White Hart, Mondays, Wednesdays, and Saturdays; and Samuel Swan and Joseph Hill, from the Castle and Falcon, Wednesdays and Saturdays.

To Montgomery—Ann Jones, from the Britannia, Wednesdays; John Oliver, from the Queen’s Head, Wednesdays and Saturdays; and R. Evans, on Wednesdays, from Lowe’s Warehouse, Mardol.

To Much Wenlock—Richard Thomas, from his house, Abbey Foregate, Mondays; Richard Nicklin, from the Spread Eagle, on Wednesdays and Saturdays; Jeremiah Aston, from the Sun Tavern, on Wednesdays and Saturdays.

To Newtown, Llanidloes, & Aberystwith—Evan Reece, on Wednesdays, and Richard Morgan, on Thursday, from Rogers’ Warehouse, Frankwell.

To Picklescott—James Wild, from the Barge Inn, Wednesdays and Saturdays; Wm. Griffith, from the Seven Stars, Wednesdays and Saturdays.

To Poole—R. Jones, Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, from Circus Yard.

To Pontesbury & Minsterley—Thos. Everall, from Rogers’ Warehouse, Frankwell; Thomas Davies, from the Queen’s Head, Mondays, Wednesdays, and Saturdays.

To Preston Brochhurst—Trevor, from the Bull’s Head, Wednesdays and Saturdays.

To Pulverbatch—Richard Dovaston and Philip Morris, from the Spread Eagle, on Wednesdays and Saturdays.

To Shawbury—Thomas Richards, from the Mermaid, Saturdays; Thos. Humphreys, from the Bell, on Saturdays.

To Stretford Bridge—Thos. Humphreys, from the Bell, on Saturday.

To Trewerne and Welshpool—Thos. Williams, from the Queen’s Head, Wednesdays and Saturdays.

To Uffington—Elizabeth Davies, from the White Hart, Wednesdays and Saturdays.

To Wellington—Edward Thomas, from the Barge Inn, Mondays, Wednesdays, and Saturdays; and Jackson, from the Lion and Pheasant, on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Saturdays.

To Welshpool, and Newtown—Robert Sackett, from Rogers’ and Crowley’s Warehouses, on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays; and Edward Harris, from the Queen’s Head, on Wednesdays.

p. 132To Westbury—John Handley, from the Mermaid, Wednesdays and Saturdays.

To Weston & Hawkstone—John Phillips, from the Queen’s Head, Wednesdays and Saturdays.

To Withington—Thomas Leary, from the Yorkshire House, on Wednesdays and Saturdays.

To Wolverhampton—Frederick Worthington, from the White Hart, Saturdays.

To Worthen—William Downes, from the Elephant and Castle, on Wednesdays and Saturdays.

THE ALBRIGHTON DIVISION.

The Albrighton division was formed into a separate jurisdiction for magisterial purposes under the authority of an Act of parliament, passed in the 4th of William IV.  It comprises the following places:—The parishes of Battlefield, Broughton, Fitz, Grinshill, Preston Gubballs, and Uffington; the chapelries of Albrighton, Astley, Clive, and Hadnal; and the township of Acton Reynold, Albrightlee, Harlscott, Hencott, Longner, Berwick, Leaton, Merrington, Newton and Wollascot; and the extra-parochial liberty of Haughmond.  It may be necessary to observe, that the arrangement of this work being by hundreds, the townships, or chapelries, comprised in the several hundreds, will be found alphabetically arranged, under the head of the respective town or village, in which the parish church is situated.

ALBRIGHTLEE,

a small township in St. Mary’s parish three miles N.N.E. from Shrewsbury, containing 742a. 2r. 21p. of land, is the property of Andrew William Corbet, Esq.  At the census of 1841 there were 8 houses and 45 inhabitants.  The principal residence is an antique house of timber and plaster, occupied by Mr. John Minton, who farms a considerable portion of the land in the township, and is also a maltster.

HARLSCOTT

township, situated two and a half miles N.N.E. from Shrewsbury, is partly in St. Alkmund, and partly in that of St. Mary’s.  In 1841 there were 8 houses and 41 inhabitants returned as in the former parish, and 6 houses and 28 inhabitants in the latter.  The land owners are Andrew William Corbet, Esq., and Scarlett LLoyd Parry, Esq.

The principal residents are Thomas Briscoe Barber, farmer; Scarlett LLoyd Parry, Esq., solicitor; John Ralphs, carpenter; and William Hewlett, shoemaker.

HENCOTT,

a small township with a scattered population, is about one and three quarter miles N. from Shrewsbury.  Colonel Wingfield is the only proprietor in this township, which in 1841 had 14 scattered houses and a population of 84 souls.  The Shrewsbury and Chester railway intersects this township.  The soil for the most part is a fertile loam.

The following are the principal farmers, viz.:—Robert Legh, Cross Hall; Ann Bromley, Hencott farm, Robert Parry, manager; Edward Randles, Old Heath; and Joseph Yates, Old Heath.

p. 133BATTLEFIELD

is a small parish, pleasantly situated three and a quarter miles N.N.E. from Shrewsbury, which contains 1,008a. 0r. 3p. of land, the whole of which is the property of Andrew William Corbet, Esq., of Sundorne Castle.  In 1801 there was a population of 83 souls; in 1831, 70; and in 1841 there were 14 houses and 64 inhabitants.  Rateable value, £1,008. 6s. 8d.  The name is derived from the battle fought here on the 21st of July, 1403, between Henry IV. and the forces under Percy, Earl of Northumberland, and generally denominated the battle of Shrewsbury, which will be found noticed in a preceding page.  The king afterwards built a collegiate church for secular canons, upon the spot where the battle was fought, and “endowed it with a piece of ground, with all the buildings on it, within the lordship of Albrighton Husee, in the field called Battlefield, which piece of ground was ditched in, and contained in length and breadth two acres of land, together with two inlets and outlets along the lands of Richard Husee, one twenty feet wide and the other fifteen feet wide.”  No doubt appropriate buildings for the residence of the canons and servants of the establishment were erected on the land inside this ditch: these probably were demolished at the period of the dissolution of monasteries, but no remains of them are now to be seen.

The Church, a venerable fabric dedicated to St. Mary Magdalene, consists of nave, chancel, and embattled tower ornamented with pinnacles; the nave, however, has long been roofless, the windows are destroyed, and the tower is in a dilapidated state.  Divine worship is now performed in the chancel, which has been neatly fitted up, and a new font recently added.  The fine east window was formerly richly adorned with stained glass.  In a recess on the south side of the altar is a mutilated carving of the Virgin Mary, with a small figure of the dead Saviour on her lap.  A beautiful monument of the white Grinshill freestone, enriched with Gothic tracery, remembers John Corbet, Esq., Emma Elizabeth, his wife, and John Kynaston Corbet, their son.  About half a century ago, when the vault was made in which rest the remains of Mr. Corbet, the workmen discovered an ancient stirrup and bridle bit, which had lain among the ashes of the slain since the period of the battle which gave origin to the church.  Near the chancel wall, surrounded by pallisades, is the tomb of the Rev. Edward Williams, incumbent of this parish and Uffington, who died on January 3, 1833, aged 70 years.  The living is a perpetual curacy, returned at £233, in the patronage of A. W. Corbet, Esq.; incumbent, Rev. J. O. Hopkins, who is also the perpetual curate of Uffington.

Albright Hussey, an ancient moated residence, situated about half a mile from Battlefield church, was formerly the seat of the Husseys, a family of consequence in the reign of Queen Elizabeth.  The mansion, in the reign of Charles I., became the seat of the Corbets, who resided there for more than one hundred years.  One of the rooms has a fine oak chimney piece, most elaborately carved.  Near to the mansion formerly stood a chapel, the remains of which, and the old font, are still to be seen.  Roger Roe, rector of the chapel of St. John the Baptist, at Albrighton Husee, by his will, dated 1444, ordered his body to be buried near the high altar of Battlefield church, and bequeathed to the five chaplains in the college three silver chalices, one paxbrede of silver gilt, two silver cruets, three brass bells hanging in the belfry, two cases after the manner of Sarum, otherwise called lyggers, three gilt copper crosses, two new missals, two new graduals, three old missals covered with old leather, one old case, one processional, one executor of the office, one book of collects, four placebo and dirage, one pair of vestments of red velvet, one red velvet cope, two velvet dalmatics, one pair of vestments of white silk, one white silk cope, and four pair of other vestments.  Mrs. Margaret Jones, in 1773, left £50, and directed the interest to be given to the poor of the parish on Easter Sunday.

Directory.—Henry Colley, farmer, Huffley; Edward Moreton, farmer, Allbright Hussey; Martha Winnall, farmer, Battlefield farm

p. 134BROUGHTON,

a parish and township in the Albrighton division, also contains the township of Yorton, which conjointly contain 878a. 2r. 1p. of land, and in 1841 had 37 houses and 188 inhabitants.  The soil is mostly a stiff loam, and the meadow land is of good quality.  There are 27a. of woods and plantations in the parish.  The principal land owners are Viscount Hill, Spencer Roger Dickin, Esq., Mr. William Teece, and Cornelius Maddocks, the former is lord of the manor.  Rateable value of the parish, £1836. 10s.  The Church is a small ancient structure, dedicated to St. Mary, and was formerly subordinate to that of St. Mary, Shrewsbury; it is built of rubble stone, and rough cast, and has nave, chancel, porch, and small turret.  The living is a perpetual curacy returned in £67, in the patronage of Viscount Hill, and incumbency of the Rev. Francis Parkes.  It is related on a late occasion the parish clerk of Broughton was desired to acquaint the congregation during public worship that the then officiating minister would perform divine service at that church and at the Clive alternately, when, not exactly understanding the meaning of the latter term, he very gravely gave notice the Rev. Mr. W. “will preach here and at the Clive to all eternity.”  The tithes are commuted for £105, Henry Lister, Esq., is the impropriator.  In the field where the church stands an attempt has recently been made to open coal works; it appears that coal was found and lime works were also established, but the project was shortly after abandoned.

Directory.—Mr. William Clay, The farm; Mr. Alderton Clay, The hall; Joseph Molynax, blacksmith; Mr. Samuel Sherratt, The villa, William Sutton, wheelwright.

YORTON,

a small scattered township in the parish of Broughton, is situate about one mile from the church.  The population and acres are included in the returns for Broughton.  Viscount Hill is lord of the manor, Robert Panting Gardener, Esq., Mrs. Sarah Bayley and others are land owners.  The greatest portion of the township is in the hands of R. P. Gardner, Esq.

Yorton Villa, the residence of the Rev. William Jaudwine, M.A., is a square stuccoed house pleasantly situated, and beautified with pleasure grounds, and shrubberies laid out with great taste.  The following are the principal residents in this township:—Those with † affixed reside at Yorton Heath, Rev. William Jaudwine, M.A., The villa; † Thomas George, shopkeeper; † George Lea, farmer; † Joseph Lea, farmer; Lucy Martin, farmer; † Benjamin Shuker, farmer, Black Birch.  Thomas Gregory carrier to Shrewsbury on Wednesday and Saturday.

LONGNER

is an isolated portion of the parish of St. Chad, situated three miles south east from Shrewsbury.  Robert Burton, Esq., of Longner hall, is owner of the whole township, which in 1841 is returned as containing four houses and 13 inhabitants.  The hall is a handsome and commodious mansion, with projecting gables ornamented with turrets and pinnacles, and fronted with the beautiful white Grinshill free stone; it stands on an acclivity commanding a rich view of the surrounding country, and of the Severn, which rolls immediately beneath it.  The views up and down the river and over the adjoining highly cultivated and well wooded country are peculiarly picturesque and beautiful, affording a great variety of landscape scenery.  An extensive and finely timbered park surrounds the hall, the immediate vicinity of which is tastefully ornamented with pleasure grounds and shrubberies.  The interior of the mansion is elegantly furnished, and contains some beautiful paintings; a fine portrait of Queen Elizabeth is supposed to have been presented by her Majesty to the ancestors of the present proprietor.  A magnificent gothic window of stained glass ornamented with figures of different members of the family, lights the entrance hall.

p. 135In the garden is a tomb placed over the body of Edward Burton, Esq., a zealous protestant in Queen Mary’s days, and is by Fox, in his Acts and Monuments, named among those who by various means escaped persecution.  He one day sitting in his parlour alone, meditating on the troubles of the times, and the deliverances he and others had found; and whilst thus reflecting heard a general ring of bells in Shrewsbury, which he concluded must be for the accession of the Lady Elizabeth to the throne.  Anxious to know the truth, and not daring to send any of his servants to inquire, he sent his eldest son—a youth about sixteen years of age, ordering him if the bells rang for the Lady Elizabeth’s accession to throw his hat up into the air on his arrival at a certain place where he could he seen from the hall.  The young man finding it as was expected, threw up his hat, which his father seeing, was suddenly affected with a transport of joy, that he with difficulty reached a chair, and immediately expired.  By his will he ordered that his body should be buried in the parish church of St. Chad, in Shrewsbury, and that no mass monger should be present at his interment.  His friends designing to execute his will in this respect, brought his corpse to the church, and were there met by the curate, who said that “Mr. Burton was an heretic and should not be buried in his church.”  His friends were therefore obliged to carry his body back again, and bury it in his own garden.  A monument was set over him, which, being injured and defaced with the weather, Edward Burton, Esq., his grandson, in the year 1614, re-edified the tomb.  The following is the epitaph placed on the tomb, written by Sir Andrew Corbet, Bart.:—

“Was’t for denying Christ, or some notorious fact,
That this man’s body Christian burial lack’d?
Oh no! his faithful true profession,
Was the chief cause, which was then held transgression;
When popery here did reign, the See of Rome,
Would not admit to any such a tomb,
Within their idol temple walls; but he
Truly professing Christianity,
Was like Christ Jesus in a garden laid,
Where he shall rest in peace till it be said—
Come faithful servant, come, receive with me,
A just reward for thy integrity.”—1614.

There is a free school at Longner, situated in the park, which is supported by R. Burton, Esq.; 42 children are now taught in the school.

The principal residents at Longner are Robert Burton, Esq., Longner hall, and Robert Weatherby, schoolmaster.

FITZ

is a parish and village delightfully situated on a gentle eminence 5¾ miles N.W. from Shrewsbury; the country around is fertile, and pleasingly diversified with graceful undulations; the scenery is very beautiful, and includes the picturesque windings of the river Severn.  The parish contains 1512a. 1r. 32p. of land; in 1801 there were 236 inhabitants; in 1831, 211, and in 1841 fifty houses and a population of 246 souls.  Rateable value, £2,774. 6s.  The river Perry intersects the township, and has its confluence with the Severn a little below Mytton.  The soil is rich, producing good wheat and barley, and there is some rich pasture land.  The Shrewsbury and Chester railway passes this township over Leaton Heath, where there is a station, about a mile and a half from Fitz.

The Church, dedicated to St. Paul, is situated on an eminence, and consists of nave and chancel, with a lofty square tower, in which is one bell.  It is a birch fabric with stone finishings, and contains a fine toned organ; the pews are of oak, and there are some interesting monuments within its sacred walls to the families of Wood, Powell, p. 136Lloyd, Jones, Denstons, Hopkins, Pytons and others; it is also beautified with two finely executed stained glass windows.  Twenty-two free sittings were added in 1842, at the expense of the Rev. William Hopkins, then rector of this parish.  The living is a rectory valued in the king’s books at £5. 5s. 8d., now returned at £272 in the patronage of the Lord Chancellor, and incumbency of the Rev. Daniel Nihill, M.A., who resides at the rectory, a pleasantly situated mansion near the church.  There are 34a. 2r. 1p. of glebe land, and the tithes were commuted in 1839 for £266.  There is a neat school in the village, built in 1850, at the cost of near £100, which was raised by subscriptions, and a collection in the church; 45 children are instructed.  A residence has been provided for the master near the school.

The Hall, a handsome stuccoed mansion, pleasantly situated and beautified with pleasure grounds, is the residence and property of Richard Middleton, Esq.  Among the land owners in the parish are John A. Lloyd, Esq.; Robert A. Slaney, Esq., M.P.; Richard Middleton, Esq.; Mr. Joseph Hignett, Mrs. Morris, Mr. Richard Vaughan, Rev. Edward H. Dymock, Mr. Richard Lloyd, James Payne, Esq., Mr. James Davies, Devisees of late Sir John Betton, and others.  The Duke of Cleveland is the lord of the manor.

MYTTON

is a scattered village in the parish of Fitz, salubriously situated, containing some good residences, and surrounded with picturesque scenery.  Mytton is celebrated as the birth place of Edward Waring, M.D., whose mathematical publications prove the extent and profundity of his knowledge.  He was born in the year 1734, and after being educated at Shrewsbury free school, was sent on one of Millington’s exhibitions to Magdalen College, Cambridge, where he applied himself with such assiduity to the study of Mathematics, that when he left the university he carried with him the credit of being one of the most able mathematicians that ever filled the professor’s chair.  In 1776 he entered into a matrimonial connection with Miss Oswell, and not many years after retired from the university, first to a house in Shrewsbury, and at length to his own estate at Plealey, near Pontesbury, where he died on the 15th of August, 1798, in the 64th year of his age.—Grafton is another small village in the parish of Fitz.  Here are several good farms, and Grafton Lodge, a good house pleasantly situated, the residence of John Henry Denston, Esq.

Fitz Directory.—John Bather, Esq., Richard Middleton, Esq., The hall; Rev. Daniel Nihill, M.A., The Rectory; Farmers, Joshua Burroughs, Leaton Heath; Richard Middleton, Samuel Onions, Leaton Heath; Thomas Vaughan, corn miller; John Walmsley, Leaton Heath; Alban Davies, fisherman; Maria Davies, schoolmistress; William France, farm bailiff; John Vaughan, butcher.—Grafton Directory: Mrs. Ann Denston, John Henry Denston, Esq.; Edward Davies, farmer; John Davies shopkeeper; Richard Davies, blacksmith; Richard Lloyd, wheelwright; John Pugh, farmer; and Thomas Vaughan, farmer.—Mytton Directory: William Davies, farmer; John Evans, farm bailiff; Mrs. Jemima Hopkins; John Litttlehales, basket maker; Mrs. Elizabeth Morris, farmer; William Rowland, farmer and corn miller; Richard Wildig, farmer.

GRINSHILL

is a parish and township seven miles N. from Shrewsbury, which contains 872a. 0r. 34p. of land, the chief owners of which are Viscount Hill, Sir Andrew Vincent Corbet, Bart., trustees of Shrewsbury School; Rev. John Wood; Mr. Richard Kilvert; P. Gardner, Esq.; Mr. William Embrey Wood; Mr. John Williams; and the devisees of the late John Kilvert.  Viscount Hill is Lord of the Manor.  The beautiful and romantic village of Grinshill is delightfully situated, and contains many good residences, occupied by respectable families.  In 1801 there was a population of 179 souls, and in 1841 there were 56 houses and 255 inhabitants.  Rateable value, £587. 5s. 6d.

p. 137The Church, dedicated to All Saints, has a neat, light, and beautiful appearance, and exhibits the decorative style of English architecture; it is built of the Grinshill free stone, and ornamented with a square tower.  The interior consists of nave, chancel, and side aisles: a neat mural tablet remembers Robert Embrey, and other members of that family.  The living is a perpetual curacy, returned at £82, in the patronage and incumbency of the Rev. John Wood.  The parsonage, near the church, is pleasantly situated, and the grounds neatly ornamented with shrubberies.  The Independent Methodists have a small stone chapel, built in 1843.  The Free School in connection with the church was built by, and is supported by, Sir A. V. Corbet.  There are 56 scholars attending the day school.  The spacious building occupied by Mr. Barkley as a classical and commercial school, was built about half a century after the Shrewsbury Free School, for the safety of the masters and scholars of that seminary, in case any contagious disease should prevail in that town.

The Quarries, where the beautiful white Grinshill freestone is got, are very extensive, and give employment to a considerable number of hands.  Many of the churches and public buildings in the county are built of this stone, which is of a fine close quality, and superior to most others for carving and ornamental purposes.

Charities.—Major Richard Corbet bequeathed £20, and Mrs. Judith Corbet a like sum, and directed the interest to be expended in books and the education of poor children; Eleanor Allen and Thomas, her sons, left £20 for the poor.  William Key left £50, the interest to be given to the minister of this parish, if approved of by his trustees, if not to the poor.  Thomas Embrey left £10.  John Kilvert, £5; and an unknown donor £9, for the benefit of the poor.  The Rev. Mr. Price left £12. for the instruction of two children.  The above moneys were laid out in the purchase of 10a. 2r. 20p. of land, at Coton, which was let on lease in 1757, for the term of 100 years, at the yearly rent of £4. 18s.  The premises are stated now to be worth £20 a year.  Of the rent, £1. 10s. is paid to the minister, £2. 2s. to the schoolmaster, and the residue is distributed among the poor.  Sir Andrew Corbet, in 1830, gave £15. 15s. to the poor of this parish.

Barkley Richard, boarding school, The Grove

Blantarn Robert, farmer

Boora Charles, farmer

Carline John, quarry master and contractor

Cureton Edward, quarry master & stonemason

Downes Andrew, quarry master & stonemason

Downes Mrs. N., dress maker

Downes Nathaniel, tailor and draper

Griffiths William, parish clerk

Higgins John, farmer

Huffa William, blacksmith and vict., Barley Corn Inn

Jessop Francis, butcher and salesman

Jessop John, farmer, Hill farm

Killan John, butcher and horse breaker

Kilvert Mrs. Catherine

Matthews John, farmer

Naylor Miss, school teacher

Nelson Arthur, farmer

Onslow Mrs. M., boarding house and vict., Elephant and Castle

Onslow Margaret, farmer and maltster

Phillips William, shopkeeper & shoemaker

Smith Thomas, quarry master and mason

Williams Henry Parton, farmer

Williams Joseph, wheelwright

Wood Rev. John, M.A., the Parsonage

Wood William Embrey, Esq., the Vineyard

HAUGHMOND,

an Extra-parochial Liberty, three and a half miles N.E. from Shrewsbury, contains 1,564a. 0r. 3p. of land, and at the census of 1841 had 27 houses and 169 souls.  This place forms a portion of the Sundorne demesne, which comprises 8,634a. 1r. 26p., and is the property of Andrew William Corbet, Esq.  The stately pile of Haughmond Abbey is now fallen into almost total decay, but the magnificent ruins have an imposing appearance; they stand on rising ground, backed by woods, and command an extended view the plain of Shrewsbury, its town, and castle, and the fine p. 138demesne of Sundorne.  From the extent of the ruins it must have been a place of great magnitude.  Of the Abbey Church few remains exist: the south door of the nave, which opened into the cloister, exhibits an elegant specimen of Anglo-Norman architecture.  The outer walls of the chapter house are in a perfect state of preservation.  The entrance is by a finely ornamented round arch, with a window on each side, divided into small lights.  Southward of the chapter house are the remains of the refectory, and beyond it the shell of a noble hall, measuring eighty-one feet by thirty-six feet.  The windows were formerly filled with Gothic tracery.  The ruins of the cloister and abbots’ lodging may also still be traced.  The monastery was founded in the year 1110, by William Fitz Alan, for canons of the order of St. Augustine.  It was richly endowed with lands by the founder, and other individuals, and had many valuable privileges and immunities granted by the Popes Honorus III., Nicholas III., Boniface IX., and Martin IV.  The yearly revenues of the abbey at the dissolution were £269. 13s. 7d., according to Dugdale, and £294. 13s. 9d. according to Speed.  Leland says, “There were an hermitage and chapel on this spot before the abbey was built.”  William Fitz Alan and other members of the family were buried here.

Sundorne Castle, a spacious and splendid Gothic mansion, adorned with battlements and turrets, is situated on a beautiful lawn, amidst the rich verdure of the adjoining grounds, which are pleasingly diversified with shrubberies and pleasant walks, and ornamented with a fine sheet of water, covering upwards of sixty acres.  The interior of the mansion is superbly furnished.  The chairs in the drawing room are of ebony, most elaborately carved.  It also contains a remarkably fine antique statue of Venus.  There are some exquisite paintings by Titian, Salvator Rosa, Rembrandt, Guido, Raphael, Rubens, Wouvermans, and Van Huysum, among which is the original design for the altar-piece at Antwerp, by Rubens, and the Holy Family, exquisitely executed by Raphael.  The library contains a valuable and extensive collection of rare books, and the windows are ornamented with stained glass.  Amongst a collection of antiquities is the chapter roll of Haughmond Abbey, and the seal of the abbot: the latter was found about thirty years ago, near the ruins of the abbey.  A beautiful sequestered carriage drive, of five miles in length, leads through the woods of the Sundorne demesne.  The kitchen gardens and vineries are situated at the back of the castle, and cover an extent of about four acres.  The Corbets of Lee removed to Albright Hussey in the reign of Charles I., and to Sundorne Castle in the middle of the last century.

Directory.—Andrew William Corbet, Esq., Sundorne Castle and Pimley House; Henry Jarvis, butler; Martin King, gardener; John Metcalf, bailiff.  Richard Ford, farmer, Home barns; Elizabeth Latham, farmer; Samuel Whitehouse, farmer, Haughmond hill.

ALBRIGHTON,

a township and chapelry in St. Mary’s parish, pleasantly situated on the Shrewsbury and Whitchurch road, three miles N. from the former place, contains 800 acres of land, of which 90 acres are in woods and plantations; rateable value, £883.  In 1801, there were 58 inhabitants; and in 1841, 12 houses and 85 souls.  Colonel Studd owns all the land in this township, about two-thirds of which is arable.  The soil is various: in some places a rich loam prevails, in other parts it is not so fertile.

The Episcopal Chapel, a neat structure in the Elizabethan style, situated on elevated ground, near the turnpike road, is built of red sand stone, and has a neat porch on the south side, and a small belfry at the west end.  The living is a perpetual curacy, returned at £52 per annum.  The income arises from a farm in Wales, which, since the return was made, has augmented in value.  The Rev. George H. Moller is the incumbent, p. 139and the Rev. John D. Letts, B.A., officiating curate.  The magistrates hold a petty session for the Albrighton division the second week in every month, at the Fox Inn.  The Hall, a spacious brick mansion, formerly the seat of the Ireland family, is now unoccupied.  The principal residents in this township are:—Charles Smallman, farmer, Perrill farm; Richard Yates, farmer; Ann Brown, victualler, Fox Inn; and Richard Gough, blacksmith.

ASTLEY,

a township, chapelry, and scattered village, five miles N.N.E. from Shrewsbury.  In 1801 had 141 inhabitants, and in 1841, a population of 264 souls, and 55 houses.  The township contains 1181a. 3r. 3p. of land, more than two-thirds of which is the property of John Bishton Minor, Esq., of Astley House; besides whom, Mr. Richard Minton and Mrs. Wildig are proprietors.  There is also a farm belonging to the trustees of the charities for St. Chad’s parish.  Gross rental £1,936. 13s. 5d.  Rateable value, £1,763. 13s.  The Episcopal Chapel, a neat stone fabric in the Gothic style, was repaired and beautified in 1837, when a new tower was added at the west end.  The entrance, formerly on the south side, exhibits the Saxon style of architecture.  In the interior is a neat marble tablet, in memory of the Minor family, of Astley House.  A new font was added at the time the tower was built.  The living is a perpetual curacy, returned at £56, in the patronage of the corporation of Shrewsbury, and enjoyed by the Rev. William Vaughan.  In the church yard are the following lines, on a grave stone in memory of Rowland Deakin, who died in 1751, aged 95 years:—

“Many years I’ve seen, and
Many things I’ve known:
Five kings, two queens,
And a usurper on the throne;
But now lie sleeping in the dust.
As you, the reader, shortly must.”

The governors of the Free Grammar School, in Shrewsbury, are the impropriators of the tithes, which are commuted for £211.  Astley House, a handsome mansion, beautified with pleasure grounds and shrubberies, and pleasantly situated a short distance from the church, is the residence and property of John Bishton Minor, Esq.  The Primitive Methodists have a chapel in this township, situated on the Hadnal road.  The particulars of the several charities, founded by the will of Joseph Jones, in 1729, will be found noticed with the parish of Atcham.  Out of the residuary rents of the estates, held in trust for the purposes mentioned in the testator’s will, £10 per annum is applied in educating poor children of this chapelry, and £6 per annum paid to the minister of Astley chapel, for reading prayers and preaching in the said chapel every first and last Sunday in the month, and administering the sacrament four times during the year.  It appears when Mr. Jones made this bequest, that divine service in Astley chapel was only held every third Sunday in the month.

Minor John Bishton, Esq., Astley House

Adams Edward, farmer

Adams James, farmer

Barker James, shoemaker

Birch William, farmer, Braidway House

Davies Charles, butcher

Dodd William, blacksmith

Hughes John, shoemaker

Minton John, farmer

Minton Richard, farmer

Minton Samuel, farmer

Minton Thomas, farmer

Moreton Ann, butcher

Morgan John, farmer

Oliver Rev. William, Astley Lodge

Powell John, farmer, New House

Stanley Thomas and Richard, brick and tile makers

Williams Richard, provision dealer and victualler, Dog Inn

p. 140BERWICK,

a township pleasantly situated two miles N.N.W. from Shrewsbury; at the census of 1841 had 67 houses, and a population of 271 souls.  Here the country has an undulating surface, richly clothed with timber, and presents many interesting views of picturesque beauty.  The estate is now the property of the Honourable Henry Wentworth Powys.  Berwick House is a handsome mansion, of considerable extent, composed of brick with stone finishings.  It is delightfully situated in a spacious and finely wooded park; and the immediate vicinity of the house is richly beautified with shrubberies and pleasure grounds.  The iron gates, at the entrance of the park, are of the most elaborate workmanship; they have a noble and magnificent appearance, and are said to have cost £1,000.  Berwick House is now the temporary residence of Thomas Hope, Esq.; and Upper Berwick House, a neat brick structure, is the occasional seat of the Hon. Henry Wentworth Powys.

A short distance from the hall are the almshouses, erected and endowed in 1672 by Sir Samuel Jones.  They consist of sixteen tenements, and a small room for the use of the chaplain, with gardens attached thereto, and are surrounded by a lofty wall.  The yearly income amounts to about £183. 7s. 6d. per annum, and arises from the following sources:—Nine acres of land in Castle Foregate, let for £36 per annum; the several sums of £20, £40, and £80 per annum charged on the Berwick estate; and the dividends on £245. 18s. 3d.  South Sea Annuities.  From the sources above mentioned, each inmate receives about £5. 8s. annually, besides clothing and coal.  The emoluments of the chaplain amount to about £54. 9s. per annum.  Between the almshouses and the hall is the chapel appropriated to the use of the inmates of the adjacent almshouses.  It is a small fabric, of a primitive appearance, with a tower at the west end, and was built in 1762, on the site of a former edifice which had become ruinous.  There is a free school in the township, supported by the Hon. Henry W. Powys, where forty scholars are educated.  Leaton Knolls, the delightful residence of John Arthur Lloyd, Esq., is just within the bounds of this township, situated in a picturesque glen, and surrounded with beautiful shrubberies and thriving plantations.

Powys Honourable Henry Wentworth, Upper Berwick House

Hope Thomas, Esq., Berwick House

Lloyd John Arthur, Esq., Leaton Knolls

Briscoe, Mrs. Mary

Davies John, blacksmith

Davies Samuel, farmer, Cross Green

Gough Edward, farmer

Jones John, wheelwright

Maddox Martha, schoolmistress

Morris Jeremiah, shoemaker

Oakley Thomas, farm bailiff

Roberts Mary, farmer

Roberts Thomas, farmer, Great Berwick

Slinn John, gamekeeper

Vaughan Richard, farmer, Almond Park

CLIVE

is a chapelry in the parish of St. Mary, Shrewsbury, 3½ miles south from Wem, and eight miles north from Shrewsbury.  In 1801 there was a population of 289 souls, and in 1841 there were 61 houses and 273 inhabitants.  The township contains 1370 acres of land, mostly highly productive; the soil is a mixture of sand and loam, and considered good turnip land.  Rateable value, £2,546 10s.  The Duke of Cleveland is the principal owner and lord of the manor; Mr. Joshua Holmes, George Harding, Esq., Mrs. Nickson, Mrs. Griffith, and others, are also freeholders.  The village is pleasantly situated on high ground, and commands some pleasing views of the romantic and rural scenery by which it is surrounded.

The Church is a plain stone fabric, dedicated to All Saints, and consists of nave and chancel, with a small turret containing two bells; it is neatly pewed, and the roof is of groined timber.  The pulpit is of white free stone exquisitely carved, and a new front has recently been added.  The windows on the south side and at the west end were beautified, p. 141and had new mullions introduced in 1849, when other alterations and improvements were made by the incumbent.  The living is a perpetual curacy returned at £66 in the patronage of the corporation of Shrewsbury; incumbent, Rev. William Jaudwine, M.A.  The Independents have a small chapel built in 1844; the congregation is under the pastoral care of the Rev. David Jones.  Clive Hall, a plain substantial stone edifice in the Elizabethan style, was built by Daniel Wycherley, father of the poet William Wycherley; it is now the property of George Harding, Esq.  Sansaw Hall, the residence of Captain Martin, a handsome and commodious brick residence, is delightfully situated in park-like grounds, and surrounded by lawns and shrubberies laid out with great taste and beauty.  Shooters’ Hill, another good house delightfully situated, is the property and residence of Mrs. Griffiths.

Clive is said to have been the birth place of the poet Wycherley, though some affirm that he was born at Wem.  Wycherley was one of the wits and poets of Charles II., and was born about the year 1640.  After receiving an education at school, he was sent to France, where he embraced the Roman Catholic religion.  A little before the restoration he returned to England, and entered as a gentleman commoner at Queen’s College, Oxford; but, being never matriculated, he quitted the university without a degree, and took chambers in the middle temple.  He soon, however, deserted the law, and following the taste of that dissipated age, devoted himself to the composition of comedies.  His first piece, “Love in a wood, or St. James’ Park,” made its first appearance in 1672, and quickly brought its author into notice.  He was much esteemed by Villiers, the witty Duke of Buckingham, and was honoured with the attentions of his Majesty.  His marriage with the Countess of Drogheda proved an unhappy one.  His lady was excessively jealous of him, and though on her death a few years after, she settled her whole estate on her husband, the title was disputed, and he became so involved in his circumstances by law expenses and other incumbrances, that he was thrown into prison.  He remained in confinement about seven years, when James II., going to see his comedy of “The Plain Dealer,” was so much delighted with it that he gave orders for the payment of the author’s debts, and granted him a pension of £200 a year.  Wycherley died in 1675, at the age of 75.  His posthumous works in prose and verse were published in 1728.

Abbot James, carrier to Shrewsbury

Cartwright Margaret, schoolmistress

Done Richard, quarry master and bricklayer

Green Hannah, shopkeeper

Griffiths Mrs., Shooters Hill House

Groom William, farmer

Harding Miss Elizabeth, The Hall

Harding Geo., farmer, Hall Farm

Hill Ann, schoolmistress

Huffa George, blacksmith

Huffa Sarah, vict., Three Horse Shoes.

Jones John, grocer, builder, and quarry master

Lea George, farmer, Sansaw farm

Lee Francis, farmer, Hopes.

Martin Capt. Murrey, Sansaw Hall

Massey Thomas Harris, farmer, The Wood

Needham John, farmer

Northwood Richard, farmer

Parker Thomas, shopkeeper and cattle salesman

Parr Lawrence, farmer, Clive farm

Peters Edward, shoemaker

Peters George, tailor

Puliston Mrs. Charlotte

Puliston Francis, farmer

Smith Thomas, quarry master and stone mason

Williams William, wheelwright

Yeomans William, farmer, Holbrook

LEATON

township, four and a half miles N.W. by N. from Shrewsbury, in 1841 contained 60 houses and 245 inhabitants.  John Arthur Lloyd, Esq., is the proprietor of the whole township, and resides at Leaton Knolls, a beautiful modern mansion, which p. 142has been erected about thirty years.  The house stands on the acclivity of a hill, overlooking a romantic glen, planted with thriving plantations.  The grounds are beautifully diversified with shrubberies and pleasant walks; and in no place in the county is there to be seen such a fine collection of rare shrubs and choice forest trees as are to be met at Leaton Knolls.  Among the more remarkable objects is an extensive and valuable collection of the conifera tribe, with their curious and varied foliage.  A short distance from the house a large plot of ground has been enclosed with a lofty brick wall, for a kitchen garden, which is now in course of formation.  The house and a portion of the pleasure grounds stand within the bounds of Berwick township.  There is also a neat free school, at the cross of roads, built in 1828, by John A. Lloyd, Esq., who also pays for the education of the children, of whom 35 attend.  Leaton Hall, now a good farm residence, was built in 1683.  The Shrewsbury and Chester railway intersects the township, and has a station here.  Bomere Heath is partly in this township and partly in Preston Gobalds.

Directory.—John Arthur Lloyd, Esq., Leaton Knolls; Thomas Daighton, land agent, Leaton Lodge; Charles Kynaston, carpenter and beerhouse keeper, Bomere Heath; Richard Littlehales, shoemaker; John Morgan, schoolmaster; William Nevett, farmer, Leaton Hall; Oliver Francis, farm bailiff; Sarah Legh, farmer; John Wilson, gardener to J. H. Lloyd, Esq.; and William Withers, carpenter.

NEWTON,

a small township, comprising two farms only, is the property of the Hon. Henry Wentworth Powys, and Richard Betton, Esq., and is situated three and a half miles N.N.W. from Shrewsbury.  At the census of 1841 there were 2 houses, and a population of 21 souls.  The Shrewsbury and Chester railway passes through the township.  The farm premises of Samuel Davies, at Cross Green, Berwick, are situated within the bounds of this parish.

The resident farmers are Samuel Davies and Charles Kent.

WOLLASCOTT,

another small township in the parish of St. Mary’s, is situated four miles N.N.W. from Shrewsbury.  In 1841 there were 4 houses and 23 inhabitants.  John Arthur Lloyd, Esq., and Lady Tyrwhitt are the land owners.  The occupants of the farms are James Teece and Richard Tonkies.

HADNAL, OR HADNAL EASE,

is a township and chapelry in the parish of Middle, five miles N.N.E. from Shrewsbury.  The village is pleasantly situated on the turnpike road from Shrewsbury to Chester, and contains some good farm houses and a commodious and respectable inn.  The township contains 814a. 2r. 19p. of land.  Viscount Hill is the principal land owner; besides whom Sir Andrew V. Corbet, Mr. Charles Woodward, Mr. Joseph Morris, Mrs. Wildig, and others, are also owners.  The population in 1801 was 362; and in 1841 there were 92 houses and 429 souls in the chapelry, and 221 in the township.  Rateable value, £1,119. 16s. 8d.  Rent charge, £107. 18s.

The Episcopal Chapel is a neat stone edifice, mantled with ivy; it has a square castellated tower, ornamented with a clock, and the chapel is surrounded with a spacious cemetery, the margin of which is fringed with flourishing limes, yews, and fir trees, which give it a pleasing and rural appearance.  In the east window are several fragments of stained glass, apparently of the date of the erection—the sixteenth century.  The living is a perpetual curacy, in the patronage of the rector of Middle, and enjoyed by the Rev. William Oliver, of Astley Lodge.  In the Liber Ecclesiasticus the living is returned at £55.  The annual value, however, now is upwards of £70, arising from the sum of £400, royal p. 143bounty, and the moiety of the rent of a farm in the township of Criggion, which was purchased with money belonging to the livings of Preston Gubbals, Hanwood, and Hadnal, by the then incumbent, who, in consequence of enjoying several benefices, was denominated “St. John of the Seven Churches.”  The chapelry contains the townships of Alderton, Hardwick, Haston, Shotton, and Sneethcott.  Rateable value of the chapelry, £5,614. 17s. 9d; acres, 2,418 0r. 20p.  The Banasters, a family of considerable note in former times, had an estate and seat at Hadnal as early as the time of William the Conqueror.  The hall was a spacious mansion of chequered timber work, and occupied a site near the episcopal chapel.  The moat may still be traced, adjoining the turnpike road.  Mr. Hulbert is of opinion that Hadnal Hall was the place where the Duke of Buckingham was betrayed by Humphrey Banaster, in 1483, from whence he was taken to Shrewsbury, and, without trial, beheaded, by command of Richard III.  Thomas Banaster, of Hadnal, was sheriff of the county in 1403.

Providence Grove is a neat house, the residence and property of Mr. Charles Hulbert, the author and publisher of an elaborate history of the county, and numerous other publications.  On the 7th of January, 1839, an awfully destructive fire occurred at Providence Grove, and so rapid was the progress of the devouring element, that all the valuable property, consisting of a library of more than 3,000 volumes, manuscripts, curiosities, paintings, furniture, a large stock of new books and engravings, with the whole of the house, and a great portion of the houses adjoining, were consumed.  The loss to the proprietor was irreparable, as only the premises were insured, and those at one half of their value.  Mr. Hulbert has now arrived at a good old age, and is publishing an account of his own life, which he entitles “Seventy Years of an eventful Life.”

The Independent Chapel, a neat stone fabric, was built in 1832.  The congregation is under the pastoral care of the Rev. David James.

The Free School is endowed with £300, bequeathed by Dame Mary Hill, in 1787, who at the same time made the following bequests, viz., £30 towards building a school-house in Hadnal, £100 to the treasurer of the Salop Infirmary, the interest of £100 to be distributed among poor persons residing in Hadnal, the same amount for the benefit of the poor of Middle, and the residue of her personal estate for such charitable purposes as she by a codicil to her will should direct.  The residue of the personal estate amounted to £1,305 2s. 5d., in respect of which £30 per annum is paid to a dissenting minister at Hadnal, £14 towards the support of the school, and £10 to Prees school.  These several sums appear to be the interest of £1,200, at 4½ per cent.; it is stated the balance, £105. 2s. 5d. was applied in building the school at Weston.  In respect of the £300 bequeathed to Hadnal school, £12 per annum as the interest thereof is paid to the teacher.  It does not appear that any new trustees have been appointed for carrying into effect the trusts declared in the will of Dame Mary Hill.  The management has therefore continued in that family.

It is stated in the parliamentary returns of 1786, that Mr. Watkins gave £15 for the use of the poor of Hadnal.  About thirty years ago Sir Andrew Corbet gave £10, on the marriage of his son, for the same purpose.  These two sums are in the hands of Viscount Hill, and he pays 20s. annually as the interest thereof.

Birch William, provision dealer

Brittain Mr. Thomas

Brookes Benjamin, farmer

Cooper the Misses, the Academy

Davies John, farmer

Dodd Samuel, blacksmith

Ellis William, farmer

Heath Thomas, provision dealer and boot and shoe maker

Hulbert Charles, author and publisher, Providence grove

James David, Independent minister

Lee William, farmer

Leech John, farmer

Leech Sarah, schoolmistress

Payne Stephen, farmer

Powell John, wheelwright

Preston John, farmer

Walton Ann, vict., Saracen’s head

p. 144ALDERTON,

a township and village in the chapelry of Hadnal, three miles N.N.W. from the latter place, contains 239a. 3r. 37p. of land, the owners of which are Mrs. Minor, Miss Corbett, and Mr. William Teece.  Population in 1841, twenty-five.  Rateable value, £410. 6s. 8d.  Rent charge, £54. 5s.  The resident farmers are John Clay, Cornelius Maddocks, and Richard Williams.  The following are resident in the village of Alderton, but situated within the boundaries of the parish of Broughton, viz.: Joseph Mullinex, blacksmith; William Sutton, wheelwright; and Richard Williams, blacksmith.

HARDWICK,

is a small township about a mile north from Hadnal, which comprises 372a. 2r. 1p. of land, the rateable value of which is £551. 6s. 2d.  Inhabitants in 1841, thirteen.  Rent charge, £23.  Hardwick Hall, a handsome mansion delightfully situated in a well wooded park, was the country seat of that distinguished warrior, the late General Lord Hill, who greatly improved the hall and pleasure grounds, and erected a handsome lodge of Grinshill free stone, at the entrance from the Shrewsbury turnpike road.  A more detailed account of this illustrious commander, who spent his last years amidst the rural beauties of Hardwick, has been given at a preceding page.  The property is now vested in Viscount Hill, and the Misses Hill reside at Hardwick Hall.  Robert Blantern, Hardwick Grange, is the only resident farmer in this township.

HASTON

township, situated one mile W.W. by N. from Hadnal, contains about 400 acres of good land, the owners of which are Viscount Hill, Wilbraham Egerton, Esq., and Messrs. Richard and William Boodle Pickstock.  Rateable value of the township, £574. 18s. 6d.  Population in 1841, 78, Rent charge, £62.  There are two respectable farm residences in this place, one of which has recently been built by the Messrs. Pickstock.  The resident farmers are Mr. George Blantern and Messrs. Richard and William Boodle Pickstock.

SHOTTON,

a small township pleasantly situated on elevated ground, two miles N.W. from Hadnal, contains 230a. 2r. 13p. of land, the rateable value of which is £417. 4s. 6d.  Colonel Watkins owns the whole township.  The number of inhabitants at the census in 1841 were twenty-two, at which period the land was divided into two farms.  Within the last few years the two farms have been united, and the whole township is now farmed by Mr. John Groome.  The tithes are commuted for £54. 5s.

SMETHCOTT

township, situated a mile and a half W. by N. from Hadnal, in 1841 had a population of seventy souls.  The houses are scattered, and the land is well timbered, which gives the whole a pleasing and rural appearance.  The township contains 588a. 0r. 28p. of land, the owners of which are Mrs. Sarah Bayley and the two Mr. Edward Groomes.  Rent charge, £92. 3s. 6d.  Rateable value, £767. 9s. 1d.  The Black Birches is a handsome and pleasantly situated house, the property and residence of Mrs. Sarah Bayley; besides whom, Mr. Francis Lloyd Bayley, Mr. Edward Groome, farmer, and Mr. Edward Groome, farmer, are residents in this township.

p. 145PRESTON GUBBALS OR GOBALDS

is a parish township, and small village 4½ miles N. from Shrewsbury, on the turnpike road from that town to Chester.  The township contains 1350a. 3r. 5p. of land, the principal owner of which is Lady Tyrwhitt; R. R. Slaney, Esq., M.P., is a small proprietor, and there are also a few small freeholders.  The former is lady of the manor and impropriatoress.  Population in 1801, 313, and in 1841, 388.  Rateable value, £1,386.  This place is said to have derived its name from one Godebalte, a clerk to Roger de Montgomery, and was anciently called the priests town of Godebalte, which eventually became corrupted to Preston Gubbals.  The Church, dedicated to St. Martin, is a small fabric of primitive simplicity, with a porch on the south side, composed of massive oak timber; the living is a perpetual curacy, annexed to the vicarage of Prees, and is endowed with a farm at Criggion, in Montgomeryshire, of 58a. 3r., with a sheep walk of about 28 acres; the Rev. William Stephens Burd, M.A., is the incumbent, and resides at a neat residence near the church, which has been built with the intention of attaching it to the living.  There is a small library, of standard divinity, in the vestry of the church, which was given by Charles Mather, Esq., for the use of the officiating clergyman.  The tithes are commuted for £170.  This township includes a portion of Bomere Heath, where there are a number of small cottages, and a Wesleyan New Connexion chapel within the bounds of it.  In the parliamentary returns of 1786 it is stated that Richard Brethens in 1777 bequeathed £100 for the benefit of the poor of Preston Gobalds; the interest is usually laid out in coals, and distributed among the most deserving poor of the parish.  Besides the farmers given in the directory, John B. Minor, Esq., holds the Lea Hall farm in the township.  There are 220 acres of wood land in the parish.

Directory.—Rev. William Stevens Burd, M.A.; Farmers, Edward Acton, Robert Hales, and Richard Poole; William Littlehales, wheelwright; William Thompson, wood bailiff to Lady Tyrwhitt.

MERRINGTON

township, 1¼ miles N.W. from Preston Gobalds, and 5½ N.N.W. from Shrewsbury, contains 898a. 1r. 26p. of land, which is the property of Lady Tyrwhitt, except one farm held by R. R. Slaney, Esq., M.P.  The population in 1841 was returned at 188 souls, at which time there were 46 houses.  Rateable value, £1073 5s. 6d.  This township comprises a considerable portion of Bomere Heath, which was enclosed upwards of forty years ago; it is now the most densely populated part of the township, and consists chiefly of small detached cottages, with a few acres of land or a garden plot attached to each cottage.  Here is an Independent chapel, a Wesleyan chapel, and a Wesleyan New Connexion chapel, not far from each other, the two former are in this township, and the latter in Preston Gobalds township.  There is also a free school for all the children in the parish, which is supported by R. R. Slaney.  About two-thirds of the land in Merrington is arable, a deep loamy soil prevails in some places, and in other parts a cold clay.

Directory.—Farmers, John Jones, Joseph Kent, William Kent, John Shore, and William Shore; William Dodd, blacksmith; the rest are at Bomere Heath, Richard Ellis, shoemaker; James Holmes, contractor; Martha Owen, butcher; John Price shopkeeper; and John Wright, schoolmaster.

UFFINGTON

is a parish and small village delightfully situated on the banks of the Severn, three miles E.N.E. from Shrewsbury.  The parish contains 1309a. 3r. 9p. of land, and forms a part of the Sundorne domain, which is the property of Andrew William Corbett, Esq.  At the census of 1801 the population was returned at 120 souls p. 146and in 1841 there were 32 houses and 163 inhabitants.  Rateable value, £1804. 19s.  The picturesque beauty of the village, surrounded by a lovely and fertile country, and its contiguity to Haughmond Hill, which commands a most delightful view of the surrounding district, causes this to be a place of much attraction in the summer season for pleasure parties from Shrewsbury and other places.  There is a good inn, with a spacious bowling green, which is kept in admirable order, where parties may recreate themselves and have every attention and comfort at a moderate charge, from the worthy host of the “Corbet Arms.”  A spacious room which opens upon the bowling green will accommodate nearly a hundred persons.

About half a mile east from Uffington is Haughmond Hill, from the summit of which is seen a most beautiful, panoramic view of the fertile plains of Shropshire, the lofty steeples of its ancient capital, the windings of the graceful Severn, and in the distance the blue mountains of Wales, whilst in the foreground is seen the stately mansion of Sundorne Castle, adorned with battlements and turrets, which forcibly reminds us of the beautiful lines of Mrs. Hemans:—

The stately homes of England,
How beautiful they stand!
Amidst their tall ancestral trees,
O’er all the pleasant land.

Upon the summit of the hill has been built a castellated tower, which is a conspicuous object for many miles around.  Near the tower is a steep crag, down which the Earl of Douglas leaped with his horse, on being closely pursued, after his escape from the battle of Shrewsbury.  He was seriously injured by this daring act, and on his being taken prisoner, the king set him at liberty, in admiration of his valour.

The Church, dedicated to the Holy Trinity, is a small fabric of venerable appearance, with a porch on the south side, and a small belfry.  The interior harmonizes with the simplicity of the structure.  The font is large and circular.  The living is a perpetual curacy, returned at £49, in the patronage of Andrew William Corbett, Esq.; incumbent, Rev. John Oliver Hopkins, M.A.  In the churchyard are several fine old yew trees.

Pimley House is a handsome residence, pleasantly situated about a quarter of a mile from the village.  It stands on a gentle acclivity rising from the Severn, and commands some fine prospects.  The house was completed in 1849; it is of brick, with stone finishings, exhibiting the Elizabethan style of architecture.  Pimley House is the occasional residence of Andrew William Corbet, Esq., of Sundorne Castle.

A Neat Schoolhouse and residence for the teachers was built in 1849, on the turnpike road leading to Shrewsbury, by A. W. Corbet, Esq., who also munificently supports the institution, which is free to all the children of the tenants upon the Sundorne estate.  There is also a good Sunday school nearly opposite the church.  This parish is intersected by the river Severn, and the Shropshire union canal.

Corbet Andrew William, Esq., Sundorne Castle, and Pimley House

Allen John, farmer, corn miller, and brick and tile makers

Bullock Richard, blacksmith

Davies John, farm bailiff, Pimley

Evans John, farmer

Evans Robert Lloyd, gentleman

Grice Thomas, vict., Corbet Arms

Hazledine John and Co., coal merchants; John Mabury, agent

Heath Thomas, shoemaker

Hopkins Rev. John Oliver, M.A., Parsonage

Jarratt Stephen, schoolmaster

Ralphs Samuel, carpenter and clerk

Sproston Edward, tailor

p. 147THE OSWESTRY HUNDRED.

The Oswestry hundred is bounded on the east by the hundred of Pimhill, on the north and west by Denbighshire, and on the south-west by Montgomeryshire.  The river Ceiriog bounds the hundred at the northern extremity, and the Vernieu and the Severn form the southern boundary.  The population of this hundred in 1821 was 17,189; and in 1841, 19,858, of whom 3,956 were in the lower division of the hundred, and 15,902 in the upper division.  Of the total number of inhabitants at the latter period, 9,805 were males, and 10,054 females.

The lower division of the hundred contains the following parishes and townships, viz., Cotton, Dovaston, Eardiston, Edgerley, Felton West, Haughton, Kinnerley, Knockin, Kynaston, Maesbrook Issa, Maesbrook Ucha, Melverley, Osbaston, Rednal, Ruyton of the Eleven Towns, Sandford, Shelvock, Shotatton, Sutton, Tedsmore, Twyford, Tyricoed, Woolston, and Wykey.

The upper division contains Aston Abertanatt, Berghill, Blodwell, Bryn, Cynynion, Crickheath, Daywell, Ebnall, Fernhill, Frankton, Halston, Henlle, Hindford, Hisland, Ifton Rhyn, Llanvorda, Llanyblodwell, Llanytidman, Llanymyneck, Lynclys, Maesburg, Marton Old, Martin St., Middleton, Morton, Oswestry, Pentregaer, Porkington, Selattyn, Sychtyn, Sweeney, Treprenal, Trefarclawdd, Treflach, Trefonen, Weston Cotton, Weston Rhyn, Whittington, and Wootton.

HALSTON,

an Extra-parochial Liberty, three-quarters of a mile east from Whittington, and three and a quarter miles E.N.E. from Oswestry, contains upwards of 500 acres of land, which is the property of Edmund Wright, Esq., of Halston Hall.  This place formerly belonged to the Knights Templars, or Knights of St. John of Jerusalem.  It is called in deeds Halystone, or Holystone, and was formerly a sanctuary.  Meyrick Lloyd, lord of some part of Uwch Ales, in the reign of Richard I., would not submit to the English government, to which the hundred of Dyffryn Clwydd, and several others, were at that time subject; and having seized some English officers, who came there to execute the laws, put several of them to death.  From this fact the lands were forfeited to the king, and Lloyd fled and took sanctuary at Halston, where its possessor, John Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel, received him under his protection.  It was given by this family to the Knights Templars, and in the 26th of Henry VIII. we find the commandary valued at £160. 14s. 10d. a-year.  On the abolition of this religious order, King Henry VIII. empowered John Sewster, Esq., to dispose of this manor to Alan Horde, who made an exchange with Edward Mytton, Esq., which alienation was confirmed by Queen Elizabeth.  Halston was the birth place of the celebrated General Mytton, who was born in 1608.  By his courage and conduct many strongholds in North Wales and Shropshire were subdued, and he greatly distinguished himself in several battles.  An ardent love of liberty, it seems, was the motive which governed his conduct; for finding that Cromwell’s views were ambitious, he resigned his command and retired.  General Mytton died in London, in 1656: his remains were conveyed to Shrewsbury, and interred in St. Chad’s church.  The church or chapel is a small fabric, situated in the park, about five hundred yards from the south front of the hall.  The interior is neatly fitted up, and contains an ancient font, of an octagonal shape, rudely carved; an old stone coffin which has been dug up, lies near the tower.  The living is a donative, without any other revenue than what the chaplain is allowed by the owner.  The Halston estate, after being held by the Myttons from the time of Henry VIII. to the present century was sold in 1817 to Edmund Wright, Esq., the present proprietor.  The hall, a spacious and elegant mansion of brick p. 148with a stone portico, has been greatly improved by the present owner.  It is beautified with pleasure grounds and shrubberies, and opens into a beautiful and finely-timbered park of about 200 acres.  Near the front of the hall is a fine sheet of water, and the river Perry, a small stream, takes its course through the park.  The kitchen gardens are in a sheltered situation a little west from the hall, and cover upwards of five acres.  Pineries and greenhouses are now in course of erection.  At the census of 1841, Halston is returned as containing three houses and thirty-four inhabitants.

Directory.—Edmund Wright, Esq., Halston Hall; Charles Galloway, gardener, the Hall; Thomas Ward, farmer, Kinsall.

KINNERLEY

parish contains the townships of Kinnerley and Argoed, Dovaston, Edgerley, Kynaston, Maesbrook Issa, Maesbrook Ucha, Osbaston, and Tyrycoed, which together have an area of 5,891a. 2r. 28p. of land.  Rateable value, £7,761. 9s. 9d.  Rent charge, £942. 1s., of which £170 is apportioned to the vicar, and £772. 1s. to the impropriators.  Population in 1801, 1,110; in 1841, 1,286.

Kinnerley and Argoed, a township and pleasantly situated village, seven miles S.E. from Oswestry, and twelve miles N.W. by W. from Shrewsbury, contains 848a. 0r. 9p. of land, mostly an undulating district, producing good wheat and barley.  The principal land owners are Edward Downes, Esq.; John Morris, Esq.; Mr. John Doune; Rev. Thomas Frank; Mr. John Hilton; Mr. William Parkes; Mr. John Lewis; Mr. Thomas Barlow; Mr. Henry Bowman; Mr. Edward Baddow; Mr. John Pugh; Mr. Edward Evans; the vicar of Kinnerley; Mr. Jones; Mr. Griffiths; and others.  George Edwards, Esq., is lord of the manor, and holds a court, the jurisdiction of which extends over Kinnerley Argoed and Edgerley.  It is stated in ancient records that Kinnerley Castle was plundered and destroyed by Llewellyn, prince of Wales, during the early part of the reign of Henry III.  We afterwards find that he was compelled to promise to make satisfaction for the injury he had done; but it appears the restoration of the castle never took place.

The Church, dedicated to St. Mary, is built of red sandstone, and has a square tower, with the date of 1600.  The nave and chancel were enlarged and beautified in 1755.  There are several beautiful monuments in the church, one of which remembers the Rev. John Bridgeman, D.D., bishop of Chester, who died in 1719.  In the tower are three fine-toned bells, which were re-cast at Kinnerley.  It is related that a farmer returning from Shrewsbury fair, where he had sold two cows named Dobbin and Golden, passing the furnace, was asked what he would give towards the new bells, when he jocularly replied that he would give Dobbin and Golden, at the same time emptying a large handkerchief of silver coin into the furnace.  From this circumstance the bells have ever since been called Dobbin and Golden.  The living is a vicarage, valued in the King’s book at £7. 6s. 8d.; now returned at £114; in the patronage of the Lord Chancellor, and incumbency of the Rev. Edmund Wolryche Orlando Bridgeman.  The vicarial tithes of this township are commuted for £18. 12s. 2d.; and £103. 4s. 6d. are paid to Mrs. Tayleur, and £2. 16s. 6d. to other impropriators.  There are 30a. 1r. of glebe land.  The tithes formerly belonged to the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, in whom the patronage of the living was also vested.

Charities.—John Payne left £6, Edward Payne a yearly sum of 4s., and Richard Payne the sum of 10s. yearly, for the benefit of the poor.  These sums are secured upon a piece of land in Lwynygo.  Nicholas Thornes bequeathed £10, Roger Thornes a like sum, and Thomas Thornes £5, which gifts are secured upon land in Edgerley township, called Brokist.  Mr. Kynaston gave the interest of £10 to the poor; Elizabeth Morgan bequeathed £50.  Henry Morgan a rent charge of 10s. per annum.  The three last bequests are secured on land in Melverley.  A yearly sum of £2 p. 149is paid to the churchwardens from land which was formerly the property of the Hanmer family.  There are two pieces of land in Edgerley, the rent of which, £2. 17s. 6d. per annum, is received by the churchwardens, but from whom it was derived is not known.  The amount of these rents, with the produce of the several charities above mentioned, being £11. 7s. 6d. per annum, are distributed in small sums on Good Friday.  Roger Gethin left £40, which was laid out in the purchase of two small crofts in Tyr-y-coed, for the benefit of the poor.  The land produces £3. 10s. yearly.  John Hickin left a rent charge of 10s. yearly, and the poor have a like sum yearly from the bequest of Margaret Dyos—noticed with Great Ness.  Hester Farmer, in 1691, gave the rent of a close every fourth year, to be distributed among the poor of Kinnerley.  The field is now let for £23 per annum:—See the charities of St. Chad, Shrewsbury.

Post OfficeAt Mr. Jonathan Rodgers.  Letters arrive from Oswestry at 11.30, and are
despatched at 2 40 P.M.

Barrett Richard, grocer and provision dealer

Bather Thomas, grocer, druggist and seedsman, wholesale and retail

Beddow Thomas, carrier to Oswestry and Shrewsbury

Bevan Edward, thrashing machine and drill man

Bridgeman Rev. Edmund W. O., vicarage

Croft William, farmer

Davies Thomas, blacksmith

Davies William, shoemaker

Downes Edward, Esq., Argoed hall

Glover Timothy, carrier to Oswestry and Shrewsbury

Griffiths Edward, carpenter

Griffiths Joseph, wheelwright

Hanmer John, corn miller

Jones Richard, shoemaker, Argoed

Morgan John, farmer

Morris John, farmer

Morris Richard, shoemaker

Parkes William, grocer and vict., Cross Keys

Pugh John, maltster and farmer

Roberts Edward, cooper

Rodgers Elizabeth, boarding and day school

Rodgers Henry, painter and glazier

Rodgers Henry, farmer

Rodgers Jonathan, vestry and parish clerk and assistant overseer

Rodgers Jonathan, vict., Swan Inn

Thornes Mr. Henry, Argoed farm

DOVASTON

township is pleasantly situated one mile and a half N.E. from Kinnerley, and seven and a half S.E. from Oswestry, and contains 353a. 2r. 10p. of land.  In 1841 there were 39 houses and 157 inhabitants.  Rateable value, £725. 8s. 6d.  The soil is good pasture land, and, being a mixture of peat and loam, produces good barley.  The Earl of Bradford is the lord of the manor; and the principal landowners are J. F. M. Dovaston, Esq., Mr. Richard Candlin, Mr. John Frank, Mr. John Hilton, Mr. James Jones, Mr. Joseph Lloyd, Mr. John Mansell, the Vicar of Kinnerley, Millington Hospital, Mrs. Thornes, Mr. Thomas Pugh, and Mr. Henry Whitford.  The vicarial tithes are commuted for £6. 17s. 8d., and the rectorial for £36. 3s. 1d.

Bennion John and Edward, carpenters

Bevan John, farmer and carrier

Butler Samuel, farmer

Cambage George, farmer

Davies David, carpenter, The Heath

Davies Thomas, sawyer

Davis William, carrier

Edwards Richard, stone-mason

Griffiths Edward, sawyer, Knuckin Heath

Griffiths Samuel, carpenter

Grindley George, farmer

Jones Thomas, shoemaker

Jones Thomas, farmer

Lloyd John, wheelwright, The Heath

Mansell John, farmer

p. 150EDGERLEY,

a scattered village and township in the parish of Kinnerley, three miles and a quarter S. from Kinnerley church, contains 1383a. 0r. 9p. of land, and in 1841 had a population of 265 souls and 64 houses.  Rateable value, £1,694, 4s. 8d.  The rectorial tithes are commuted for £120. 18s. 4d., and the vicarial for £44. 9s. 9d.  The following are the chief landowners:—The Earl of Bradford, Mr. Thomas Bather, Mr. James Candlin, E. H. Dymock, Esq., Mr. John Comberbach, Sir B. Leighton, Bart., Thomas Mansell, Esq., Mr. Owens, Mr. Parker, Messrs. Rogers, Rev. William Thomas, and others.  George Edwards, Esq., is lord of the manor.  Pentre is a small scattered hamlet, in the township of Edgerley, where is a venerable ash tree of immense girth, remarkable as standing upon a site where the dioceses of Hereford, Lichfield and Coventry, and St. Asaph, all unite.  It also marks the division of the parishes of Great Ness and Kinnerley.

Croxen Richard Jones, Esq.

Davies Mrs. Elizabeth, Edgerley Hall

Davies John, farmer

Davies Richard R., butcher

Edwards Richard, tailor

Evans Robert, mason

Heatley E., Brookhouse farm

Higginson Saml., victualler, Royal Hill Inn

Hopkins Richard, gardener

Jones John, farmer and butcher

Jones Thomas, farmer

Jones William, farmer

Lloyd John, wheelwright

Lloyd Samuel, farmer

Newall Thomas, farmer

Owens Robert, farmer

Price Jeremiah, farmer

Pritchard Thomas, horse breaker

Rigley Smith, beerhouse & shopkeeper

Rodgers William, farmer

Roberts William, farmer

Williams John, bricklayer

Williams William, farmer & grazier

KYNASTON

is a small township, mostly an undulating district, with a fertile soil, one mile and a half S.E. by S. from Kinnerley, and nine miles from Oswestry.  In 1841 here were 32 houses and 135 inhabitants.  The township contains 517a. 1r. 39p. of land, of which 245 acres are arable, 240 meadow, 11 woodland, and the remainder in gardens and homesteads.  The landowners are the Earl of Bradford, Mrs. Eleanor Bather, Rev. S. S. Burroughs, Mr. John Candlin, John Hilton, Esq., Mr. William Duckett, Mr. Thomas N. Parker, and Mrs. Thornes.  The tithes were commuted in 1836, when £11 was apportioned to the vicar, and £61 to the impropriators.  The Independents and the Primitive Methodists have each a small chapel in this township.  Directory.—Farmers: John Candlin, John Mansell, William Probert, William Rodgers, and William Rodgers, jun.  William Davies, tailor.

MAESBROOK ISSA,

a township situated two miles S.W. by S. from Kinnerley, and seven and a quarter miles from Oswestry, contains 864a. 3r. 28p. of land, and in 1841 had 19 houses and a population of 101 souls.  Rateable value, £1,226. 17s. 2d.  Of the land, 254a. 1r. 27p. are arable, 584a. 0r. 33p. rich meadow land, and the remainder 24a. 2r. 12p. are in homesteads.  The land has an undulating surface, and the soil is a stiff loam, producing good wheat and barley.  The land owners are the Earl of Bradford, Mr. Richard Bennett, Mr. R. J. Croxon, Mr. John Edmunds, Mr. John Frank, The Earl of Liverpool, Mr. James Payne, Mr. Richard Savage, Mr. Hugh Skelhorn, the executors of William Shuker, and the Vicar of Kinnerley.  The Earl of Bradford is lord of the manor.  The vicarial tithes were commuted in 1845 for £25, and the large tithes for £103. 2s. 6d.  The freeholders are the impropriators.  Pentreheylin Hall, a delightfully situated residence commanding beautiful views of the country, is the property of Richard Jones Croxen, Esq., and residence of Mr. John Edwards.  The farm premises are spacious and admirably arranged.  The cattle are chiefly stall fed; there are stalls p. 151for feeding 90 head of cattle, besides accommodation for upwards of fifty milk cows.  The cheese made is of a superior quality.

Bennett Catherine, farmer

Brown Mrs. Elizabeth, Pentre Parva House

Brown Joseph, farmer

Davies John, farmer and corn miller

Edwards John, farmer, Pentreheylin

Edwards John and Sons, cattle dealers

Howells Samuel, wheelwright

Jones Edward, grocer, draper, and general provision dealer

Lloyd John, farmer, The Grove

Pritchard Samuel, farmer

Skelhorn Hugh, farmer

MAESBROOK UCHA

is a pleasant village and township, containing some genteel residences, two miles and a half W. from Kinnerley and seven miles S. from Oswestry.  The township contains 1060a. 3r. 36p. of superior land; the meadows producing an abundance of vegetation, on which large flocks of sheep and herds of cattle are grazed.  The land stretches to the extreme western verge of the county, and is separated from Montgomeryshire by the river Vernieu.  The up-land has a gravelly soil, and produces wheat, barley, and oats.  In 1841 here were 49 houses and 264 inhabitants.  Rateable value, £1,461. 4s. 1d.  The land owners are the Earl of Bradford, Richard Croxen, Esq., George Edwards, Esq., the Earl of Liverpool, James Payne, Esq., Mr. Evan Arthur, Mr. William Shuker, William Taylor, Esq., John William Thornes, Esq., Rev. Mr. Thomas, Samuel Ward, Esq., and others are also proprietors.  The Earl of Bradford is lord of the manor.  The tithes were commuted in 1847, when £37 was apportioned to the Vicar of Kinnerley, £146. 19s. 9d. to Mrs. Tayleure, and £9. 2s. 6d. to Samuel Ward, Esq.  Pentra Ucha Hall, the residence of Frederic Alexander Payne, Esq., is a handsome stuccoed mansion, commanding beautiful views of the surrounding country.  Dyffryd House is the property and residence of William Taylor, Esq., celebrated as a breeder and feeder of superior stock.  The house is pleasantly situated near the banks of the Vernieu, and the farm premises exhibit a pattern of completeness.  The turnpike road from Burlton to Llanymyneck crosses the township.  The Baptists and the Primitive Methodists have each a place of worship here.

Adams John, painter, plumber, and glazier

Breadley Richard, wheelwright

Davies Edmund, butcher

Davies John, gentleman, Greenfield House

Davies John, farmer

Davies Thomas, farmer

Davies Thomas, farmer and carrier

Dean Thomas, painter, plumber, and glazier

Grindley John, farmer

Hayes George, grocer and vict., Black Horse

Lawrence Samuel, farmer

Lewis John, farmer

Lloyd John, farmer

Payne Frederick Alexander, Esq., Pentra Ucha Hall

Perry Edward, farmer, The Wood

Ridge Mrs., farmer, The Field

Rodgers John, farmer

Taylor William, farmer and grazier, Dyffryd House

Tudor John, blacksmith

Ward Charlotte, farmer

Ward Samuel, gentleman, The Wood

OSBASTON

township, two miles N.W. by W. from Kennerley, and 5½ miles S. from Oswestry, contains 558a. 3r. 11p. of land, and in 1841 had 23 houses and 125 inhabitants.  Rateable value, £757 18s. 6d., of the land; 259a. are meadows and pasture 267 areable, and 8 acres are in wood and homesteads.  The soil is a mixture of marl and sand; the farmhouses are well built and provided with convenient out premises.  The principal landowners are the Earl of Bradford; Mr. Thomas Clemson; J. F. M. Doveston, Esq., Mrs. Ann Williams; John Jones, Esq.; Mrs. Jones; Mr. James Knight; p. 152Rev. E. H. Dymock; J. J. Thomas, Esq.; and Mr. Samuel Ward.  The tithes were commuted in 1848, when £120 was apportioned to John E. Pugh, Esq., the impropriator, and £17 5s. to the vicar of Kennerley.

The following are the principal residents, viz.: Capt. Thomas Evans, R.N., Osbaston Wood; Farmers, Thomas Griffiths, James Knight, Edward Pugh, and George Peacock; George Bate, gardener; John Lloyd, blacksmith; and John Rogers, tailor and clothier.

TIR-Y-COED,

a scattered township 1½ mile S.W. from Kennerley, and 8½ S.S. by W. from Oswestry, in 1841 had 7 houses and 29 inhabitants, and has 305a. 0r. 3p. of land, of which 105 are arable, and the remainder meadow and pasture.  The soil is chiefly a strong loam.  Rateable value, £363 9s. 6d.  The tithes were commuted in 1847, when £9 was appropriated to the vicar and £51. 9s. to the impropriators.  The chief landowners are Sir Edward C. Disbrowe Knt., Mr. David Adams, Mr. Richard Downes, Trustees of Millington Hospital, Mr. William Downes, Mr. William Duckett, Rev. E. Dymock, Mr. John Edmunds, Mr. John Jones, Mr. James Payne, Mrs. Thornes, Mr. John Suckley and others.  The residents are John Gittins, gentleman; William Richards, farmer, The Field; Joseph Evans, bricklayer; and William Rogers, basket maker.

KNOCKIN,

a parish and pleasant rural village, contains several genteel residences, and is situated six miles S.S.E. from Oswestry, and twelve miles N.W. by W. from Shrewsbury.  It has 1389a. 3r. 16p. of land, and had in 1801 210 inhabitants, in 1831 311, and in 1841 54 houses and 271 souls.  The soil is a mixture of sand and loam.  The returns of 1841 include Heath Farm an extra parochial liberty, having two houses and seven persons.  Rateable value, £1,982. 1s.  The principal land owners are the Earl of Bradford; Joseph Lloyd, Esq.; Mrs. Sarah Jones; Richard Hilton, Esq.; John Hilton, Esq.; Mrs. Ann Williams; Mr. Thomas Higginson; Mr. William Thomas; Edware Downes, Esq.; Edward Parry, Esq.; and lady Tyrhwitt.  There are also several smaller freeholders.  The Earl of Bradford is lord of the manor, and holds a court at the Bradford Arms.

The Church, dedicated to St. Mary, a small handsome structure in the early English style of architecture, was re-built in 1847 of red sand stone.  The interior has a very chaste and elegant appearance, and the fabric exhibits some fine specimens of decorated workmanship.  The living is a rectory in the patronage of the Earl of Bradford, enjoyed by the Rev. Robert Ridsdale, a non-resident.  The Rev. F. B. Foulkes is the officiating minister.  The tithes are commuted for £325.

The National School and residence for the teacher is a neat building, erected by the Earl of Bradford.  It is supported by subscriptions and a small charge from each scholar.  The income is about £60 per annum.

Knockin Hall, situate on the east side of the village, a spacious mansion of brick, is the seat of the Hon. Captain Charles Orlando Bridgeman.  It stands on a gentle eminence commanding delightful views into Wales.  The interior is finely adorned with antique carved furniture, and the walls are ornamented with valuable and beautifully executed paintings.  The park is small, but pleasingly diversified with graceful undulations, and enriched with fine timber.  A beautiful avenue leads to the hall.  The Knockin Heath Farm, situated about two miles S.E. from the church, contains 350a., and is the residence of John Cooke, Esq.  The Hall Farm, an extensive range of premises a short distance from the village, is the residence of Richard Hilton, Esq.

Knockin is said to have given name to the ancient family of L’Estrange, who built Knockin Castle, and fixed their seat here.  Guy L’Estrange had three sons, Guy, p. 153Hamon, and John, all of whom held lands in Shropshire by gift of Henry II.  The younger, Guy, was sheriff of this county from the 2nd to the 11th of Henry II.; other branches of the family were subsequently appointed knights of the shire.  Ralph, son of the above Guy, gave the chapel of Knockin to the canons of Haughmond.  John L’Estrange, in the 33rd of Henry III., procured a market for the town on Tuesday, and a fair on the eve, day, and day after the anniversary of the decollation of St. John Baptist.  Madoc, who was at the head of an insurrection against the king’s officers of North Wales, marched against Lord L’Estrange and defeated him at Knockin.  The male line of the family failing in John L’Estrange in the 17th of Edward IV., who leaving an only daughter Joan, she married George Stanley, who was created Earl of Derby by Henry VIII.  The title of Knockin is still kept up, though the family is extinct; the eldest son of the Derby family being styled Lord Strange.  The castle was demolished during the civil wars in the time of King John.  At present there is scarcely a vestige remaining.  Some of the stones were used to build the churchyard walls, and a bridge over the brook, and a large quantity of them were carried away to mend the roads.  The fairs and market have long been obsolete.

Bridgeman The Hon. Capt. Charles Orlando, R.N., Knockin Hall

Adams Mr., painter, plumber, and glazier

Barrett Thomas, farmer and vict., Bradford Arms

Barneby Alban M., schoolmaster

Burroughs John, vict., Cross Keys

Cooke John, farmer, Heath house

Davies Edward, farmer

Davies Edward, farmer, Heath Farm

Evans John, butler

Evans Mrs., shopkeeper and baker

Foulkes Rev. F. B., The Wain

Griffiths Alice, farmer

Griffiths Edward, farmer and land agent

Griffiths Edward, builder and contractor

Gwynne George, cooper

Haustin William, tailor

Hilton John, Esq., farmer, Knockin House

Hilton Richard, farmer, Hall Farm

Jones John, joiner and carpenter

Jones John, surveyor and collector

Lloyd Joseph, builder and contractor

Lloyd William, farmer

Maddox John, veterinary surgeon

Maddox William, blacksmith

Maddox William, assistant overseer and collector

Morris John, tailor

Morris Samuel, grazier and butcher

Price William, butcher

Price S. M., shopkeeper

Ratcliffe James, shopkeeper

Ratcliffe Richard, saddler and harness maker

Roberts Thomas, boot and shoemaker

Thomas William, farmer

 

Llanyblodwell is a parish on the western verge of Shropshire, adjoining the county of Denbigh, comprising the townships of Abertannat, Blodwell, Bryn, and Lynclys, which together, at the census of 1841, contained a population of 961 souls and 200 houses.  The parish is bounded on the east by Offa’s-dyke, noticed at the preceding page.

ABERTANNAT,

a village and township one mile S.E. from Blodwell, contains 1073a. 3r. 17p. of land, 19 houses, and 102 inhabitants.  Rateable value, £1,135. 12s 5d.  The land has mostly a strong soil, upon the limestone, considered good for grazing purposes.  The proprietors are Lord Godolphin and John Hamor, Esq.  Earl Powis is lord of the manor.  The tithes have been commuted for £90. 2s. 2d., of which £39. 7s. has been apportioned to the Rev. R. Williams; £13. 9s. 10d. to the Rev. R. M. H. Hughes; and £37. 5s. 4d. to the Rev. John Parker.  Abertannat Hall is the pleasantly situated p. 154mansion of John Edwards, Esq.  The scenery in the vicinity is most beautiful and picturesque.  Upon the towering heights of some of the hills are seen prospects of unbounded extent.  The lands abound with game, and the rippling stream of the Tanat meanders at the foot of the hills, well stocked with trout and other fish.

Directory.—John Edwards, Esq., The hall; James Davies, farmer, Llan; Robert Edwards, farmer, Cafn; Thomas Jones, shopkeeper; Charles Jones, gamekeeper; John Jones, farmer, Garth-issa; William Jones, farmer, Gath-ucha; Richard Jones, gamekeeper; William Lloyd, blacksmith and vict., Horse Shoe Inn; Richard Lewis, farmer, Tynycoed; John Morgan, huntsman; William Pritchard, farmer, Cafn; Matthew Roberts, schoolmaster.

BLODWELL

is a pleasant village in a hilly and romantic country, six miles S.S.W. from Oswestry, having 87 houses and 384 inhabitants.  The township contains 1677a. 1r. 18p. of land.  Rateable value, £1777, 1s. 9d.  Gross estimated rental, £1989 18s. 9d.  The principal landowners are the Earl of Powis, Earl of Bradford, Mrs. Aubrey, Rev. John Parker, John Bonner, Esq.; John Edwards, Esq.; and John George Edwards, Esq.; the former is lord of the manor.  The Church, dedicated to St. Michael, is a venerable fabric, the exterior of which is now undergoing a complete reparation at the expense of the present incumbent.  The body of the church is divided into two compartments, and has a pitched roof, supported by columns and arches in the Norman style of architecture.  The chancel is tastefully decorated, and contains a splendid stained glass window; it is fitted up with stalls, and separated from the body of the church by an antique oak screen, richly carved.  The church has had additions and alterations made at several different periods; in 1835 the accommodation of the church was increased by the addition of 47 sittings.  The chancel contains several handsome memorials, one of which remembers the Bridgemans, of Blodwell; another very elegantly designed is commemorative of the late Sir John Bridgeman, Bart.; there are also monuments to the Godolphins, Matthews, and others.  The living is a vicarage valued in the king’s books at £7. 12s. 6d., and now returned at £271 in the patronage of the bishop of St. Asaph, and incumbency of the Rev. John Parker, M.A.  Divine service is performed alternately in the Welsh and English languages.  The vicarage is a modern and commodious erection of brick, in the decorative style, with ornamental chimneys, and is situated a short distance from the church; a considerable portion of the house has been built by the present incumbent.  The bishop of St. Asaph is the impropriator of the large tithes, which are commuted for £211 9s. 6d., and the small tithes payable to the vicar are commuted for £36. 9s. 3d.

Blodwell Hall, a modern stuccoed mansion delightfully situated, is the residence of William Lyons, Esq.  The hills above the hall command a scene of sublimity and beauty, perhaps unsurpassed in any part of Wales.  The summits of innumerable mountains are seen at once, rising in every variety of ridge, the distant in softest azure, and the near clothed in the richest verdure, with hanging woods, fertile meadows, and the bright rivers, Vernieu and Tanat, meandering at the foot of the hills, on their way to join the sunny waters of the magnificent Severn.  Turning towards England, a perfect contrast is presented, in the fertile and expansive plains of Shropshire, richly wooded, and profuse in luxuriant vegetation, terminated on the south by the noble Wrekin, and on the north and east by the faint outline of the distant hills of Cheshire and Stafford.  The river Tanat is crossed by a stone bridge at the point of separation of this township and that of Abertannat; at the Grove about a mile and a half below Blodwell it has its confluence with the river Vernieu, which here separates Shropshire and Denbighshire.

p. 155The School is endowed with £100 bequeathed by Ursula Bridgeman in 1713; £100 the gift of Sir John Bridgeman in 1739; and £100 given by Judith Bridgeman.  In 1825 it was discovered that there was £300 stock in the old south sea annuities standing in the names of trustees, but that no dividends had been received thereon since the 6th April, 1801.  In September, 1825, £211. 10s. was received for the arrears of dividends, out of which sum £57. 10s. 6d. was paid for the expense of recovering them, of transferring the stock, and of the new trust deed, and £123. 7s. 2d. was expended in 1826 and 1827 in re-building the school.  Out of the dividends amounting to £9 per annum, £7 is paid to the schoolmaster, the residue having hitherto been reserved for repairs.  According to the deed of 1753 the master is entitled to three-fourths of the dividends; 50 scholars attend the school, which is partly supported by the vicar.

Edward ap Thomas, by his will bearing date 13th October, 1657, gave a rent charge of £2. 12s. yearly to the poor of Llanyblodwell and Llansilin, in equal portions.

Directory.—William Lyons, Esq., The hall; Rev. John Parker, The vicarage; Farmers, John Davies, Sarah Ellis, Richard Hughes, Edward Morris, Thomas Owen, Mary Roberts, and Edward Wall, The hall farm; Matthew Roberts, schoolmaster.

BRYNN,

a small village and township 1¼ mile N.W. from Blodwell, has 1118a. 0r. 35p. of land, 37 houses and 200 inhabitants.  The country around Brynn is bold and mountainous, and the uplands are cold and exposed.  The farms are in general small.  Rateable value, £1063. 15s.  The principal landowners are John Wynn Eyton, Esq.; John Hamor, Esq.; Mrs. Owens; Rev. John Parker; and the Earl of Powis; there are also several other freeholders.  The tithes are commuted for £176. 16s. 10d., of which £85. 8s. 5d. is apportioned to the vicar of Blodwell, £27 7s. 1d. to the Rev. Maurice Jones, and £64. 1s. 4d. to the bishop of St. Asaph.  Glanyrafon House, the seat of John Hamer, Esq., is situated on an eminence, on the line of road leading into North Wales; it is surrounded with park-like grounds finely timbered and studded with thriving plantations, and from the elevated position of the mansion it has an imposing appearance.  It commands views of great diversity and picturesque beauty; the meanderings of the Tanat giving an additional charm to the fairy scene.  Bryntanat Hall, the occasional residence or hunting box of William Henry Perry, Esq., is picturesquely seated on the knoll of a hill, the foot of which is washed by the rippling stream of the Tanat.  Although the hall is situate near to Bryan, it stands within the bounds of the county of Denbigh.

Directory.—John Hamor, Esq., Glanyrafon Hall; William Henry Perry, Bryntanat Hall; Farmers, Walter Davies, Edward Edwards, Richard Edwards, Richard Griffiths, Robert Hughes, Edward Jones, William Jones, Richard Kilner, Richard Phillips, and Richard Richards.

LLYNCLYS,

a village and small township, four miles S.W. by S. from Oswestry, contains 608a. 0r. 3p. of land; and in 1841 there were 57 houses and 275 inhabitants.  Rateable value, £917. 4s. 3d.; gross estimated rental, £1,013. 11s. 10d.  The Earl of Bradford; Earl Powis; Rowland Hunt, Esq.; Philip Jennings, Esq.; Hon. Thomas Kenyon; Rev. John Parker; Mr. Humphrey, and others, are land owners.  The township is crossed at right angles by the Oswestry and Welshpool and the Knockin and Llansilin turnpike roads.  There are extensive lime works in this township: a considerable quantity of that commodity is used by the farmers on the western borders of Shropshire and in Wales for agricultural purposes.  Llynck Lys Pool is a small but beautiful lake of great depth, of which strange and superstitious tales prevailed in former times.  It is p. 156stated that the lake was formerly the site of a royal palace, which in fairy times was sunken below the earth by a fairy spell.  The late Mr. Dovaston, of the Nursery, in a ballad entitled “Llynch Lys,” thus beautifully introduces the tradition:—

“Still the villagers near, when the lake is clear,
   Show the towers of the palace below,
And of Croes Willin there, will the traveller hear,
   And the cave called the grim Ogo.

And oft from our boat of a summer’s eve,
   Sweet music is heard to flow,
As we push from the side of the blue lake’s tide,
   Where the long green rushes grow.”

The rushes and reeds which grow on the margin are of extraordinary length; some have been drawn upwards of eighteen feet in length.  The water lily here flourishes with the greatest luxuriance, and throws out a profusion of blossoms upon the surface of the crystal waters.  Porthy-Waen is a populous hamlet in Llynclys township.

Those with * affixed are at Llynclys, and the rest at Porthy-Waen.

Davies Thos., vict., Red Lion

* Evans Thomas, farmer

* Griffiths Ann, farmer, Nut Tree Bank

Griffiths Francis, shopkeeper and baker

Griffiths Mary, farmer

Hughes Thos., toll collector

Hughes John, shopkeeper

Howell John, schoolmaster

Jones Edward, beerhouse

* Jones Mary, farmer

Jones David, shoemaker

* Lawrence Edward, farmer

Lewis Mary Ann, lime works

Lewis John, beerhouse

* Lloyd William, beerhouse keeper and lime works

Martin Maria, beerhouse

Newal Mrs., quarry owner

Pryce William, shopkeeper

Parkes Edward, blacksmith

Probert Edward, assistant overseer and collector

Roberts John, Dolgorth lime works

Savin Mary, lime works

Williams John, lime works

Williams John, jun., lime works

LLANYMYNECH

is a parish which contains the townships of Llanymynech-Llanytidman and Treprenal, partly situated in this county, and partly in the counties of Denbigh and Montgomery, in Wales.  The entire parish in 1801 had 596 inhabitants; in 1831, 887; and in 1841, 954.  Rateable value, £3,987.  The village of Llanymynech is pleasantly situated, six miles south from Oswestry, and ten miles N.W. by S.S. from Shrewsbury.  It has attained its present importance from the extensive quarries of limestone with which the vicinity abounds.  Considerable quantities of the stone are sent to the Staffordshire iron works, for fluxing the metals.  It is also burnt into lime.  The Chester, Ellesmere, and Newtown canal affords facilities for carrying the material to distant parts.  Copper ore was formerly found in considerable quantities, but the mines have not been worked for some time.  There are 1,281 acres of land, the principal owners of which are the Earl of Bradford; Earl Powis; John Lloyd, Esq.; Richard Nightingale Broughton, Esq.; Rev. William Evans; Rev. John Luxmoore; Robert Wall, Esq.; Mr. Parker; Philip Jennings, Esq.; R. W. Kynaston, Esq.; T. W. Thomas, Esq.; Robert Wall, Esq.; Rev. William Thomas; Mrs. Evans; Hon. Francis West; Thomas West, Esq.; and Robert West, Esq.  Earl Powis is lord of the manor.  The soil is various in this parish.  The meadow lands on the banks of the Vernieu are enriched by that river frequently overflowing its banks.  The river is here crossed by a substantial stone bridge of three arches; and about a mile and a half from the village a branch of the Ellesmere canal is conducted over the river by an aqueduct of five arches, near which it is joined by the Montgomeryshire canal.

The Church, dedicated to St. Agatha, consists of nave, chancel, side aisles, and a square tower with one bell.  It was rebuilt in 1845, in the decorative style of English p. 157architecture, and exhibits some fine chiselling and ornamental workmanship.  The interior is neatly pewed, and has a very chaste appearance.  The living is a rectory, valued in the King’s book at £12. 13s. 4d., now returned at £394, in the patronage of the Bishop of St. Asaph, and enjoyed by the Rev. John Luxmore, M.A.  The rectory, a neat stuccoed residence a short distance from the church, has been much improved by the present incumbent.  The tithes are commuted for £380.  The National School stands near the churchyard, and is supported by subscriptions and a small charge from the scholars: about sixty children are educated.  There is a school for girls in the village.  Fairs are held on April 1st, May 29th, and September 23rd, and are generally well attended.  A coach leaves the Red Lion Inn for Shrewsbury and Welshpool daily.

On Llanymynech hill is an artificial cave of considerable length, called Ogo (from the Welsh word Ogof, signifying a cave), supposed to have been worked by the Romans as a copper mine.  It contains many sinuosities, and is generally about three yards wide, having many turnings and passages connected with each other.  Some years ago, all the passages of this subterraneous labyrinth were explored by J. F. M. Dovaston, Esq., when none of the paths were found to extend more than two hundred yards from the entrance.  The passages are cut through the rock, which is of limestone, whereon frequently appear the marks of chisels, and the various ramifications have no doubt been made in quest of the rich veins of ore.  Subsequent to the Romans, it probably became either a place of refuge after battle, or a depository for the dead, for human skeletons, culinary vessels, hatchets, and Roman coins have been found in this cavern.  A finger-bone was picked up with a ring on it.  One of the skeletons had a curious battle-axe beneath his arm, and not far from it were the bones of a man, woman, a child, a dog, and a cat.  Some time ago several Roman coins, mostly of Constantine, were found in the earth which was washed down the side of the hill.  The water which drops in some parts of the cave is of a petrifying quality, and forms stalactites; the drops of water hanging on the points of each, catch the light of the candle, and give the surrounding space a glittering illumination extremely beautiful.  It is probable that a battle has been fought here in disputing for this mine, or that the large entrenchments, that run parallel with the Clawdd Offa eastwardly, were made to defend it.  Not far from this cave is a Cromlech, called the Giant’s Grave.  At the north-east end are four large stones, which formerly supported a fifth flat stone on their points, in form of a Brandart, called in Welsh Trwbad; but these are now thrown down.  Towards the south-west proceed two rows of flat stones, six feet asunder, and thirty-six in length.  On digging here a Druid’s celt was found, and several other things, with human bones, the teeth very perfect.

There is a sum of £26 in the hands of the churchwardens, the origin of which is not known.  It was received from the executors of the late incumbent, who died in 1829.  The interest is distributed among poor women of the parish at Christmas.

LLANYTIDMAN

is a township with a scattered population, five and a half miles south from Oswestry, having in 1841, 113 houses and 545 inhabitants.  Here are extensive stone quarries and lime works, and the township is intersected by the Ellesmere and Llanymynech canal, and the Oswestry and Llanymynech turnpike road.

TREPRENAL

is a small township in Llanymynech parish, comprising three houses and 21 inhabitants.  Here is Llwynygroes Hall, the residence of R. N. Broughton, Esq., delightfully situated, commanding fine views of the surrounding country.

Post Office.—At Mr. John Lloyd’s.  Letters arrive by gig mail from Oswestry at 9.30 A.M., and are despatched 4 P.M.

p. 158Those marked 1 reside at Llanytidman, 2 at Treprenal.

2 Asterley Thomas, farmer

Asterley William Lloyd, Esq.

Batterbee Charles, brazier, plumber, painter, and beerhouse keeper

Baugh Margaret, vict., Cross Keys

1 Bothell Mary, farmer

Bower William, wool agent

2 Broughton Richard Nightingale, woolstapler and maltster, Llwynygroes hall

Broughton and Asterley, grocers, drapers, and general dealers

Davies Mrs., gentlewoman

1 Davies John, farmer and miller

Dovaston Edward Milward, surgeon

1 Dyke Isaac, farmer

Ellis Letia, tailor and draper

1 Evans John, farmer, gardener, and rate collector

Griffiths Richard, blacksmith

Griffiths Richard, draper and grocer

1 Griffiths Jn., quarry master

Gwynne George, cooper

Gwynne George, shoemaker

Hackett John, tallow chander

1 Harris Geo., quarry master

1 Harrison John, farmer

Hughes Edward, shoemaker

1 Humphreys James, vict., Cross Guns

Jeffreys John, weaver

Jones Edward., saddler and harness maker

1 Jones Thomas, farmer

Leak Francis, toll collector

Lloyd John, farmer, timber merchant, builder, and vict., Lion Inn

Lloyd Richard, vict., Dolphin

Luxmoore Rev. John, the Rectory

Morgan Edward, saddler and dealer

Morris John, shoemaker

Parkins Charles, shoemaker

Poole Mrs., gentlewoman

1 Price Elizabeth, farmer

Price Hugh, seedsman

1 Pryce William, gentleman, Holly Bush

Pugh Henry, seedsman and druggist

Pugh James Owen, grocer and draper

Ratcliffe Samuel, farmer

Richards Richard, farmer, maltster, and vict., Bradford Arms

1 Roberts William, gentleman, Prospect cottage

Rodgers Edward, farmer

1 Savage Elizabeth, farmer

2 Sheldon Wm., gentleman

Thomas Thomas, farmer

Thomas Robert, schoolmaster and parish clerk

Watson Miss, post office

Whitticose Mary, gentlewoman

Williams Sarah, schoolmistress

Carrier.—Hugh Price, to Oswestry on Wednesdays and on Mondays, Saturdays, and Welshpool on Mondays.

ST. MARTIN

is a parish, and small but pleasantly situated village, five miles N.E. from Oswestry, and about the same distance W. from Ellesmere.  The parish comprises the townships of Bronygarth, Ifton Rhyn, and Weston Rhyn, containing together 5,314a. 2r. 25p. of land, and had in 1801, 1,476 inhabitants; in 1831, 2,099; and in 1841, 2,200.  The village of St. Martin is included in Ifton Rhyn township, which contains 2,813a. 2r. 33p. of land; and at the census of 1841 had 217 houses and 1,620 souls.  Rateable value, £4,570.  The principal land owners are the Right Hon. Arthur Trevor Viscount Dungannon, of Bryn-Kinalt Castle, the Hon. W. M. B. Nugent, Dean and Chapter of Winchester, R. G. Jebb, Esq., J. Haslam, Esq., Joshua Jones, Esq., Mrs. Fallows, and Edward H. Dymock, Esq.  This township lies on the N.W. confines of the county, and has some fine grazing land.  It is separated from Denbighshire by the Ceiriog river.  The Morlass brook here turns several corn mills, and has its confluence with the Ceiriog about a mile from the Erewescob corn mill.

The Church, dedicated to St. Martin, stands on an eminence, and is a conspicuous object for many miles around.  It consists of nave, north aisle, chancel, and a massive square tower at the west end.  The side aisle is separated from the nave by five pointed arches rising from octagonal pillars.  The east end of the church and the east window have recently been rebuilt; the lower part of the window is divided into three compartments, and the upper part is foliated, and ornamented with stained glass.  The windows on the south side of the church are also richly adorned with stained glass.  The one p. 159near the pulpit has beautiful representations of St. Peter and St. Paul; another has the armorial bearings of the bishop of the diocese, the rural dean, and the vicar.  There are also the armorial bearings of Viscount Dungannon, by whose munificence the church has been renovated; and these beautiful decorations have been added within these last twenty years.  The old font, which is of stone, has been re-hewn and modernized.  A beautiful mural marble monument remembers Richard Phillips, Esq., of Thyn-y-rhos, who died in 1824, and his second son, Richard, ensign of the 17th regiment of the Hon. East India Company’s service, who died at sea, off the Cape of Good Hope, on his return from India in 1832.  There are also several other neat tablets in the church.  The living is a vicarage, valued in the king’s book at £5. 2s. 3½d., now returned at £320, in the patronage of the Bishop of St. Asaph, and enjoyed by the Rev. William Hurst, M.A.  The Vicarage is a neat residence, a little W. by S. from the church.  The vicarial tithes have been commuted for £261, and the rectorial for £862.  On the west side of the churchyard is a lofty and finely proportioned elm tree, which is seen at a great distance; and about a quarter of a mile west from the church, near the toll-gate, stands a magnificent oak tree of considerable magnitude.  Ifton Heath is a scattered district, chiefly of detached cottages, half a mile N.W. from the church.  Here the Primitive Methodists and the Wesleyan Association have each a small chapel.  The Primitive Methodists have also a chapel on St. Martin’s Moor, a scattered district of houses near a mile, W. by S. from the church.

Charities.—Bryngwyla School, situated about a mile W.W. by S. from the church, was founded in 1705 by Edward Phillips, for the instruction of twelve poor boys of the parish of St. Martin to read and write.  Mr. Phillips also endowed the school with the sum of £100, and directed £3. 12s. yearly to be paid to the schoolmaster, who was to occupy the school-house rent free, on condition of his keeping the premises in repair.  The donor also directed 4d. to be given to each boy every Ascension day for his encouragement; and 5s. to be expended by the vicar, trustees, and schoolmaster, in remembrance of the benefactor.  The master now receives £4. 13s. 6d. per annum, from which 5s. is paid to the trustees, but nothing is paid to the children.  The master receives 25s. yearly in respect of John Price’s charity hereafter mentioned.

Almshouses.—The almshouses are situated near the west side of the churchyard.  They consist of six tenements, mantled with ivy, and are supported by Lord Dungannon.  The inmates are clothed, receive 15s. a quarter, a loaf of bread on Fridays, and two tons of coal yearly.  There is also a school, where twelve children are clothed and educated.

Arthur Trevor, of Kay Mark, left £2 a-year; one half to be given to the poor on St. Thomas’s day, and the other half on Good Friday.  The amount is paid by the agent of Lord Dungannon.

Thomas Abellis left 21s. per annum, payable out of a piece of land called Cae-Rhoes.  In 1812, Edward Birch, a mortgagee, and Edward Jones, in consideration of £220. 10s., conveyed to the Ellesmere Canal Company a parcel of land called Cae Rhoes, and the said Edward Jones covenanted that he would indemnify the said company from a rent-charge of 20s., payable out of the said premises.  The property is still in the possession of the Ellesmere Canal Company, but nothing had been paid thereout to the poor for a period of twelve years when the Charity Commissioners published their report.  Application had been made to Mr. Price, of Felton Butler, who married the heiress of Mr. Jones, and he promised to continue the payment of this rent-charge.

Edward Phillips charged a piece of land with the payment of 4s. yearly for the benefit of the poor.

John Price bequeathed £100, and directed the interest of £25 to be applied in the education of youth, and the interest of £75 to be bestowed in clothing for some of the poorest parishioners.  The amount is secured on a piece of land in Weston Rhynn, from which £5 are paid yearly.

p. 160There are two cottages in the township of Soutley, in the parish of March Weil, Denbighshire, adjoining premises purchased by the governors of Queen Ann’s Bounty, for the augmentation of the vicarage of St. Martin’s.  These cottages have for a length of time been let for the benefit of the poor; but it is not known when or how the rents became thus appropriated.  They were repaired some time ago at an expense of £30, which was borrowed for this purpose, and they are now let for £6 a-year.  Of the rent, £3 is applied in paying off the debt, and the remaining £3 is given among the poor on St. Thomas’s day.

Hugh Lloyd left a rent-charge of 16s. per annum, issuing out of certain lands, called Cae Dickin, in Weston Rhynn, and directed the amount to be expended in sixteen dozen of bread, to be distributed on St. Thomas’s day.  It is stated on the table of benefactions, that “Richard Berkley, for Hugh Lloyd, pays for ten dozen of bread on St. Thomas’s day for ever.”  The gift of Edward Edwards, of 20s. per annum to the poor of St. Martin’s, is void under the statute of 9 George II.  It is stated in the parliamentary returns of 1786, that David Hughes left £10 for the benefit of the poor; and among the parish documents there is a bond, dated in 1746, from Thomas Phillips, of Trehowell, for the payment of this money.  Nothing, however, has been paid on this account for many years.

Post OfficeAt Esther Edwards.  Letters despatched at 2.30 P.M.

Beckitt Godfrey, butcher

Beckitt John, victualler, Cross Keys

Beckitt Roger, farmer, and land and timber valuer, Cadwagans Palace

Boodle William, shopkeeper

Dodd Richard, farmer, Pennybank

Dodd William, farmer and corn miller

Edwards David, tailor

Edwards Esther, farmer and shopkeeper

Edwards Mary, farmer, Peny-bryn

Edwards William, farmer

Griffiths Richard, schoolmaster

Harrison Francis, tailor

Hughes, Mrs. Jane

Hughes John, farmer, Erewescob

Hughes Robert, shopkeeper

Hughes Sarah, farmer and corn miller, Erewescob Mill

Hurst Rev. William, M.A., vicar

Isaac Jane, farmer, Rhosyllan

Jones Edward, wheelwright

Jones Elizabeth, farmer

Jones George, shoemaker

Jones Jane, shopkeeper

Jones Joshua, Esq., Wigginton Hall

Jones Richard, bricklayer, Glynmorlass

Jones Thomas, farmer, Wigginton

Jones William, provision dealer, St. Martin’s Moor

Jones William, shoemaker

Kynaston William, farmer, Wigginton

Lee Richard, farmer, Ifton Hall

Lee William, parish clerk

Lewis Thomas, grazier, Brook House

Matthews George, schoolmaster

Newnes Peter, shoemaker

Owen Richard, farmer, Glanywern

Parry Joseph, cooper

Powell Frances, schoolmistress

Powell Thomas, wheelwright

Powell William, wheelwright

Poynton John, farmer, Glenrid

Price John, farmer

Prynallt William, farmer

Randles Elizabeth, farmer

Roberts Edward, farmer, Wigginton

Roberts Joseph, tailor

Roberts Mary, farmer

Roberts Samuel, victualler, Crown Inn

Rogers Jane, schoolmistress

Rogers John, farmer and maltster, Ifton

Rogers Joseph, registrar & assistant overseer

Rogers Richard, shoemaker

Rogers Robert, stonemason

Rowland Elizabeth, farmer

Williams Daniel, farmer

Williams Jane, farmer

Williams John, farmer, Wigginton

Woodvill Thomas, farmer and maltster, Pine Bryn

Woollam Charles, farmer

Woollam John, farmer

p. 161WESTON RHYN

is a township and scattered village from two to three miles W. from St. Martin’s Church, containing 1850a. 2r. 4p. of land, and in 1841 here were 195 houses and 856 inhabitants.  Rateable value, £4,053.  The principal land owners are Frederick Richard West, Esq.; Rev. John C. Phillips; John Richard Powell, Esq.; Mr. James Edwards; E. H. Dymoch, Esq.; T. E. Ward, Esq.; Mr. John Pritchard, and Mrs. Dickin, Mr. Edward Heys, and others are also proprietors.  A neat and ornamental school, in the early English style of architecture, was built in the year 1850 at the Lodge.  The structure is of stone got from the neighbouring quarries, with the Cafn hewn stone for the windows and ornamental portions of the building; it measures 20 feet by 40 feet, and has a pitched roof with a neat belfry.  The cost of the structure was £700, of which £40 was given by the National Society and £130 by the Privy Council on Education, the rest was raised by voluntary subscriptions.  A residence for the teacher adjoins the school.  The Calvinistic Methodists have a chapel at the lodge, built in 1811, the services of which are conducted in the Welsh language.  Coal of a good quality is found upon the estate of John R. Powell, Esq.; a steam engine is now in course of erection to clear the mines of water.  The Quinta, a handsome castellated residence built of lime stone, stands on a gentle acclivity, and commands some pleasing views to the south.  It is surrounded with shrubberies and park-like grounds, and is the residence of Rowland Jones Venables, Esq., and the property of F. R. West, Esq.  On the knoll of a hill a short distance from the hall, the owner of the estate about ten years ago caused immense blocks of stone to be reared up in the exact form of the celebrated Druidical Temple at Stonehenge.  From this eminence a most beautiful panoramic view of the surrounding country is seen.  Prees-gwene House, the residence and property of John Richard Powell, Esq., stands in a sheltered situation embosomed in foliage.  The Shrewsbury and Chester railway intersects this township, and has a station at Preesgwene, 1½ mile from Gabowen, and 22 miles from Chester.  The large tithes of Weston Rhyn are commuted for £270.

Calcott William, corn miller

Davies William, butcher

Duckett Mary, corn miller, New mill

Duckett Mrs. Tamar, Weston villa

Edwards Moses, maltster & vict., The Lodge Inn

Evans David, boot and shoe maker, The Lodge

Evans William, farmer, Berllan-deg

Griffiths Francis, wheelwrigt

Griffiths Thomas, colliery owner and shopkeeper

Hayes Mr. Ed., The Lodge

Hughes Hugh, farmer

Hughes John, inland revenue officer, The Lodge

Hughes John, carpenter

Hughes William, carpenter

Jackson Richard, butcher, The Lodge

Johnson William, maltster and vict., New Inn

Jones John, blacksmith

Jones Peter, saddler and shopkeeper

Jones Thomas, paper manufacturer, Morda

Jones Thomas, farmer

Lewis Richard, farmer

Lloyd Elizabeth, blacksmith

Peate Martha, farmer and maltster, Moreton hall

Phillips Rev. John Croxon, Tryn-y-rhos

Powell John Richard, Esq., Prees-gwene house

Poynton Thomas, farmer, Weston hall

Richards Thomas Anderson, station master, Prys-gwane

Roberts Daniel, provision dealer, The Lodge

Roberts Hugh, farmer

Roberts Thomas, farrier

Rogers John, farmer

Rogers Walter, farmer

Scudamore Mr. John, Moreton hall

Smith Frederick William, Esq., Green field lodge

Thomas David, farmer, The Vron

Turner Joseph, beerhouse & shopkeeper, The Lodge

Usher John, butcher

Vaughan William, tailor

Venables Rowland Jones, Esq., The Quinta

Williams Ann, farmer

Williams Edward, farmer

Williams John, farmer

Williams John, shoemaker and shopkeeper

Williams John, carpenter

Williams Thos., corn miller

p. 162BRONYGARTH,

a small township in St. Martin’s parish, with 645a. 1r. 28p. of land, lies on the verge of the county, and is separated from Denbighshire by the Ceireog river.  It lies about four miles W.W. by N. from the parish church, and in 1841 had 71 houses and 164 inhabitants.  Frederick Richard West, Esq., and the Rev. John Croxon Phillips, are the land owners and impropriators; to the former was apportioned £36, and to the latter £56, when the tithes were commuted.  The rateable value of the township is £1168.  Tyn-y-rhos is a good house pleasantly situated, the residence and property of the Rev. John C. Phillips.  The scenery in this township is bold and romantic, and some of the land is cold and exposed.  Lime works have been established on the northern confines of the township, bordering on Wales; lime is extensively used by the farmers as a fertilizer, particularly in the north-west parts of the county.

Directory.—Rev. John Croxon Phillips, Tyn-y-rhos; Moses Edwards, lime burner; John Hughes, carpenter; John Jones, blacksmith; William Lloyd, blacksmith; William Mason, shoemaker; Richard Orford, vict., Britannia, John Owen, farmer; Thomas Owen, farmer; Robert Roberts, butcher; Jane Williams, shopkeeper.

MELVERLEY,

a parish and township with a scattered population, 12 miles W.W. by N. from Shrewsbury, and 9 miles S.S. by E. from Oswestry, is situated on the western verge of the county, and is separated from Montgomeryshire by the river Vernieu and the Severn; the former having its confluence with the Severn at the Cymmeran Ferry.  The parish contains 1,445a. 2r. 22p. of land, which from its low situation is frequently inundated by the overflowing of the Severn, thus enriching the meadows and producing the greatest luxuriance; large herds of cattle are usually fed upon the meadows.  In 1801 here was a population of 218 souls; in 1831, 216; and in 1841, 229.  Rateable value, £2,317 5s.  The manor in the time of the confessor was held by one Edric, in whose family it continued till the 9th of Elizabeth, when Henry Earl of Arundle sold it to Young, from whom it subsequently passed to the Willastons.  Lord Craven was afterwards lord of the manor, and it is now vested in George Edwards, Esq.  The freeholders are Colonel Desbrow, Hon. Thomas Kenyon, Mrs. E. Bather, Mr. Henry Adams, Mr. William Parkes, Mr. Edward Williams, Rev. Mr. Maddocks, Mr. A. D. Benyon, Mr. James Jones, Mr. Stephen Matthews, Mr. William Cooper, Mr. Thomas Bromley, Mr. James Payn, Rev. Mr. Dimmock, Mr. William Downes, Mr. Oswell, Mr. Betta, Mr. John Edmunds, Thomas Justice Bather, Esq., Mr. Owen Owens, Mr. Jones, Mr. Manford, Mr. Duckett, and others.

The Church, dedicated to St. Peter, a large fabric of very primitive appearance, built of wood, stands on an elevated piece of ground near the banks of the Vernieu; part of it was swept away subsequent to the year 1478.  Although the workmanship is of the rudest description, yet the magnitude of the building and the fine old porch, give it an attractive and venerable appearance.  The windows are small and admit of very little light.  It contains several ancient memorials, and was fitted up with oak pews in 1718, previous to which it was provided with massive benches.  The living is a rectory annexed to Llandrinio, in the patronage of the bishop of St. Asaph, and enjoyed by the Rev. Henry Rogers.  The tithes were commuted in 1841 for £177. 11s., and there are five acres of glebe.  The parsonage is a neat residence of brick in the Elizabethan style of architecture, built during the years 1846–7.  The Independents have a small chapel with a residence annexed, built in the year 1842.

Charities.—There is a field called the Poor’s Croft, in the upper division of Melverley, containing 2r. 2p., and another piece of land containing about an acre and a half, in the township of Tir-y-coed, in respect of which W. B. Price has for many years paid a rent of 12s. a year.  The premises are stated to be worth £3 per annum, p. 163and notice has been given to the parties holding the lands to give up possession to the parish.  There is also a small piece of ground in Melverley, about one and a quarter acre, producing a yearly rent of £3. 3s., which for many years has been carried to the account of the poor’s rate.  Henry Morgen gave a rent charge of 10s. yearly, which is given to the poor on Good Friday.  The poor have also a yearly sum of 5s., left by Mrs. Prees.  The charities of Richard Lloyd and Elizabeth Lloyd are lost; the former left a rent charge of 20s. per annum in 1780, and the latter bequeathed the sum of £20 for the benefit of the poor.

Bather Mrs. Eleanor, Cross lane house

Bill Edward, farmer

Brown Edward, farmer

Davies William, farmer, Melverley hall

Gittings Benjamin, farmer

Jones David, farmer

Jones Ed., grocer & beerhse

Jones Richard, blacksmith

Jones William, farmer

Lewis John, shoemaker and parish clerk

Lewis Thomas, farmer

Lloyd William, farmer

Manford Thomas, farmer, The green

Morgan William, farmer & cattle dealer

Morris Edward, farmer, Cross lane

Owens John, farmer

Pugh John, shopkeeper & beerhouse

Richards John, grocer and cattle salesman

Rodgers Rev. Henry, The parsonage

Rodgers John, assistant overseer and rate collector

Vaughan Richard, farmer

Vaughan Thomas, saddler

Wild John, butcher

Wild John, farmer

Wild Richard, vict., New Inn

Williams Edward, farmer, The green house

OSWESTRY

is a parish, borough, and considerable market town, locally situated in the hundred to which it gives name, seventeen miles and a half N.W. from Shrewsbury, and 179 miles N.W. from London.  The name of Oswestry is connected with some of our earliest historical recollections.  On this spot, on August 5th, 652, was fought the battle between the Christian Oswald, king of the Northumbrians, and the Pagan Penda, king of the Mercians.  Oswald was defeated, and lost his life.  The battle began about four hundred yards west of the church.  The assailant appears to have driven Penda’s forces to a field near the town, called Cae Nef, where Oswald fell, and Penda, with a savage barbarity, caused the breathless body to be cut to pieces, and stuck on poles as so many trophies of his victory.  Oswald’s strict virtue, and zeal for the religion he had embraced, gained him the esteem of his subjects, and his character was so much revered by the monks, that a short time after his death he was canonized.  The importance of the situation, which rendered it one of the keys to the principality of Wales, soon attracted the attention of the political monarch, whose prowess annexed that territory to his dominion.  This place was called by the ancient Britons Tre’r-cadeirian, literally the town of chairs or seats commanding an extensive view.  Notwithstanding the place was Welsh, and continued so above a century after the death of King Oswald, yet it has since gone under his name, and for some time was famed for the miracles wrought there through his intercession.  An ancient poet in noticing Oswald and the fate of Penda says:

“Three gibbets raised, at Penda’s dire commands,
Bore Oswald’s royal head and mangled hands;
The tenor of the fact, and Oswald’s fate,
Were things of moment to the Mercian state.
Vain policy! for what the victor got
Proved to the vanquished king the happier lot;
For now the martyred saint in glory views,
How Oswy with success the war renews;
And Penda scarcely can maintain his own,
Whilst Oswald wears a never fading crown.”

p. 164Oswestry is one of the principal towns on the Welsh borders, and is now the most flourishing and prosperous of any in the county.  In 1801 there were 2,672 inhabitants; in 1831, 4,478; and in 1841, 987 houses and 4,566 souls; of whom 2,121 were males, and 2,445 females.  The entire parish of Oswestry, including the town and liberties of Oswestry in 1841, contained 8,843 inhabitants.  The town is situated on a gentle eminence, the streets are in general spacious, and there are many good houses, and retail shops in all the different branches of trade; yet vestiges of its antiquity, timbered buildings with projecting gables, are still to be seen in various parts of the town.  The beautiful prospects from the high ground above the town are perhaps not surpassed by any in the county.  The rich and luxuriant vale of Shropshire lies as it were a map beneath the feet; while the Staffordshire hills, Nesscliff, the Wrekin, and the Styperstones, are seen in the distance.  Towards Wales, the alpine heights and lovely vales are seen in rich profusion; and here the beholder glances upon a country which was eminently distinguished as the birth-place and residence of the children of freedom—a people, who, by their independent spirit and martial prowess, for centuries chastised rapacity and injustice, and made oppression and tyranny tremble upon the throne.  The parish of Oswestry contains the townships of Aston, Cynyion, Crickheath, Hisland, Llanvorda, Maesbury, Middleton, Morton, Oswestry, Pentregaer, Sweeney Trefraclawdd, Trevlock, Trefonen, Weston Cotton, and Wootton.

The Britons were in the possession of Oswestry till the latter part of the eighth century, when the warlike King Offa, passing the Severn with a mighty force, expelled them from their fruitful seats on the plains, and reduced the kingdom of Powis to the western side of the celebrated ditch still known by his name.  The princes of Powis were then constrained to quit their ancient residence at Pengwern and remove to Mathrafel, in the vale of Myfod, and the plains of Shropshire became a confirmed part of the kingdom of Mercia.  The Britons shortly after entered into an alliance with the king of Sussex and Northumberland, and, having made a breach in the rampart, passed the boundary at early dawn, attacked the camp of Offa in an unprepared state, and put great numbers to the sword.  In the middle of the following century, we find Roderic, Prince of Wales, added Powisland to his dominions.  He, according to the custom of gavel-kind, divided his principality among his children.  To Anarawd he gave North Wales; to Cadell, South Wales; to Mervyn, Powisland.  Each wore a talaith, or diamond of gold, set with precious stones; whence they were styled Y Tri Tywysog Taleithiog, or the three crowned princes.  Bleddyn ap Cynoyn, who ruled Wales jointly with his brother, at the Conquest re-united the kingdoms of North Wales and Powis.  The latter, however, eventually devolved to his eldest son, Meredydd, and Oswestry was called Trefred, in honour of this prince.  He made the division, which finally destroyed the potent kingdom of Powis.  To his eldest son, Madog, he gave the part which bore afterwards the name of Powis Madog.  Madog’s chief residence was at Oswestry, where, according to Welsh historians, he built the castle about the year 1140.  He died at Winchester, and his body was honourably conveyed to Powis, and buried at Myfod.  His widow married Fitzalan, Lord of Clun; who, in right of his wife, obtained the town and castle of Oswestry.  This William was a descendant of Alan, who came into England with the Conqueror, and was the first of the Fitzalans that was baron of Oswestry.  This honourable distinction was possessed by the Fitzalans, a powerful race, that existed with fewer checks than common to dignity for more than five hundred years.  The title of Baron of “Oswaldestre” is now held by the Duke of Norfolk.  His ancestor, Thomas Duke of Norfolk, married Lady Mary, daughter of Henry, the last Earl of Arundel, of the name of Fitzalan, in the 13th of Elizabeth, when the lordship of Oswestry was conveyed to the duke.  The Powis family subsequently became possessed of the manor.  Powisland extended from the Broxton hills, in Cheshire, to Pengwerne Powis, or Shrewsbury, including a large tract of land in both those counties, and also comprehended a considerable p. 165portion of Wales.  This part of England, previous to the reign of Edward II., was termed the Northern Marches, and was governed by a Lord President, who kept his court at Ludlow Castle, and lived in a style little inferior to that of royalty.

The town of Oswestry had various immunities and privileges granted by different monarchs.  In the 12th of Henry III. John Fitzalan obtained the grant of a fair at his manor of Blancminster, upon the eve, the day, and the day after the feast of St. Andrew, and for two days following.  Edward I. surrounded Oswestry with walls, that it might be less liable to plundering excursions, and as a key to his intended conquest of Wales.  A murage or toll was imposed upon the whole county (except the burgesses of Shrewsbury) for the building of the same for a period of six years.  The walls were about a mile in circumference, with an entrenchment on the outside, which could be filled with water from the numerous springs in the vicinity.  The remains of this fortification may still be traced.  There were also four gates, the only inlets into the town.  These gates, in process of time, became exceedingly inconvenient for the passage of carriages and merchandise, and the Blackgate was taken down in 1766, by the consent of Earl Powis, the lord of the manor.  In 1782, the corporation entered into an agreement for the demolition of the three remaining gates, and appropriating the materials to the erecting of a prison.  This was carried into effect, and pillars substituted in their stead.  The New Gate was built in the reign of Edward II.  It was used as a prison and guard-room for the soldiers.  Beatrice Gate is said to have been named in compliment to Beatrice, wife of Henry IV., and was probably erected in that king’s reign.  Willow Gate or Wallia Gate took its name from being the thoroughfare into Wales.

The governing charter, previous to the date of the municipal act, was one of 25th Charles II., styling the corporation the “Mayor, Aldermen, Common Council, and Burgesses, of the Borough of Oswestry, in the County of Salop,” and appointing a mayor, fifteen aldermen, fifteen common councilmen, a steward of the lord of the manor, recorder, coroner, or old mayor, town clerk, &c.  The mayor, steward, coroner, and recorder, were appointed to act as justices of peace for the borough.  A court of quarter sessions for the criminal jurisdiction within the borough was appointed to be held by the mayor, as president, and one to three of the magistrates.  The boundaries were from the beginning restricted to a certain district within the parish, and in the maps of the municipal boundary commissioners they are still further restricted to the more immediate vicinity of the town.  Under the new municipal act, the borough is divided into two wards, and appointed to be governed by six aldermen and eighteen councillors, under the usual corporate style.  It is included in schedule A among the boroughs to have a commission of the peace, which has accordingly been granted.  The following is a list of persons who have served the office of mayor since the new municipal act came into operation:—1835, John Croxon, Esq.; 1836, Francis Campbell, Esq.; 1837, Charles Thomas Jones, Esq.; 1838, George Dorsett Owen, Esq.; 1839, Griffith Evans, Esq.; 1840, Thomas Penson, Esq.; 1841, John Hayward, Esq.; 1842–3, William Williams, Esq.; 1844, William Price, Esq.; 1845, Thomas Rogers, Esq.; 1846, John Miles Hales, Esq.; 1847, Thomas Hill, Esq.; 1848, John Jones, Esq.; 1849–50, Edward Morris, Esq.  The magistrates who act in the Oswestry district are Joseph V. Lovett, Esq., Thomas Lovett, Esq., Richard H. Kinchant, Esq., W. W. E. Wynne, Esq., the Hon. Thomas Kenyon, and Viscount Dungannon.

Recorder: John Robert Kenyon, Esq.  Coroner: John Miles Hayes, Esq.  Town Clerk and Clerk to Magistrates: Richard Jones Croxon, Esq.  Clerk of the Peace: Robert Simon, Esq.  Surveyor: Mr. Thomas Hughes.  Treasurer: Mr. George Cooper.  Superintendent of Police and Clerk and Inspector of Markets: Mr. Jacob Smith.  The police force consists of a superintendent and six constables.  The income of the borough for the year ending September, 1st, 1850, was £706. 8s. 5d.  The principal items of expenditure were for salaries, £180; police constables and watchmen, £143; prosecutions, £65; gaol expenses, £144; conveyance of prisoners, £29; and miscellaneous expenses, £152.

p. 166For upwards of two hundred years the Welsh webs were brought to Oswestry, as the common market, and there bought by the Shrewsbury drapers.  The Welsh wished to draw the trade more into their own country, but the English purchaser could not be persuaded to follow them, on account of the unsettled state of the Principality; and thus Oswestry was constituted an emporium of merchandise, in consequence of its contiguity to Wales.  The “Company of Drapers” in Shrewsbury made a weekly visit to Oswestry to purchase the cloths.  The peril attending these pilgrimages must have been considerable, if we may judge from an order appearing in the records of the Shrewsbury corporation, where, in the 25th of Elizabeth, 1583, it was ordered, that “no draper set out for Oswestry on Mondays before six o’clock, on forfeiture of 6s. 8d., and that they shall wear their weapons all the way, and go in company.”  The corporation paid yearly the sum of £20 to the vicar of St. Alkmund for reading prayers; 6s. 8d. for the light; and 6s. 8d. to the clerk for ringing the bell on Monday mornings, before the drapers set out for Oswestry market.  In 1621, it was agreed by the drapers to buy no more cloths in Oswestry.  The then recorder of Oswestry regarded this withdrawment as inevitably ruinous, and says, “Oswestry flourished and was happy indeed by reason of the market of Welsh cottons.  A thousand pounds in ready money was left in the town every week, sometimes more; but now, since the staple of cloth is removed to Shrewsbury, the town is much decayed and impoverished, Shrewsbury having engrossed the said market.”  For the defence of the rights secured to the burgesses by the various municipal charters, the members of each trade formed themselves into a guild or company, whose duties it was to guard the monopolies of the brotherhood.  Thus we have notices of the company of hatters, glovers, butchers, corvsers, bakers, hucksters, and ale sellers.  The charter of Richard II. directs “that the bailiff should treat as well the poor as the rich, and that the burgesses within the town and liberty should be quit of tolls and stallage.  That none but burgesses should buy any fresh hides or new cloth in the borough.  That they should not be bound to keep any fugitive coming to the church or churchyard, except only for one day and one night next after such flight, within which time they should give notice to the bailiff of the hundred, who should take such fugitive into custody.  That the burgesses should be discharged from all fees of the constable, usher, and door-keeper of the castle, for any felonies committed within the town, for which such burgesses might be imprisoned in the castle, except that the constable at the feast of St. Stephen should receive from every mansion of the burgesses one loaf, from every hall one penny, and from every cottage one halfpenny.  That the penalty of 6s. 8d. should be imposed for selling Shrewsbury ale in the town, half of such fine to go to the burgesses, and half to the lord.  That no such ale should be sold in the town of Chirkslound, Melverdeley, and Kinnardeley, except in the town of Chirk, under the like penalty.  That none of the inhabitants of those lordships, or of Oswestry, Edgerley, and Ruyton, should take any cattle, corn, victuals, or other articles to any foreign fair or market, until the same had been exposed for sale in the town of Oswestry, under the penalty of 6s. 8d.”  Philip, Earl of Arundel, in the year 1581, affected an uncommon concern for the well doing of the town, and in a charter of that date he states “that by the misconstruction of certain words of the charters theretofore given to the town, several acts which ought to have been passed by the common council, had been done and proceeded in by the general voice of all the co-burgesses, whereby contentions and suits of law were occasioned by such popular governments.  Therefore for the quiet and better ordering of the said town,” he arbitrarily appoints the mode of election, directs an oath to be taken by all the burgesses to be loyal and faithful to the Queen’s Majesty, and to be loving and dutiful to the said earl and his heirs, grants them a number of privileges, which had been enjoyed, as he states, from time immemorial, and, with true baronial modesty, not till the close does he discover the secret of all this paternal affection, by the significant clause,—“In consideration of all which agreements, and to the intent that the said bailiffs and burgesses may show their loyalty and good will to the said noble earl, they do undertake to pay him one bundled pounds.”

p. 167In the year 1400 Oswestry was burnt during an insurrection of the Welsh.  After a peaceable submission of upwards of a century, they made an attempt to regain their ancient independence under the renowned Owain Glyndwr.  Lord Grey had unjustly seized upon some part of Glyndwr’s estates, which lay between Llangolen and Corwen.  Owain sought satisfaction without having recourse to parliament, but he met with no redress.  He, therefore, animated by his descent from the ancient line of British princes, caused himself to be proclaimed Prince of Wales on September 20th, 1400, and commenced his warlike career by attacking his enemy, Lord Grey, from whom he immediately recovered the lands which that nobleman had deprived him of.  Relying on the valour of his soldiers and the inaccessible mountains of his country, he set at defiance the whole power of England.  He assembled his forces at Oswestry, in order to join Lord Percy against the king.  The Welsh chieftain sent off his first division of 4,000 men (an account of which has been noticed in a preceding page), and at the head of 12,000 men had the mortification of being obliged to remain inactive at Oswestry.  Gough observes, that about two miles from Shrewsbury, where the Welshpool road diverges from that which leads to Oswestry, there stands an ancient decayed oak tree, of which there is a tradition, that Glyndwr ascended it to reconnoitre; but finding that the king was in great force, and that the Earl of Northumberland had not joined his son, Percy, he fell back to Oswestry, and immediately after the battle retreated precipitately into Wales.  In 1409 Glyndwr made great devastations in the Marches, and the estates of Lord Powis suffered greatly.  Several of the officers of the lords of the Marches, for the sake of preserving their country from the fury of the Welsh, by their own authority formed a truce with Glyndwr and his partizans.  King Henry, highly indignant at these agreements, immediately issued writs to the lords of Knockin, Ellesmere, and other bordering manors, to cause such illegal compacts to be rescinded, and Glyndwr and his adherents to be pursued and attacked with the utmost vigour.  Owain appears after this to have secured himself in the mountainous districts of Wales, and to have acted entirely upon the defensive.  He died on the 20th of December, 1415.

That dreadful scourge the plague raged in Oswestry in 1559, and continued throughout the principal part of the year, during which time upwards of five hundred persons were swept away.  About half a mile from the town, on the Welshpool road, is Croes wylan, where a cross formerly stood, the base of which still remains.  During the time of the plague, the market is said to have been held at this cross, lest the country people by coming into the town should be infected.  The plague again appeared in Oswestry in 1585, which the parish register states began in March, and continued until July, when three score and four persons died.  The market for the sale of the flannel webs was held at Knockin until the calamity abated.  In 1542 there was a fire in the town, by which two long streets, with extensive property, were consumed.  In 1567 a fire again broke out and burnt two hundred houses.  The houses were then principally built of timber.  Leland, who passed through Oswestry in the time of Henry VIII., says, “There be within the town X notable streates: the iii. most notable streates be the Cross streate, the Bayly streate, and Newgate streate. with barns for corn and hay to the number VII. score several barns.  There is a castelle set on a mont, be likelihood made by hand, and ditched by south west, betwixt Beatrice streate and Willow gate, to which the wall commith.  The towne standeth most by sale of cloth made in Wales.  There goeth thro’ the towne by the Crosse a broke, comming from a place caullid Simon’s well, a bow-shot without the waulle by N.W.  This broke commith in by the waulle betwixt Willow gate and New-gate, and so renning through the towne, goith out under the Black-gate.  There be no towers on the waulles beside the gates.  The towne is dicked about, and brokettes ren ynto it.  The chirch of St. Oswalde is a very fair leddid church, with a great tourrid steple, and it standeth without the New-gate; so that no church is there within the towne.”

The Castle.—The remains of the cattle consist only of an artificial mount on the north side of the town.  It had a deep ditch extending to Beatrice gate on the one side p. 168and Willow gate on the other.  According to Caradoc, the Welsh historian, the castle was founded in 1149, by Madoc, Prince of Powis.  Leland says a tower went by the name of Madoc’s tower, which seems to confirm the account respecting the founder of the castle.  The English historians, however, assign to it a more ancient date, and inform us that it was in being before the Norman conquest, and that Alan had the town and castle bestowed upon him by William the Conqueror soon after his accession.  In the 15th of John, John, nephew of William Mareschall, Earl of Pembroke, being guardian of the Marches of Wales, was at that time constituted governor of the castles of Blancminster and Shrawarden, in the county of Salop.  Llewellin, son of Griffin, son of Madoc, made his complaint to the archbishop of Canterbury against this constable of Oswestry, for disturbing him in the possession of the third part of the ville of Ledrot, and who had compelled him to send two young noblemen to be put to death in an ignominious manner, in derogation of their birth and extraction, which disgrace their parents would not have undergone for £300 sterling; also that the constable had twice imprisoned sixty of his men, for which they were forced to pay 10s. a man for their liberty; also that when the Welsh came to Oswestry fair, the constable would seize their cattle by driving them into the castle, and refusing to pay for the same.  The castle and manor continued in the possession of the Fitzalans, with little interruption until the reign of Queen Elizabeth.  The square now called Bailey-head was the ballium or yard of the castle.  A mount in the castle field outside the great ditch is the site of the Barbican, or the outer gate at which the halt and blind were usually relieved, and is still called the cripple gate.  Within the precincts of the castle there stood a chapel, dedicated to St. Nicholas, wherein during troublous times religious services were performed.  The castle was garrisoned for Charles I. in the beginning of the civil wars; a Colonel Lloyd was governor, Sir A. Shipman succeeded him, and continued in that post until the town and castle surrendered to the parliamentary forces under the Earl of Denbigh and General Mytton, the 22nd June, 1644.  Gough, in his manuscript history of Middle, relates, in his own quaint manner, the assault and capture of Oswestry.  “I will speak of some things that have happened here in my time.  The governor of this town, when it was a garrison for the king, pulled down many houses that were without the walls, lest they might shelter an enemy; the church also being without the walls was pulled down, and the top of the steeple only leaving where the bell frame stood; the bells were brought into the town and the organs were embezzled after.  The town was well fortified, and the castle, which is but small, yet very strong, built by a Prince of Wales, A.D., 1149.  General Mitton, with parliament forces, came and besieged it; he planted his cannon near that part of the steeple which was left; he battered the gate, called Church gate in such sort, that the garrison of soldiers could not stay at it.  General Mitton supposing it was so, but not being sure of it, sent George Cranage, a bold and daring young man, to see whether it were so, who took a hatchet in his hand and went to the drawbridge, and found that the soldiers were gone, and the gate was open, for the cannon had broken the doors, and this Cranage broke the chains of the draw bridge with the hatchet, and let it down, so that the soldiers made haste to enter the town, but those who were within made like haste to meet them, which Cranage perceiving, and seeing a box of drakes standing within the gate ready charged, he turned the box of drakes towards those in the town, and one of Cranage’s partners came with a fire lock and gave fire to them, which made such slaughter amongst the garrison that they retreated and fled to the castle.  Cranage was well rewarded, and being well filled with sack, was persuaded by the general to hang a battau on the castle gate; now a battau is an iron shell as big as an iron pot; it was filled with powder and wild fire balls, and had a handle with a hole in it, by which it might be fastened with a nail to any place.  Cranage takes this battau, with a cart nail and a hammer, and got from house to house into the house next the castle, and then stepping to the castle gate he fixt his battau, and stepping nimbly back again escaped p. 169without any hurt.  The battau burst open the gate.”  The inmates were granted quarter, but the royalists failed notwithstanding several attempts to regain the town.  The castle was shortly afterwards demolished, and nothing is now to be seen of it but a lofty circular mount.

About half a mile N.W. from the town of Oswestry is an insulated eminence of an oblong form, surrounded by two ramparts and fosses of great height and depth, which in former days was known by the name of Caer Ogyrfan and Hen Dinas, but now recognized by the title of Old Oswestry.  This elevation bears the strongest marks of having been at some time a place of defence; the top is an extensive area containing 15a. 3r. 0p., and the fortifications which encompass it cannot be less than forty or fifty acres.  A gentleman who visited this spot in 1797 says that a well and pavement had been discovered here.  Some pieces of iron supposed to be armour had been dug up.  The original entrance to this fortification appears to have been on the opposite side of the hill from the great Holyhead road.  There is strong ground for the belief that this eminence was the original site of the town, which afterwards took and now bears the name of Oswestry, and that it was planted there by the ancient Britons at a very remote period.  That it was known to the Britons will appear evident from the fact of both the names we have mentioned as having been applied to it being British or Welsh, Caer Ogyrfan signifying “The Field of Ogyrfan,” who was contemporary with King Arthur, and Hen Dinas signifying “The Old City.”  It is evident that this magnificent work was not a sudden operation like that of a camp, but that it was a work of immense labour and ample security.  The character of the elevation answers to the description given of the position of ancient British towns.  They are said almost always to have been placed on a hill, and Speed tells us that the Britons “gave the name of townes to certain combersome woods which they had fortified with ramparts and ditches, whither they resort and retreat, to eschue the invasion of their enemies, which stand them in good stead, for when they have by felling trees mounted and fenced therewith a spacious plot of ground, there they build for themselves houses and cottages.”  In 1767 as much timber was cut down from the ramparts as sold for £17,000.

The Church, dedicated to St. Mary, is a fine old fabric of considerable magnitude, ornamented with a massive square tower at the west end, in which are eight musical bells.  The structure was enlarged and beautified in 1807, and since that period it has undergone great improvements.  A handsome organ was erected by subscription in 1812; it is stated that the old organ, a fine toned instrument, is now in one of the churches in London.  The chancel, commonly called St. Mary’s, was destroyed in 1616, and the tower and part of the body of the church were demolished in the civil wars of 1644.  The vicarage house, which stood on a piece of ground adjoining the churchyard, with many other buildings, were burnt to the ground at the same period, in consequence of the town being besieged.  The church contains many handsome tablets and monumental inscriptions, among which is a beautiful canopy of elaborate workmanship, and underneath it two figures in the attitude of prayer, in memory of Hugh Yale, alderman of this town, and Dorothy, his wife, whose bodies were interred within the chancel of this church, before its demolition in 1616.  On the north side of the chancel is an elegant mural monument, with a latin inscription, commemorative of Richard Maurice, who died in 1700, and other members of the family who died at a subsequent period.  A superb monument at the east end of the chancel remembers Robert Powell Lloyd, who died in 1769, aged five years; Sarah Lloyd, mother of the above, who died in 1790; and Robert Lloyd, Esq., the father, who died in 1793.  A neat tablet at the same end records the death of the Rev. Thomas Trevor, in 1784, vicar of this parish 50 years, and of Rhuabon 15 years, chaplain to W. W. Wynne, Bart., and one of his Majesty’s justices of the peace for the counties of Salop and Denbigh.  There are various other marble tablets, some of them beautifully executed, which our limits will not allow us to p. 170notice.  The living is a vicarage valued in the king’s book at £23. 15s. 7½d., now returned at £507, in the patronage of the Earl of Powis, and incumbency of the Rev. Thomas Salway.  The iron gates facing the town were put up in 1738 at the expense of the parish, at a cost of £46 1s. 4d.  The churchyard was enlarged in 1817.  The elm trees were planted between the years 1707 and 1713.  The vicarial tithes upon 1,832a. 2r. 23p. of land in the town and liberties of Oswestry are commuted for £70 1s. 6d., and the rectorial for £211. £13s. 6d.  There are 82a. 2r. 7p. of land tithe free.  Earl Powis is the impropriator and lord of the manor.  The principal landowners are Earl Powis, W. W. Wynn, Bart.; Earl of Bradford; Richard Jones Croxon, Esq.; William Ormsby Gore, M.P.; Mrs. Lloyd, Thomas L. Longueville, Esq.; and Mr. Williams, besides whom are several other proprietors.

Trinity Church, situate in the Salop road, a neat fabric built of free stone in the decorative style of English architecture, was erected in 1837; it consists of nave and chancel, and the roof is of groined timber, which gives it a very interesting appearance.  There are 670 sittings, of which 400 are declared free and unappropriated for ever, in consequence of a grant from the Incorporated Society, for building and enlarging churches.  There are 28 pews in the body of the church, 29 in the gallery, and the free sittings are open benches.  The gallery contains a small organ, which was presented to the church, on the condition that the incumbent for the time being be allowed to receive the rent of the six pews in front of the communion table, in lieu of the pews in the gallery, partly taken up by the organ, and partly thrown open as free sittings.  The chancel exhibits some fine chiselling and decorative workmanship; the east window is also richly adorned with stained glass.  The living is a perpetual curacy returned at £450, in the gift of the vicar of Oswestry, and is enjoyed by the Rev. John Jones.

The Independent Chapel, situate in Arthur-street, is a commodious and well built brick structure, with stone finishings, and a portico of the Doric order, which gives it a chaste appearance.  The pews are arranged in a semicircular form, and there is a gallery; it will accommodate about 600 hearers.  There is a flourishing society and a Sunday school in connection with the chapel.

The Baptist Chapel, situated in Smithfield, was built in 1805, and enlarged in 1818; it is provided with galleries, and will hold 300 persons.

The Methodist Chapel is a good brick structure, erected in 1811, in the Salop road, and will accommodate 400 worshippers.

The Primitive Methodist Chapel, built in 1801, and situated in Castle Fields, is a brick building cemented; it is neatly pewed and calculated to hold 600 hearers.  There is a small burial ground annexed to the chapel, and a house has been built for the resident minister.

The Welsh Independent Chapel, a small fabric, is situated in Castle Fields.  Divine service is performed in the Welsh language.

The Welsh Calvinistic Chapel (Zion), a good building of brick with a stuccoed front, is situated in Gateacre place, and was erected in 1836.  The interior arrangements have a neat appearance.  The service of this chapel is also in the Welsh language.

The Welsh Methodists meet for worship in a room near the Welsh walls.  The society contemplate building a chapel in a short period.

The Plymouth Brethren assemble for worship in a large room on the premises of Mrs. Macdongall, in Bailey street.

The Independent Methodists have a small chapel in Castle Terrace, built in 1848, which will hold about 150 hearers.

The National School, situate at Pentrepoeth, is a handsome building, in the Elizabethan style of architecture, with a convenient residence for the teacher.  The centre of the building is occupied by the girls, and the wings on each side are for the accommodation of the boys and the infants.  The school is pleasantly situated, has a p. 171play ground attached, and the whole is enclosed by a wall.  The institution is supported by subscription, and a small charge from each scholar.

The British School, a substantial and commodious building in Arthur Street, was built by subscription and a grant from the School Society.  The building is ornamented with stone quoins and cornices; the upper room is occupied by the girls, and the lower room by the boys.

The Young Men’s Institute was established in October, 1850, with the object of extending the moral and intellectual culture of the young men of the town of Oswestry.  We are happy to observe that many of the young men in the town have enrolled themselves as members, a library has been established, and the news room is furnished with papers, and some of the most popular periodicals of the day.  The ordinary members pay 1s. 6d. per quarter, honorary members pay an annual subscription of 10s. 6d., or a donation of £10 or upwards.  The corporation have kindly granted a room in the Council Hall for the accommodation of the members.

The Savings Bank, in Bailey Square, was established in 1818.  The capital stock of the bank on November 20th, 1850, amounted to £50,973. 6s. 1d., at which time there were 1463 separate accounts; of which 23 were charitable societies, having deposits amounting to £851. 8s. 10d., and 31 friendly societies, with deposits amounting to £5,884. 0s. 8d.  Of the individual depositors, there were 697 whose respective balances did not exceed £20; 442 were above £20, and not exceeding £50; 180 were above that sum, and not exceeding £100; 62 above £100, and less than £150; 26 did not exceed £200, and two accounts were above that sum.  The bank is open on Wednesdays, from twelve to two o’clock.  Thomas L. Longueville, Esq., is treasurer, and Mr. John Hughes, secretary.

The House of Industry is an extensive range of building, composed of brick, pleasantly situated about a mile from the town.  It was erected by the joint subscription of the town and parish of Oswestry, the several parishes of Whittington, West Felton, St. Martin’s, Chirk, Selattyn, Knockin, Kinnerley, Ruyton, Llansilin, Llanyblodwell, and the township of Llwytidman, in the parish of Llanymynech.  The house will accommodate 600 inmates; the average number is about 190.  It was built under Gilbert’s Act.  The respective parishes appoint the officers, who collect the rates, and pay the out-poor.  The board days are every Monday.  Richard Nightingale Broughton, Esq., is the chairman, Mr. John Hughes, clerk, Mr. Thomas Morris, governor, Mr. Thomas Davies, relieving officer, and Edward and Ann Jones, schoolteachers.

The Dispensary, in Lower Brook Street, under the superintendence of Mr. Hales, is supported by annual subscriptions and donations.  It is worthy of increased support from the charitable and humane; for since its establishment hundreds have partaken of the healing benefits of this Samaritan institution, the object of which is to check, and ameliorate suffering humanity, in whatever form it is found.

The Town Hall is situated near the site of the Castle, and forms one side of the square called Bailey-head.  It is a plain stone building, comprising a large room (where the sessions and public affairs of the town are transacted) and offices for the clerks, &c.  The front is enclosed by an iron palisade.  Near the centre of the building is a figure of King Oswald, carved in stone.  At the back of the hall is the police establishment, built in 1830, and residence of Mr. Jacob Smith, clerk of the market and superintendent of police.

The Borough Gaol, in Castle Fields, is a brick structure, erected in 1826, which contains three cells and two airing yards.  It is now used as a lock-up, under the control of the borough and county magistrates.

The County Court Office adjoins the Town Hall, at Bailey-head.  The jurisdiction of the court embraces the following parishes and places, viz.:—Knockin, Ruyton of the Eleven Towns, West Felton, Kinnerley Llanymynech, except Carreghova township, p. 172Llansilin, part of Soughton township, part of Selattyn, Llanblodwell, Oswestry town and liberties, St. Martin’s, Chirk, Ellesmere, except Penley, Welsh Hampton, and Hordley.  Judge: Edward Lewis Richards, Esq.  Clerk: William Simons, Esq.  Assistant Clerk: Thomas Askew Davies.  High Bailiff: Mr. Charles Scarlett Andrews.  Bailiff; Mr. Ellis Hughes.  Broker: Mr. Edward Evans.

The Powis Market Hall forms one side of the spacious area of the Bailey Square, and is a plain stone building, with a high clock turret.  The front part of the structure was formerly used as the Guild Hall, at the back of which additional erections have been made of brick, chiefly through the instrumentality of P. Cartwright, Esq., and a few other resident gentlemen.  It is a spacious structure, partly covered with glass.  Here the corn market is held on Wednesdays, and is very numerously attended by the farmers in the surrounding district.

The Fairs at Oswestry are held on the first Wednesday in each month, for the sale of butter, cheese, and other commodities, which take place in the Powis Market Hall.  The North Shropshire and North Wales yeomen are justly proud of their fine dairies of cheese and butter, and the market is unrivalled in Shropshire for the extent of business that is transacted in these commodities.  The day preceding the above is for the sale of cattle, sheep, and pigs, which takes place in the Smithfield Market.

The Market held on Wednesdays for butter, poultry, and butchers’ meat, is very numerously attended.  The meat and provisions brought to the market are abundant in quantity and excellent in quality.  Considerable quantities of poultry (geese, ducks, as well as the small Welsh mutton) are brought here weekly for sale.  The shambles are in Willow Street and Bailey Street; and the butter and poultry market is conveniently arranged and covered in.

The Gas Works, situated near Gallows Tree Gate, on the Salop road, were established in 1842.  The premises are conveniently arranged, and from 8s. to 10s. are charged per 1,000 cubic feet for the luminous vapour.  Mr. Robert Roberts is the proprietor.

The Theatre, a small building in Willow Street, is usually open for a few weeks in the year by a company of comedians.

The Races are held at Cen-y-bwch, a beautiful piece of ground situated on an eminence to the west of the town.  The races of late years have not commanded that attention and support which they formerly did, and they were altogether discontinued last year.  It is expected, however, they will again take place during the present year about the usual time, in the autumn of the year.

The Railway Station is situated on the north-east side of the town.  There are ten trains arrive and depart during the day to Gabowen, where the branch from Oswestry joins the trunk line of the Shrewsbury and Chester railway.  Mr. E. Jones is the station-master.  The Assembly Room and Bowling Green are at the Wynstay Arms.  The Stamp Office is in Willow Street.  The Excise Office is at the Cross Keys Inn.  The News Room is at the Court House, Bailey Square.  The Cricket Ground is in Lower Brook Street.  The Oswestry Advertiser, a small publication which makes its appearance on the first Wednesday in each month, is extensively patronised as an advertising medium, and is worthy of support for the interesting local information which it furnishes.  Mr. John A. Roberts is the publisher and proprietor.

Charities.—The Free Grammar School is pleasantly situated on the west side of the town.  It was founded as early as the reign of Henry IV. by David Hobech, who granted, for the maintenance of a schoolmaster, and the reparation of the school-house there, certain lands in Sweeney, Treflach, Maesbury, and Crickheath.  By an inquisition, under a commission of charitable uses, taken at Oswestry, and dated 10th April, 1634, it is stated that although the bailiffs of Oswestry had the ordering and disposing of the school and the school lands, they had done the same without any just authority, and that p. 173if they had been trusted they had manifestly abused the trust, in making leases at an under value and for secret rewards for themselves.  The said commissioners therefore decreed, that the bailiffs of the said town should be for ever discharged and excluded from any trust or intermeddling with the school lands, that the schoolmaster for the time being should let the premises in possession, and not in reversion, for the term of seven years, with the consent of the bishop and chancellor of the diocese.  The commissioners further ordered that the schoolmaster should have an usher, to be allowed £10 a year; and the master for the time being to keep the school premises in repair.

The property now held by the master consists of 34a. 3r. 18p. of land at Crickheath, let for £30 per annum; three closes of land in Treflach, containing 23a. 1r. 7p., producing a yearly rental of £36; land in the township of Sweeney, containing altogether 68a. 3r. 10p., let for £134 per annum.  There was also a small piece of land in Sweeney, of about half an acre, of which the master had lost possession.  It was surrounded by property belonging to Sir W. W. Wynne, and had in fact been sold by him.  The master having established his title thereto, a small piece of land adjoining the school premises was given up to him in lieu thereof.  Four closes of land in Weston Cotton, containing 19a. 2r. 9p., producing £40 per annum; and an allotment in the same township of 1a. 2r. 9p., let for £3 yearly; land in the township of Maesbury consisting of 16a. 0r. 18p. producing an annual sum of £24; and the yearly sum of £1. 6s. 8d. as a free farm rent, issuing out of a corn mill in Maesbury.  The rents of the above premises amount in the whole to £271. 10s. 2d., and are received by the master of the school.  In addition to the premises already noticed, there is a school and school-house, and seven acres of land in the town of Oswestry, held under lease from Sir W. W. Wynne, bearing date 22nd September, 1815, for 10,000 years, at the clear yearly rent of £12.  The school now existing was built by Dr. Donne, the expenses of which amounted to about £1,400.  The school is open to all boys born in the parish of Oswestry, for instruction in English, Latin, and Greek; but it is expected that they should be able to read before they are admitted.  No payment is demanded of the scholars, except 7s. 6d. for entrance, and 2s. a-year for fire money.  The course of instruction in the school is chiefly classical; but algebra, geometry, history, and writing are also taught.  For the latter a separate charge is made.  In addition to the scholars on the foundation, the master takes a limited number of boarders.  We cannot but observe on the inconveniences that have occurred, and are likely to occur, for want of trustees.  It is true that Dr. Donne recovered possession of a great part of the school property, or an equivalent for it, at his own expense; but few persons in his situation would have undertaken the same risk; and the necessity for such proceedings was probably owing to the reluctance felt by former masters to involving themselves in litigation with the tenants.  The Rev. Stephen Donne, M.A., is the head master.

Thomas Owen, in 1713, left £20 for the use of the charity school.  Daniel Poole, in 1716, left the interest of £20 for the same use.  In 1737, £32 was laid out on the poor house in Church street, which sum was paid out of the above legacies; and it was ordered at a vestry that a yearly sum of 40s. should be paid towards the support of the charity school.  Nothing, however, has been paid in respect of these charities for many years.  The poor house in Church street has been sold, and the produce applied to the general purposes of the town.

The Almshouses.—Dame Ellen, widow of Sir Francis Eure, by will bearing date 20th August, 1626, devised six tenements in William street, to the bailiffs and burgesses of Oswestry, and their successors, to be used and employed for the habitation of six poor men and six poor women, to be appointed by the said bailiffs and their successors.  Jane Owen, in 1732, bequeathed to the twelve poor persons, inmates of the almshouse commonly called Porkington almshouses, the sum of 18s., to be paid to them yearly for ever; and she ordered her executor to charge her real and personal estate with the payment thereof.  It does not appear that this gift was ever in any way settled to the use of the p. 174almspeople, Mrs. S. Ormsby, by her will in 1805, requested her daughter (now the wife of W. Ormsby Gore, Esq.), and those who should succeed her in the Porkington estate, would pay, “as she had done,” the poor people in the almshouse for ever.  Mrs. Gore distributes £3 among the inmates on Christmas day, that being the sum her mother had previously given.  The almshouses are kept in repair by Mrs. Gore, and she appoints the inmates.

Margaret Godolphin, in 1748, gave a messuage and shop, and other premises to the use of the vicar of Oswestry for the time being, provided he should live in the said house; and if the vicar should not reside in the said dwelling, the same should be let yearly, and the rents paid to the churchwardens, to be applied in placing out poor fatherless children apprentices.  The premises above were exchanged in the year 1823, for other premises situate in Brook street.  Before this exchange took place the house originally devised was not occupied by the vicar, but was let by the overseers, and the rent improperly carried to the general account of the poor’s rate.  Owen Morgan, in 1604, gave certain property to the Haberdashers’ Company, London, subject to the payment of £20 yearly, for the relief of the poor people of the parish of Oswestry, to be distributed where most need should appear, by the parson, curate, and the churchwardens of the said parish.  The yearly sum of £20 is received from the Haberdashers’ Company, through the Oswestry bank.  This forms part of a general fund, which is distributed as hereafter mentioned.

Hugh Yale, by his will bearing date 2nd January, 1605, gave a messuage and garden adjoining the churchyard of Oswestry, with a croft near the Chapel Fields, and the reversion of a house and garden adjoining the school, in trust, to bestow the rents among the necessitous poor of the town; and he directed that if any preacher, lawfully licensed, should upon that day preach in the Welsh tongue in the parish church of Oswestry, he should receive 6s. 8d. out of the rents.  The property belonging to Yale’s charity consists of a field called the Poor’s Croft, let for £8 per annum; two small tenements in Upper Brook street, producing a rental of £5 yearly; two plots of ground near the churchyard, demised to Richard Price for a term of 99 years, from 1st May, 1809, at a yearly rent of £2. 12s. 6d.; a piece of ground near the churchyard, let on lease in 1808 for a term of 99 years, to Thomas Davies, Esq., for 20s. per annum; two small cottages adjoining the churchyard, one let for £2 a year, and the other for £3 a year.  A garden, for which a yearly rent of 2s. 6d. from the year 1688 till 1825 was received, when the party holding it disputed the right of the claim; the churchwardens, however, intended to take proceedings for possession of the land.  In 1782, 10s. is entered as received of Thomas Griffith, for one year’s rent for a yard and a saw-pit adjoining the Lawn House.  The same rent was afterwards paid by the Rev. Mr. Maurice, and, in 1804, by John Bonner, Esq., who succeeded to Mr. Maurice’s property.  Nothing, however, has been paid since 1806, and the piece of ground could not be satisfactorily identified when the charity commissioners published their report.  The income of this charity is added to the general fund, disposed of as hereafter mentioned.  There seems to have been great negligence in the management of this charity, in admitting tenants who were unable to pay the rent; in not keeping up the boundaries of the land; and in not preserving the counterparts of those leases which appear to have been granted.

John Morris gave an annual payment of £1. 10s., issuing out of lands at Crickheath, for the use of the poor of the town of Oswestry.  The amount is paid by the agent of W. Eyton, Esq., as the owner of the land upon which the payment is charged.

Richard Witcherley gave a parcel of land in Beatrice street, and directed 1s. per week to be expended in bread out of the rent thereof, and the overplus to be applied in apprentice fees.  The premises consist of a croft, containing 1a. 2r., let at a yearly rent of £7.

Mrs. Dorothy Southey’s Charity.—A yearly sum of £2. 12s. is paid from a field in the liberties of the town of Oswestry, as the gift of Mrs. Southey, for a distribution of bread.

p. 175William Gough, in 1669, left a rent charge of £5. 6s. 8d., charged on certain lands in Trevlach, and directed £5 per annum to be applied in placing out poor children apprentice, born in the parish of Oswestry, and the remaining 6s. 8d. to be paid to the minister for a sermon on St. Stephen’s day.

A donor unknown gave a small plot of land for the use of the poor of Oswestry.  A yearly payment of 5s. is made by William Ormsby Gore, Esq., out of a piece of land near Llwyn gate, in respect of this charity.  There is also a yearly payment of 5s. issuing out of a house and premises in Cross street, the property of D. O. Cooper, which is distributed in bread among the poor.

Winifred Matthews, in 1709, left a yearly sum of £2. 10s., payable out of a piece of land in Trefonen, called Maes-y-Benglog, towards putting apprentice one poor child of the town of Oswestry one year, and the next year from Trefonon, Treflach, Sweeney, or Trever clawdd.  The property from which this payment is made belongs to Sir W. W. Wynne, and the amount is paid by his agent.

Mary Lloyd, in 1727, bequeathed £100, and directed the yearly interest thereof to be laid out in woollen cloth for the poor of the town of Oswestry, and apprenticing a poor boy of the said town alternately.  Mrs. Peacock, in 1732 gave £5, the interest to be distributed among poor decayed housekeepers.  These two sums are laid out upon the security of the tolls of the turnpike road leading from Oswestry to Selattyn, called the Willow Gate Trust; and £5. 5s. is paid as the interest.

Thomas Turner, by his will, 1777, bequeathed £20, the interest thereof to be distributed among the poor of the parish of Oswestry.

The produce of the eleven charities last mentioned, amounting to £55. 11s., are brought to one account, kept by the churchwardens appointed for the town of Oswestry, and disposed of for the benefit of the poor of the town, exclusive of the rest of the parish.  Six shillings worth of bread is given away in the church every alternate Sunday, and the residue is given away at different times of the year, in bread, clothing, or shoes, according to the discretion of the churchwardens for the time being.  As it appeared the churchwardens had frequently selected for distribution such articles as they themselves dealt in, the charity commissioners strongly recommended that some regular mode of distributing these charities should be adopted, and that the directions of the respective donors should be followed as far as they could be ascertained, and circumstances would admit.

Sir John Swinnerton, by will 1616, charged his lands with the payment of £5. 4s. for bread, which, by the sale of the lands, was increased to £7. 4s. per annum.  The money for which the land was sold was in the hands of T. Kynaston, Esq., nearly fifty years, and subsequently of Mr. Lloyd, for which interest was regularly paid till 1781, when this money was called in, for the purpose of enabling the town to purchase and repair certain premises near the churchyard, intended for a workhouse.  The money was probably applied accordingly; but in 1808 this workhouse was sold for £280, by the directors of the Oswestry house of industry, under the powers of an act of parliament, passed 31 George III.  We are informed, however, that the produce of this sale was not added to the funds of the house of industry, but was applied in obtaining an act of parliament for lighting and paving the town of Oswestry.  It appears, therefore, the inhabitants of the town of Oswestry have appropriated to their own use a sum of £120 applicable to charitable uses, without making the poor any compensation in lieu thereof.

Richard Muckleston, in 1638, gave 40s. per annum to be distributed in bread to the poor of Oswestry, charged on premises in the parish of Kilgurran, and at Llandrau.  The amount is expended in bread and distributed on Good Friday.

Francis Shore, in 1691, charged his mansion house in Oswestry, with the payment of 20s. yearly, to be distributed among the poor.  Mr. Jones, the owner of the house, gives 20s. yearly among poor persons, according to his own discretion, on St. Thomas’s day.

p. 176Margaret Lloyd, by will 1694, charged her house and croft in the parish of Oswestry, with the annual payment of 20s., to be given among twenty poor labourers or decayed tradesmen.

Elizabeth Williams, in 1703, left to poor housekeepers 40s. per annum, to be distributed by the churchwardens on Palm Monday, for ever, which money was to be paid out of the Mixen Hall estate.

Rebecca Lloyd, by will 1733, gave £20, which was afterwards secured on premises in Cross street.  The amount is paid by Mr. Penson, the owner of a house and garden in Cross street, and distributed by the churchwardens among forty poor persons on New Year’s day.

Sir William Williams, by his will, 7th September, 1734, bequeathed £200, the annual produce thereof to be distributed among poor persons of the town and parish of Oswestry.  This money is in the hands of Sir Watkin W. Wynne, whose agent pays the yearly sum of £10 as the interest thereof.  One half of this money is distributed by the churchwardens of the town, in sums of 6d. and 1s. each.  The other half is divided between the upper and lower divisions of the parish.

Sir Nathaniel Lloyd’s Charity.—In the will of Sir Nathaniel Lloyd, bearing date All Souls day, 1740, there is the following clause:—“I give to some of the meaner inhabitants of Oswestry and Whittington a yearly benefit, equally among them, as shall arise out of my South Sea Stock and old annuities; the first putting in of such persons to be in the heir of Aston, of the family of my grandfather, Andrew Lloyd, Esq., and the nomination to any vacancy to be in the bishop of that diocese and the heir of Aston alternately.”  Soon after the death of the testator, proceedings were instituted in the Court of Chancery, and by a decree made 14th November, 1743, it was referred to the master to inquire of what South Sea Stock and Old South Sea annuities the testator died possessed; to appoint trustees, to whose names the same should be transferred, and to approve of a scheme for the application of the charity; and it was declared that the bequest to the meaner inhabitants of Oswestry and Whittington was a perpetual charity, and ought to be distributed among the meaner inhabitants, who should not receive alms.  The master, by his report, made 15th May 1745, certified that the testator was possessed of £660. 16s. 9d. South Sea Stock, and £2,623. 16s. Old South Sea annuities; and he approved of a scheme, whereby it was provided that the charity should be extended to the whole town and liberty of Oswestry; and that three-fifths of the dividends should be paid among the meaner inhabitants, not receiving alms, and two-fifths among the like persons in Whittington; and that twelve persons of the town and liberty of Oswestry, and eight persons of Whittington, be nominated alternately by the heir of Aston, and the bishop of St. Asaph, should be allowed £4 each yearly, by quarterly payments.  That a power should be vested in seven trustees thereinafter named, to make orders for the better management of the charity; and that on the death of any of the trustees, the survivors should within six weeks appoint another.  The master’s report was confirmed, and the stock and annuities duly transferred into their names.  The dividends, amounting to £97 19s. 8d. per annum, are received by Messrs. Child, and £50 is transmitted every Christmas, and £45 every Midsummer, to Mr. Lloyd, who pays to twenty poor persons of the parishes of Oswestry and Whittington, £4. 10s. per annum, by half-yearly payments.  No persons are appointed unless at the time they reside in one of the parishes above mentioned; but if they afterwards cease to reside there, the allowance is not taken away from them.  The parties receiving the charity are generally such as have been reduced from better circumstances.

p. 177OSWESTRY DIRECTORY

A LIST OF STREETS, COURTS, SQUARES, AND PLACES IN THE BOROUGH OF OSWESTRY

Albert place, Beatrice street

Albion hill, Bailey head

Arthur street, Bailey head

Bailey head, Bailey street

Bailey street, Cross street

Bailey square, Bailey head

Beatrice street, Legge street

Black gate, Legge street

Borough gaol, Bailey head

Brook st., Lower, Pool road

Brook st., Upper, Church st.

Butter market, Cross street

Butter and cheese mart, Powis hall

Castle buildings, Willow st.

Castle fields, Up. Bailey sq.

Castle street, Castle fields

Castle terrace, Beatrice street

Church street, Cross street

Church st., Upper, Pool road

Clawddu street, Willow street to Cross street

Coney green, Salop road

Corn market, Powis market hall

County court, Bailey square

County hall, Bailey square

Cross street, Church street

Croxon’s square, Smithfield road

Dispensary, Lower Brook st.

English Walls, Smithfield rd

Excise office, Legge street

Gatacre place, Welsh walls

Horse fair, Castle fields

Kent place, Salop road

Legge street, Salop road

Londonderry, Upper Willow street

Love lane, Church street

Middleton road, Salop road

Oswell’s place, Pool road

Paradise row, Salop road

Pentropoath, Pool road

Police office, Bailey head

Poultry and fruit market, Clawddu street

Pool road, Church street

Porkington terrace, Willow street

Post office, Willow street

Powis market hall, Castle fields

Quadrant place, Legge street

Race course, two miles W.W by N. of the borough

Railway station, Lower Beatrice street

Salop road, Legge street

Shambles, Willow street

Shoe and merchandise market, Bailey square

Smithfield road, Salop road

Smithfield beast, sheep, and pig market, English walls

Stamp office, Willow street

Theatre, Upper Willow street

Union place, Beatrice street

Victoria place, Smithfield rd

Warrington place, Upper Willow street

Welsh walls, from Brook street to Willow street

Willow street, Cross street

Willow street, Upper, Welsh walls

ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY
OF
NAMES, PROFESSIONS, TRADES, AND RESIDENCES
OF THE
INHABITANTS OF OSWESTRY.

Allen Thomas, market gardener, Kent place

Andrews Charles Scarlett, Esq., high bailiff

Arthur Evan, provision dealer, Cross street

Asterley Catherine, seminary, Castle buildings

Aubrey Mrs., Broom hall

Barnett Henry, surgeon, Willow street

Barrett James, vict., Coach and Horses, Legge street

Basnett Miss, Salop road

Bassett Joseph, solicitors’ clerk, Salop road

Bate Mrs. Mary, Salop road

Batchelor and Grindley, maltsters, Beatrice street

Batten William, veterinary surgeon, Upper Brook street

Batterbee William, brazier and glazier, Legge street

p. 178Baverstock John, tailor, Salop road

Bayley Charles, glass and china dealer, Cross street

Beard Hannah Jemima, dress maker, Willow street

Beckett James, vict., Fighting Cocks, Beatrice street

Bentley John, parish clerk, Upper Church street

Bennion and Meredith, surgery, Welsh walls

Bickerton George Morrel, hardware dealer, Willow street

Bill Mrs. Jane, Bailey street

Blaikei Robert, surgeon, Church street

Bowen John, painter, Legge street

Bowyer Thomas, cooper, Beatrice street

Brayne Mrs. Elizabeth, maltster, Beatrice st.

Brayne Thomas, accountant, Beatrice street

Breese John, vict., Victoria, Willow street

Bridden Mary, confectioner, Albion hill

Brocklehurst Rev. T. H., Brook street

Buffey Mr. Samuel, Brook street

Bull Mrs. Elizabeth, Kent place

Bull William Isaac, solicitor, Church street

Cadwallader Thos., basket maker, Salop road

Carry Mrs. Mary Ann, Kent place

Cartwright Peploe, Esq., Church street

Cash Thomas, slater, Beatrice street

Churchill Benjamin, Esq., Lime house

Churton Joseph, provision dealer, Beatrice street

Clayton Thomas, boot and shoe maker, Upper Brook street

Collier Henry, teacher of dancing, Coney green cottage

Cooke Ann, dress maker, Pool road

Coombs Samuel, boot and shoe warehouse, Church street

Cooper George, bank manager, Willow st.

Corken Archibald, watch and clock dealer, Cross street

Corney William, confectioner, Cross street

Corney and Jones, wine merchants, Church street

Cowdell John, book stationer, Legge street

Cross Thomas, bird and animal preserver, Brook street

Croxon Mrs., Church street

Croxon Richard Jones, Esq., Church street

Davies Mrs. Catherine, Beatrice street

Davies David Christopher, tin plate worker, Legge street

Davies Edward, mail contractor, Coney green

Davies Edward, lets post horses, Salop road

Davies Edward, cheese factor, Church street

Davies Edward, confectioner, Cross street

Davies Elizabeth, straw bonnet maker, Cross street

Davies Ellen, confectioner, Cross street

Davies Francis, blacksmith, Willow street

Davies Henry, solicitor, Willow street

Davies James, beerhouse, Bailey street

Davies John, vict., Three Tuns, Bailey head

Davies John, mercer & draper, Cross street

Davies John, saddler and harness maker, Bailey street

Davies John, tailor, Cross street

Davies Mary, confectioner, Albion hill

Davies Richard and William, mercers and drapers, Cross street

Davies Robert, beerhouse, Upper Brook st.

Davies Sarah, straw bonnet maker, Church st.

Davies Susannah, shopkeeper, Willow street

Davies Thomas, vict., Red Lion, Bailey head

Davies Thomas, plumber and glazier, Albert place

Davies Thomas, glazier, Beatrice street

Davies Thomas, machine maker, Bailey sq.

Davies Thomas Askew, county court clerk, Cross street

Davies William Morris, mercer and draper, Cross street

Dempster Thomas, upholsterer, Legge street

Dicker Philip, surgeon, Arthur street

Dodd Edward, vict., The Eagles, Bailey sqre.

Donne Rev. Stephen, Brook street house

Doughty William, baker, &c., Willow street

Edmunds Griffith, tailor and draper, Albion hill

Edmunds John, Esq., Porkington terrace

Edmunds Mrs. Martha, Union place

Edwards Mr. David, Beatrice street

Edwards David, basket maker, Brook street

Edwards Edward, vict., Unicorn, Albion hill

Edwards Edward, butcher, Willow street

Edwards Edward, vict., Five Bells, Willow street

Edwards George, boot and shoe dealer, Cross street

Edwards John, boot and shoe maker, Croxon’s square

Edwards John, butcher, Bailey street

Edwards James, Esq., Upper Brook street

Edwards Luke, vict., Swan, Beatrice street

p. 179Edwards Richard, tailor, Salop road

Edwards Richard, lets post horses, Londonderry

Edwards Thomas, Esq., Porkington terrace

Edwards Thomas, tallow chandler, Cross st.

Edwards Thomas, bricklayer, Willow street

Edwards Thomas, currier, Beatrice street

Edwards Walter, chemist and druggist, Church street

Edwards William, spirit merchant, Legge st.

Edwards William, nurseryman, Welsh walls

Edwards William, vict., Star, Bailey street

Edwards William, hairdresser, Church street

Ellis Henry, attorney’s clerk, Smithfield cottage

Ellis Thomas, tallow chandler, Brick kilns

Ellis Thomas, glazier, Croxon’s square

Evans Edward, auctioneer, Legge street

Evans Edward, builder, Lower Brook street

Evans Evan, butcher, Poole road

Evans Francis, saddler and harness maker, Cross street

Evans George, boot and shoe maker, Upper Brook street

Evans John, provision store, Pool road

Evans John, cow keeper, Beatrice street

Evans Lydia, milliner, Quadrant

Evans Richard, chemist and druggist, Willow street

Evans Robert, tanner, Legge street

Evans Samuel, news agent

Evans Mrs. Selina Clementia, Salop road

Evans Thomas, shopkeeper, Pool road

Evans William, dyer, Pool road

Eyeley Charles, painter, Lower Brook street

Eyeley and Son, painter, Upper Brook street

Farmer Charles, saddler and harness maker, Willow street

Farr Thomas, coach builder, Salop road

Faulkes Edward, beerhouse, Legge street

Faulkes Robert, draper and mercer, Church street

Fisher John Edward, ironmonger, Cross street

Fitzgerald Samuel, attorney’s clerk

Fox John, accountant, Upper Brook street

Fox Ralph, shopkeeper, Upper Brook street

France George, commercial school, Beatrice street

Franklin Mrs. Elizabeth, Willow street

Fuller William, surgeon, Salop road

Gee Margaret, vict., Albion, Church street

Gerrard William, hairdresser, Legge road

Gilpin Mrs. Mary, Union place

Gittins Samuel, maltster, Beatrice street

Gough John, glazier, Beatrice street

Gough Mrs. Maria, Church street

Gregory Thomas, silversmith, Cross street

Griffith William, boot and shoemaker, Willow street

Griffith William, surgeon, Church street

Grindley and Co., maltsters, Beatrice street

Hales John Miles, gentleman, Lower Brook street

Hammons Edward, farrier, Church street

Hamor Mrs., The Cottage

Hardy Mary, baby linen repository, Church street

Hardy Thomas, slater, Church street

Haswell Charles, beerhouse, Legge street

Hawkins Henry George, agent, Union place

Hayward William, Esq., Willow street

Hayward and Davies, solicitors, Bailey head

Hill Thomas, auctioneer, Upper Brook street

Hilditch George, auctioneer; office, Church street

Hingham George, gunsmith, Cross street

Hodges Richard, corn factor, Willow street

Hodges William, seed factor, Bailey street

Holbrook Sarah, seminary, Salop road

Holden Richard, vict., Horse Shoe, Legge street

Holland Isaac, builder, Beatrice street

Hughes Edward, whitesmith, Beatrice street

Hughes Edward, wheelwright, Salop road

Hughes Elizabeth, bonnet maker, Willow st.

Hughes Ellis, county court bailiff

Hughes Hannah, straw bonnet maker, Beatrice street

Hughes John, bank manager, Bailey square

Hughes John, beerhouse, Salop road

Hughes John, shopkeeper, Beatrice street

Hughes Mary, shopkeeper, Salop road

Hughes Price, butcher, Willow street

Hughes Richard, butcher, Upper Brook street

Hughes Thomas, wine merchant, Church st.

Hughes Thomas, bricklayer, Upper Brook street

Hughes Thomas, beerhouse, Willow street

Hughes Thomas, tailor, Willow street

Hughes William, tanner, Willow street

Hurdman John, temperance house, Bailey sq.

Humphreys Clara, clothes dealer, Legge street

Jackson George, butcher, Bailey street

Jackson Joseph, beerhouse, Church street

p. 180Jackson Mary Ann, seminary, Willow street

Jackson Thomas, butcher, Willow street

Jameson David, provision store, Bailey street

Jarvis James, painter, Church street

Jarvis Ann M., bonnet maker, Bailey street

Jarvis Miss, milliner, Cross street

Jennings R. W., commercial traveller

Johnson James, grocer and dealer, Bailey st.

Johnson Joseph, butcher, Albion hill

Jones Charles, engraver, Pool road

Jones Charles, shopkeeper, Upper Brook st.

Jones and Corney, wine and spirit merchants, Church street

Jones David, baker, Willow street

Jones David, shopkeeper, Beatrice street

Jones David, boot and shoe warehouse, Church street

Jones Edward, tailor, Pool road

Jones Edward, shopkeeper, Beatrice street

Jones Edward, boot & shoemaker, Bailey st

Jones Edward, vict., George, Bailey head

Jones Edward, attorney’s clerk, Arthur street

Jones Edwin, station master, Beatrice street

Jones Elizabeth, dress maker, Welsh walls

Jones Evan, wheelwright, Pool road

Jones Evan, butcher, Upper Brook street

Jones Frederick, grocer & tea dealer, Legge st

Jones Gwen, glass & china dealer, Cross st.

Jones Miss Harriet, Salop road

Jones Henry, butcher, Willow street

Jones Hugh, shopkeeper, Willow street

Jones James Thomas, bank manager, Willow street

Jones John, gentleman, Lower Brook street

Jones Rev. John, the Cross

Jones John, vict., White Horse, Church street

Jones John, Esq., Plasffynnon

Jones John, gentleman, Willow street

Jones John, pawnbroker, Bailey street

Jones John, butcher, Bailey street

Jones John, cabinet maker, Church street

Jones John, butcher, Beatrice street

Jones John, lets post horses, Willow street

Jones John, shopkeeper, Brook street

Jones John, slater, Upper Brook street

Jones John, upholsterer, Church street

Jones John, hairdresser, Legge street

Jones John, hat manufacturer, Church street

Jones John, shopkeeper, Legge street

Jones John, shopkeeper, Church street

Jones John clothes dealer, Bailey head

Jones John blacksmith, Legge street

Jones John, blacksmith, Lower Brook street

Jones Jonathan, bricklayer, Corneabrun

Jones Leonard, beerhouse, Salop road

Jones the Misses, Willow street

Jones Miss Elizabeth, Lower Brook street

Jones Morris, blacksmith, Middleton road

Jones Richard, hat manufacturer, Bailey st

Jones Richard, shopkeeper, Cross street

Jones Richard, skinner, Willow street

Jones Robert, wheelwright, Willow street

Jones Robert, butcher, Church street

Jones Thos., vict., Plough, Beatrice street

Jones Thomas, wheelwright, Beatrice street

Jones Thomas, pipe manufacturer, Pentrapoath

Jones Thomas, grocer and dealer, Willow st.

Jones Thomas, gentleman, Church street

Jones Thomas, merchant, Low Willow street

Jones Watkin, grocer and dealer, Cross street

Jones William, blacksmith, Beatrice street

Jones William, shopkeeper, Willow street

Jones William, lets post horses, Beatrice st.

Jones William, plasterer, Beatrice street

Jones William, farmer & grazier, Hays farm

Jones Wynne the Rev., Upper Brook street

Kiffin Mrs. Elizabeth, Salop road

King Francis the Rev., Upper Brook street

King John Edward, vict., the Cross Keys Hotel, commercial and posting house, Legge street

Killon John, tailor, Beatrice street

Lacon John, iron merchant, Legge street

Large Joseph, surgeon, Union place

Lawford William Robinson, Esq., Orley hall

Leeke Thomas, soda water manufacturer, Welsh walls

Leeke Thos., lets post horses, Willow street

Leigh Mrs. Mary, Willow street

Lewis George, stamp office, Willow street

Lewis John, hairdresser, Albion hill

Lewis Margaret, dressmaker, Beatrice street

Lewis Mary, dressmaker, Bailey street

Lewis Martin, butcher, Cross street

Lewis Thomas, vict., Bear Inn, Legge street

Lewis William, painter, Beatrice street

Lloyd David, vict., Wynnstay Arms Hotel, commercial and posting house, Church st.

Lloyd Eleanor, hosier, Legge street

Lloyd John, beerhouse, Willow street

Lloyd Joseph, bricklayer, Willow street

Longueville Thomas Longueville, Esq. Mount Pleasant

p. 181Longueville & Williams, solicitors, Brook st

Lowe James, vict., Butchers’ Arms, Willow st

Lowther William, broker, Beatrice street

Lucas Francis, agent, Salop road

Lucas Miss, Salop road

Lucas Mr. Francis, Salop road

Macdougall Mary, victualler, Osbourn’s Hotel, Commercial and Posting House, Legge st

Mackiernin Thomas, flax dresser, Bailey st

Mansell Richard, gentleman, Rod Meadows

Marriott Edward Birch, Esq., Willow street

Mathews Richard, watch and clock maker, Bailey street

Mellor William, glass & earthenware dealer, Bailey Head

Menlove Richard, Esq., Upper Brook street

Meredith John, surgeon, Willow street

Minshill & Dale, ironmongers, Bailey street

Minshill John, gentleman, Salop road

Minshill Rebecca, Castle fields

Minshill Sarah, Porkington terrace

Minshill Thomas and Charles, solicitors, Arthur street

Milnes Richard, gentleman, Pool road

Milnes Richard, stone mason and builder, Pool road

Mine John, maltster, Pool road

Minett Sarah, Pickton house

Mitton George, boot & shoe dealer, Willow st

Mitton Sarah, milliner, Willow street

Moreaton Ann, vict., Boar’s head, Willow st

Moreaton Wm., butcher, Willow street

Morgan Abraham, hair dresser, Cross street

Morris Edward, Esq., Salop road

Morris Edward, maltster, Willow street

Morris Edward, commission agent: office, Albion Inn

Morris Edward, beerhouse, Warrington place

Morris Griffith, timber merchant, Salop road

Morris Mrs. Mary, Pool road

Morris James, plasterer, Oswall’s place

Morris John, cooper, Legge street

Morris Mrs. Price, Willow street

Morris Richard Esq., Salop road

Morris Richard, glazier, Willow street

Morris Robert, bricklayer, Upper Brook st

Morris and Savin, mercers and drapers, Legge street

Morris Thomas, butcher, Bailey street

Moses Edward, lime burner, Bronygarth

Oliver John, cooper, Legge street

Oswell Edward, Esq., Derwen house

Oswell Edward, solicitor, Church street

Owen Arthur, butcher, Bailey street

Owen Edward, tailor, Bailey street

Owen Mrs. Jane Emma, wine & spirit dealer Legge street

Owen Mrs. and Miss, Brook street

Owen Wm., watch & clock maker, Cross st

Painter Mary, shopkeeper, Beatrice street

Parry James, currier, Legge street

Parry Mary, skinner, Willow street

Parry Thomas, woolstapler, Londonderry

Parry Thomas, skinner, Willow street

Payne John, cooper, Willow street

Peat the Misses, Union place

Peate & Teece, mercers & drapers, Cross st

Penson Richard Kyrke, architect, Willow st

Penson Thomas, general architect, Willow st

Phillips Elias, whitesmith, Pool road

Phillips John, mercer and draper, Cross st

Pickstock Ann, dressmaker, Pool road

Pierce Edward, shopkeeper, Church street

Pierce Robert, maltster, Beatrice street

Pierce Robert, shopkeeper, Castle terrace

Pierce Richard, maltster, Beatrice street

Poole Emma, straw bonnet maker, Cross st

Poole Edward, tailor, Salop road

Poole Richard, maltster, Cross street

Poole William, painter, Upper Brook street

Pope Ann, shopkeeper, Church street

Porter Isaac, surveyor, Salop road

Powell Richard, hosier, &c., Church street

Price Ann, confectioner, Bailey street

Price David, nurseryman, Pool road

Price Jane, stay maker, Willow street

Price Mary, spirit vaults, Cross street

Price Richard, soot dealer, Upper Brook st

Price William, printer & stationer, Cross st

Price Mrs. William, The Cross

Price William, gentleman, Cross street

Pritchard Margaret, victualler, King’s Head, Church street

Probett Ann, dressmaker, Kynaston lane

Pryce Thomas, ironmonger, Church street

Prynailt Rchrd., vict., Feathers, Albion hill

Pugh Mrs. Elizabeth, Pool road

Pugh Thomas, boot & shoemaker, Willow st

Ralphs Samuel, governor of borough gaol

Redrobe James, slater, Upper Brook street

Rees John, butcher, Beatrice street

Rees John, Temp. Coffee House, Bailey st

Rees John, vict., Victoria Bailey sheet

Richards Elizabeth shopkeeper Willow st

p. 182Richards James, saddler, &c., Bailey street

Richards Martha Paynter, milliner & dressmaker, Willow street

Richards Rchd., commercial school, Brook st

Richards Richard, assistant overseer and collector of poors’ rates, Victoria place

Richards William, land surveyor, Beatrice st

Ridge Mary, shopkeeper, Beatrice street

Roberts Ann, dressmaker, Salop road

Roberts David, shopkeeper, Legge street

Roberts Edward, provision store, Bailey st

Roberts Edward, shoemaker, Legge street

Roberts Edward, butcher, Willow street

Roberts Eleanor, vict., Grapes, Willow st

Roberts Elizabeth, Upper Brook street

Roberts Frank, bank manager, Willow street

Roberts Hugh, vict., White Lion, Willow st

Roberts John, shopkeeper, Londonderry

Roberts John, fruiterer, Willow street

Roberts John Askew, bookseller, printer, stationer, &c., Advertiser office, Bailey Head

Roberts John, gentleman, Cross street

Roberts John, beerhouse, Warrington place

Roberts John, saddler, Bailey street

Roberts Margaret, bonnet maker, Beatrice st

Roberts Miss, seminary, Castle fields

Roberts Miss, dressmaker, Beatrice street

Roberts Mrs. Mary, Lower Brook street

Roberts Richard, butcher, Bailey street

Roberts Robert, maltster, Salop road

Roberts Robert, hydraulic engineer, plumber, glazier, and gas-fitter, Brook street

Roberts Sarah, baker, Church street

Roberts Thomas, bookkeeper, Canal Compy.

Roberts William, joiner, Beatrice street

Roberts Thomas, shopkeeper, Middleton rd

Roberts William, solicitor, Brook street

Robley Isaac, maltster, Salop road

Rodgers Edward, fish-tackle maker, Cross st

Rodgers Edward, beerhouse, Willow street

Rogers Jones Raura, draper, Cross street

Rogers John, tanner, Lower Brook street

Rogers John, solicitor, Willow street

Rogers Mary, confectioner, Church street

Rogers Sarah, dressmaker, Willow street

Rogers Thomas, wine, spirit, and porter merchant, Stone House, Cross street

Rowland Thomas, flour dealer, Bailey street

Russell Frederick, mercer & draper, Bailey st

Sabine Charles, Esq., Salop road

Salter Jackson, printer & stationer, Church st

Salter Richard, toy and fancy repository, Bailey Head

Salter Richard, glass & china dealer, Bailey st

Salter Thomas, gentleman, Salop road

Salwey the Rev. Thomas, M.A., The Vicarage, Brook street

Saunders George James, chemist & druggist, Cross street

Sheaf Samuel, bank clerk, Victoria place

Shone Lazarus, provision store, Cross street

Sides Mary, staysmaker, Upper Brook street

Simon Robert, Esq., clerk of the peace, Church street

Simons William, Esq., chief clerk county crt.

Smale William, chemist & druggist, Cross st

Smith Jacob, clerk of the markets, Bailey Head

Smith Mr., inland revenue officer, Willow st

Southall John, fishmonger, Legge street

Stanton Robert and John, gun makers Bailey street

Stennett Eliza, berlin repository, Church st

Stevens Mary, vict., Royal Oak, Church st

Teece & Peate, mercers and drapers, Cross st

Thaxter Chas., vict., Railway Inn, Beatrice st

Thomas Charles, beerhouse, Upper Brook st

Thomas David, gentleman, Willow street

Thomas David, bricklayer, Legge street

Thomas Edward, woolstapler, Castle street

Thomas Edward Wynne, draper and mercer, Cross street

Thomas Henry, plumber, &c., Salop road

Thomas John, builder, Legge street

Thomas John, gentleman, Cross street

Thomas John, beerhouse, Bailey street

Thomas John, maltster, Beatrice street

Thomas John, woolstapler, Willow street

Thomas John and Peter, grocers and tea dealers, Cross street

Thomas Jeremiah, solicitor, Salop road

Thomas Mary, vict., Coach & Dogs, Church st

Thomas Mary, dressmaker, Upper Willow st

Thomas Richard, carrier, Church street

Thomas Samuel, shopkeeper, Pool road

Thomas Mr. Stephen, Salop road

Tomkies John, shoemaker & dealer, Bailey st

Thompson John, dyer, Legge street

Titley Charles, seedsman, Willow street

Turner John, shopkeeper, Salop road

Tyley Thomas, vict., Sun, Church street

Varty William N., gentleman, Salop road

Vaughan Edward, painter, Beatrice street

p. 183Vaughan John, butcher, Bailey street

Vaughan James, timber merchant, builder and joiner, Beatrice street

Vaughan James, upholsterer, Beatrice street

Vaughan Jas., tailor & draper, The Quadrant

Vaughan Richard, boot & shoemaker, Pool rd

Vaughan Samuel, slater, Bailey street

Vaughan William, whitesmith, Welsh walls

Walker Charles, shopkeeper, Church street

Warren John, Esq., Porkington Terrace

Watson Miss Elizabeth, Church street

Weaver James, chemist & druggist, Bailey st

Weston Geo., chemist & druggist, Church st

Whitaker Mary, lets post horses, Legge st

Whitridge Miss, Arthur street

Wildblood Hugh, bank clerk, Victoria place

Williams Edward, solicitor, Upper Brook st

Williams David, shoemaker, Willow street

Williams Edward, Esq., Lawrea House

Williams Edw., surveyor of stamps, Willow st

Williams Evan, grocer & dealer, Bailey street

Williams Harvey, surgeon, Church street

Williams John, tailor, Pool road

Williams John, bricklayer, Upper Church st

Williams John, vict., Golden Lion, Pool road

Williams John, beerhouse, Pool road

Williams Margaret, shopkeeper, Up. Brook st

Williams Mary, milliner, &c., Willow street

Williams Richard, tailor, Upper Brook street

Williams Robert, mercer & draper, Church st

Williams Thomas, butcher, Willow street

Williams William, Esq., Willow street

Williams William, Esq., Castle buildings

Williams William, vict., Bell, Church street

Windsor John, agricultural implement maker, wire worker, and dealer, Beatrice street

Wood Jane, upholsteress, Upper Brook street

Wood Richard, victualler, Britannia, Brook st

Worton Harriet, stay maker, Willow street

Worton Richard, staymaker, Upper Brook st

Wright Mrs., Willow street

Wright Edward, tailor, Victoria place

Wynn John, surgeon, Willow street

CLASSIFICATION
OF THE
PROFESSIONS, MANUFACTURES, AND TRADES
IN THE
BOROUGH OF OSWESTRY.

Academies.

Marked * are Boarding Schools.

* Asterley Catherine, Castle buildings

Bentley John, Church street

British School, Arthur street, Richard Orton, master; Mary Jones, mistress

France George, Lower Brook street

* Grammar School or College, Brook street, Rev. Stephen Donne, M.A., head master

* Holbrook Sarah, Salop rd

Infant School, Welsh walls, Ann Pearce, mistress

* Jackson Mary Ann, Willow street

Jones Elizabeth, Beatrice st

National School, Welsh walls, Edward Wynne, master; Fanny Whitfield, mistress

Richards Richard, Willow st

Roberts Ann, Castle fields

Wynne Edward, Black gates

Accountants.

Brayne Thomas, Beatrice st

Fox John, Upper Brook st

Agricultural Implement Makers.

Davies Thomas, Bailey head

Windsor John, Beatrice st

Architects.

Penson Thomas, Willow st

Penson Richard Kyrke, Willow street

Porter Isaac, Salop road

Attorneys.

Bull Wm. Isaac, Church st

Croxton Richard Jones, and town clerk, Church street

Hayward & Davies, Arthur st

p. 184Longueville and Williams, Upper Brook street

Minshall Thos. and Charles, Arthur street

Oswell Edward, Church st

Roberts William, Cross st

Rogers John, Willow street

Sabine Charles, Salop road

Thomas Jeremiah Jones, Cross street

Auctioneers & Valuers.

Evans Edward, Legge street

Hilditch George, office, Wynnstay Hotel

Hill Thomas, Upper Brook street

Bakers & Flour Dealers.

Arthur Evan, Cross street

Clurton Joseph, Beatrice st

Corney William, Cross street

Davies Edward, Cross street

Jones David, Willow street

Roberts Sarah, Church street

Rowland Thomas, Bailey st

Bankers.

The Old Bank, Willow street, Croxton, Longueville, & Co.; draw on Masterman and Co., London; Geo. Cooper, Esq., manager

North and South Wales Banking Company, Willow street; draw on London and Westminster Bank; Frank Roberts, manager.

Savings’ Bank, Bailey head, open on Wednesday from ten to four; John Hughes, secretary

Basket Makers.

Cadwallader Thomas, Salop road

Edwards David, Upper Brook street

Blacksmiths.

Davies Francis, Willow st

Jones John, Lower Brook st

Jones Morris, Middleton rd

Jones William, Legge street

Jones William, Beatrice st

Phillips Elias, Pentrapoath

Booksellers, Printers, Stationers & Bookbinders.

Bayley Chas. George, Cross street

Cowdell John, Legge street

Jarvis James, Cross street

Price William, Cross street

Roberts John Askew, Bailey street

Roberts Samuel, Advertiser Office, Bailey head

Salter Jackson, Church st

Boot & Shoemakers.

Clayton Thomas, Upper Brook street

Combs Samuel Howard, Church street

Edge Wm., Upper Church st

Edwards George, Cross st

Edwards John, Croxon’s sq

Evans George, Upper Brook street

Griffith’s Wm., Willow st

Jones David, Church street

Jones Edward, Bailey street

Mitton George, Willow st

Pugh Thomas, Willow st

Roberts Edward, Legge st

Taylor John, Cross street

Tomkins John, Bailey st

Turner Richard, Beatrice st

Vaughan Richard, Pool road

Williams David, Willow st

Braziers & Tin Plate Workers.

Batterbee John, Legge street

Bickerton George Morrell, Willow street

Davies David Christopher, Legge street

Minshall and Dale, Bailey street

Price Thomas, Cross street

Bricklayers.

Edwards Thomas, Willow st

Hughes Thomas, Upper Brook street

Jones Jonathan, Corneabrun

Lloyd Joseph, Willow street

Morris Robert, Lower Brook street

Thomas David, Legge street

Williams John, Upper Church street

Brick & Tile Makers.

Holland Isaac, Beatrice st

Jones John, Salop road

Morris Griffith, Salop road

Rogers Thomas, Cross st

Thackster Charles, Beatrice street, agent to W. O. Gore, Esq.

Vaughan James, Beatrice st

Builders.

Evans Edward, Lower Brook street

Holland Isaac, Beatrice st

Morris Griffith, Salop road

Thomas John, Legge street

Vaughan James, Beatrice st

Butchers.

Marked * only attend the weekly market.

* Davies Edward, Market

Davies James, Bailey street

Edwards Edward, Willow st

Edwards John, Bailey street

Evans Evan, Pool road

* Finsley David, Market

Hughes Price, Willow street

Hughes Richard, Upper Brook street

Jackson George, Bailey st

* Jacks John, Market

Jackson Thomas, Willow st

* Jackson William, Market

Johnson Joseph, Albion hill

* Jones Edward, Market

Jones Evan, Upper Brook street

Jones Henry, Willow street

Jones John, Bailey street

Jones John, Beatrice street

* Jones Robert, Market

Jones Robert, Church street

* Jones William, Market

Lewis Margaret, Cross street

p. 185* Lloyd Charles, Market

* Llewellyan Charles, Market

* Morris Thomas, Market

Morris Thomas, Bailey st

Moreton William, Willow st

Owen Arthur, Bailey street

Poole Richard, Cross street

* Pratt Charles, Market

Reese John, Beatrice street

* Reese John, Market

Roberts Edward, Willow st

Roberts Richard, Bailey st

* Simpson Charles, Mardol

Vaughan John, Bailey street

Williams Thomas, Willow st

* Williams William, Market

Cabinet Makers.

Holland Isaac, Beatrice st

Jones John, Church street

Vaughan James, Beatrice st

Cheese & Butter Factors.

Arthur Evan, Cross street

Davies Edward, Church st

Thomas Edward, Castle st

Chemists & Druggists.

Edwards Walter, Church st

Evans Richard, Willow st

Roderick Wm., Legge st

Saunders George James, Cross street

Smales William, Cross street

Weaver James, Bailey st

Weston George, Church st

China & Glass Dealers.

Marked * are only glass dealers.

* Bailey Charles George, Cross street

Gregory Thomas, Church st

Jones Gwen, Cross street

Mellor William, Bailey st

* Salter Richard, Bailey street

Coach Builders.

Farr Thomas and Brother, Salop road

Coal, Slate, & Lime Agents.

Evans Edward, Legge street

Hawkins Henry George, Plasmadoc coal

Jones Thomas, Blackpark coal

Lucas Francis, South Sea coal

Roberts Frank, Ruabon and Cefn coal; offices at the Railway wharf

Confectioners.

Bridden Mary, Albion hill

Corney William, Cross st

Davies Edward, Cross street

Davies E. and Mary, Bailey street

Davies Mary, Albion hill

Price Mary, Cross street

Rogers Mary, Church street

Walker Charles, Church st

Coopers.

Bowyer Thomas, Beatrice st

Morris John, Legge street

Oliver John, Legge street

Payne John, Willow street

Corn Dealers.

Arthur Evan, Cross street

Hodges Richard, (merchant) Bailey street

Jameson David, Bailey st

Roberts Edward, Bailey st

Curriers and Leather Cutters.

Edwards David, Beatrice st

Evans Robert, Legge street

Hughes William, Willow st

Thomas Richard, Church st

Dyers.

Evans William, Pool road

France George, Brook street, agent to Mr. Booth, of Chester

Thompson John, Legge st

Eating Houses.

Hardman John, Bayley st

Lloyd John, Willow street

Rees John, Bailey street

Richards Elizth., Willow st

Engineers.

Penson Thomas, Willow st

Penson Rd. Kyrke, Willow street

Roberts Robert, (hydraulic) Brook street

Engraver.

Jones Charles, Pool road

Farmers.

Edwards William, Legge st

Jackson Thomas, Willow st

Jones William, Hays farm

King John Edward, Legge st

Lloyd David, Church street

Poole Richard, Cross street

Fire and Life Office Agents.

Birmingham, Thomas Hill, Upper Brook street

Clerical, Medical, & General, George Cooper, Salop road

Crown, William Hayward, Willow street

Eagle, Samuel Roberts, Bailey head

English & Scottish, William Hayward, Arthur street

European, George Lewis, Willow street

General, James Vaughan, Beatrice street

Guardian, Mr. John Bentley

Hand-in-hand, Mr. Hayward, Arthur street

Law, Mr. Haywood, Arthur street

Norwich Union, William Roberts, Cross street

Phœnix, Mr. George Cooper, The Bank

Royal Exchange, Thomas Hughes, Church street

Salop Union, William Price, Cross street

Scottish Equitable, John Minshall, Bailey street

Scottish Union, Wm. Isaac Bull, Church street

Shropshi